Provided by: diffoscope_125_all bug


       diffoscope - in-depth comparison of files, archives, and directories


       diffoscope --help
       diffoscope [OPTIONS] [--json output_diff] path1 path2
       diffoscope [OPTIONS] diff
       diffoscope [OPTIONS] < diff


       diffoscope  will try to get to the bottom of what makes files or directories different. It
       will recursively unpack archives of many kinds and transform various binary  formats  into
       more  human readable form to compare them. It can compare two tarballs, ISO images, or PDF
       just as easily.

       It can be scripted through error codes, and a report can be  produced  with  the  detected
       differences.  The  report  can be text or HTML.  When no type of report has been selected,
       diffoscope defaults to write a text report on the standard output.

       diffoscope was initially started by the "reproducible builds" Debian project and now being
       developed  as part of the (wider) ???Reproducible Builds??? initiative.  It is meant to be
       able to quickly understand why two builds of the same package produce  different  outputs.
       diffoscope was previously named debbindiff.

       See  the  COMMAND-LINE  EXAMPLES section further below to get you started, as well as more
       detailed explanations of all the  command-line  options.  The  same  information  is  also
       available in /usr/share/doc/diffoscope/README.rst or similar.

       path1  First  file  or  directory  to  compare. Specify "-" to read a diffoscope diff from

       path2  Second file or directory to compare. If omitted, no comparison is done but  instead
              we  read a diffoscope diff from path1 and will output this in the formats specified
              by the rest of the command line.

   optional arguments:
              Display debug messages

              Open the Python debugger in case of crashes

       --status-fd FD
              Send machine-readable status to file descriptor FD

       --progress, --no-progress
              Show an approximate progress bar. Default: yes if stdin is a tty, otherwise no.

              Disable most default output limits and diff calculation limits.

   output types:
       --text OUTPUT_FILE
              Write plain text output to given file (use - for stdout)

       --text-color WHEN
              When to output color diff. WHEN is one of {never,  auto,  always}.  Default:  auto,
              meaning yes if the output is a terminal, otherwise no.

              If there was no difference, then output an empty diff for each output type that was
              specified. In --text output, an empty file is written.

       --html OUTPUT_FILE
              Write HTML report to given file (use - for stdout)

       --html-dir OUTPUT_DIR
              Write multi-file HTML report to given directory

       --css URL
              Link to an extra CSS for the HTML report

       --jquery URL
              URL link to jQuery, for --html and --html-dir output.  If this  is  a  non-existent
              relative  URL,  diffoscope  will  create a symlink to a system installation. (Paths
              searched: /usr/share/javascript/jquery/jquery.js.) If not given, --html output will
              not  use  JS but --htmldir will if it can be found; give "disable" to disable JS on
              all outputs.

       --json OUTPUT_FILE
              Write JSON text output to given file (use - for stdout)

       --markdown OUTPUT_FILE
              Write Markdown text output to given file (use - for stdout)

       --restructured-text OUTPUT_FILE
              Write RsT text output to given file (use - for stdout)

       --profile OUTPUT_FILE
              Write profiling info to given file (use - for stdout)

   output limits:
       --max-text-report-size BYTES
              Maximum bytes written in --text report. (0 to disable, default: 0)

       --max-report-size BYTES
              Maximum bytes of a report in a given format, across all of  its  pages.  Note  that
              some  formats,  such  as  --html,  may be restricted by even smaller limits such as
              --max-page-size. (0 to disable, default: 41943040)

       --max-diff-block-lines LINES
              Maximum number of lines output per unified-diff block,  across  all  pages.  (0  to
              disable, default: 1024)

       --max-page-size BYTES
              Maximum  bytes  of  the  top-level  (--html-dir)  or  sole (--html) page. (default:
              409600, remains in effect even with --no-default-limits)

       --max-page-size-child BYTES
              In --html-dir output, this is the  maximum  bytes  of  each  child  page  (default:
              204800, remains in effect even with --no-default-limits)

       --max-page-diff-block-lines LINES
              Maximum number of lines output per unified-diff block on the top-level (--html-dir)
              or sole (--html) page, before spilling it into child pages (--html-dir) or skipping
              the   rest   of   the   diff   block.   Child   pages   are   limited   instead  by
              --max-page-size-child.   (default:   128,   remains    in    effect    even    with

   diff calculation:
              Treat absent files as empty

       --exclude GLOB_PATTERN
              Exclude  files  that  match  GLOB_PATTERN. Use this option to ignore files based on
              their names.

       --exclude-command REGEX_PATTERN
              Exclude     commands      that      match      REGEX_PATTERN.      For      example
              '^readelf.*\s--debug-dump=info'  can  take  a  long  time  and differences here are
              likely secondary differences caused by something represented  elsewhere.  Use  this
              option to disable commands that use a lot of resources.

       --exclude-directory-metadata {auto,yes,no,recursive}
              Exclude  directory  metadata.  Useful  if  comparing  files  whose filesystem-level
              metadata is not intended to be distributed to other systems. This is true for  most
              distributions  package  builders,  but  not true for the output of commands such as
              `make  install`.  Metadata  of  archive  members  remain  un-excluded   except   if
              "recursive"  choice  is  set.  Use  this  option to ignore permissions, timestamps,
              xattrs etc. Default: False if comparing  two  directories,  else  True.  Note  that
              "file"  metadata  actually  a  property  of  its  containing  directory, and is not
              relevant when distributing the file across systems.

