Provided by: unbound_1.9.0-2_amd64 bug


       unbound-control, unbound-control-setup - Unbound remote server control utility.


       unbound-control [-hq] [-c cfgfile] [-s server] command


       Unbound-control performs remote administration on the unbound(8) DNS server.  It reads the
       configuration file, contacts the unbound server over SSL sends the  command  and  displays
       the result.

       The available options are:

       -h     Show the version and commandline option help.

       -c cfgfile
              The  config  file  to  read  with  settings.   If not given the default config file
              /etc/unbound/unbound.conf is used.

       -s server[@port]
              IPv4 or IPv6 address of the server to contact.  If not given, the address  is  read
              from the config file.

       -q     quiet, if the option is given it does not print anything if it works ok.


       There are several commands that the server understands.

       start  Start  the server. Simply execs unbound(8).  The unbound executable is searched for
              in the PATH set in the environment.  It is started with the config  file  specified
              using -c or the default config file.

       stop   Stop the server. The server daemon exits.

       reload Reload the server. This flushes the cache and reads the config file fresh.

       verbosity number
              Change   verbosity   value  for  logging.  Same  values  as  verbosity  keyword  in
              unbound.conf(5).  This new setting lasts until the server is issued a reload (taken
              from config file again), or the next verbosity control command.

              Reopen  the  logfile, close and open it.  Useful for logrotation to make the daemon
              release the file it is logging to.  If you are using  syslog  it  will  attempt  to
              close and open the syslog (which may not work if chrooted).

       stats  Print  statistics.  Resets  the  internal  counters to zero, this can be controlled
              using the statistics-cumulative config statement.  Statistics are printed with  one
              [name]: [value] per line.

              Peek at statistics. Prints them like the stats command does, but does not reset the
              internal counters to zero.

       status Display server status. Exit code 3 if not running (the connection to  the  port  is
              refused), 1 on error, 0 if running.

       local_zone name type
              Add  new  local  zone with name and type. Like local-zone config statement.  If the
              zone already exists, the type is changed to the given argument.

       local_zone_remove name
              Remove the local zone with the given name.  Removes all local data inside  it.   If
              the zone does not exist, the command succeeds.

       local_data RR data...
              Add  new  local  data, the given resource record. Like local-data config statement,
              except for when no covering zone exists.  In that case this remote control  command
              creates  a transparent zone with the same name as this record.  This command is not
              good at returning detailed syntax errors.

       local_data_remove name
              Remove all RR data from local name.  If the name  already  has  no  items,  nothing
              happens.   Often  results  in  NXDOMAIN for the name (in a static zone), but if the
              name has become an empty nonterminal (there is still data in domain names below the
              removed name), NOERROR nodata answers are the result for that name.

              Add  local  zones  read from stdin of unbound-control. Input is read per line, with
              name space type on a line. For bulk additions.

              Remove local zones read from stdin of unbound-control. Input is one name per  line.
              For bulk removals.

              Add  local  data  RRs read from stdin of unbound-control. Input is one RR per line.
              For bulk additions.

              Remove local data RRs read from stdin of unbound-control. Input  is  one  name  per
              line. For bulk removals.

              The  contents  of the cache is printed in a text format to stdout. You can redirect
              it to a file to store the cache in a file.

              The contents of the cache is loaded from stdin.  Uses the same format as dump_cache
              uses.   Loading  the  cache with old, or wrong data can result in old or wrong data
              returned to clients.  Loading data into the cache in this way is supported in order
              to aid with debugging.

       lookup name
              Print to stdout the name servers that would be used to look up the name specified.

       flush name
              Remove  the  name from the cache. Removes the types A, AAAA, NS, SOA, CNAME, DNAME,
              MX, PTR, SRV and NAPTR.  Because that is fast to do.  Other  record  types  can  be
              removed using flush_type or flush_zone.

       flush_type name type
              Remove the name, type information from the cache.

       flush_zone name
              Remove  all  information  at  or below the name from the cache.  The rrsets and key
              entries are removed so that new lookups will be performed.  This needs to walk  and
              inspect  the entire cache, and is a slow operation.  The entries are set to expired
              in the implementation of this command (so, with serve-expired enabled, it'll  serve
              that information but schedule a prefetch for new information).

