Provided by: libevent1-dev_1.4.14b-stable-0ubuntu2_amd64 bug


     event_init, event_dispatch, event_loop, event_loopexit, event_loopbreak, event_set,
     event_base_dispatch, event_base_loop, event_base_loopexit, event_base_loopbreak,
     event_base_set, event_base_free, event_add, event_del, event_once, event_base_once,
     event_pending, event_initialized, event_priority_init, event_priority_set, evtimer_set,
     evtimer_add, evtimer_del, evtimer_pending, evtimer_initialized, signal_set, signal_add,
     signal_del, signal_pending, signal_initialized, bufferevent_new, bufferevent_free,
     bufferevent_write, bufferevent_write_buffer, bufferevent_read, bufferevent_enable,
     bufferevent_disable, bufferevent_settimeout, bufferevent_base_set, evbuffer_new,
     evbuffer_free, evbuffer_add, evbuffer_add_buffer, evbuffer_add_printf, evbuffer_add_vprintf,
     evbuffer_drain, evbuffer_write, evbuffer_read, evbuffer_find, evbuffer_readline, evhttp_new,
     evhttp_bind_socket, evhttp_free — execute a function when a specific event occurs


     #include <sys/time.h>
     #include <event.h>

     struct event_base *


     event_loop(int flags);

     event_loopexit(struct timeval *tv);


     event_set(struct event *ev, int fd, short event, void (*fn)(int, short, void *), void *arg);

     event_base_dispatch(struct event_base *base);

     event_base_loop(struct event_base *base, int flags);

     event_base_loopexit(struct event_base *base, struct timeval *tv);

     event_base_loopbreak(struct event_base *base);

     event_base_set(struct event_base *base, struct event *);

     event_base_free(struct event_base *base);

     event_add(struct event *ev, struct timeval *tv);

     event_del(struct event *ev);

     event_once(int fd, short event, void (*fn)(int, short, void *), void *arg,
         struct timeval *tv);

     event_base_once(struct event_base *base, int fd, short event,
         void (*fn)(int, short, void *), void *arg, struct timeval *tv);

     event_pending(struct event *ev, short event, struct timeval *tv);

     event_initialized(struct event *ev);

     event_priority_init(int npriorities);

     event_priority_set(struct event *ev, int priority);

     evtimer_set(struct event *ev, void (*fn)(int, short, void *), void *arg);

     evtimer_add(struct event *ev, struct timeval *);

     evtimer_del(struct event *ev);

     evtimer_pending(struct event *ev, struct timeval *tv);

     evtimer_initialized(struct event *ev);

     signal_set(struct event *ev, int signal, void (*fn)(int, short, void *), void *arg);

     signal_add(struct event *ev, struct timeval *);

     signal_del(struct event *ev);

     signal_pending(struct event *ev, struct timeval *tv);

     signal_initialized(struct event *ev);

     struct bufferevent *
     bufferevent_new(int fd, evbuffercb readcb, evbuffercb writecb, everrorcb, void *cbarg);

     bufferevent_free(struct bufferevent *bufev);

     bufferevent_write(struct bufferevent *bufev, void *data, size_t size);

     bufferevent_write_buffer(struct bufferevent *bufev, struct evbuffer *buf);

     bufferevent_read(struct bufferevent *bufev, void *data, size_t size);

     bufferevent_enable(struct bufferevent *bufev, short event);

     bufferevent_disable(struct bufferevent *bufev, short event);

     bufferevent_settimeout(struct bufferevent *bufev, int timeout_read, int timeout_write);

     bufferevent_base_set(struct event_base *base, struct bufferevent *bufev);

     struct evbuffer *

     evbuffer_free(struct evbuffer *buf);

     evbuffer_add(struct evbuffer *buf, const void *data, size_t size);

     evbuffer_add_buffer(struct evbuffer *dst, struct evbuffer *src);

     evbuffer_add_printf(struct evbuffer *buf, const char *fmt, ...);

     evbuffer_add_vprintf(struct evbuffer *buf, const char *fmt, va_list ap);

     evbuffer_drain(struct evbuffer *buf, size_t size);

     evbuffer_write(struct evbuffer *buf, int fd);

     evbuffer_read(struct evbuffer *buf, int fd, int size);

     u_char *
     evbuffer_find(struct evbuffer *buf, const u_char *data, size_t size);

     char *
     evbuffer_readline(struct evbuffer *buf);

     struct evhttp *
     evhttp_new(struct event_base *base);

     evhttp_bind_socket(struct evhttp *http, const char *address, u_short port);

     evhttp_free(struct evhttp *http);

     int (*event_sigcb)(void);

     volatile sig_atomic_t event_gotsig;


     The event API provides a mechanism to execute a function when a specific event on a file
     descriptor occurs or after a given time has passed.

