Provided by: cupt_2.10.3_amd64 bug

NAME

       cupt - console package management tool

DESCRIPTION

       Cupt is a high-level package manager for Debian and Debian-based systems.

       You might want to read cupt_tutorial(7) (or its HTML version at
       /usr/share/doc/cupt/tutorial.html) before.

SYNOPSIS

       cupt [ option... ] action [ { parameter | option } ... ]

ACTIONS

   Query actions
       version,-v,--version
           prints versions of packages 'cupt' and 'libcupt-perl'

       help,-h,--help
           prints the short help for available actions

       config-dump
           prints all configuration variables to standard output

           Example:

           "cupt config-dump"

       show
           prints version info of specified binary packages

           This subcommand receives list of "Binary package version expression"'s, see below.

           Specific options:

           --all-versions,-a
               print all versions of the package, not selected one

               Corresponding configuration variable: apt::cache::allversions

           --no-all-versions
               don't print all versions of the package, use only selected one

               Corresponding configuration variable: apt::cache::allversions

           --with-release-info
               also print information about release info where the version of the package live

           Examples:

           "cupt show qmmp"

           "cupt show --all-versions qmmp debianutils"

           "cupt show --with-release-info audacious/testing apt debianutils=2.3.38"

       showsrc
           The same as show, only for source packages.

           Examples:

           "cupt showsrc --all-versions qmmp"

           "cupt showsrc --with-release-info audacious/testing apt"

           "cupt showsrc libxine1"

       search
           searches for packages that contains some string within package names and package
           descriptions

           This subcommand receives a list a Perl-compatible Regular Expressions (PCRE) to
           search. Only those packages will be printed that contain all of specified patterns.

           Specific options:

           --case-sensitive
               search case-sensitively

           --names-only,-n
               search only in package names

               Corresponding configuration variable: apt::cache::namesonly

           --fse,-f
               Turns on functional selector expression mode. In that mode, instead of specifying
               one or more regular expressions, exactly one FSE (see cupt_functionalselectors(7))
               should be specified.

           Examples:

           "cupt search nvidia driver"

           "cupt search --case-sensitive Vim"

           "cupt search -n vim"

           "cupt search "package manager""

           "cupt search --fse 'Zbd(Pn(cupt))'"

       showauto
           prints list of automatically/manually installed packages, one package name per line

           "cupt showauto": prints list of automatically installed packages

           "cupt showauto --invert": prints list of manually installed packages

       depends
           prints dependency relation expressions for given version of package

           By default prints 'Pre-Depends', 'Depends' and 'Recommends' for the version.

           This subcommand receives list of "Binary package version expression"'s, see below.

           Specific options:

           --with-suggests
               take also 'Suggests' dependencies into account

           --recurse
               process the dependencies recursively

               Corresponding configuration variable: apt::cache::recursedepends

           --all-versions,-a
               when --recurse is specified, pick up all versions for the relation expression, not
               the "best" one

               Corresponding configuration variable: apt::cache::allversions

           Examples:

           "cupt depends nlkt perl/stable"

           "cupt depends --important xserver-xorg-core"

           "cupt depends --recurse xmlto"

       rdepends
           same as depends, but prints reverse relations instead of forward ones

       why prints one of available dependency paths between package(s)/system and the package.

           This subcommand receives a list of binary package expressions (which can be empty),
           then one binary package expression without wildcards.

           If the list of binary package expressions is empty (i.e. subcommand received only one
           argument), then the list is build of manually installed packages in the system.

           If no dependency paths found, prints nothing.

           Uses configuration variables cupt::resolver::keep-recommends and
           cupt::resolver::keep-suggests to determine whether to honor Recommends and Suggests
           respectively when building dependency paths.

           Examples:

           "cupt why kmail libgnutls26"

           "cupt why libgnutls26"

           "cupt why icedove kmail libgnutls26"

       policy
           Given arguments, prints available versions with pins and release info for each binary
           package

           Arguments: list of binary package names.

           Given no arguments, prints available Release info for binary packages.

           Specific options:

           --show-dates
               Show also publish and expiration dates for each record. Works only for a second
               form (i.e. no arguments).

