Provided by: firewalld_0.7.1-1ubuntu9_all bug

NAME

       firewall-cmd - firewalld command line client

SYNOPSIS

       firewall-cmd [OPTIONS...]

DESCRIPTION

       firewall-cmd is the command line client of the firewalld daemon. It provides interface to
       manage runtime and permanent configuration.

       The runtime configuration in firewalld is separated from the permanent configuration. This
       means that things can get changed in the runtime or permanent configuration.

OPTIONS

       Sequence options are the options that can be specified multiple times, the exit code is 0
       if there is at least one item that succeeded. The ALREADY_ENABLED (11), NOT_ENABLED (12)
       and also ZONE_ALREADY_SET (16) errors are treated as succeeded. If there are issues while
       parsing the items, then these are treated as warnings and will not change the result as
       long as there is a succeeded one. Without any succeeded item, the exit code will depend on
       the error codes. If there is exactly one error code, then this is used. If there are more
       than one then UNKNOWN_ERROR (254) will be used.

       The following options are supported:

   General Options
       -h, --help
           Prints a short help text and exits.

       -V, --version
           Print the version string of firewalld. This option is not combinable with other
           options.

       -q, --quiet
           Do not print status messages.

   Status Options
       --state
           Check whether the firewalld daemon is active (i.e. running). Returns an exit code 0 if
           it is active, RUNNING_BUT_FAILED if failure occurred on startup, NOT_RUNNING
           otherwise. See the section called “EXIT CODES”. This will also print the state to
           STDOUT.

       --reload
           Reload firewall rules and keep state information. Current permanent configuration will
           become new runtime configuration, i.e. all runtime only changes done until reload are
           lost with reload if they have not been also in permanent configuration.

           Note: Runtime changes applied via the direct interface are not affected and will
           therefore stay in place until firewalld daemon is restarted completely.

       --complete-reload
           Reload firewall completely, even netfilter kernel modules. This will most likely
           terminate active connections, because state information is lost. This option should
           only be used in case of severe firewall problems. For example if there are state
           information problems that no connection can be established with correct firewall
           rules.

           Note: Runtime changes applied via the direct interface are not affected and will
           therefore stay in place until firewalld daemon is restarted completely.

       --runtime-to-permanent
           Save active runtime configuration and overwrite permanent configuration with it. The
           way this is supposed to work is that when configuring firewalld you do runtime changes
           only and once you're happy with the configuration and you tested that it works the way
           you want, you save the configuration to disk.

       --check-config
           Run checks on the permanent configuration. This includes XML validity and semantics.

   Log Denied Options
       --get-log-denied
           Print the log denied setting.

       --set-log-denied=value
           Add logging rules right before reject and drop rules in the INPUT, FORWARD and OUTPUT
           chains for the default rules and also final reject and drop rules in zones for the
           configured link-layer packet type. The possible values are: all, unicast, broadcast,
           multicast and off. The default setting is off, which disables the logging.

           This is a runtime and permanent change and will also reload the firewall to be able to
           add the logging rules.

   Automatic Helpers Options
       --get-automatic-helpers
           Print the automatic helpers setting.

       --set-automatic-helpers=value
           For the secure use of iptables and connection tracking helpers it is recommended to
           turn AutomaticHelpers off. But this might have side effects on other services using
           the netfilter helpers as the sysctl setting in
           /proc/sys/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper will be changed. With the system setting,
           the default value set in the kernel or with sysctl will be used. Possible values are:
           yes, no and system. The default value is system.

           This is a runtime and permanent change and will also reload the firewall to be able to
           make the helpers usable.

   Permanent Options
       --permanent
           The permanent option --permanent can be used to set options permanently. These changes
           are not effective immediately, only after service restart/reload or system reboot.
           Without the --permanent option, a change will only be part of the runtime
           configuration.

           If you want to make a change in runtime and permanent configuration, use the same call
           with and without the --permanent option.

           The --permanent option can be optionally added to all options further down where it is
           supported.

   Zone Options
       --get-default-zone
           Print default zone for connections and interfaces.

       --set-default-zone=zone
           Set default zone for connections and interfaces where no zone has been selected.
           Setting the default zone changes the zone for the connections or interfaces, that are
           using the default zone.

           This is a runtime and permanent change.

       --get-active-zones
           Print currently active zones altogether with interfaces and sources used in these
           zones. Active zones are zones, that have a binding to an interface or source. The
           output format is:

               zone1
                 interfaces: interface1 interface2 ..
                 sources: source1 ..
               zone2
                 interfaces: interface3 ..
               zone3
                 sources: source2 ..

