Provided by: libguestfs-tools_1.40.2-2ubuntu2_amd64 bug

名前

       guestmount - Mount a guest filesystem on the host using FUSE and libguestfs

書式

        guestmount [--options] -a disk.img -m device [--ro] mountpoint

        guestmount [--options] -a disk.img -i [--ro] mountpoint

        guestmount [--options] -d Guest -i [--ro] mountpoint

説明

       The guestmount program can be used to mount virtual machine filesystems and other disk
       images on the host.  It uses libguestfs for access to the guest filesystem, and FUSE (the
       "filesystem in userspace") to make it appear as a mountable device.

       Along with other options, you have to give at least one device (-a option) or libvirt
       domain (-d option), and at least one mountpoint (-m option) or use the -i inspection
       option or the --live option.  How this works is better explained in the guestfish(1)
       manual page, or by looking at the examples below.

       FUSE lets you mount filesystems as non-root.  The mountpoint must be owned by you.  The
       filesystem will not be visible to any other users unless you make configuration changes,
       see "NOTES" below.

       To unmount the filesystem, use the guestunmount(1) command.

       For a typical Windows guest which has its main filesystem on the first partition:

        guestmount -a windows.img -m /dev/sda1 --ro /mnt

       For a typical Linux guest which has a /boot filesystem on the first partition, and the
       root filesystem on a logical volume:

        guestmount -a linux.img -m /dev/VG/LV -m /dev/sda1:/boot --ro /mnt

       To get libguestfs to detect guest mountpoints for you:

        guestmount -a guest.img -i --ro /mnt

       For a libvirt guest called "Guest" you could do:

        guestmount -d Guest -i --ro /mnt

       If you don’t know what filesystems are contained in a guest or disk image, use
       virt-filesystems(1) first:

        virt-filesystems -d MyGuest

       If you want to trace the libguestfs calls but without excessive debugging information, we
       recommend:

        guestmount [...] --trace /mnt

       If you want to debug the program, we recommend:

        guestmount [...] --trace --verbose /mnt

       To unmount the filesystem after using it:

        guestunmount /mnt

注記

   他のユーザーは標準でファイルシステムを参照できません。
       If you mount a filesystem as one user (eg. root), then other users will not be able to see
       it by default.  The fix is to add the FUSE "allow_other" option when mounting:

        sudo guestmount [...] -o allow_other /mnt

       and to enable this option in /etc/fuse.conf.

   Enabling FUSE
       On some distros, you may need to add yourself to a special group (eg. "fuse") before you
       can use any FUSE filesystem.  This is necessary on Debian and derivatives.

       On other distros, no special group is required.  It is not necessary on Fedora or Red Hat
       Enterprise Linux.

   fusermount エラー: "デバイスまたはリソースがビジーです"
       You can see this error when another process on the system jumps into the mountpoint you
       have just created, holding it open and preventing you from unmounting it.  The usual
       culprits are various GUI "indexing" programs.

       The popular workaround for this problem is to retry the "fusermount -u" command a few
       times until it works (guestunmount(1) does this for you).  Unfortunately this isn't a
       reliable fix if (for example)  the mounted filesystem is particularly large and the
       intruding program particularly persistent.

       A proper fix is to use a private mountpoint by creating a new mount namespace using the
       Linux-specific clone(2)/unshare(2) flag "CLONE_NEWNS".  Unfortunately at the moment this
       requires root and we would also probably need to add it as a feature to guestmount.

   Race conditions possible when shutting down the connection
       When guestunmount(1)/fusermount(1) exits, guestmount may still be running and cleaning up
       the mountpoint.  The disk image will not be fully finalized.

       This means that scripts like the following have a nasty race condition:

        guestmount -a disk.img -i /mnt
        # copy things into /mnt
        guestunmount /mnt
        # immediately try to use 'disk.img' ** UNSAFE **

       The solution is to use the --pid-file option to write the guestmount PID to a file, then
       after guestunmount spin waiting for this PID to exit.

        guestmount -a disk.img -i --pid-file guestmount.pid /mnt

        # ...
        # ...

        # Save the PID of guestmount *before* calling guestunmount.
        pid="$(cat guestmount.pid)"

        # Unmount the filesystem.
        guestunmount /mnt

        timeout=10

        count=$timeout
        while kill -0 "$pid" 2>/dev/null && [ $count -gt 0 ]; do
            sleep 1
            ((count--))
        done
        if [ $count -eq 0 ]; then
            echo "$0: wait for guestmount to exit failed after $timeout seconds"
            exit 1
        fi

        # Now it is safe to use the disk image.

       Note that if you use the "guestfs_mount_local" API directly (see "MOUNT LOCAL" in
       guestfs(3)) then it is much easier to write a safe, race-free program.