              Remove all bogus data from the cache.

              Remove  all negative data from the cache.  This is nxdomain answers, nodata answers
              and servfail answers.  Also removes bad key entries (which could be due  to  failed
              lookups)  from  the dnssec key cache, and iterator last-resort lookup failures from
              the rrset cache.

              Reset statistics to zero.

              Drop the queries that are worked on.  Stops working on the queries that the  server
              is  working  on now.  The cache is unaffected.  No reply is sent for those queries,
              probably making those users request again later.  Useful to make the server restart
              working on queries with new settings, such as a higher verbosity level.

              Show  what  is  worked on.  Prints all queries that the server is currently working
              on.  Prints the time that users have been waiting.  For internal requests, no  time
              is  printed.   And then prints out the module status.  This prints the queries from
              the first thread, and not queries that are being serviced from other threads.

       flush_infra all|IP
              If all then entire infra cache is emptied.  If a specific IP address, the entry for
              that address is removed from the cache.  It contains EDNS, ping and lameness data.

              Show the contents of the infra cache.

       set_option opt: val
              Set  the  option  to  the given value without a reload.  The cache is therefore not
              flushed.  The option must end with a ':' and whitespace must be between the  option
              and  the value.  Some values may not have an effect if set this way, the new values
              are not written to the config  file,  not  all  options  are  supported.   This  is
              different  from  the  set_option  call in libunbound, where all values work because
              unbound has not been initialized.

              The   values   that   work   are:    statistics-interval,    statistics-cumulative,
              do-not-query-localhost,  harden-short-bufsize,  harden-large-queries,  harden-glue,
              harden-dnssec-stripped,  harden-below-nxdomain,   harden-referral-path,   prefetch,
              prefetch-key,   log-queries,   hide-identity,   hide-version,   identity,  version,
              val-log-level,   val-log-squelch,   ignore-cd-flag,   add-holddown,   del-holddown,
              keep-missing,  tcp-upstream,  ssl-upstream,  max-udp-size, ratelimit, ip-ratelimit,
              cache-max-ttl, cache-min-ttl, cache-max-negative-ttl.

       get_option opt
              Get the value of the option.  Give the option name without  a  trailing  ':'.   The
              value  is  printed.   If  the  value  is  "", nothing is printed and the connection
              closes.  On error 'error ...' is printed  (it  gives  a  syntax  error  on  unknown
              option).   For  some  options  a list of values, one on each line, is printed.  The
              options are shown from the config file  as  modified  with  set_option.   For  some
              options  an  override  may have been taken that does not show up with this command,
              not results from e.g. the verbosity and forward control commands.  Not all  options
              work,  see  list_stubs,  list_forwards,  list_local_zones  and  list_local_data for

              List the stub zones in use.  These are printed one by  one  to  the  output.   This
              includes the root hints in use.

              List the forward zones in use.  These are printed zone by zone to the output.

              List the zones with domain-insecure.

              List the local zones in use.  These are printed one per line with zone type.

              List the local data RRs in use.  The resource records are printed.

       insecure_add zone
              Add a domain-insecure for the given zone, like the statement in unbound.conf.  Adds
              to the running unbound without affecting the cache contents  (which  may  still  be
              bogus, use flush_zone to remove it), does not affect the config file.

       insecure_remove zone
              Removes domain-insecure for the given zone.

       forward_add [+i] zone addr ...
              Add  a  new  forward  zone  to  running  unbound.   With  +i  option  also  adds  a
              domain-insecure for the zone (so it can resolve insecurely if  you  have  a  DNSSEC
              root  trust  anchor  configured  for  other  names).   The  addr can be IP4, IP6 or
              nameserver names, like forward-zone config in unbound.conf.

       forward_remove [+i] zone
              Remove a forward zone from running unbound.  The +i also removes a  domain-insecure
              for the zone.