           If there are no interfaces or sources bound to the zone, the corresponding line will
           be omitted.

       [--permanent] --get-zones
           Print predefined zones as a space separated list.

       [--permanent] --get-services
           Print predefined services as a space separated list.

       [--permanent] --get-icmptypes
           Print predefined icmptypes as a space separated list.

       [--permanent] --get-zone-of-interface=interface
           Print the name of the zone the interface is bound to or no zone.

       [--permanent] --get-zone-of-source=source[/mask]|MAC|ipset:ipset
           Print the name of the zone the source is bound to or no zone.

       [--permanent] --info-zone=zone
           Print information about the zone zone. The output format is:

               zone
                 interfaces: interface1 ..
                 sources: source1 ..
                 services: service1 ..
                 ports: port1 ..
                 protocols: protocol1 ..
                 forward-ports:
                       forward-port1
                       ..
                 source-ports: source-port1 ..
                 icmp-blocks: icmp-type1 ..
                 rich rules:
                       rich-rule1
                       ..

       [--permanent] --list-all-zones
           List everything added for or enabled in all zones. The output format is:

               zone1
                 interfaces: interface1 ..
                 sources: source1 ..
                 services: service1 ..
                 ports: port1 ..
                 protocols: protocol1 ..
                 forward-ports:
                       forward-port1
                       ..
                 icmp-blocks: icmp-type1 ..
                 rich rules:
                       rich-rule1
                       ..
               ..

       --permanent --new-zone=zone
           Add a new permanent and empty zone.

       --permanent --new-zone-from-file=filename [--name=zone]
           Add a new permanent zone from a prepared zone file with an optional name override.

       --permanent --delete-zone=zone
           Delete an existing permanent zone.

       --permanent --load-zone-defaults=zone
           Load zone default settings or report NO_DEFAULTS error.

       --permanent --path-zone=zone
           Print path of the zone configuration file.

       --permanent --zone=zone --set-description=description
           Set new description to zone

       --permanent --zone=zone --get-description
           Print description for zone

       --permanent --zone=zone --set-short=description
           Set short description to zone

       --permanent --zone=zone --get-short
           Print short description for zone

       --permanent [--zone=zone] --get-target
           Get the target of a permanent zone.

       --permanent [--zone=zone] --set-target=target
           Set the target of a permanent zone.  target is one of: default, ACCEPT, DROP, REJECT

   Options to Adapt and Query Zones
       Options in this section affect only one particular zone. If used with --zone=zone option,
       they affect the zone zone. If the option is omitted, they affect default zone (see
       --get-default-zone).

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-all
           List everything added for or enabled in zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be
           used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-services
           List services added for zone as a space separated list. If zone is omitted, default
           zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --add-service=service [--timeout=timeval]
           Add a service for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. This option can
           be specified multiple times. If a timeout is supplied, the rule will be active for the
           specified amount of time and will be removed automatically afterwards.  timeval is
           either a number (of seconds) or number followed by one of characters s (seconds), m
           (minutes), h (hours), for example 20m or 1h.

           The service is one of the firewalld provided services. To get a list of the supported
           services, use firewall-cmd --get-services.

           The --timeout option is not combinable with the --permanent option.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --remove-service=service
           Remove a service from zone. This option can be specified multiple times. If zone is
           omitted, default zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --query-service=service
           Return whether service has been added for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will
           be used. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-ports
           List ports added for zone as a space separated list. A port is of the form
           portid[-portid]/protocol, it can be either a port and protocol pair or a port range
           with a protocol. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --add-port=portid[-portid]/protocol [--timeout=timeval]
           Add the port for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. This option can
           be specified multiple times. If a timeout is supplied, the rule will be active for the
           specified amount of time and will be removed automatically afterwards.  timeval is
           either a number (of seconds) or number followed by one of characters s (seconds), m
           (minutes), h (hours), for example 20m or 1h.

           The port can either be a single port number or a port range portid-portid. The
           protocol can either be tcp, udp, sctp or dccp.

           The --timeout option is not combinable with the --permanent option.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --remove-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Remove the port from zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. This option
           can be specified multiple times.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --query-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Return whether the port has been added for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will
           be used. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-protocols
           List protocols added for zone as a space separated list. If zone is omitted, default
           zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --add-protocol=protocol [--timeout=timeval]
           Add the protocol for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. This option
           can be specified multiple times. If a timeout is supplied, the rule will be active for
           the specified amount of time and will be removed automatically afterwards.  timeval is
           either a number (of seconds) or number followed by one of characters s (seconds), m
           (minutes), h (hours), for example 20m or 1h.

