Provided by: ffmpeg_4.1.4-1build2_amd64
ffmpeg-bitstream-filters - FFmpeg bitstream filters
This document describes the bitstream filters provided by the libavcodec library. A bitstream filter operates on the encoded stream data, and performs bitstream level modifications without performing decoding.
When you configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported bitstream filters are enabled by default. You can list all available ones using the configure option "--list-bsfs". You can disable all the bitstream filters using the configure option "--disable-bsfs", and selectively enable any bitstream filter using the option "--enable-bsf=BSF", or you can disable a particular bitstream filter using the option "--disable-bsf=BSF". The option "-bsfs" of the ff* tools will display the list of all the supported bitstream filters included in your build. The ff* tools have a -bsf option applied per stream, taking a comma-separated list of filters, whose parameters follow the filter name after a '='. ffmpeg -i INPUT -c:v copy -bsf:v filter1[=opt1=str1:opt2=str2][,filter2] OUTPUT Below is a description of the currently available bitstream filters, with their parameters, if any. aac_adtstoasc Convert MPEG-2/4 AAC ADTS to an MPEG-4 Audio Specific Configuration bitstream. This filter creates an MPEG-4 AudioSpecificConfig from an MPEG-2/4 ADTS header and removes the ADTS header. This filter is required for example when copying an AAC stream from a raw ADTS AAC or an MPEG-TS container to MP4A-LATM, to an FLV file, or to MOV/MP4 files and related formats such as 3GP or M4A. Please note that it is auto-inserted for MP4A-LATM and MOV/MP4 and related formats. av1_metadata Modify metadata embedded in an AV1 stream. td Insert or remove temporal delimiter OBUs in all temporal units of the stream. insert Insert a TD at the beginning of every TU which does not already have one. remove Remove the TD from the beginning of every TU which has one. color_primaries transfer_characteristics matrix_coefficients Set the color description fields in the stream (see AV1 section 6.4.2). color_range Set the color range in the stream (see AV1 section 6.4.2; note that this cannot be set for streams using BT.709 primaries, sRGB transfer characteristic and identity (RGB) matrix coefficients). tv Limited range. pc Full range. chroma_sample_position Set the chroma sample location in the stream (see AV1 section 6.4.2). This can only be set for 4:2:0 streams. vertical Left position (matching the default in MPEG-2 and H.264). colocated Top-left position. tick_rate Set the tick rate (num_units_in_display_tick / time_scale) in the timing info in the sequence header. num_ticks_per_picture Set the number of ticks in each picture, to indicate that the stream has a fixed framerate. Ignored if tick_rate is not also set. chomp Remove zero padding at the end of a packet. dca_core Extract the core from a DCA/DTS stream, dropping extensions such as DTS-HD. dump_extra Add extradata to the beginning of the filtered packets. freq The additional argument specifies which packets should be filtered. It accepts the values: k keyframe add extradata to all key packets e all add extradata to all packets If not specified it is assumed e. For example the following ffmpeg command forces a global header (thus disabling individual packet headers) in the H.264 packets generated by the "libx264" encoder, but corrects them by adding the header stored in extradata to the key packets: ffmpeg -i INPUT -map 0 -flags:v +global_header -c:v libx264 -bsf:v dump_extra out.ts eac3_core Extract the core from a E-AC-3 stream, dropping extra channels. extract_extradata Extract the in-band extradata. Certain codecs allow the long-term headers (e.g. MPEG-2 sequence headers, or H.264/HEVC (VPS/)SPS/PPS) to be transmitted either "in-band" (i.e. as a part of the bitstream containing the coded frames) or "out of band" (e.g. on the container level). This latter form is called "extradata" in FFmpeg terminology. This bitstream filter detects the in-band headers and makes them available as extradata. remove When this option is enabled, the long-term headers are removed from the bitstream