     The event API needs to be initialized with event_init() before it can be used.

     In order to process events, an application needs to call event_dispatch().  This function
     only returns on error, and should replace the event core of the application program.

     The function event_set() prepares the event structure ev to be used in future calls to
     event_add() and event_del().  The event will be prepared to call the function specified by
     the fn argument with an int argument indicating the file descriptor, a short argument
     indicating the type of event, and a void * argument given in the arg argument.  The fd
     indicates the file descriptor that should be monitored for events.  The events can be either
     EV_READ, EV_WRITE, or both, indicating that an application can read or write from the file
     descriptor respectively without blocking.

     The function fn will be called with the file descriptor that triggered the event and the
     type of event which will be either EV_TIMEOUT, EV_SIGNAL, EV_READ, or EV_WRITE.
     Additionally, an event which has registered interest in more than one of the preceeding
     events, via bitwise-OR to event_set(), can provide its callback function with a bitwise-OR
     of more than one triggered event.  The additional flag EV_PERSIST makes an event_add()
     persistent until event_del() has been called.

     Once initialized, the ev structure can be used repeatedly with event_add() and event_del()
     and does not need to be reinitialized unless the function called and/or the argument to it
     are to be changed.  However, when an ev structure has been added to libevent using
     event_add() the structure must persist until the event occurs (assuming EV_PERSIST is not
     set) or is removed using event_del().  You may not reuse the same ev structure for multiple
     monitored descriptors; each descriptor needs its own ev.

     The function event_add() schedules the execution of the ev event when the event specified in
     event_set() occurs or in at least the time specified in the tv.  If tv is NULL, no timeout
     occurs and the function will only be called if a matching event occurs on the file
     descriptor.  The event in the ev argument must be already initialized by event_set() and may
     not be used in calls to event_set() until it has timed out or been removed with event_del().
     If the event in the ev argument already has a scheduled timeout, the old timeout will be
     replaced by the new one.

     The function event_del() will cancel the event in the argument ev.  If the event has already
     executed or has never been added the call will have no effect.

     The functions evtimer_set(), evtimer_add(), evtimer_del(), evtimer_initialized(), and
     evtimer_pending() are abbreviations for common situations where only a timeout is required.
     The file descriptor passed will be -1, and the event type will be EV_TIMEOUT.

     The functions signal_set(), signal_add(), signal_del(), signal_initialized(), and
     signal_pending() are abbreviations.  The event type will be a persistent EV_SIGNAL.  That
     means signal_set() adds EV_PERSIST.

     In order to avoid races in signal handlers, the event API provides two variables:
     event_sigcb and event_gotsig.  A signal handler sets event_gotsig to indicate that a signal
     has been received.  The application sets event_sigcb to a callback function.  After the
     signal handler sets event_gotsig, event_dispatch will execute the callback function to
     process received signals.  The callback returns 1 when no events are registered any more.
     It can return -1 to indicate an error to the event library, causing event_dispatch() to
     terminate with errno set to EINTR.

     The function event_once() is similar to event_set().  However, it schedules a callback to be
     called exactly once and does not require the caller to prepare an event structure.  This
     function supports EV_TIMEOUT, EV_READ, and EV_WRITE.

     The event_pending() function can be used to check if the event specified by event is pending
     to run.  If EV_TIMEOUT was specified and tv is not NULL, the expiration time of the event
     will be returned in tv.

     The event_initialized() macro can be used to check if an event has been initialized.

     The event_loop function provides an interface for single pass execution of pending events.
     The flags EVLOOP_ONCE and EVLOOP_NONBLOCK are recognized.  The event_loopexit function exits
     from the event loop. The next event_loop() iteration after the given timer expires will
     complete normally (handling all queued events) then exit without blocking for events again.
     Subsequent invocations of event_loop() will proceed normally.  The event_loopbreak function
     exits from the event loop immediately.  event_loop() will abort after the next event is
     completed; event_loopbreak() is typically invoked from this event's callback. This behavior
     is analogous to the "break;" statement. Subsequent invocations of event_loop() will proceed

     It is the responsibility of the caller to provide these functions with pre-allocated event


     By default libevent schedules all active events with the same priority.  However, sometimes
     it is desirable to process some events with a higher priority than others.  For that reason,
     libevent supports strict priority queues.  Active events with a lower priority are always
     processed before events with a higher priority.