           The protocol can be any protocol supported by the system. Please have a look at
           /etc/protocols for supported protocols.

           The --timeout option is not combinable with the --permanent option.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --remove-protocol=protocol
           Remove the protocol from zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. This
           option can be specified multiple times.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --query-protocol=protocol
           Return whether the protocol has been added for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone
           will be used. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-source-ports
           List source ports added for zone as a space separated list. A port is of the form
           portid[-portid]/protocol. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --add-source-port=portid[-portid]/protocol [--timeout=timeval]
           Add the source port for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. This
           option can be specified multiple times. If a timeout is supplied, the rule will be
           active for the specified amount of time and will be removed automatically afterwards.
           timeval is either a number (of seconds) or number followed by one of characters s
           (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), for example 20m or 1h.

           The port can either be a single port number or a port range portid-portid. The
           protocol can either be tcp, udp, sctp or dccp.

           The --timeout option is not combinable with the --permanent option.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --remove-source-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Remove the source port from zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. This
           option can be specified multiple times.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --query-source-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Return whether the source port has been added for zone. If zone is omitted, default
           zone will be used. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-icmp-blocks
           List Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) type blocks added for zone as a space
           separated list. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --add-icmp-block=icmptype [--timeout=timeval]
           Add an ICMP block for icmptype for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be
           used. This option can be specified multiple times. If a timeout is supplied, the rule
           will be active for the specified amount of time and will be removed automatically
           afterwards.  timeval is either a number (of seconds) or number followed by one of
           characters s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), for example 20m or 1h.

           The icmptype is the one of the icmp types firewalld supports. To get a listing of
           supported icmp types: firewall-cmd --get-icmptypes

           The --timeout option is not combinable with the --permanent option.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --remove-icmp-block=icmptype
           Remove the ICMP block for icmptype from zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be
           used. This option can be specified multiple times.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --query-icmp-block=icmptype
           Return whether an ICMP block for icmptype has been added for zone. If zone is omitted,
           default zone will be used. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-forward-ports
           List IPv4 forward ports added for zone as a space separated list. If zone is omitted,
           default zone will be used.

           For IPv6 forward ports, please use the rich language.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone]
       --add-forward-port=port=portid[-portid]:proto=protocol[:toport=portid[-portid]][:toaddr=address[/mask]]
       [--timeout=timeval]
           Add the IPv4 forward port for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used.
           This option can be specified multiple times. If a timeout is supplied, the rule will
           be active for the specified amount of time and will be removed automatically
           afterwards.  timeval is either a number (of seconds) or number followed by one of
           characters s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), for example 20m or 1h.

           The port can either be a single port number portid or a port range portid-portid. The
           protocol can either be tcp, udp, sctp or dccp. The destination address is a simple IP
           address.

           The --timeout option is not combinable with the --permanent option.

           For IPv6 forward ports, please use the rich language.

           Note: IP forwarding will be implicitly enabled if toaddr is specified.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone]
       --remove-forward-port=port=portid[-portid]:proto=protocol[:toport=portid[-portid]][:toaddr=address[/mask]]
           Remove the IPv4 forward port from zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used.
           This option can be specified multiple times.

           For IPv6 forward ports, please use the rich language.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone]
       --query-forward-port=port=portid[-portid]:proto=protocol[:toport=portid[-portid]][:toaddr=address[/mask]]
           Return whether the IPv4 forward port has been added for zone. If zone is omitted,
           default zone will be used. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

           For IPv6 forward ports, please use the rich language.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --add-masquerade [--timeout=timeval]
           Enable IPv4 masquerade for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. If a
           timeout is supplied, masquerading will be active for the specified amount of time.
           timeval is either a number (of seconds) or number followed by one of characters s
           (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), for example 20m or 1h. Masquerading is useful if
           the machine is a router and machines connected over an interface in another zone
           should be able to use the first connection.

           The --timeout option is not combinable with the --permanent option.

           For IPv6 masquerading, please use the rich language.

           Note: IP forwarding will be implicitly enabled.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --remove-masquerade
           Disable IPv4 masquerade for zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. If
           the masquerading was enabled with a timeout, it will be disabled also.

