Provided by: augeas-tools_1.12.0-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       augtool - inspect and modify configuration files

SYNOPSIS

       augtool [OPTIONS] [COMMAND]

DESCRIPTION

       Augeas is a configuration editing tool. It parses configuration files in their native
       formats and transforms them into a tree. Configuration changes are made by manipulating
       this tree and saving it back into native config files.

       augtool provides a command line interface to the generated tree. COMMAND can be a single
       command as described under "COMMANDS". When called with no COMMAND, it reads commands from
       standard input until an end-of-file is encountered.

OPTIONS

       -c, --typecheck
           Typecheck lenses. This can be very slow, and is therefore not done by default, but is
           highly recommended during development.

       -b, --backup
           When files are changed, preserve the originals in a file with extension '.augsave'

       -n, --new
           Save changes in files with extension '.augnew', do not modify the original files

       -r, --root=ROOT
           Use directory ROOT as the root of the filesystem. Takes precedence over a root set
           with the AUGEAS_ROOT environment variable.

       -I, --include=DIR
           Add DIR to the module loadpath. Can be given multiple times. The directories set here
           are searched before any directories specified in the AUGEAS_LENS_LIB environment
           variable, and before the default directories /usr/share/augeas/lenses and
           /usr/share/augeas/lenses/dist.

       -t, --transform=XFM
           Add a file transform; uses the 'transform' command syntax, e.g. "-t 'Fstab incl
           /etc/fstab.bak'".

       -l, --load-file=FILE
           Load an individual FILE into the tree. The lens to use is determined automatically
           (based on autoload information in the lenses) and will be the same that is used for
           this file when the entire tree is loaded. The option can be specified multiple times
           to load several files, e.g. "-l /etc/fstab -l /etc/hosts". This lens implies
           "--noload" so that only the files specified with this option will be loaded.

       -f, --file=FILE
           Read commands from FILE.

       -i, --interactive
           Read commands from the terminal. When combined with -f or redirection of stdin, drop
           into an interactive session after executing the commands from the file.

       -e, --echo
           When reading commands from a file via stdin, echo the commands before printing their
           output.

       -s, --autosave
           Automatically save all changes at the end of the session.

       -S, --nostdinc
           Do not search any of the default directories for modules. When this option is set,
           only directories specified explicitly with -I or specified in AUGEAS_LENS_LIB will be
           searched for modules.

       -L, --noload
           Do not load any files on startup. This is generally used to fine-tune which files to
           load by modifying the entries in "/augeas/load" and then issuing a "load" command.

       -A, --noautoload
           Do not load any lens modules, and therefore no files, on startup. This creates no
           entries under "/augeas/load" whatsoever; to read any files, they need to be set up
           manually and loading must be initiated with a "load" command. Using this option gives
           the fastest startup.

       --span
           Load span positions for nodes in the tree, as they relate to the original file.
           Enables the use of the span command to retrieve position data.

       --timing
           After executing each command, print how long, in milliseconds, executing the command
           took. This makes it easier to spot slow queries, usually through match commands, and
           allows exploring alternative queries that yield the same result but might be faster.

       --version
           Print version information and exit. The version is also in the tree under
           "/augeas/version".

COMMANDS

       In interactive mode, commands and paths can be completed by pressing "TAB".

       The paths accepted as arguments by commands use a small subset of XPath path expressions.
       A path expression consists of a number of segments, separated by "/". In each segment, the
       character "*" can be used to match every node regardless of its label. Sibling nodes with
       identical labels can be distinguished by appending "[N]" to their label to match the N-th
       sibling with such a label. The last sibling with a specific label can be reached as
       "[last()]". See "EXAMPLES" for some examples of this.

   ADMIN COMMANDS
       The following commands control the behavior of Augeas and augtool itself.

       help
           Print this help text

       load
           Load files according to the transforms in "/augeas/load".

       quit
           Exit the program

       retrieve <LENS> <NODE_IN> <PATH> <NODE_OUT>
           Transform tree at PATH back into text using lens LENS and store the resulting string
           at NODE_OUT. Assume that the tree was initially read in with the same lens and the
           string stored at NODE_IN as input.

       save
           Save all pending changes to disk. Unless either the -b or -n command line options are
           given, files are changed in place.

       store <LENS> <NODE> <PATH>
           Parse NODE using LENS and store the resulting tree at PATH.

       transform <LENS> <FILTER> <FILE>
           Add a transform for FILE using LENS. The LENS may be a module name or a full lens
           name.  If a module name is given, then "lns" will be the lens assumed.  The FILTER
           must be either "incl" or "excl".  If the filter is "incl",  the FILE will be parsed by
           the LENS.  If the filter is "excl", the FILE will be excluded from the LENS. FILE may
           contain wildcards.

       load-file <FILE>
           Load a specific FILE, automatically determining the proper lens from the information
           in /augeas/load; without further intervention, the lens that would oridnarily be used
           for this file will be used.

