Provided by: libindirect-perl_0.38-1build1_amd64 bug

NAME

       indirect - Lexically warn about using the indirect method call syntax.

VERSION

       Version 0.38

SYNOPSIS

       In a script :

           no indirect;               # lexically enables the pragma
           my $x = new Apple 1, 2, 3; # warns
           {
            use indirect;     # lexically disables the pragma
            my $y = new Pear; # legit, does not warn
            {
             # lexically specify an hook called for each indirect construct
             no indirect hook => sub {
              die "You really wanted $_[0]\->$_[1] at $_[2]:$_[3]"
             };
             my $z = new Pineapple 'fresh'; # croaks 'You really wanted...'
            }
           }
           try { ... }; # warns if try() hasn't been declared in this package

           no indirect 'fatal';     # or ':fatal', 'FATAL', ':Fatal' ...
           if (defied $foo) { ... } # croaks, note the typo

       Global uses :

           # Globally enable the pragma from the command-line
           perl -M-indirect=global -e 'my $x = new Banana;' # warns

           # Globally enforce the pragma each time perl is executed
           export PERL5OPT="-M-indirect=global,fatal"
           perl -e 'my $y = new Coconut;' # croaks

DESCRIPTION

       When enabled, this pragma warns about indirect method calls that are present in your code.

       The indirect syntax is now considered harmful, since its parsing has many quirks and its
       use is error prone : when the subroutine "foo" has not been declared in the current
       package, "foo $x" actually compiles to "$x->foo", and "foo { key => 1 }" to
       "'key'->foo(1)".  Please refer to the "REFERENCES" section for a more complete list of
       reasons for avoiding this construct.

       This pragma currently does not warn for core functions ("print", "say", "exec" or
       "system").  This may change in the future, or may be added as optional features that would
       be enabled by passing options to "unimport".

       This module is not a source filter.

METHODS

   "unimport"
           no indirect;
           no indirect 'fatal';
           no indirect hook => sub { my ($obj, $name, $file, $line) = @_; ... };
           no indirect 'global';
           no indirect 'global, 'fatal';
           no indirect 'global', hook => sub { ... };

       Magically called when "no indirect @opts" is encountered.  Turns the module on.  The
       policy to apply depends on what is first found in @opts :

       ·   If it is a string that matches "/^:?fatal$/i", the compilation will croak when the
           first indirect method call is found.

           This option is mutually exclusive with the 'hook' option.

       ·   If the key/value pair "hook => $hook" comes first, $hook will be called for each error
           with a string representation of the object as $_[0], the method name as $_[1], the
           current file as $_[2] and the line number as $_[3].  If and only if the object is
           actually a block, $_[0] is assured to start by '{'.

           This option is mutually exclusive with the 'fatal' option.

       ·   If none of "fatal" and "hook" are specified, a warning will be emitted for each
           indirect method call.

       ·   If @opts contains a string that matches "/^:?global$/i", the pragma will be globally
           enabled for all code compiled after the current "no indirect" statement, except for
           code that is in the lexical scope of "use indirect".  This option may come
           indifferently before or after the "fatal" or "hook" options, in the case they are also
           passed to "unimport".

           The global policy applied is the one resulting of the "fatal" or "hook" options, thus
           defaults to a warning when none of those are specified :

               no indirect 'global';                # warn for any indirect call
               no indirect qw<global fatal>;        # die on any indirect call
               no indirect 'global', hook => \&hook # custom global action

           Note that if another policy is installed by a "no indirect" statement further in the
           code, it will overrule the global policy :

               no indirect 'global';  # warn globally
               {
                no indirect 'fatal';  # throw exceptions for this lexical scope
                ...
                require Some::Module; # the global policy will apply for the
                                      # compilation phase of this module
               }

   "import"
           use indirect;

       Magically called at each "use indirect". Turns the module off.

       As explained in "unimport"'s description, an "use indirect" statement will lexically
       override a global policy previously installed by "no indirect 'global', ..." (if there's
       one).

FUNCTIONS

   "msg"
           my $msg = msg($object, $method, $file, $line);

       Returns the default error message that "indirect" generates when an indirect method call
       is reported.

CONSTANTS

   "I_THREADSAFE"
       True iff the module could have been built with thread-safety features enabled.

   "I_FORKSAFE"
       True iff this module could have been built with fork-safety features enabled.  This will
       always be true except on Windows where it's false for perl 5.10.0 and below .

DIAGNOSTICS

   "Indirect call of method "%s" on object "%s" at %s line %d."
       The default warning/exception message thrown when an indirect method call on an object is
       found.

   "Indirect call of method "%s" on a block at %s line %d."
       The default warning/exception message thrown when an indirect method call on a block is
       found.

ENVIRONMENT

   "PERL_INDIRECT_PM_DISABLE"
       If this environment variable is set to true when the pragma is used for the first time,
       the XS code won't be loaded and, although the 'indirect' lexical hint will be set to true
       in the scope of use, the pragma itself won't do anything.  In this case, the pragma will
       always be considered to be thread-safe, and as such "I_THREADSAFE" will be true.  This is
       useful for disabling "indirect" in production environments.

       Note that clearing this variable after "indirect" was loaded has no effect.  If you want
       to re-enable the pragma later, you also need to reload it by deleting the 'indirect.pm'
       entry from %INC.

CAVEATS

       The implementation was tweaked to work around several limitations of vanilla "perl"
       pragmas : it's thread safe, and does not suffer from a "perl 5.8.x-5.10.0" bug that causes
       all pragmas to propagate into "require"d scopes.

       Before "perl" 5.12, "meth $obj" (no semicolon) at the end of a file is not seen as an
       indirect method call, although it is as soon as there is another token before the end (as
       in "meth $obj;" or "meth $obj 1").  If you use "perl" 5.12 or greater, those constructs
       are correctly reported.

       With 5.8 perls, the pragma does not propagate into "eval STRING".  This is due to a
       shortcoming in the way perl handles the hints hash, which is addressed in perl 5.10.

       The search for indirect method calls happens before constant folding.  Hence "my $x = new
       Class if 0" will be caught.

REFERENCES

       Numerous articles have been written about the quirks of the indirect object construct :

       ·   <http://markmail.org/message/o7d5sxnydya7bwvv> : Far More Than Everything You've Ever
           Wanted to Know about the Indirect Object syntax, Tom Christiansen, 1998-01-28.

           This historical post to the "perl5-porters" mailing list raised awareness about the
           perils of this syntax.

       ·   <http://www.shadowcat.co.uk/blog/matt-s-trout/indirect-but-still-fatal> : Indirect but
           still fatal, Matt S. Trout, 2009-07-29.

           In this blog post, the author gives an example of an undesirable indirect method call
           on a block that causes a particularly bewildering error.

DEPENDENCIES

       perl 5.8.1.

       A C compiler.  This module may happen to build with a C++ compiler as well, but don't rely
       on it, as no guarantee is made in this regard.

       Carp (standard since perl 5), XSLoader (since perl 5.6.0).

AUTHOR

       Vincent Pit, "<perl at profvince.com>", <http://www.profvince.com>.

       You can contact me by mail or on "irc.perl.org" (vincent).

BUGS

       Please report any bugs or feature requests to "bug-indirect at rt.cpan.org", or through
       the web interface at <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=indirect>.  I will be
       notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make
       changes.

SUPPORT

       You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

           perldoc indirect

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

       Bram, for motivation and advices.

       Andrew Main and Florian Ragwitz, for testing on real-life code and reporting issues.

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

       Copyright 2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017 Vincent Pit, all rights
       reserved.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.