           For IPv6 masquerading, please use the rich language.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --query-masquerade
           Return whether IPv4 masquerading has been enabled for zone. If zone is omitted,
           default zone will be used. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

           For IPv6 masquerading, please use the rich language.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-rich-rules
           List rich language rules added for zone as a newline separated list. If zone is
           omitted, default zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --add-rich-rule='rule' [--timeout=timeval]
           Add rich language rule 'rule' for zone. This option can be specified multiple times.
           If zone is omitted, default zone will be used. If a timeout is supplied, the rule will
           be active for the specified amount of time and will be removed automatically
           afterwards.  timeval is either a number (of seconds) or number followed by one of
           characters s (seconds), m (minutes), h (hours), for example 20m or 1h.

           For the rich language rule syntax, please have a look at firewalld.richlanguage(5).

           The --timeout option is not combinable with the --permanent option.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --remove-rich-rule='rule'
           Remove rich language rule 'rule' from zone. This option can be specified multiple
           times. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used.

           For the rich language rule syntax, please have a look at firewalld.richlanguage(5).

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --query-rich-rule='rule'
           Return whether a rich language rule 'rule' has been added for zone. If zone is
           omitted, default zone will be used. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

           For the rich language rule syntax, please have a look at firewalld.richlanguage(5).

   Options to Handle Bindings of Interfaces
       Binding an interface to a zone means that this zone settings are used to restrict traffic
       via the interface.

       Options in this section affect only one particular zone. If used with --zone=zone option,
       they affect the zone zone. If the option is omitted, they affect default zone (see
       --get-default-zone).

       For a list of predefined zones use firewall-cmd --get-zones.

       An interface name is a string up to 16 characters long, that may not contain ' ', '/', '!'
       and '*'.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-interfaces
           List interfaces that are bound to zone zone as a space separated list. If zone is
           omitted, default zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --add-interface=interface
           Bind interface interface to zone zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used.

           If the interface is under control of NetworkManager, it is at first connected to
           change the zone for the connection that is using the interface. If this fails, the
           zone binding is created in firewalld and the limitations below apply. For interfaces
           that are not under control of NetworkManager, firewalld tries to change the ZONE
           setting in the ifcfg file, if the file exists.

           As a end user you don't need this in most cases, because NetworkManager (or legacy
           network service) adds interfaces into zones automatically (according to ZONE= option
           from ifcfg-interface file) if NM_CONTROLLED=no is not set. You should do it only if
           there's no /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-interface file. If there is such file
           and you add interface to zone with this --add-interface option, make sure the zone is
           the same in both cases, otherwise the behaviour would be undefined. Please also have a
           look at the firewalld(1) man page in the Concepts section. For permanent association
           of interface with a zone, see also 'How to set or change a zone for a connection?' in
           firewalld.zones(5).

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --change-interface=interface
           If the interface is under control of NetworkManager, it is at first connected to
           change the zone for the connection that is using the interface. If this fails, the
           zone binding is created in firewalld and the limitations below apply. For interfaces
           that are not under control of NetworkManager, firewalld tries to change the ZONE
           setting in the ifcfg file, if the file exists.

           Change zone the interface interface is bound to to zone zone. It's basically
           --remove-interface followed by --add-interface. If the interface has not been bound to
           a zone before, it behaves like --add-interface. If zone is omitted, default zone will
           be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --query-interface=interface
           Query whether interface interface is bound to zone zone. Returns 0 if true, 1
           otherwise.

       [--permanent] --remove-interface=interface
           If the interface is under control of NetworkManager, it is at first connected to
           change the zone for the connection that is using the interface. If this fails, the
           zone binding is created in firewalld and the limitations below apply.

           For the addion or change of interfaces that are not under control of NetworkManager:
           firewalld tries to change the ZONE setting in the ifcfg file, if an ifcfg file exists
           that is using the interface.

           Only for the removal of interfaces that are not under control of NetworkManager:
           firewalld is not trying to change the ZONE setting in the ifcfg file. This is needed
           to make sure that an ifdown of the interface will not result in a reset of the zone
           setting to the default zone. Only the zone binding is then removed in firewalld then.

           Remove binding of interface interface from zone it was previously added to.

   Options to Handle Bindings of Sources
       Binding a source to a zone means that this zone settings will be used to restrict traffic
       from this source.

       A source address or address range is either an IP address or a network IP address with a
       mask for IPv4 or IPv6 or a MAC address or an ipset with the ipset: prefix. For IPv4, the
       mask can be a network mask or a plain number. For IPv6 the mask is a plain number. The use
       of host names is not supported.