オプション

       -a IMAGE
       --add IMAGE
           ブロックデバイスまたは仮想マシンイメージを追加します。

           ディスクイメージの形式は自動検知されます。 これを上書きして強制的に特定の形式を使用す
           る場合、 --format=.. オプションを使用します。

       -a URI
       --add URI
           リモートディスクを追加します。 "リモートストレージの追加" in guestfish(1) 参照。

       -c URI
       --connect URI
            I<-d> オプションと同時に使用するとき、 これは使用する libvirt URI を指定します。 標準状態で標準の libvirt
           接続を使用します。

       -d LIBVIRT-DOMAIN
       --domain LIBVIRT-DOMAIN
           名前付き libvirt 仮想マシンからディスクを追加します。 --ro オプションも使用されている
           場合、すべての libvirt 仮想マシンを使用できます。 しかしながら、書き込みモードでは、
           停止状態の libvirt 仮想マシンのみ指定できます。

           名前の代わりに仮想マシンの UUID を使用できます。

       --dir-cache-timeout N
           Set the readdir cache timeout to N seconds, the default being 60 seconds.  The readdir
           cache [actually, there are several semi-independent caches] is populated after a
           readdir(2) call with the stat and extended attributes of the files in the directory,
           in anticipation that they will be requested soon after.

           There is also a different attribute cache implemented by FUSE (see the FUSE option -o
           attr_timeout), but the FUSE cache does not anticipate future requests, only cache
           existing ones.

       --echo-keys
           キーやパスフレーズを入力するとき、通常 guestfish はエコーを無効化します。 そのため、入
           力内容を確認できません。 テンペスト攻撃の心配がなく、 部屋に誰も居なければ、 入力内容
           を確認するためにこのフラグを指定できます。

       --fd=FD
           Specify a pipe or eventfd file descriptor.  When the mountpoint is ready to be used,
           guestmount writes a single byte to this file descriptor.  This can be used in
           conjunction with --no-fork in order to run guestmount captive under another process.

       --format=raw|qcow2|..
       --format
           -a オプションは標準状態でディスクイメージの形式を自動検知します。 これを使用することに
           より、コマンドラインで後続の -a オプションのディスク形式を強制的に指定できます。 引数
           なしで --format を使用することにより、 後続の -a オプションに対して自動検知に戻せま
           す。

           仮想マシンのディスクイメージが信頼できない raw 形式である場合、 ディスク形式を指定する
           ためにこのオプションを使用すべきです。 これにより、悪意のある仮想マシンにより起こり得
           る セキュリティ問題を回避できます (CVE-2010-3851)。
           "guestfs(3)/guestfs_add_drive_opts" 参照。

       --fuse-help
           Display help on special FUSE options (see -o below).

       --help
           簡単なヘルプを表示して、終了します。

       -i
       --inspector
           virt-inspector(1) コードを使用すると、 オペレーティングシステムを判定するためにディス
           クを検査します。 また、実際の仮想マシンにマウントすることと同じように ファイルシステム
           をマウントします。

       --key SELECTOR
           Specify a key for LUKS, to automatically open a LUKS device when using the inspection.
           "SELECTOR" can be in one of the following formats:

           --key "DEVICE":key:KEY_STRING
               Use the specified "KEY_STRING" as passphrase.

           --key "DEVICE":file:FILENAME
               Read the passphrase from FILENAME.

       --keys-from-stdin
           Read key or passphrase parameters from stdin.  The default is to try to read
           passphrases from the user by opening /dev/tty.

       --live
           動作中の仮想マシンに接続します。 (実験的、"ATTACHING TO RUNNING DAEMONS" in guestfs(3)
           参照)。

       -m dev[:mountpoint[:options[:fstype]]
       --mount dev[:mountpoint[:options[:fstype]]]
           Mount the named partition or logical volume on the given mountpoint in the guest (this
           has nothing to do with mountpoints in the host).

           If the mountpoint is omitted, it defaults to /.  You have to mount something on /.

