Provided by: dcmtk_3.6.4-2.1_amd64 bug


       findscu - DICOM query (C-FIND) SCU


       findscu [options] peer port [dcmfile-in...]


       The  findscu  application  implements  an SCU for the Query/Retrieve Service Class and the
       Basic Worklist Management Service Class. findscu only supports query  functionality  using
       the  C-FIND  message.  It sends query keys to an SCP and awaits responses. The application
       can be used to test SCPs of the  Query/Retrieve  and  Basic  Worklist  Management  Service


       peer        hostname of DICOM peer

       port        tcp/ip port number of peer

       dcmfile-in  DICOM query file(s)


   general options
         -h    --help
                 print this help text and exit

                 print version information and exit

                 print expanded command line arguments

         -q    --quiet
                 quiet mode, print no warnings and errors

         -v    --verbose
                 verbose mode, print processing details

         -d    --debug
                 debug mode, print debug information

         -ll   --log-level  [l]evel: string constant
                 (fatal, error, warn, info, debug, trace)
                 use level l for the logger

         -lc   --log-config  [f]ilename: string
                 use config file f for the logger

   network options
       override matching keys:

         -k    --key  [k]ey: gggg,eeee="str", path or dictionary name="str"
                 override matching key

       query information model:

         -W    --worklist
                 use modality worklist information model (default)

         -P    --patient
                 use patient root information model

         -S    --study
                 use study root information model

         -O    --psonly
                 use patient/study only information model

       application entity titles:

         -aet  --aetitle  [a]etitle: string
                 set my calling AE title (default: FINDSCU)

         -aec  --call  [a]etitle: string
                 set called AE title of peer (default: ANY-SCP)

       post-1993 value representations:

         +u    --enable-new-vr
                 enable support for new VRs (UN/UT) (default)

         -u    --disable-new-vr
                 disable support for new VRs, convert to OB

       proposed transmission transfer syntaxes:

         -x=   --propose-uncompr
                 propose all uncompressed TS, explicit VR
                 with local byte ordering first (default)

         -xe   --propose-little
                 propose all uncompressed TS, explicit VR
                 little endian first

         -xb   --propose-big
                 propose all uncompressed TS, explicit VR
                 big endian first

         -xd   --propose-deflated
                 propose deflated explicit VR little endian TS
                 and all uncompressed transfer syntaxes

         -xi   --propose-implicit
                 propose implicit VR little endian TS only

       deflate compression level (only with --propose-deflated):

         +cl   --compression-level  [l]evel: integer (default: 6)
                 0=uncompressed, 1=fastest, 9=best compression

       other network options:

         -to   --timeout  [s]econds: integer (default: unlimited)
                 timeout for connection requests

         -ta   --acse-timeout  [s]econds: integer (default: 30)
                 timeout for ACSE messages

         -td   --dimse-timeout  [s]econds: integer (default: unlimited)
                 timeout for DIMSE messages

         -pdu  --max-pdu  [n]umber of bytes: integer (4096..131072)
                 set max receive pdu to n bytes (default: 16384)

               --repeat  [n]umber: integer
                 repeat n times

                 abort association instead of releasing it

               --cancel  [n]umber: integer
                 cancel after n responses (default: never)

   transport layer security (TLS) options
       transport protocol stack:

         -tls  --disable-tls
                 use normal TCP/IP connection (default)

         +tls  --enable-tls  [p]rivate key file, [c]ertificate file: string
                 use authenticated secure TLS connection

         +tla  --anonymous-tls
                 use secure TLS connection without certificate

       private key password (only with --enable-tls):

         +ps   --std-passwd
                 prompt user to type password on stdin (default)

         +pw   --use-passwd  [p]assword: string
                 use specified password

         -pw   --null-passwd
                 use empty string as password

       key and certificate file format:

         -pem  --pem-keys
                 read keys and certificates as PEM file (default)

         -der  --der-keys
                 read keys and certificates as DER file

       certification authority:

         +cf   --add-cert-file  [c]ertificate filename: string
                 add certificate file to list of certificates

         +cd   --add-cert-dir  [c]ertificate directory: string
                 add certificates in d to list of certificates

       security profile:

         +px   --profile-bcp195
                 BCP 195 TLS Profile (default)

         +py   --profile-bcp195-nd
                 Non-downgrading BCP 195 TLS Profile

         +pb   --profile-basic
                 Basic TLS Secure Transport Connection Profile (retired)