       Options in this section affect only one particular zone. If used with --zone=zone option,
       they affect the zone zone. If the option is omitted, they affect default zone (see
       --get-default-zone).

       For a list of predefined zones use firewall-cmd [--permanent] --get-zones.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --list-sources
           List sources that are bound to zone zone as a space separated list. If zone is
           omitted, default zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --add-source=source[/mask]|MAC|ipset:ipset
           Bind the source to zone zone. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used.

       [--zone=zone] --change-source=source[/mask]|MAC|ipset:ipset
           Change zone the source is bound to to zone zone. It's basically --remove-source
           followed by --add-source. If the source has not been bound to a zone before, it
           behaves like --add-source. If zone is omitted, default zone will be used.

       [--permanent] [--zone=zone] --query-source=source[/mask]|MAC|ipset:ipset
           Query whether the source is bound to the zone zone. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

       [--permanent] --remove-source=source[/mask]|MAC|ipset:ipset
           Remove binding of the source from zone it was previously added to.

   IPSet Options
       --get-ipset-types
           Print the supported ipset types.

       --permanent --new-ipset=ipset --type=type [--family=inet|inet6] [--option=key[=value]]
           Add a new permanent and empty ipset with specifying the type and optional the family
           and options like timeout, hashsize and maxelem. For more information please have a
           look at ipset(8) man page.

       --permanent --new-ipset-from-file=filename [--name=ipset]
           Add a new permanent ipset from a prepared ipset file with an optional name override.

       --permanent --delete-ipset=ipset
           Delete an existing permanent ipset.

       --permanent --load-ipset-defaults=ipset
           Load ipset default settings or report NO_DEFAULTS error.

       [--permanent] --info-ipset=ipset
           Print information about the ipset ipset. The output format is:

               ipset
                 type: type
                 options: option1[=value1] ..
                 entries: entry1 ..

       [--permanent] --get-ipsets
           Print predefined ipsets as a space separated list.

       --permanent --ipset=ipset --set-description=description
           Set new description to ipset

       --permanent --ipset=ipset --get-description
           Print description for ipset

       --permanent --ipset=ipset --set-short=description
           Set short description to ipset

       --permanent --ipset=ipset --get-short
           Print short description for ipset

       [--permanent] --ipset=ipset --add-entry=entry
           Add a new entry to the ipset.

           Adding an entry to an ipset with option timeout is permitted, but these entries are
           not tracked by firewalld.

       [--permanent] --ipset=ipset --remove-entry=entry
           Remove an entry from the ipset.

       [--permanent] --ipset=ipset --query-entry=entry
           Return whether the entry has been added to an ipset. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

           Querying an ipset with a timeout will yield an error. Entries are not tracked for
           ipsets with a timeout.

       [--permanent] --ipset=ipset --get-entries
           List all entries of the ipset.

       [--permanent] --ipset=ipset --add-entries-from-file=filename
           Add a new entries to the ipset from the file. For all entries that are listed in the
           file but already in the ipset, a warning will be printed.

           The file should contain an entry per line. Lines starting with an hash or semicolon
           are ignored. Also empty lines.

       [--permanent] --ipset=ipset --remove-entries-from-file=filename
           Remove existing entries from the ipset from the file. For all entries that are listed
           in the file but not in the ipset, a warning will be printed.

           The file should contain an entry per line. Lines starting with an hash or semicolon
           are ignored. Also empty lines.

       --permanent --path-ipset=ipset
           Print path of the ipset configuration file.

   Service Options
       Options in this section affect only one particular service.

       [--permanent] --info-service=service
           Print information about the service service. The output format is:

               service
                 ports: port1 ..
                 protocols: protocol1 ..
                 source-ports: source-port1 ..
                 modules: module1 ..
                 destination: ipv1:address1 ..

       The following options are only usable in the permanent configuration.

       --permanent --new-service=service
           Add a new permanent and empty service.

       --permanent --new-service-from-file=filename [--name=service]
           Add a new permanent service from a prepared service file with an optional name
           override.

       --permanent --delete-service=service
           Delete an existing permanent service.

       --permanent --load-service-defaults=service
           Load service default settings or report NO_DEFAULTS error.

       --permanent --path-service=service
           Print path of the service configuration file.