           Examples:

           "cupt policy"

           "cupt policy --show-dates"

           "cupt policy dpkg"

           "cupt policy libpqxx-2.6.9ldbl libpqxx-3.0"

       policysrc
           Given arguments, prints available versions with pins and release info for each source
           package.

           Arguments: list of source package names.

           Given no arguments, prints available Release info for source packages.

           Same specific options as for "policy" subcommand.

           Examples:

           "cupt policysrc"

           "cupt policysrc --show-dates"

           "cupt policysrc dpkg"

           "cupt policysrc libpqxx libpqxx3"

       pkgnames
           prints package names that start with a supplied prefix

           If no prefix is given, prints all package names

           Examples:

           "cupt pkgnames"

           "cupt pkgnames liba"

       changelog
           displays changelog for given versions of packages

           This subcommand receives list of "Binary package version expression"'s, see below.

           Works only with installed packages and official Debian and Ubuntu repositories.

           Examples:

           "cupt changelog dpkg/installed"

           "cupt changelog --installed-only dpkg nlkt lintian"

           "cupt changelog libqtcore4"

       copyright
           displays copyright for given versions of packages

           This subcommand receives list of "Binary package version expression"'s, see below.

           Works only with installed packages and official Debian and Ubuntu repositories.

           Examples:

           "cupt copyright dpkg/installed"

           "cupt copyright --installed-only dpkg nlkt lintian"

           "cupt copyright libqtcore4"

       screenshots
           open a browser window/tab with screenshots of given packages.

           This subcommand receives list of package names.

           Example:

           "cupt screenshots arora"

       snapshot list
           list names of the available system snapshots, one per line

           This subcommand receives no arguments.

           Example: "cupt snapshot list"

       tar-metadata
           This subcommand is experimental. Its name and functionality are unstable.

           Packs all cupt configuration files and repository metadata to a tar stream and outputs
           it to standard output.

           Example: "cupt tar-metadata | xz --verbose -c > cupt-metadata.tar.xz"

       query-specific options

       --important,-i
           don't take 'Recommends' dependencies into account

           Corresponding configuration variable: apt::cache::important

       --installed-only
           work only with installed versions of packages; valuable only for "show", "depends",
           "rdepends", "search", "pkgnames", "changelog" actions

   Management actions
       update
           updates package indexes

           This subcommand receives no arguments.

           Example:

           "cupt update"

       install
           installs, upgrades or downgrades specified packages

           This subcommand receives list of "Binary package version expression"'s, see below.

           If some version of package was already installed, this command will upgrade/downgrade
           it; otherwise, the package will be freshly installed.

           Examples:

           "cupt install nlkt"

           "cupt install devscripts xserver-xorg/experimental xfce4-mixer=4.6.0-2"

       remove
           removes specified packages

           This subcommand receives the list of package names.

           Examples:

           "cupt remove nlkt"

           "cupt remove devscripts kde4-minimal"

       purge
           removes specified packages along with their configuration files.  Also this command
           can purge the configuration files when the packages are removed already.

           This subcommand receives the list of package names.

           Examples:

           "cupt purge nlkt"

           "cupt purge devscripts kde4-minimal"

           See also the configuration option cupt::worker::purge.

       full-upgrade
           performs as more upgrades of the installed packages as possible, the recommended way
           to do upgrades

           This subcommand is usually invoked without any further parameters:

           "cupt full-upgrade"

           List of "Binary package version expression"'s can be however specified as additional
           parameters.

           Example: the command "cupt full-upgrade xserver-xorg/installed" will try to upgrade
           your system, however preserving package 'xserver-xorg' to be sticked with currently
           installed version.

       safe-upgrade
           the same as "full-upgrade", but with the change that problem resolver won't try to
           remove non-automatically installed packages in order to upgrade more packages,
           equivalent of 'full-upgrade --no-remove'.

       dist-upgrade
           the same as "full-upgrade", but firstly upgrades the package management tools, then
           upgrades the whole system.

           Recommended over "full-upgrade" for major upgrades.

           This subcommand cannot be run under the Cupt shell.

       reinstall
           reinstalls specified binary packages

           This subcommand receives list of binary package names.