         +pa   --profile-aes
                 AES TLS Secure Transport Connection Profile (retired)

         +pn   --profile-null
                 Authenticated unencrypted communication
                 (retired, was used in IHE ATNA)


         +cc   --list-ciphers
                 show list of supported TLS ciphersuites and exit

         +cs   --cipher  [c]iphersuite name: string
                 add ciphersuite to list of negotiated suites

       pseudo random generator:

         +rs   --seed  [f]ilename: string
                 seed random generator with contents of f

         +ws   --write-seed
                 write back modified seed (only with --seed)

         +wf   --write-seed-file  [f]ilename: string (only with --seed)
                 write modified seed to file f

       peer authentication:

         -rc   --require-peer-cert
                 verify peer certificate, fail if absent (default)

         -ic   --ignore-peer-cert
                 don't verify peer certificate

   output options

         -od   --output-directory  [d]irectory: string (default: ".")
                 write output files to existing directory d

       automatic data correction:

         +dc   --enable-correction
                 enable automatic data correction

         -dc   --disable-correction
                 disable automatic data correction (default)

       C-FIND responses:

         +sr   --show-responses
                 always output responses to the logger

         -sr   --hide-responses
                 do not output responses to the logger

         -X    --extract
                 extract responses to DICOM file (rsp0001.dcm...)

         -Xx   --extract-xml
                 extract responses to XML file (rsp0001.xml...)

         -Xs   --extract-xml-single  [f]ilename: string
                 extract all responses to given XML file f


       Each  file  supplied  on  the  command  line  will  be sent to the SCP as part of a C-FIND
       request. The query file must be a valid DICOM data set containing the dataset part of a C-
       FIND-RQ  message. The query file could, for instance, be created with the dump2dcm utility
       from a script like the following example:

       # query patient names and IDs
       (0008,0052) CS [PATIENT]     # QueryRetrieveLevel
       (0010,0010) PN []            # PatientName
       (0010,0020) LO []            # PatientID

       Individual attributes of each file sent can be  modified  or  supplemented  using  the  -k
       option. For example the command:

       findscu -P -k "(0010,0010)=HEWETT*" caesar 5678 patqry.dcm

       will,  when sent to the SCP caesar at TCP/IP port 5678, cause any PatientName attribute in
       patqry.dcm to have the value 'HEWETT*'. If  such  an  attribute  is  present  it  will  be
       replaced,  if absent it will be inserted. The -k option can be present more than once. The
       value part (after the '=') may be absent causing  the  attribute  to  be  sent  with  zero

       In  earlier  versions  of findscu, the tag keys were specified without braces around group
       and element number,  e.  g.  '0010,0010'  instead  of  '(0010,0010)'.  It  is  recommended
       switching to the new syntax; however, the old syntax is still working.

       Also  -k  accepts  dictionary names instead of element tags for specifying DICOM elements.
       For example, the findscu call above then reads like this:

       findscu -P -k PatientName="HEWETT*" caesar 5678 patqry.dcm

       It is also possible to specify sequences, items and nested attributes using the -k option.
       In these cases, a special 'path' notation has to be used, e. g.

       findscu -W -k "(0040,0100)[0].Modality=CT" caesar 5678

       This  call  queries  a  worklist  server  at host caesar for any planned procedures for CT
       modalities by specifying tag  (0040,0100)  'Scheduled  Procedure  Step  Sequence'  and  an
       attribute  'Modality'  in the first item of this sequence with value 'CT'. Details on this
       path notation can be found in the documentation of dcmodify.

       If no file is specified on the command line, the query must be specified  completely  with
       one  or  more -k options. If multiple query files are provided, findscu will send multiple
       C-FIND requests to the SCP.

       Each set of response identifiers received will be  output  to  the  logger  unless  option
       --hide-responses,  any  of  the below --extract variants, --quiet or an appropriate logger
       configuration is used. In such cases, the output to the logger can be enforced with option

       In  addition, the response datasets can also be extracted as individual DICOM files (using
       option --extract) or XML files (using option --extract-xml).  The  output  format  of  the
       latter is described by the file dcm2xml.dtd (starting with top-level element 'data-set').

