Provided by: libguestfs-tools_1.40.2-2ubuntu6_amd64 bug

名前

       virt-make-fs - tar アーカイブまたはファイルからファイルシステムの作成

書式

        virt-make-fs [--options] input.tar output.img

        virt-make-fs [--options] input.tar.gz output.img

        virt-make-fs [--options] directory output.img

説明

       Virt-make-fs is a command line tool for creating a filesystem from a tar archive or some
       files in a directory.  It is similar to tools like mkisofs(1), genisoimage(1) and
       mksquashfs(1).  Unlike those tools, it can create common filesystem types like ext2/3 or
       NTFS, which can be useful if you want to attach these filesystems to existing virtual
       machines (eg. to import large amounts of read-only data to a VM).

       To create blank disks, use virt-format(1).  To create complex layouts, use guestfish(1).

       基本的な使用法は次のとおりです:

        virt-make-fs input output.img

       where "input" is either a directory containing files that you want to add, or a tar
       archive (either uncompressed tar or gzip-compressed tar); and output.img is a disk image.
       The input type is detected automatically.  The output disk image defaults to a raw ext2
       sparse image unless you specify extra flags (see "OPTIONS" below).

   ファイルシステム形式
       The default filesystem type is "ext2".  Just about any filesystem type that libguestfs
       supports can be used (but not read-only formats like ISO9660).  Here are some of the more
       common choices:

       ext3
           Note that ext3 filesystems contain a journal, typically 1-32 MB in size.  If you are
           not going to use the filesystem in a way that requires the journal, then this is just
           wasted overhead.

       ntfs または vfat
           Useful if exporting data to a Windows guest.

       minix
           Lower overhead than "ext2", but certain limitations on filename length and total
           filesystem size.

       

        virt-make-fs --type=minix input minixfs.img

   TO PARTITION OR NOT TO PARTITION
       Optionally virt-make-fs can add a partition table to the output disk.

       Adding a partition can make the disk image more compatible with certain virtualized
       operating systems which don't expect to see a filesystem directly located on a block
       device (Linux doesn't care and will happily handle both types).

       On the other hand, if you have a partition table then the output image is no longer a
       straight filesystem.  For example you cannot run fsck(8) directly on a partitioned disk
       image.  (However libguestfs tools such as guestfish(1) and virt-resize(1) can still be
       used).

       

       MBR パーティションを追加します:

        virt-make-fs --partition -- input disk.img

       If the output disk image could be terabyte-sized or larger, it's better to use an
       EFI/GPT-compatible partition table:

        virt-make-fs --partition=gpt --size=+4T --format=qcow2 input disk.img

   EXTRA SPACE
       Unlike formats such as tar and squashfs, a filesystem does not "just fit" the files that
       it contains, but might have extra space.  Depending on how you are going to use the
       output, you might think this extra space is wasted and want to minimize it, or you might
       want to leave space so that more files can be added later.  Virt-make-fs defaults to
       minimizing the extra space, but you can use the --size flag to leave space in the
       filesystem if you want it.

       An alternative way to leave extra space but not make the output image any bigger is to use
       an alternative disk image format (instead of the default "raw" format).  Using
       --format=qcow2 will use the native qemu/KVM qcow2 image format (check your hypervisor
       supports this before using it).  This allows you to choose a large --size but the extra
       space won't actually be allocated in the image until you try to store something in it.

       Don’t forget that you can also use local commands including resize2fs(8) and
       virt-resize(1) to resize existing filesystems, or rerun virt-make-fs to build another
       image from scratch.

       

        virt-make-fs --format=qcow2 --size=+200M input output.img

オプション

       --help
           簡単なヘルプを表示します。

       --floppy
           仮想フロッピーディスクを作成します。

           今のところ、容量 (1440K)、パーティション形式 (MBR) およびファイルシステム形式 (VFAT)
           が事前に選択されています。将来的に、ジオメトリーを選択できるようになる可能性がありま
           す。

       --size=N
       --size=+N
       -s N
       -s +N
           Use the --size (or -s) option to choose the size of the output image.

           If this option is not given, then the output image will be just large enough to
           contain all the files, with not much wasted space.

           To choose a fixed size output disk, specify an absolute number followed by
           b/K/M/G/T/P/E to mean bytes, Kilobytes, Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes, Petabytes or
           Exabytes.  This must be large enough to contain all the input files, else you will get
           an error.

           To leave extra space, specify "+" (plus sign) and a number followed by b/K/M/G/T/P/E
           to mean bytes, Kilobytes, Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes, Petabytes or Exabytes.  For
           example: --size=+200M means enough space for the input files, and (approximately) an
           extra 200 MB free space.

           Note that virt-make-fs estimates free space, and therefore will not produce
           filesystems containing precisely the free space requested.  (It is much more expensive
           and time-consuming to produce a filesystem which has precisely the desired free
           space).

       --format=FMT
       -F FMT
           出力するディスクイメージ形式を選択します。

           デフォルトは "raw" です (スパースな raw 形式のディスクイメージ)。

       --type=FS
       -t FS
           出力ファイルシステム形式を選択します。

           デフォルトは "ext2" です。

           Any filesystem which is supported read-write by libguestfs can be used here.

       --label=LABEL
           Set the filesystem label.

       --partition
       --partition=PARTTYPE
           このフラグが指定されていると、出力ディスクイメージに MBR パーティションテーブルを追加
           します。

           You can change the partition table type, eg. --partition=gpt for large disks.

           For MBR, virt-make-fs sets the partition type byte automatically.

       -v
       --verbose
           デバッグ情報を有効にします。

       -V
       --version
           バージョン番号を表示して、終了します。

       -x  Enable libguestfs trace.

関連項目

       guestfish(1), virt-format(1), virt-resize(1), virt-tar-in(1), mkisofs(1), genisoimage(1),
       mksquashfs(1), mke2fs(8), resize2fs(8), guestfs(3), http://libguestfs.org/.

著者

       Richard W.M. Jones http://people.redhat.com/~rjones/

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (C) 2010-2019 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE

BUGS

       To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       When reporting a bug, please supply:

       ·   The version of libguestfs.

       ·   Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)

       ·   Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.

       ·   Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug
           report.