           Examples:

           "cupt reinstall libc6"

       iii ""install" if installed"

           Same as "install", but silently ignores packages which are not installed.

           Examples:

           "cupt iii gnash"

           "cupt iii xserver* *cupt*"

       markauto
           marks specified packages as automatically installed

           This subcommand receives the list of package names.

           Examples:

           "cupt markauto libstreamanalyzer0"

           "cupt markauto lsof gimp-data"

       unmarkauto
           marks specified packages as manually installed

           This subcommand receives the list of package names.

           Examples:

           "cupt unmarkauto kpogre"

           "cupt unmarkauto dpkg-dev"

       satisfy
           performs all needed operations to satisfy list of specified relations

           This subcommand receives the list of relations or relation lines. Relation and
           relation lines has the same syntax as defined in Debian Policy ยง7.1.

           The minus sign can be appended to some of relation expression lines to make relation
           expressions unsatisfied instead.

           Examples:

           "cupt satisfy "kmail (>= 4:4.2), wget (>= 1.10.0)""

           "cupt satisfy "gettext (= 0.17-7)" "mail-transport-agent-""

       build-dep
           performs all needed operations to satisfy list of build-dependencies of specified
           source packages

           This subcommand receives the list of "Source package version expression"'s.

           Examples:

           "cupt build-dep qt4-x11"

           "cupt build-dep unetbootin/unstable libcdio/experimental"

       source
           fetches Debian source files needed to build a Debian binary package

           This subcommand receives the list of "Source package version expression"'s.

           Parameters:

           --tar-only
               download only original tarball

           --diff-only
               download only Debian diff

           --dsc-only
               download only Debian dsc

           --download-only
               don't unpack downloaded source files

           Examples:

           "cupt source libsort-fields-perl"

           "cupt source --diff-only libpqxx cupt/unstable"

           "cupt source libxine1"

       clean
           removes all deb archives and partially downloaded archive files from the cache on a
           disk

           This subcommand receives no arguments.

           Example: "cupt clean"

       autoclean
           removes deb archives which are not available in package indexes and partially
           downloaded archive files from the cache on a disk

           This subcommand receives no arguments.

           Example: "cupt autoclean"

       snapshot save
           saves a snapshot of the current packages state

           This subcommand receives one argument - desired snapshot name.

           Example: "cupt snapshot save old-udev"

       snapshot load
           returns the system (as set of installed packages) to the previously saved state

           This subcommand receives one argument - snapshot name to load.

           Example: "cupt snapshot load old-udev"

       snapshot remove
           removes the system snapshot

           This subcommand receives one argument - snapshot name to remove.

           Example: "cupt snapshot remove old-libgtk"

       snapshot rename
           renames the system snapshot

           This subcommand receives two arguments - old snapshot name and new snapshot name.

           Example: "cupt snapshot rename old-libgtk 20091005"

       shell
           starts interactive shell-like environment

           This subcommand receives no arguments.

           This subcommand can receive all common options which will be preserved across all
           session. You can override them for any subcommand in a usual way.

           On every shell prompt you can supply any valid subcommand from this manual page, using
           all allowed parameters, just if it was command line. Simple shell quotes around
           arguments are also allowed.

           You can use 'quit', 'exit', ':q' or 'q' command to exit cupt shell.

       management-specific options

       --no-remove
           disallow problem resolver to remove manually installed packages. Packages that are
           marked to remove/purge in the command line will be remove/purged as usual.

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::resolver::no-remove

       --no-auto-remove
           don't try to remove automatically installed packages after doing requested actions

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::resolver::auto-remove

       --simulate,-s
           don't modify anything in the system, just print supposed actions

           Doesn't require root privileges.

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::worker::simulate

       --summary-only
           Show only summary of actions without details.

           Corresponding configuration options: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-summary,
           cupt::console::actions-preview::show-details.

       --no-summary
           Show only details of actions without a summary.

           Corresponding configuration options: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-summary,
           cupt::console::actions-preview::show-details.