after extraction. filter_units Remove units with types in or not in a given set from the stream. pass_types List of unit types or ranges of unit types to pass through while removing all others. This is specified as a '|'-separated list of unit type values or ranges of values with '-'. remove_types Identical to pass_types, except the units in the given set removed and all others passed through. Extradata is unchanged by this transformation, but note that if the stream contains inline parameter sets then the output may be unusable if they are removed. For example, to remove all non-VCL NAL units from an H.264 stream: ffmpeg -i INPUT -c:v copy -bsf:v 'filter_units=pass_types=1-5' OUTPUT To remove all AUDs, SEI and filler from an H.265 stream: ffmpeg -i INPUT -c:v copy -bsf:v 'filter_units=remove_types=35|38-40' OUTPUT hapqa_extract Extract Rgb or Alpha part of an HAPQA file, without recompression, in order to create an HAPQ or an HAPAlphaOnly file. texture Specifies the texture to keep. color alpha Convert HAPQA to HAPQ ffmpeg -i hapqa_inputfile.mov -c copy -bsf:v hapqa_extract=texture=color -tag:v HapY -metadata:s:v:0 encoder="HAPQ" hapq_file.mov Convert HAPQA to HAPAlphaOnly ffmpeg -i hapqa_inputfile.mov -c copy -bsf:v hapqa_extract=texture=alpha -tag:v HapA -metadata:s:v:0 encoder="HAPAlpha Only" hapalphaonly_file.mov h264_metadata Modify metadata embedded in an H.264 stream. aud Insert or remove AUD NAL units in all access units of the stream. insert remove sample_aspect_ratio Set the sample aspect ratio of the stream in the VUI parameters. video_format video_full_range_flag Set the video format in the stream (see H.264 section E.2.1 and table E-2). colour_primaries transfer_characteristics matrix_coefficients Set the colour description in the stream (see H.264 section E.2.1 and tables E-3, E-4 and E-5). chroma_sample_loc_type Set the chroma sample location in the stream (see H.264 section E.2.1 and figure E-1). tick_rate Set the tick rate (num_units_in_tick / time_scale) in the VUI parameters. This is the smallest time unit representable in the stream, and in many cases represents the field rate of the stream (double the frame rate). fixed_frame_rate_flag Set whether the stream has fixed framerate - typically this indicates that the framerate is exactly half the tick rate, but the exact meaning is dependent on interlacing and the picture structure (see H.264 section E.2.1 and table E-6). crop_left crop_right crop_top crop_bottom Set the frame cropping offsets in the SPS. These values will replace the current ones if the stream is already cropped. These fields are set in pixels. Note that some sizes may not be representable if the chroma is subsampled or the stream is interlaced (see H.264 section 188.8.131.52.1). sei_user_data Insert a string as SEI unregistered user data. The argument must be of the form UUID+string, where the UUID is as hex digits possibly separated by hyphens, and the string can be anything. For example, 086f3693-b7b3-4f2c-9653-21492feee5b8+hello will insert the string ``hello'' associated with the given UUID. delete_filler Deletes both filler NAL units and filler SEI messages. level Set the level in the SPS. Refer to H.264 section A.3 and tables A-1 to A-5. The argument must be the name of a level (for example, 4.2), a level_idc value (for example, 42), or the special name auto indicating that the filter should attempt to guess the level from the input stream properties. h264_mp4toannexb Convert an H.264 bitstream from length prefixed mode to start code prefixed mode (as defined in the Annex B of the ITU-T H.264 specification). This is required by some streaming formats, typically the MPEG-2 transport stream format (muxer "mpegts"). For example to remux an MP4 file containing an H.264 stream to mpegts format with ffmpeg, you can use the command: ffmpeg -i INPUT.mp4 -codec copy -bsf:v h264_mp4toannexb OUTPUT.ts Please note that this filter is auto-inserted for MPEG-TS (muxer "mpegts") and raw H.264 (muxer "h264") output formats. h264_redundant_pps This applies a specific fixup to some Blu-ray streams which contain redundant PPSs modifying irrelevant parameters of the stream which