       Alternatively,  all  response  datasets of an association can be extracted to a single XML
       file using option --extract-xml-single. The top-level  element  of  the  XML  document  is
       'responses'  (with  a 'type' attribute of 'C-FIND'). The individual datasets are stored as
       described above. If support for character set conversion is  enabled,  UTF-8  encoding  is
       used,  i.e. all datasets are converted to UTF-8 encoding (which is strongly recommended in
       order to avoid issues with non-ASCII characters when different character sets are used).

   DICOM Conformance
       The findscu application supports the following SOP Classes as an SCU:

       FINDPatientRootQueryRetrieveInformationModel       1.2.840.10008.
       FINDStudyRootQueryRetrieveInformationModel         1.2.840.10008.
       FINDPatientStudyOnlyQueryRetrieveInformationModel  1.2.840.10008.
       FINDModalityWorklistInformationModel               1.2.840.10008.

       The findscu application will propose presentation contexts for one of  the  abovementioned
       supported SOP Classes depending on command line options (-P, -S, -O or -W). Basically, the
       following transfer syntaxes are supported:

       LittleEndianImplicitTransferSyntax                 1.2.840.10008.1.2
       LittleEndianExplicitTransferSyntax                 1.2.840.10008.1.2.1
       DeflatedExplicitVRLittleEndianTransferSyntax       1.2.840.10008. (*)
       BigEndianExplicitTransferSyntax                    1.2.840.10008.1.2.2

       (*) if compiled with zlib support enabled (see --version output)

       Which transfer syntaxes are actually proposed in what order, can  be  specified  with  the
       --propose options.

       The findscu application does not support extended negotiation.


       The level of logging output of the various command line tools and underlying libraries can
       be specified by the user. By default, only errors and warnings are written to the standard
       error  stream.  Using option --verbose also informational messages like processing details
       are reported. Option --debug can be used to get more details  on  the  internal  activity,
       e.g.  for  debugging  purposes.  Other  logging levels can be selected using option --log-
       level. In --quiet mode only fatal errors are reported. In such very severe  error  events,
       the  application will usually terminate. For more details on the different logging levels,
       see documentation of module 'oflog'.

       In case the logging output should be written to file (optionally with  logfile  rotation),
       to  syslog  (Unix)  or  the  event  log  (Windows)  option  --log-config can be used. This
       configuration file also allows for directing only certain messages to a particular  output
       stream  and  for  filtering certain messages based on the module or application where they
       are generated. An example configuration file is provided in <etcdir>/logger.cfg.


       All command line tools use the following notation for parameters: square brackets  enclose
       optional  values  (0-1),  three  trailing  dots  indicate that multiple values are allowed
       (1-n), a combination of both means 0 to n values.

       Command line options are distinguished from parameters by  a  leading  '+'  or  '-'  sign,
       respectively. Usually, order and position of command line options are arbitrary (i.e. they
       can appear anywhere). However, if options are mutually exclusive the rightmost  appearance
       is used. This behavior conforms to the standard evaluation rules of common Unix shells.

       In  addition,  one or more command files can be specified using an '@' sign as a prefix to
       the filename (e.g. @command.txt). Such a command argument is replaced by  the  content  of
       the corresponding text file (multiple whitespaces are treated as a single separator unless
       they appear between two quotation marks) prior to any further evaluation. Please note that
       a  command  file  cannot  contain another command file. This simple but effective approach
       allows one to summarize common combinations of options/parameters and avoids  longish  and
       confusing command lines (an example is provided in file <datadir>/dumppat.txt).


       The  findscu  utility  will  attempt  to  load  DICOM  data  dictionaries specified in the
       DCMDICTPATH environment variable. By default, i.e. if the DCMDICTPATH environment variable
       is  not  set,  the  file <datadir>/dicom.dic will be loaded unless the dictionary is built
       into the application (default for Windows).

       The default behavior should be preferred and the  DCMDICTPATH  environment  variable  only
       used when alternative data dictionaries are required. The DCMDICTPATH environment variable
       has the same format as the Unix shell PATH  variable  in  that  a  colon  (':')  separates
       entries. On Windows systems, a semicolon (';') is used as a separator. The data dictionary
       code will attempt to load each file specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable.  It
       is an error if no data dictionary can be loaded.


       <datadir>/dcm2xml.dtd - Document Type Definition (DTD) file


       movescu(1), dump2dcm(1), dcmodify(1)


       Copyright (C) 1994-2018 by OFFIS e.V., Escherweg 2, 26121 Oldenburg, Germany.