       --fuzzy-threshold FUZZY_THRESHOLD
              Threshold for fuzzy-matching (0 to disable, 60 is default, 400 is high fuzziness)

       --tool-prefix-binutils PREFIX
              Prefix for binutils program names, e.g.  "aarch64-linux-gnu-"  for  a  foreign-arch
              binary or "g" if you're on a non-GNU system.

       --max-diff-input-lines LINES
              Maximum number of lines fed to diff(1) (0 to disable, default: 4194304)

       --max-container-depth DEPTH
              Maximum depth to recurse into containers. (Cannot be disabled for security reasons,
              default: 50)

       --max-diff-block-lines-saved LINES
              Maximum number of lines saved per diff block. Most  users  should  not  need  this,
              unless you run out of memory. This truncates diff(1) output before emitting it in a
              report, and affects all types  of  output,  including  --text  and  --json.  (0  to
              disable, default: 0)

       --use-dbgsym WHEN
              When to automatically use corresponding -dbgsym packages when comparing .deb files.
              WHEN is one of {no, auto, yes}. Default: auto,  meaning  yes  if  two  .changes  or
              .buildinfo files are specified, otherwise no.

              Force  recursing  into  the  depths  of  file  formats  even if files have the same
              content, only really useful for debugging diffoscope. Default: False

   information commands:
       --help, -h
              Show this help and exit

              Show program's version number and exit

       --list-tools [DISTRO]
              Show external tools required and exit. DISTRO can be one of {arch, debian, FreeBSD,
              guix}.  If  specified,  the  output  will  list  packages in that distribution that
              satisfy these dependencies.

              List packages needed for Debian in 'substvar' format.

       --list-missing-tools [DISTRO]
              Show missing external tools and exit. DISTRO can be one of {arch, debian,  FreeBSD,
              guix}.  If  specified,  the  output  will  list  packages in that distribution that
              satisfy these dependencies.

   file formats supported:
       Android APK files, Android boot images, Berkeley DB
              database files, ColorSync colour profiles (.icc), Coreboot CBFS filesystem  images,
              Dalvik  .dex  files,  Debian .buildinfo files, Debian .changes files, Debian source
              packages (.dsc),  Device  Tree  Compiler  blob  files,  ELF  binaries,  FreeDesktop
              Fontconfig  cache  files, FreePascal files (.ppu), GHC Haskell .hi files, GIF image
              files, GNU R Rscript  files  (.rds),  GNU  R  database  files  (.rdb),  GPG  keybox
              databases,  Gettext  message  catalogues,  Git repositories, Gnumeric spreadsheets,
              Gzipped files, ISO 9660 CD images, JPEG images, JSON files, Java .class files, Java
              .jmod modules, JavaScript files, LLVM IR bitcode files, LZ4 compressed files, MacOS
              binaries, Microsoft Windows icon files, Microsoft Word .docx files, Mono  'Portable
              Executable'  files,  Mozilla-optimized  .ZIP  archives,  Multimedia metadata, OCaml
              interface files, Ogg Vorbis audio files,  OpenOffice  .odt  files,  OpenSSH  public
              keys,   OpenWRT  package  archives  (.ipk),  PDF  documents,  PGP  signatures,  PGP
              signed/encrypted messages, PNG images, PostScript  documents,  RPM  archives,  Rust
              object  files  (.deflate),  SQLite  databases,  SquashFS filesystems, TrueType font
              files, WebAssembly  binary  module,  XML  binary  schemas  (.xsb),  XML  files,  XZ
              compressed  files,  ZIP  archives,  ar(1) archives, bzip2 archives, character/block
              devices,  cpio   archives,   directories,   ext2/ext3/ext4/btrfs/fat   filesystems,
              symlinks, tape archives (.tar), tcpdump capture files (.pcap) and text files.

   diffoscope homepage:



       Exit status is 0 if inputs are the same, 1 if different, 2 if trouble.


       To compare two files in-depth and produce an HTML report, run something like:

          $ diffoscope --html output.html build1.changes build2.changes

       diffoscope will exit with 0 if there's no differences and 1 if there are.

       diffoscope can also compare non-existent files:

          $ diffoscope /nonexistent

       To get all possible options, run:

          $ diffoscope --help

       If you have enough RAM, you can improve performance by running:

          $ TMPDIR=/run/shm diffoscope very-big-input-0/ very-big-input-1/

       By default this allowed to use up half of RAM; for more add something like:

          tmpfs   /run/shm    tmpfs   size=80%    0   0

       to your /etc/fstab; see man mount for details.


       diffoscope  requires  Python  3 and the following modules available on PyPI: libarchive-c,

       The various comparators rely on external commands being available. To get a list of  them,
       please run:

          $ diffoscope --list-tools


       Lunar,  Reiner  Herrmann,  Chris  Lamb,  Mattia  Rizzolo, Ximin Luo, Helmut Grohne, Holger
       Levsen, Daniel Kahn Gillmor, Paul Gevers, Peter De Wachter, Yasushi SHOJI,  Clemens  Lang,
       Ed Maste, Joachim Breitner, Mike McQuaid. Baptiste Daroussin, Levente Polyak.


       Please  report  bugs  and  send patches through the Debian bug tracking system against the
       diffoscope package: <>

       For more instructions, see CONTRIBUTING.rst in this directory.

       Join        the        users        and        developers         mailing-list:         <‐>

       diffoscope website is at <>


       diffoscope  is  free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as  published  by  the  Free  Software  Foundation,  either
       version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       diffoscope  is  distributed  in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR  PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You  should  have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with diffoscope.
       If not, see <>.


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