       --resolver=
           string, determines type of resolver: can be

           fair
               medium-class resolver. It chooses best possible solution (by overall score) each
               time. This is a default resolver.

           full
               full resolver. Guaranteed to suggest solution in precise order from the best to
               the worst result score (by the resolver's opinion). Latter means that resolver
               builds full resolve tree before suggesting the solutions, which means large RAM
               and speed penalties. Use it with caution.

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::resolver::type

       --max-solution-count=
           number, determines how many maximum solutions will resolver store in memory. This
           option prevents large memory grows by purging away solutions with worst scores.
           Defaults to 32000.  Note that very complex requests or requests on multi-repository
           system will increase size of solution tree dramatically, so prepare to play with
           increasing this option accordingly.

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::resolver::max-solution-count

       --no-install-recommends,-R
           cupt installs recommended packages by default, this option cancels described behavior

           Corresponding configuration option: apt::install-recommends

       --show-archives,-A
           when displaying actions preview prompt, display also release archives for each package

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-archives

       --show-codenames,-N
           when displaying actions preview prompt, display also release codenames for each
           package

           This option cannot be used together with --show-archives.

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-codenames

       --show-components,-C
           when displaying actions preview prompt, display also release components for each
           package

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-components

       --show-versions,-V
           when displaying actions preview prompt, display also versions of packages

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-versions

       --show-vendors,-O
           when displaying actions preview prompt, display also vendors of packages

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-vendors

       --show-size-changes,-Z
           when displaying actions preview prompt, display also changes in disk space usage for
           each package

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-size-changes

       --show-reasons,--show-deps,-D
           when displaying actions preview prompt, display also reasons why this action was
           considered to perform

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-reasons

       --show-not-preferred
           when displaying actions preview prompt, display also packages which will have a not
           preferred version after the proposed changes

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::console::actions-preview::show-not-preferred

       --download-only,-d
           stop after download stage, don't modify the system

           Corresponding configuration option: cupt::worker::download-only

       --assume-yes,--yes,-y
           don't ask for solution confirmation, assume the answer is 'y' ("yes"), except for
           dangerous actions, where assume 'q' ("decline and exit")

           Corresponding configuration options: apt::get::assume-yes, cupt::console::assume-yes

       management modifiers: action override options

       Unlike all the other options, these ones are positional and are effective only for the
       rest of parameters (and before next override option if any). One can specify as many
       action override options as needed.

       --install
           install the rest of packages

       --remove
           remove rest of packages

       --purge
           purge the rest of packages

       --satisfy
           satisfy the rest of relation expressions

       --unsatisfy
           unsatisfy the rest of relation expressions

       --iii
           "install if installed" (see "iii" subcommand) the rest of packages

       --reinstall
           reinstall the rest of packages

       --markauto
           mark as automatically installed (see "markauto" subcommand) the rest of packages

       --unmarkauto
           mark as manually installed (see "unmarkauto") subcommand the rest of packages

       --asauto=yes
           in addition to following actions, also mark packages as automatically installed

       --asauto=no
           in addition to following actions, also mark packages as manually installed

       --asauto=default
           reset any previous "--asauto" switches (to default mode, which is: mark newly
           installed packages (except for satisfy-type actions) as manually installed and
           preserve auto-status otherwise)

       management modifiers: request type options

       --select=traditional,--st
           for install-type actions, request installing the best of chosen versions for each
           package; for remove-type actions, request removing the whole package. This is the
           default.

       --select=flexible,--sf
           for install-type actions, request installing any of chosen versions for each package;
           for remove-type actions, request removing only chosen versions for each package.

       management modifiers: request importance options

       --importance=must,--must
           the following actions must be unconditionally performed, in other words, mandatory.
           This is the default.

       --importance=try,--try
           the following actions are optional, but relatively big
           (cupt::resolver::score::unsatisfied-try) penalty will be applied for each non-
           satisfied request

       --importance=wish,--wish
           the following actions are optional, but relatively small
           (cupt::resolver::score::unsatisfied-wish) penalty will be applied for each non-
           satisfied request

       --importance=<value>
           (where <value> is a positive integer) the following actions are optional, but exact
           penalty of <value> will be applied for each non-satisfied request

       management modifiers: package name suffixes

       -   remove the package, can be used in non-remove actions

           Examples:

           "cupt install kde4 icewm-" - install the package 'kde4' and remove the package 'icewm'
           simultaneously.