       stub_add [+ip] zone addr ...
              Add a new stub zone to running unbound.  With +i option also adds a domain-insecure
              for the zone.  With +p the stub zone is set to prime,  without  it  it  is  set  to
              notprime.   The addr can be IP4, IP6 or nameserver names, like the stub-zone config
              in unbound.conf.

       stub_remove [+i] zone
              Remove a stub zone from running unbound.  The +i also removes a domain-insecure for
              the zone.

       forward [off | addr ... ]
              Setup  forwarding  mode.   Configures  if  the  server  should  ask  other upstream
              nameservers, should go to the internet root nameservers itself, or show the current
              config.  You could pass the nameservers after a DHCP update.

              Without  arguments  the current list of addresses used to forward all queries to is
              printed.  On startup this is from the forward-zone "."  configuration.   Afterwards
              it shows the status.  It prints off when no forwarding is used.

              If  off  is passed, forwarding is disabled and the root nameservers are used.  This
              can be used to avoid to avoid buggy or non-DNSSEC supporting  nameservers  returned
              from DHCP.  But may not work in hotels or hotspots.

              If  one  or  more  IPv4 or IPv6 addresses are given, those are then used to forward
              queries to.  The addresses must be separated with spaces.  With  '@port'  the  port
              number can be set explicitly (default port is 53 (DNS)).

              By default the forwarder information from the config file for the root "." is used.
              The config file is not changed, so after a reload these changes  are  gone.   Other
              forward zones from the config file are not affected by this command.

       ratelimit_list [+a]
              List the domains that are ratelimited.  Printed one per line with current estimated
              qps and qps limit from config.  With  +a  it  prints  all  domains,  not  just  the
              ratelimited  domains,  with their estimated qps.  The ratelimited domains return an
              error for uncached (new) queries, but cached queries work as normal.

       ip_ratelimit_list [+a]
              List the ip addresses that are ratelimited.  Printed  one  per  line  with  current
              estimated  qps  and qps limit from config.  With +a it prints all ips, not just the
              ratelimited ips, with their estimated qps.  The ratelimited ips are dropped  before
              checking the cache.

              List  the  auth  zones  that  are  configured.  Printed one per line with a status,
              indicating if the zone is expired and current serial number.

       auth_zone_reload zone
              Reload the auth zone from zonefile.   The  zonefile  is  read  in  overwriting  the
              current  contents  of  the  zone  in  memory.   This changes the auth zone contents
              itself, not the cache contents.  Such cache contents exists if you set  unbound  to
              validate with for-upstream yes and that can be cleared with flush_zone zone.

       auth_zone_transfer zone
              Transfer the auth zone from master.  The auth zone probe sequence is started, where
              the masters are probed to see if they have an updated zone  (with  the  SOA  serial
              check).  And then the zone is transferred for a newer zone version.

       view_list_local_zones view
              list_local_zones for given view.

       view_local_zone view name type
              local_zone for given view.

       view_local_zone_remove view name
              local_zone_remove for given view.

       view_list_local_data view
              list_local_data for given view.

       view_local_data view RR data...
              local_data for given view.

       view_local_data_remove view name
              local_data_remove for given view.

       view_local_datas view
              Add a list of local_data for given view from stdin.  Like local_datas.


       The unbound-control program exits with status code 1 on error, 0 on success.


       The  setup  requires  a  self-signed  certificate and private keys for both the server and
       client.  The script unbound-control-setup generates these in the default run directory, or
       with  -d  in  another  directory.  If you change the access control permissions on the key
       files you can decide who can use unbound-control, by default owner and group but  not  all
       users.   Run  the script under the same username as you have configured in unbound.conf or
       as root, so that the daemon is permitted to read the files, for example with:
           sudo -u unbound unbound-control-setup
       If you have not configured a username in unbound.conf, the keys need read  permission  for
       the user credentials under which the daemon is started.  The script preserves private keys
       present in the directory.  After running the script as root,  turn  on  control-enable  in


