Provided by: libforks-perl_0.36-2build4_amd64 bug

NAME

       forks::shared - drop-in replacement for Perl threads::shared with forks()

SYNOPSIS

         use forks;
         use forks::shared;

         my $variable : shared;
         my @array    : shared;
         my %hash     : shared;

         share( $variable );
         share( @array );
         share( %hash );

         $variable = shared_clone($non_shared_ref_value);
         $variable = shared_clone({'foo' => [qw/foo bar baz/]});

         lock( $variable );
         cond_wait( $variable );
         cond_wait( $variable, $lock_variable );
         cond_timedwait( $variable, abs time );
         cond_timedwait( $variable, abs time, $lock_variable );
         cond_signal( $variable );
         cond_broadcast( $variable );

         bless( $variable, class name );

         # Enable deadlock detection and resolution
         use forks::shared deadlock => {
           detect => 1,
           resolve => 1
         );
         # or
         threads::shared->set_deadlock_option(
           detect  => 1,
           resolve => 1
         );

DESCRIPTION

       The "forks::shared" pragma allows a developer to use shared variables with threads
       (implemented with the "forks" pragma) without having to have a threaded perl, or to even
       run 5.8.0 or higher.

       "forks::shared" is currently API compatible with CPAN threads::shared version 1.05.

EXPORT

       "share", "shared_clone", "cond_wait", "cond_timedwait", "cond_signal", "cond_broadcast",
       "is_shared", "bless"

       See "EXPORT" in threads::shared for more information.

OBJECTS

       forks::shared exports a version of bless() that works on shared objects, such that
       blessings propagate across threads.  See threads::shared for usage information and the
       forks test suite for additional examples.

EXTRA FEATURES

   Deadlock detection and resolution
       In the interest of helping programmers debug one of the most common bugs in threaded
       application software, forks::shared supports a full deadlock detection and resolution
       engine.

       Automated detection and resolution

       There are two ways to enable these features: either at import time in a use statement,
       such as:

           use forks::shared deadlock => { OPTIONS }

       or during runtime as a class method call to "set_deadlock_option", like:

           forks::shared->set_deadlock_option( OPTIONS );
           #or
           threads::shared->set_deadlock_option( OPTIONS );

       where "OPTIONS" may be a combination of any of the following:

           detect         => 1 (enable) or 0 (disable)
           period         => number of seconds between asynchronous polls
           resolve        => 1 (enable) or 0 (disable)

       The "detect" option enables deadlock detection.  By itself, this option enabled
       synchronous deadlock detection, which efficiently checks for potential deadlocks at lock()
       time.  If any are detected and warnings are enabled, it will print out details to "STDERR"
       like the following example:

           Deadlock detected:
               TID   SV LOCKED   SV LOCKING   Caller
                 1           3            4   t/forks06.t at line 41
                 2           4            3   t/forks06.t at line 46

       The "period" option, if set to a value greater than zero, is the number of seconds between
       asynchronous deadlock detection checks.  Asynchronous detection is useful for debugging
       rare, time-critical race conditions leading to deadlocks that may be masked by the slight
       time overhead introduced by synchronous detection on each lock() call.  Overall, it is
       less CPU intensive than synchronous deadlock detection.

       The "resolve" option enables auto-termination of one thread in each deadlocked thread pair
       that has been detected.  As with the "detect" option, "resolve" prints out the action it
       performs to STDERR, if warnings are enabled.  NOTE: "resolve" uses SIGKILL to break
       deadlocks, so this feature should not be used in environments where stability of the rest
       of your application may be adversely affected by process death in this manner.

       For example:

           use forks;
           use forks::shared
               deadlock => {detect=> 1, resolve => 1};

       Manual detection

       If you wish to check for deadlocks without enabling automated deadlock detection, forks
       provides an additonal thread object method,

           $thr->is_deadlocked()

       that reports whether the thread in question is currently deadlocked.  This method may be
       used in conjunction with the "resolve" deadlock option to auto-terminate offending
       threads.

   Splice on shared array
       As of at least threads::shared 1.05, the splice function has not been implememted for
       arrays; however, forks::shared fully supports splice on shared arrays.

   share() doesn't lose value for arrays and hashes
       In the standard Perl threads implementation, arrays and hashes are re-initialized when
       they become shared (with the share()) function.  The share() function of forks::shared
       does not initialize arrays and hashes when they become shared with the share() function.

       This could be considered a bug in the standard Perl implementation.  In any case this is
       an inconsistency of the behaviour of threads.pm and forks.pm.

       If you do not have a natively threaded perl and you have installed and are using forks in
       "threads.pm" override mode (where "use threads" loads forks.pm), then this module will
       explicitly emulate the behavior of standard threads::shared and lose value for arrays and
       hashes with share().  Additionally, array splice function will become a no-op with a
       warning.

       You may also enable this mode by setting the environment variable
       "THREADS_NATIVE_EMULATION" to a true value before running your script.  See "Native
       threads 'to-the-letter' emulation mode" in forks for more information.

CAVIATS

       Some caveats that you need to be aware of.

       Storing CODE refs in shared variables
         Since forks::shared requires Storable to serialize shared data structures, storing CODE
         refs in shared variables is not enabled by default (primarily for security reasons).

         If need share CODE refs between threads, the minimum you must do before storing CODE
         refs is:

             $Storable::Deparse = $Storable::Eval = 1;

         See "CODE_REFERENCES" in Storable for detailed information, including potential security
         risks and ways to protect yourself against them.

       test-suite exits in a weird way
         Although there are no errors in the test-suite, the test harness sometimes thinks there
         is something wrong because of an unexpected exit() value.  This is an issue with
         Test::More's END block, which wasn't designed to co-exist with a threads environment and
         forked processes.  Hopefully, that module will be patched in the future, but for now,
         the warnings are harmless and may be safely ignored.

CURRENT AUTHOR AND MAINTAINER

       Eric Rybski <rybskej@yahoo.com>.  Please send all module inquries to me.

ORIGINAL AUTHOR

       Elizabeth Mattijsen, <liz@dijkmat.nl>.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (c)
        2005-2014 Eric Rybski <rybskej@yahoo.com>,
        2002-2004 Elizabeth Mattijsen <liz@dijkmat.nl>.  All rights reserved.  This program is
       free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl
       itself.

SEE ALSO

       threads::shared, forks, forks::BerkeleyDB::shared.