           "cupt full-upgrade iceweasel- icedove-" - upgrade the system, deleting iceweasel and
           icedove

       +   install the package, can be used in remove actions

           Examples:

           "cupt remove kde konqueror+" - remove kde, but install/upgrade konqueror

           "cupt remove kde konqueror/installed+" - remove kde, but leave konqueror

EXPRESSIONS

       This section documents some common expressions used by actions.

   Binary package version expression
       package_name[modifier]

       selects one version of given binary package.

       Possible modifiers:

       <none>
           selects policy version of the package

           Example: "audacious".

       =<version string>
           selects specified version of the package

           Example: "audacious=1.5.1-2"

       /<distribution>
           selects a version from specified distribution (archive name or codename)

           Examples: "audacious/lenny" (by codename), "audacious/stable" (by archive name)

       /installed
           selects installed version of the package

           Example: "audacious/installed"

       Also, you may specify shell wildcars '*' and '?' in the package names.

       Examples: "xfce4-*", "python2.5-*/unstable", "?aff*/installed"

       For all management subcommands, there is also '@<path-to-file>' syntax. In this case this
       construction will be substituted by binary package expressions listed in the specified
       file one by line.

   Source package version expression
       package_name[modifier]

       selects one version of given source package.

       Possible modifiers are identical to those defined in "Binary package version expression",
       except for '/installed'.

       Also, you can specify "Binary package version expression" as "Source package version
       expression", then binary-to-source mapping will be performed.

   Functional selectors
       You can also use functional selectors (cupt_functionalselectors(7)) whereever "Binary
       package version expression" or "Source package version expression" is expected.

COMMON OPTIONS

       --option=,-o
           sets specified configuration option, syntax: "<name>=<value>"

           Examples:

           "cupt remove nlkt -o 'cupt::resolver::keep-recommends=0'" (regular option)

           "cupt remove nlkt -o 'apt::neverautoremove::=libcanberra0" (list option)

       --target-release=,--default-release=,-t
           sets preferred release to pick up packages from, you can specify codename or archive
           name

           Corresponding configuration option: apt::default-release

           Examples: "cupt install -t unstable xserver-xorg", "cupt -t squeeze full-upgrade"

       --include-archives=
           Use only repositories with specified archive names (comma-separated).

           Corresponding configuration options: cupt::cache::limit-releases::by-archive,
           cupt::cache::limit-releases::by-archive::type.

           Example:

           "cupt safe-upgrade --include-archives=stable,stable-updates"

       --exclude-archives=
           Ignore repositories with specified archive names (comma-separated).

           Corresponding configuration options: cupt::cache::limit-releases::by-archive,
           cupt::cache::limit-releases::by-archive::type.

           Example:

           "cupt rdepends libcomerr2 --exclude-archives=experimental,unstable"

       --include-codenames=
           Use only repositories with specified codenames (comma-separated).

           Corresponding configuration options: cupt::cache::limit-releases::by-codename,
           cupt::cache::limit-releases::by-codename::type.

           Example:

           "cupt safe-upgrade --include-codenames=squeeze,squeeze-updates"

       --exclude-codenames=
           Ignore repositories with specified codenames (comma-separated).

           Corresponding configuration options: cupt::cache::limit-releases::by-codename,
           cupt::cache::limit-releases::by-codename::type.

           Example:

           "cupt rdepends libcomerr2 --exclude-codenames=experimental,sid"

       --quiet,-q
           don't output anything to standard output

CONFIGURATION VARIABLES

       See cupt.conf(5).

REPORTING

       Please report all bugs in Cupt to Debian BTS using reportbug(1).

       The user support mailing list is cupt-user@lists.alioth.debian.org. The discussion channel
       about Cupt is irc://irc.debian.org#cupt.

SEE ALSO

       cupt_vs_apt(5), cupt_tutorial(7), cupt.conf(5), cupt_functionalselectors(7)

AUTHOR

       Eugene V. Lyubimkin <jackyf@debian.org>