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       detex - a filter to strip TeX commands from a .tex file.


       detex [ -clnstw ] [ -e environment-list ] [ filename[.tex] ... ]


       Detex  (Version  2.8.3)  reads each file in sequence, removes all comments and TeX control
       sequences and writes the remainder on the standard output.  All  text  in  math  mode  and
       display  mode is removed.  By default, detex follows \input commands.  If a file cannot be
       opened, a warning message is printed and the command is ignored.   If  the  -n  option  is
       used,  no  \input  or  \include  commands  will  be  processed.   This  allows single file
       processing.  If no input file is given on the command  line,  detex  reads  from  standard

       If  the  magic  sequence  ``\begin{document}''  appears  in  the text, detex assumes it is
       dealing with LaTeX source and detex recognizes additional constructs used in LaTeX.  These
       include  the \include and \includeonly commands.  The -l option can be used to force LaTeX
       mode and the -t option can be used to force TeX mode regardless of input content.

       Text in various environment modes of LaTeX is  ignored.   The  default  modes  are  array,
       eqnarray,  equation,  longtable, picture, tabular and verbatim.  The -e option can be used
       to specify a comma  separated  environment-list  of  environments  to  ignore.   The  list
       replaces the defaults so specifying an empty list effectively causes no environments to be

       The -c option can be used in LaTeX mode to have detex echo the arguments to  \cite,  \ref,
       and \pageref macros.  This can be useful when sending the output to a style checker.

       Detex  assumes  the standard character classes are being used for TeX.  Detex allows white
       space between control sequences and magic characters like `{' when recognizing things like
       LaTeX environments.

       The  -r  option  tries  to  naively  replace  $..$,  $$..$$,  and with nouns and verbs (in
       particular, "noun" and "verbs") in a way that keeps sentences readable.

       If the -w flag is given, the output is a word list, one `word'  (string  of  two  or  more
       letters  and  apostrophes  beginning  with  a  letter)  per line, and all other characters
       ignored.  Without -w the output follows the original, with the deletions mentioned  above.
       Newline  characters  are  preserved  where  possible so that the lines of output match the
       input as closely as possible.

       The TEXINPUTS environment variable is used to find \input and \include files.   Like  TeX,
       it interprets a leading or trailing `:' as the default TEXINPUTS.  It does not support the
       `//' directory expansion magic sequence.

       Detex now handles the basic TeX ligatures as a special case, replacing the ligatures  with
       acceptable  charater  substitutes.   This  eliminates spelling errors introduced by merely
       removing them.  The ligatures are \aa,  \ae,  \oe,  \ss,  \o,  \l  (and  their  upper-case
       equivalents).   The  special "dotless" characters \i and \j are also replaced with i and j

       Note that previous versions  of  detex  would  replace  control  sequences  with  a  space
       character  to  prevent  words  from running together.  However, this caused accents in the
       middle of words to break words, generating "spelling  errors"  that  were  not  desirable.
       Therefore,  the  new  version  merely removes these accents.  The old functionality can be
       essentially duplicated by using the -s option.




       Nesting of \input is allowed but the number of opened files must not exceed  the  system's
       limit  on  the  number  of simultaneously opened files.  Detex ignores unrecognized option
       characters after printing a warning message.


       Originally written by Daniel Trinkle, Computer Science Department, Purdue University

       Maintained by Piotr Kubowicz <>.


       Detex is not a complete TeX interpreter, so it can be confused by some  constructs.   Most
       errors result in too much rather than too little output.

       Running LaTeX source without a ``\begin{document}'' through detex may produce errors.

       Suggestions for improvements are (mildly) encouraged.