       --permanent --service=service --set-description=description
           Set new description to service

       --permanent --service=service --get-description
           Print description for service

       --permanent --service=service --set-short=description
           Set short description to service

       --permanent --service=service --get-short
           Print short description for service

       --permanent --service=service --add-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Add a new port to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --remove-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Remove a port from the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --query-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Return wether the port has been added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --get-ports
           List ports added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --add-protocol=protocol
           Add a new protocol to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --remove-protocol=protocol
           Remove a protocol from the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --query-protocol=protocol
           Return wether the protocol has been added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --get-protocols
           List protocols added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --add-source-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Add a new source port to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --remove-source-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Remove a source port from the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --query-source-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Return wether the source port has been added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --get-source-ports
           List source ports added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --add-module=module
           Add a new module to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --remove-module=module
           Remove a module from the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --query-module=module
           Return wether the module has been added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --get-modules
           List modules added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --set-destination=ipv:address[/mask]
           Set destination for ipv to address[/mask] in the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --remove-destination=ipv
           Remove the destination for ipv from the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --query-destination=ipv:address[/mask]
           Return wether the destination ipv to address[/mask] has been set in the permanent
           service.

       --permanent --service=service --get-destinations
           List destinations added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --add-include=service
           Add a new include to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --remove-include=service
           Remove a include from the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --query-include=service
           Return wether the include has been added to the permanent service.

       --permanent --service=service --get-includes
           List includes added to the permanent service.

   Helper Options
       Options in this section affect only one particular helper.

       [--permanent] --info-helper=helper
           Print information about the helper helper. The output format is:

               helper
                 family: family
                 module: module
                 ports: port1 ..

       The following options are only usable in the permanent configuration.

       --permanent --new-helper=helper --module=nf_conntrack_module [--family=ipv4|ipv6]
           Add a new permanent helper with module and optionally family defined.

       --permanent --new-helper-from-file=filename [--name=helper]
           Add a new permanent helper from a prepared helper file with an optional name override.

       --permanent --delete-helper=helper
           Delete an existing permanent helper.

       --permanent --load-helper-defaults=helper
           Load helper default settings or report NO_DEFAULTS error.

       --permanent --path-helper=helper
           Print path of the helper configuration file.

       [--permanent] --get-helpers
           Print predefined helpers as a space separated list.

       --permanent --helper=helper --set-description=description
           Set new description to helper

       --permanent --helper=helper --get-description
           Print description for helper

       --permanent --helper=helper --set-short=description
           Set short description to helper

       --permanent --helper=helper --get-short
           Print short description for helper

       --permanent --helper=helper --add-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Add a new port to the permanent helper.

       --permanent --helper=helper --remove-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Remove a port from the permanent helper.

       --permanent --helper=helper --query-port=portid[-portid]/protocol
           Return wether the port has been added to the permanent helper.

       --permanent --helper=helper --get-ports
           List ports added to the permanent helper.

       --permanent --helper=helper --set-module=description
           Set module description for helper

       --permanent --helper=helper --get-module
           Print module description for helper

       --permanent --helper=helper --set-family=description
           Set family description for helper

       --permanent --helper=helper --get-family
           Print family description of helper

   Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) type Options
       Options in this section affect only one particular icmptype.

       [--permanent] --info-icmptype=icmptype
           Print information about the icmptype icmptype. The output format is:

               icmptype
                 destination: ipv1 ..

       The following options are only usable in the permanent configuration.

       --permanent --new-icmptype=icmptype
           Add a new permanent and empty icmptype.

       --permanent --new-icmptype-from-file=filename [--name=icmptype]
           Add a new permanent icmptype from a prepared icmptype file with an optional name
           override.

       --permanent --delete-icmptype=icmptype
           Delete an existing permanent icmptype.

       --permanent --load-icmptype-defaults=icmptype
           Load icmptype default settings or report NO_DEFAULTS error.

       --permanent --icmptype=icmptype --set-description=description
           Set new description to icmptype

       --permanent --icmptype=icmptype --get-description
           Print description for icmptype

       --permanent --icmptype=icmptype --set-short=description
           Set short description to icmptype

       --permanent --icmptype=icmptype --get-short
           Print short description for icmptype

       --permanent --icmptype=icmptype --add-destination=ipv
           Enable destination for ipv in permanent icmptype. ipv is one of ipv4 or ipv6.

       --permanent --icmptype=icmptype --remove-destination=ipv
           Disable destination for ipv in permanent icmptype. ipv is one of ipv4 or ipv6.

       --permanent --icmptype=icmptype --query-destination=ipv
           Return whether destination for ipv is enabled in permanent icmptype. ipv is one of
           ipv4 or ipv6.