       The stats command shows a number of statistic counters.

              number of queries received by thread

              number of queries rate limited by thread

              number of queries that were successfully answered using a cache lookup

              number of queries that needed recursive processing

              number of queries that were encrypted and successfully decapsulated by dnscrypt.

              number of queries that were requesting dnscrypt certificates.

              number  of  queries received on dnscrypt port that were cleartext and not a request
              for certificates.

              number of request that were neither cleartext, not valid dnscrypt messages.

              number of cache prefetches performed.  This number is included in cachehits, as the
              original  query  had  the unprefetched answer from cache, and resulted in recursive
              processing, taking a slot in the requestlist.  Not part of the recursivereplies (or
              the histogram thereof) or cachemiss, as a cache response was sent.

              number of replies with ttl zero, because they served an expired cache entry.

              The  number  of  replies sent to queries that needed recursive processing. Could be
              smaller than threadX.num.cachemiss if due to timeouts no replies were sent for some

              The average number of requests in the internal recursive processing request list on
              insert of a new incoming recursive processing query.

              Maximum size attained by the internal recursive processing request list.

              Number of requests in the request list that were overwritten by newer entries. This
              happens if there is a flood of queries that recursive processing and the server has
              a hard time.

              Queries that were dropped because the request list was  full.  This  happens  if  a
              flood of queries need recursive processing, and the server can not keep up.

              Current  size  of  the request list, includes internally generated queries (such as
              priming queries and glue lookups).

              Current size of the request list, only the requests from client queries.

              Average time it took to answer queries that needed recursive processing. Note  that
              queries that were answered from the cache are not in this average.

              The  median of the time it took to answer queries that needed recursive processing.
              The median means that 50% of the user queries were answered in less than this time.
              Because  of  big  outliers (usually queries to non responsive servers), the average
              can be bigger than the median.  This median has been  calculated  by  interpolation
              from a histogram.

              The  currently held tcp buffers for incoming connections.  A spot value on the time
              of the request.  This helps you spot if the incoming-num-tcp buffers are full.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              averaged over threads.

              the maximum of the thread requestlist.max values.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              summed over threads.

              averaged over threads.

              summed over threads.
              current time in seconds since 1970.

              uptime since server boot in seconds.

              time since last statistics printout, in seconds.


              Memory in bytes in use by the RRset cache.

              Memory in bytes in use by the message cache.

              Memory in bytes in use by the dnscrypt shared secrets cache.

              Memory in bytes in use by the dnscrypt nonce cache.

              Memory in bytes in use by the iterator module.

              Memory in bytes in use by the validator module. Includes the key cache and negative

              Memory  in bytes in used by the TCP and TLS stream wait buffers.  These are answers
              waiting to be written back to the clients.

              Shows a histogram, summed over all threads.  Every  element  counts  the  recursive
              queries  whose  reply  time fit between the lower and upper bound.  Times larger or
              equal to the lowerbound, and smaller than the upper bound.  There are  40  buckets,
              with bucket sizes doubling.

              The  total  number  of queries over all threads with query type A.  Printed for the
              other query types as well, but only for the types for which queries were  received,
              thus =0 entries are omitted for brevity.

              Number of queries with query types 256-65535.

              The  total number of queries over all threads with query class IN (internet).  Also
              printed for other classes (such as CH (CHAOS) sometimes  used  for  debugging),  or
              NONE,  ANY,  used  by dynamic update.  num.query.class.other is printed for classes

              The total number of queries over all threads with query opcode QUERY.  Also printed
              for other opcodes, UPDATE, ...

              Number of queries that were made using TCP towards the unbound server.

              Number  of  queries  that  the unbound server made using TCP outgoing towards other

              Number of queries that were made using TLS towards the unbound server.   These  are
              also counted in num.query.tcp, because TLS uses TCP.

              Number  of  TLS session resumptions, these are queries over TLS towards the unbound
              server where the client negotiated a TLS session resumption key.

              Number of queries that were made using IPv6 towards the unbound server.