confuse other transformations which require correct extradata. A new single global PPS is created, and all of the redundant PPSs within the stream are removed. hevc_metadata Modify metadata embedded in an HEVC stream. aud Insert or remove AUD NAL units in all access units of the stream. insert remove sample_aspect_ratio Set the sample aspect ratio in the stream in the VUI parameters. video_format video_full_range_flag Set the video format in the stream (see H.265 section E.3.1 and table E.2). colour_primaries transfer_characteristics matrix_coefficients Set the colour description in the stream (see H.265 section E.3.1 and tables E.3, E.4 and E.5). chroma_sample_loc_type Set the chroma sample location in the stream (see H.265 section E.3.1 and figure E.1). tick_rate Set the tick rate in the VPS and VUI parameters (num_units_in_tick / time_scale). Combined with num_ticks_poc_diff_one, this can set a constant framerate in the stream. Note that it is likely to be overridden by container parameters when the stream is in a container. num_ticks_poc_diff_one Set poc_proportional_to_timing_flag in VPS and VUI and use this value to set num_ticks_poc_diff_one_minus1 (see H.265 sections 184.108.40.206 and E.3.1). Ignored if tick_rate is not also set. crop_left crop_right crop_top crop_bottom Set the conformance window cropping offsets in the SPS. These values will replace the current ones if the stream is already cropped. These fields are set in pixels. Note that some sizes may not be representable if the chroma is subsampled (H.265 section 220.127.116.11.1). hevc_mp4toannexb Convert an HEVC/H.265 bitstream from length prefixed mode to start code prefixed mode (as defined in the Annex B of the ITU-T H.265 specification). This is required by some streaming formats, typically the MPEG-2 transport stream format (muxer "mpegts"). For example to remux an MP4 file containing an HEVC stream to mpegts format with ffmpeg, you can use the command: ffmpeg -i INPUT.mp4 -codec copy -bsf:v hevc_mp4toannexb OUTPUT.ts Please note that this filter is auto-inserted for MPEG-TS (muxer "mpegts") and raw HEVC/H.265 (muxer "h265" or "hevc") output formats. imxdump Modifies the bitstream to fit in MOV and to be usable by the Final Cut Pro decoder. This filter only applies to the mpeg2video codec, and is likely not needed for Final Cut Pro 7 and newer with the appropriate -tag:v. For example, to remux 30 MB/sec NTSC IMX to MOV: ffmpeg -i input.mxf -c copy -bsf:v imxdump -tag:v mx3n output.mov mjpeg2jpeg Convert MJPEG/AVI1 packets to full JPEG/JFIF packets. MJPEG is a video codec wherein each video frame is essentially a JPEG image. The individual frames can be extracted without loss, e.g. by ffmpeg -i ../some_mjpeg.avi -c:v copy frames_%d.jpg Unfortunately, these chunks are incomplete JPEG images, because they lack the DHT segment required for decoding. Quoting from <http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000063.shtml>: Avery Lee, writing in the rec.video.desktop newsgroup in 2001, commented that "MJPEG, or at least the MJPEG in AVIs having the MJPG fourcc, is restricted JPEG with a fixed -- and *omitted* -- Huffman table. The JPEG must be YCbCr colorspace, it must be 4:2:2, and it must use basic Huffman encoding, not arithmetic or progressive. . . . You can indeed extract the MJPEG frames and decode them with a regular JPEG decoder, but you have to prepend the DHT segment to them, or else the decoder won't have any idea how to decompress the data. The exact table necessary is given in the OpenDML spec." This bitstream filter patches the header of frames extracted from an MJPEG stream (carrying the AVI1 header ID and lacking a DHT segment) to produce fully qualified JPEG images. ffmpeg -i mjpeg-movie.avi -c:v copy -bsf:v mjpeg2jpeg frame_%d.jpg exiftran -i -9 frame*.jpg ffmpeg -i frame_%d.jpg -c:v copy rotated.avi mjpegadump Add an MJPEG A header to the bitstream, to enable decoding by Quicktime. mov2textsub Extract a representable text file from MOV subtitles, stripping the metadata header from each subtitle packet. See also the text2movsub filter. mp3decomp Decompress non-standard compressed MP3 audio headers. mpeg2_metadata