       --permanent --icmptype=icmptype --get-destinations
           List destinations in permanent icmptype.

       --permanent --path-icmptype=icmptype
           Print path of the icmptype configuration file.

   Direct Options
       The direct options give a more direct access to the firewall. These options require user
       to know basic iptables concepts, i.e.  table (filter/mangle/nat/...), chain
       (INPUT/OUTPUT/FORWARD/...), commands (-A/-D/-I/...), parameters (-p/-s/-d/-j/...) and
       targets (ACCEPT/DROP/REJECT/...).

       Direct options should be used only as a last resort when it's not possible to use for
       example --add-service=service or --add-rich-rule='rule'.

       The first argument of each option has to be ipv4 or ipv6 or eb. With ipv4 it will be for
       IPv4 (iptables(8)), with ipv6 for IPv6 (ip6tables(8)) and with eb for ethernet bridges
       (ebtables(8)).

       [--permanent] --direct --get-all-chains
           Get all chains added to all tables. This option concerns only chains previously added
           with --direct --add-chain.

       [--permanent] --direct --get-chains { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } table
           Get all chains added to table table as a space separated list. This option concerns
           only chains previously added with --direct --add-chain.

       [--permanent] --direct --add-chain { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } table chain
           Add a new chain with name chain to table table. Make sure there's no other chain with
           this name already.

           There already exist basic chains to use with direct options, for example INPUT_direct
           chain (see iptables-save | grep direct output for all of them). These chains are
           jumped into before chains for zones, i.e. every rule put into INPUT_direct will be
           checked before rules in zones.

       [--permanent] --direct --remove-chain { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } table chain
           Remove chain with name chain from table table. Only chains previously added with
           --direct --add-chain can be removed this way.

       [--permanent] --direct --query-chain { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } table chain
           Return whether a chain with name chain exists in table table. Returns 0 if true, 1
           otherwise. This option concerns only chains previously added with --direct
           --add-chain.

       [--permanent] --direct --get-all-rules
           Get all rules added to all chains in all tables as a newline separated list of the
           priority and arguments. This option concerns only rules previously added with --direct
           --add-rule.

       [--permanent] --direct --get-rules { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } table chain
           Get all rules added to chain chain in table table as a newline separated list of the
           priority and arguments. This option concerns only rules previously added with --direct
           --add-rule.

       [--permanent] --direct --add-rule { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } table chain priority args
           Add a rule with the arguments args to chain chain in table table with priority
           priority.

           The priority is used to order rules. Priority 0 means add rule on top of the chain,
           with a higher priority the rule will be added further down. Rules with the same
           priority are on the same level and the order of these rules is not fixed and may
           change. If you want to make sure that a rule will be added after another one, use a
           low priority for the first and a higher for the following.

       [--permanent] --direct --remove-rule { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } table chain priority args
           Remove a rule with priority and the arguments args from chain chain in table table.
           Only rules previously added with --direct --add-rule can be removed this way.

       [--permanent] --direct --remove-rules { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } table chain
           Remove all rules in the chain with name chain exists in table table. This option
           concerns only rules previously added with --direct --add-rule in this chain.

       [--permanent] --direct --query-rule { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } table chain priority args
           Return whether a rule with priority and the arguments args exists in chain chain in
           table table. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise. This option concerns only rules
           previously added with --direct --add-rule.

       --direct --passthrough { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } args
           Pass a command through to the firewall.  args can be all iptables, ip6tables and
           ebtables command line arguments. This command is untracked, which means that firewalld
           is not able to provide information about this command later on, also not a listing of
           the untracked passthoughs.

       [--permanent] --direct --get-all-passthroughs
           Get all passthrough rules as a newline separated list of the ipv value and arguments.

       [--permanent] --direct --get-passthroughs { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb }
           Get all passthrough rules for the ipv value as a newline separated list of the
           priority and arguments.

       [--permanent] --direct --add-passthrough { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } args
           Add a passthrough rule with the arguments args for the ipv value.

       [--permanent] --direct --remove-passthrough { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } args
           Remove a passthrough rule with the arguments args for the ipv value.

       [--permanent] --direct --query-passthrough { ipv4 | ipv6 | eb } args
           Return whether a passthrough rule with the arguments args exists for the ipv value.
           Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

   Lockdown Options
       Local applications or services are able to change the firewall configuration if they are
       running as root (example: libvirt) or are authenticated using PolicyKit. With this feature
       administrators can lock the firewall configuration so that only applications on lockdown
       whitelist are able to request firewall changes.