              The number of queries that had the RD flag set in the  header.   Also  printed  for
              flags  QR,  AA,  TC,  RA, Z, AD, CD.  Note that queries with flags QR, AA or TC may
              have been rejected because of that.

              number of queries that had an EDNS OPT record present.

              number of queries that had an EDNS OPT record with the  DO  (DNSSEC  OK)  bit  set.
              These queries are also included in the num.query.edns.present number.

              The  number  of  queries  that are turned away from being send to nameserver due to

              The number of dnscrypt queries that did not find a shared secret in the cache.  The
              can be use to compute the shared secret hitrate.

              The  number of dnscrypt queries that found a nonce hit in the nonce cache and hence
              are considered a query replay.

              The number of answers to queries, from cache or from recursion, that had the return
              code NXDOMAIN. Also printed for the other return codes.

              The  number  of  answers  to  queries that had the pseudo return code nodata.  This
              means the actual return code was NOERROR, but additionally, no data was carried  in
              the answer (making what is called a NOERROR/NODATA answer).  These queries are also
              included in the num.answer.rcode.NOERROR number.  Common for AAAA lookups when an A
              record exists, and no AAAA.
              Number  of  answers  that were secure.  The answer validated correctly.  The AD bit
              might have been set in some of these answers, where the client signalled  (with  DO
              or AD bit in the query) that they were ready to accept the AD bit in the answer.

              Number  of  answers  that  were  bogus.   These answers resulted in SERVFAIL to the
              client because the answer failed validation.

              The number of rrsets marked bogus by the  validator.   Increased  for  every  RRset
              inspection that fails.

              Number  of  queries  that  were  refused  or dropped because they failed the access
              control settings.

              Replies that were unwanted or unsolicited.  Could have been random traffic, delayed
              duplicates,  very  late  answers, or could be spoofing attempts.  Some low level of
              late answers and delayed duplicates are to be expected with the UDP protocol.  Very
              high values could indicate a threat (spoofing).

              The number of items (DNS replies) in the message cache.

              The number of RRsets in the rrset cache.  This includes rrsets used by the messages
              in the message cache, but also delegation information.

              The number of items in the infra cache.  These are IP addresses with  their  timing
              and protocol support information.

              The  number  of  items  in  the  key  cache.   These  are DNSSEC keys, one item per
              delegation point, and their validation status.

              The number of items in the  shared  secret  cache.  These  are  precomputed  shared
              secrets  for  a  given client public key/server secret key pair. Shared secrets are
              CPU intensive and this cache allows unbound to avoid recomputing the shared  secret
              when multiple dnscrypt queries are sent from the same client.

              The  number  of  items  in  the  client  nonce cache. This cache is used to prevent
              dnscrypt queries replay. The client nonce must be unique  for  each  client  public
              key/server secret key pair. This cache should be able to host QPS * `replay window`
              interval keys to prevent replay of a query during `replay window` seconds.

              The number of queries  answered  from  auth-zone  data,  upstream  queries.   These
              queries would otherwise have been sent (with fallback enabled) to the internet, but
              are now answered from the auth zone.

              The number of queries for downstream answered from auth-zone data.   These  queries
              are from downstream clients, and have had an answer from the data in the auth zone.

              The  number of queries answered using cached NSEC records with NODATA RCODE.  These
              queries would otherwise have been sent to the internet, but are now answered  using
              cached data.

              The  number  of  queries  answered  using  cached NSEC records with NXDOMAIN RCODE.
              These queries would otherwise have been sent to the internet, but are now  answered
              using cached data.

              Number of queries that got an answer that contained EDNS client subnet data.

              Number of queries answered from the edns client subnet cache.  These are counted as
              cachemiss by the main counters, but hit the client  subnet  specific  cache,  after
              getting processed by the edns client subnet module.


              unbound configuration file.

              directory  with  private  keys  (unbound_server.key  and  unbound_control.key)  and
              self-signed certificates (unbound_server.pem and unbound_control.pem).


       unbound.conf(5), unbound(8).