           マウントパラメーターの三番目の (ほとんど使用されない) 項目は、 バックエンドのファイル
           システムをマウントするために使用される マウントオプションの一覧です。 これが指定されて
           いない場合、 マウントオプションは空文字列または "ro" (--ro フラグが使用されている場合)
           になります。

            -m /dev/sda1:/:acl,user_xattr

           パラメーターの四番目の項目は使用するファイルシステムドライバー ("ext3" や "ntfs" など)
           です。 これはほとんど必要ありません。 しかし、複数のドライバーがファイルシステムに対し
           て有効である場合 (例: "ext2" と "ext3")、 または libguestfs がファイルシステムを誤検知
           している場合、 これは有用です。

       --no-fork
           Don’t daemonize (or fork into the background).

       -n
       --no-sync
           By default, we attempt to sync the guest disk when the FUSE mountpoint is unmounted.
           If you specify this option, then we don't attempt to sync the disk.  See the
           discussion of autosync in the guestfs(3) manpage.

       -o OPTION
       --option OPTION
           追加オプションを FUSE に渡します。

           To get a list of all the extra options supported by FUSE, use the command below.  Note
           that only the FUSE -o options can be passed, and only some of them are a good idea.

            guestmount --fuse-help

           Some potentially useful FUSE options:

           -o allow_other
               Allow other users to see the filesystem.  This option has no effect unless you
               enable it globally in /etc/fuse.conf.

           -o attr_timeout=N
               Enable attribute caching by FUSE, and set the timeout to N seconds.

           -o kernel_cache
               Allow the kernel to cache files (reduces the number of reads that have to go
               through the guestfs(3) API).  This is generally a good idea if you can afford the
               extra memory usage.

           -o uid=N -o gid=N
               Use these options to map all UIDs and GIDs inside the guest filesystem to the
               chosen values.

           -o use_ino
               Preserve inode numbers from the underlying filesystem.

               Without this option, FUSE makes up its own inode numbers.  The inode numbers you
               see in stat(2), "ls -i" etc aren't the inode numbers of the underlying filesystem.

               Note this option is potentially dangerous if the underlying filesystem consists of
               multiple mountpoints, as you may see duplicate inode numbers appearing through
               FUSE.  Use of this option can confuse some software.

       --pid-file FILENAME
           "filename" に guestmount ワーカープロセスの PID を書き込みます。

       -r
       --ro
           Add devices and mount everything read-only.  Also disallow writes and make the disk
           appear read-only to FUSE.

           This is highly recommended if you are not going to edit the guest disk.  If the guest
           is running and this option is not supplied, then there is a strong risk of disk
           corruption in the guest.  We try to prevent this from happening, but it is not always
           possible.

           "OPENING DISKS FOR READ AND WRITE" in guestfish(1) 参照。

       --selinux
           This option is provided for backwards compatibility and does nothing.

       -v
       --verbose
           libguestfs からの冗長なメッセージを有効にします。

       -V
       --version
           プログラムのバージョンを表示して、終了します。

       -w
       --rw
           ディスクが追加され、読み書き可能でマウントされるよう、 -a, -d, -m オプションを変更しま
           す。

           "OPENING DISKS FOR READ AND WRITE" in guestfish(1) 参照。

       -x
       --trace
           Trace libguestfs calls and entry into each FUSE function.

           This also stops the daemon from forking into the background (see --no-fork).

ファイル

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/libguestfs/libguestfs-tools.conf
       $HOME/.libguestfs-tools.rc
       $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS/libguestfs/libguestfs-tools.conf
       /etc/libguestfs-tools.conf
           This configuration file controls the default read-only or read-write mode (--ro or
           --rw).

           See libguestfs-tools.conf(5).

終了ステータス

       このプログラムは、成功すると 0 を、エラーがあると 0 以外を返します。

関連項目

       guestunmount(1), fusermount(1), guestfish(1), virt-inspector(1), virt-cat(1),
       virt-edit(1), virt-tar(1), libguestfs-tools.conf(5), "MOUNT LOCAL" in guestfs(3),
       http://libguestfs.org/, http://fuse.sf.net/.

著者

       Richard W.M. Jones ("rjones at redhat dot com")

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (C) 2009-2019 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE

BUGS

       To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       When reporting a bug, please supply:

       ·   The version of libguestfs.

       ·   Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)

       ·   Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.

       ·   Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug
           report.