   READ COMMANDS
       The following commands are used to retrieve data from the Augeas tree.

       dump-xml [<PATH>]
           Print entries in the tree as XML. If PATH is given, printing starts there, otherwise
           the whole tree is printed.

       get <PATH>
           Print the value associated with PATH

       label <PATH>
           Get and print the label associated with PATH

       ls <PATH>
           List the direct children of PATH

       match <PATTERN> [<VALUE>]
           Find all paths that match PATTERN. If VALUE is given, only the matching paths whose
           value equals VALUE are printed

       print [<PATH>]
           Print entries in the tree. If PATH is given, printing starts there, otherwise the
           whole tree is printed

       span <PATH>
           Print the name of the file from which the node PATH was generated, as well as
           information about the positions in the file corresponding to the label, the value, and
           the entire node. PATH must match exactly one node.

           You need to run 'set /augeas/span enable' prior to loading files to enable recording
           of span information. It is disabled by default.

   WRITE COMMANDS
       The following commands are used to modify the Augeas tree.

       clear <PATH>
           Set the value for PATH to NULL. If PATH is not in the tree yet, it and all its
           ancestors will be created.

       clearm <BASE> <SUB>
           Clear multiple nodes values in one operation. Find or create a node matching SUB by
           interpreting SUB as a path expression relative to each node matching BASE. If SUB is
           '.', the nodes matching BASE will be modified.

       ins <LABEL> <WHERE> <PATH>
           Insert a new node with label LABEL right before or after PATH into the tree. WHERE
           must be either 'before' or 'after'.

       insert <LABEL> <WHERE> <PATH>
           Alias of ins.

       mv <SRC> <DST>
           Move node SRC to DST. SRC must match exactly one node in the tree.  DST must either
           match exactly one node in the tree, or may not exist yet. If DST exists already, it
           and all its descendants are deleted. If DST does not exist yet, it and all its missing
           ancestors are created.

       move <SRC> <DST>
           Alias of mv.

       cp <SRC> <DST>
           Copy node SRC to DST. SRC must match exactly one node in the tree.  DST must either
           match exactly one node in the tree, or may not exist yet. If DST exists already, it
           and all its descendants are deleted. If DST does not exist yet, it and all its missing
           ancestors are created.

       copy <SRC> <DST>
           Alias of cp.

       rename <SRC> <LBL>
           Rename the label of all nodes matching SRC to LBL.

       rm <PATH>
           Delete PATH and all its children from the tree

       set <PATH> <VALUE>
           Associate VALUE with PATH. If PATH is not in the tree yet, it and all its ancestors
           will be created.

       setm <BASE> <SUB> [<VALUE>]
           Set multiple nodes in one operation.  Find or create a node matching SUB by
           interpreting SUB as a path expression relative to each node matching BASE. If SUB is
           '.', the nodes matching BASE will be modified.

       touch <PATH>
           Create PATH with the value NULL if it is not in the tree yet.  All its ancestors will
           also be created.  These new tree entries will appear last amongst their siblings.

   PATH EXPRESSION COMMANDS
       The following commands help when working with path expressions.

       defnode <NAME> <EXPR> [<VALUE>]
           Define the variable NAME to the result of evaluating EXPR, which must be a nodeset. If
           no node matching EXPR exists yet, one is created and NAME will refer to it. If VALUE
           is given, this is the same as 'set EXPR VALUE'; if VALUE is not given, the node is
           created as if with 'clear EXPR' would and NAME refers to that node.

       defvar <NAME> <EXPR>
           Define the variable NAME to the result of evaluating EXPR. The variable can be used in
           path expressions as $NAME. Note that EXPR is evaluated when the variable is defined,
           not when it is used.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

       AUGEAS_ROOT
           The file system root, defaults to '/'. Can be overridden with the -r command line
           option

       AUGEAS_LENS_LIB
           Colon separated list of directories with lenses. Directories specified here are
           searched after any directories set with the -I command line option, but before the
           default directories /usr/share/augeas/lenses and /usr/share/augeas/lenses/dist

DIAGNOSTICS

       Normally, exit status is 0. If one or more commands fail, the exit status is set to a non-
       zero value.

       Note though that failure to load some of the files specified by transforms in
       "/augeas/load" is not considered a failure. If it is important to know that all files were
       loaded, you need to issue a "match /augeas//error" after loading to find out details about
       what files could not be loaded and why.

EXAMPLES

         # command line mode
         augtool print /files/etc/hosts/

         # interactive mode
         augtool
         augtool> help
         augtool> print /files/etc/hosts/

         # Print the third entry from the second AcceptEnv line
         augtool print '/files/etc/ssh/sshd_config/AcceptEnv[2]/3'

         # Find the entry in inittab with action 'initdefault'
         augtool> match /files/etc/inittab/*/action initdefault

         # Print the last alias for each entry in /etc/hosts
         augtool> print /files/etc/hosts/*/alias[last()]

FILES

       Lenses and schema definitions in /usr/share/augeas/lenses and
       /usr/share/augeas/lenses/dist

AUTHOR

       David Lutterkort <lutter@watzmann.net>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Copyright 2007-2016 David Lutterkort

       Augeas (and augtool) are distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL)

SEE ALSO

       Augeas project homepage <http://www.augeas.net/>

       augparse