Modify metadata embedded in an MPEG-2 stream. display_aspect_ratio Set the display aspect ratio in the stream. The following fixed values are supported: 4/3 16/9 221/100 Any other value will result in square pixels being signalled instead (see H.262 section 6.3.3 and table 6-3). frame_rate Set the frame rate in the stream. This is constructed from a table of known values combined with a small multiplier and divisor - if the supplied value is not exactly representable, the nearest representable value will be used instead (see H.262 section 6.3.3 and table 6-4). video_format Set the video format in the stream (see H.262 section 6.3.6 and table 6-6). colour_primaries transfer_characteristics matrix_coefficients Set the colour description in the stream (see H.262 section 6.3.6 and tables 6-7, 6-8 and 6-9). mpeg4_unpack_bframes Unpack DivX-style packed B-frames. DivX-style packed B-frames are not valid MPEG-4 and were only a workaround for the broken Video for Windows subsystem. They use more space, can cause minor AV sync issues, require more CPU power to decode (unless the player has some decoded picture queue to compensate the 2,0,2,0 frame per packet style) and cause trouble if copied into a standard container like mp4 or mpeg-ps/ts, because MPEG-4 decoders may not be able to decode them, since they are not valid MPEG-4. For example to fix an AVI file containing an MPEG-4 stream with DivX-style packed B-frames using ffmpeg, you can use the command: ffmpeg -i INPUT.avi -codec copy -bsf:v mpeg4_unpack_bframes OUTPUT.avi noise Damages the contents of packets or simply drops them without damaging the container. Can be used for fuzzing or testing error resilience/concealment. Parameters: amount A numeral string, whose value is related to how often output bytes will be modified. Therefore, values below or equal to 0 are forbidden, and the lower the more frequent bytes will be modified, with 1 meaning every byte is modified. dropamount A numeral string, whose value is related to how often packets will be dropped. Therefore, values below or equal to 0 are forbidden, and the lower the more frequent packets will be dropped, with 1 meaning every packet is dropped. The following example applies the modification to every byte but does not drop any packets. ffmpeg -i INPUT -c copy -bsf noise[=1] output.mkv null This bitstream filter passes the packets through unchanged. remove_extra Remove extradata from packets. It accepts the following parameter: freq Set which frame types to remove extradata from. k Remove extradata from non-keyframes only. keyframe Remove extradata from keyframes only. e, all Remove extradata from all frames. text2movsub Convert text subtitles to MOV subtitles (as used by the "mov_text" codec) with metadata headers. See also the mov2textsub filter. trace_headers Log trace output containing all syntax elements in the coded stream headers (everything above the level of individual coded blocks). This can be useful for debugging low-level stream issues. Supports H.264, H.265, MPEG-2 and VP9. vp9_metadata Modify metadata embedded in a VP9 stream. color_space Set the color space value in the frame header. unknown bt601 bt709 smpte170 smpte240 bt2020 rgb color_range Set the color range value in the frame header. Note that this cannot be set in RGB streams. tv pc vp9_superframe Merge VP9 invisible (alt-ref) frames back into VP9 superframes. This fixes merging of split/segmented VP9 streams where the alt-ref frame was split from its visible counterpart. vp9_superframe_split Split VP9 superframes into single frames. vp9_raw_reorder Given a VP9 stream with correct timestamps but possibly out of order, insert additional show-existing-frame packets to correct the ordering.
ffmpeg(1), ffplay(1), ffprobe(1), libavcodec(3)
The FFmpeg developers. For details about the authorship, see the Git history of the project (git://source.ffmpeg.org/ffmpeg), e.g. by typing the command git log in the FFmpeg source directory, or browsing the online repository at <http://source.ffmpeg.org>. Maintainers for the specific components are listed in the file MAINTAINERS in the source code tree. FFMPEG-BITSTREAM-FILTERS(1)