     The number of different priorities can be set initially with the event_priority_init()
     function.  This function should be called before the first call to event_dispatch().  The
     event_priority_set() function can be used to assign a priority to an event.  By default,
     libevent assigns the middle priority to all events unless their priority is explicitly set.


     Libevent has experimental support for thread-safe events.  When initializing the library via
     event_init(), an event base is returned.  This event base can be used in conjunction with
     calls to event_base_set(), event_base_dispatch(), event_base_loop(), event_base_loopexit(),
     bufferevent_base_set() and event_base_free().  event_base_set() should be called after
     preparing an event with event_set(), as event_set() assigns the provided event to the most
     recently created event base.  bufferevent_base_set() should be called after preparing a
     bufferevent with bufferevent_new().  event_base_free() should be used to free memory
     associated with the event base when it is no longer needed.


     libevent provides an abstraction on top of the regular event callbacks.  This abstraction is
     called a buffered event.  A buffered event provides input and output buffers that get filled
     and drained automatically.  The user of a buffered event no longer deals directly with the
     IO, but instead is reading from input and writing to output buffers.

     A new bufferevent is created by bufferevent_new().  The parameter fd specifies the file
     descriptor from which data is read and written to.  This file descriptor is not allowed to
     be a pipe(2).  The next three parameters are callbacks.  The read and write callback have
     the following form: void (*cb)(struct bufferevent *bufev, void *arg).  The error callback
     has the following form: void (*cb)(struct bufferevent *bufev, short what, void *arg).  The
     argument is specified by the fourth parameter cbarg.  A bufferevent struct pointer is
     returned on success, NULL on error.  Both the read and the write callback may be NULL.  The
     error callback has to be always provided.

     Once initialized, the bufferevent structure can be used repeatedly with bufferevent_enable()
     and bufferevent_disable().  The flags parameter can be a combination of EV_READ and
     EV_WRITE.  When read enabled the bufferevent will try to read from the file descriptor and
     call the read callback.  The write callback is executed whenever the output buffer is
     drained below the write low watermark, which is 0 by default.

     The bufferevent_write() function can be used to write data to the file descriptor.  The data
     is appended to the output buffer and written to the descriptor automatically as it becomes
     available for writing.  bufferevent_write() returns 0 on success or -1 on failure.  The
     bufferevent_read() function is used to read data from the input buffer, returning the amount
     of data read.

     If multiple bases are in use, bufferevent_base_set() must be called before enabling the
     bufferevent for the first time.


     libevent provides a very thin HTTP layer that can be used both to host an HTTP server and
     also to make HTTP requests.  An HTTP server can be created by calling evhttp_new().  It can
     be bound to any port and address with the evhttp_bind_socket() function.  When the HTTP
     server is no longer used, it can be freed via evhttp_free().

     To be notified of HTTP requests, a user needs to register callbacks with the HTTP server.
     This can be done by calling evhttp_set_cb().  The second argument is the URI for which a
     callback is being registered.  The corresponding callback will receive an struct
     evhttp_request object that contains all information about the request.

     This section does not document all the possible function calls; please check event.h for the
     public interfaces.


     It is possible to disable support for epoll, kqueue, devpoll, poll or select by setting the
     EVENT_NOSELECT, respectively.  By setting the environment variable EVENT_SHOW_METHOD,
     libevent displays the kernel notification method that it uses.


     Upon successful completion event_add() and event_del() return 0.  Otherwise, -1 is returned
     and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.


     kqueue(2), poll(2), select(2), evdns(3), timeout(9)


     The event API manpage is based on the timeout(9) manpage by Artur Grabowski.  The port of
     libevent to Windows is due to Michael A. Davis.  Support for real-time signals is due to


     The event library was written by Niels Provos.


     This documentation is neither complete nor authoritative.  If you are in doubt about the
     usage of this API then check the source code to find out how it works, write up the missing
     piece of documentation and send it to me for inclusion in this man page.