       The lockdown access check limits D-Bus methods that are changing firewall rules. Query,
       list and get methods are not limited.

       The lockdown feature is a very light version of user and application policies for
       firewalld and is turned off by default.

       --lockdown-on
           Enable lockdown. Be careful - if firewall-cmd is not on lockdown whitelist when you
           enable lockdown you won't be able to disable it again with firewall-cmd, you would
           need to edit firewalld.conf.

           This is a runtime and permanent change.

       --lockdown-off
           Disable lockdown.

           This is a runtime and permanent change.

       --query-lockdown
           Query whether lockdown is enabled. Returns 0 if lockdown is enabled, 1 otherwise.

   Lockdown Whitelist Options
       The lockdown whitelist can contain commands, contexts, users and user ids.

       If a command entry on the whitelist ends with an asterisk '*', then all command lines
       starting with the command will match. If the '*' is not there the absolute command
       inclusive arguments must match.

       Commands for user root and others is not always the same. Example: As root
       /bin/firewall-cmd is used, as a normal user /usr/bin/firewall-cmd is be used on Fedora.

       The context is the security (SELinux) context of a running application or service. To get
       the context of a running application use ps -e --context.

       Warning: If the context is unconfined, then this will open access for more than the
       desired application.

       The lockdown whitelist entries are checked in the following order:
           1. context
           2. uid
           3. user
           4. command

       [--permanent] --list-lockdown-whitelist-commands
           List all command lines that are on the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --add-lockdown-whitelist-command=command
           Add the command to the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --remove-lockdown-whitelist-command=command
           Remove the command from the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --query-lockdown-whitelist-command=command
           Query whether the command is on the whitelist. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

       [--permanent] --list-lockdown-whitelist-contexts
           List all contexts that are on the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --add-lockdown-whitelist-context=context
           Add the context context to the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --remove-lockdown-whitelist-context=context
           Remove the context from the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --query-lockdown-whitelist-context=context
           Query whether the context is on the whitelist. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

       [--permanent] --list-lockdown-whitelist-uids
           List all user ids that are on the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --add-lockdown-whitelist-uid=uid
           Add the user id uid to the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --remove-lockdown-whitelist-uid=uid
           Remove the user id uid from the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --query-lockdown-whitelist-uid=uid
           Query whether the user id uid is on the whitelist. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

       [--permanent] --list-lockdown-whitelist-users
           List all user names that are on the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --add-lockdown-whitelist-user=user
           Add the user name user to the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --remove-lockdown-whitelist-user=user
           Remove the user name user from the whitelist.

       [--permanent] --query-lockdown-whitelist-user=user
           Query whether the user name user is on the whitelist. Returns 0 if true, 1 otherwise.

   Panic Options
       --panic-on
           Enable panic mode. All incoming and outgoing packets are dropped, active connections
           will expire. Enable this only if there are serious problems with your network
           environment. For example if the machine is getting hacked in.

           This is a runtime only change.

       --panic-off
           Disable panic mode. After disabling panic mode established connections might work
           again, if panic mode was enabled for a short period of time.

           This is a runtime only change.

       --query-panic
           Returns 0 if panic mode is enabled, 1 otherwise.

EXAMPLES

       For more examples see http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/FirewallD

   Example 1
       Enable http service in default zone. This is runtime only change, i.e. effective until
       restart.

           firewall-cmd --add-service=http

   Example 2
       Enable port 443/tcp immediately and permanently in default zone. To make the change
       effective immediately and also after restart we need two commands. The first command makes
       the change in runtime configuration, i.e. makes it effective immediately, until restart.
       The second command makes the change in permanent configuration, i.e. makes it effective
       after restart.

           firewall-cmd --add-port=443/tcp
           firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=443/tcp

EXIT CODES

       On success 0 is returned. On failure the output is red colored and exit code is either 2
       in case of wrong command-line option usage or one of the following error codes in other
       cases:

       ┌────────────────────┬──────┐
       │StringCode │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │ALREADY_ENABLED     │   11 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │NOT_ENABLED         │   12 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │COMMAND_FAILED      │   13 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │NO_IPV6_NAT         │   14 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │PANIC_MODE          │   15 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │ZONE_ALREADY_SET    │   16 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │UNKNOWN_INTERFACE   │   17 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │ZONE_CONFLICT       │   18 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │BUILTIN_CHAIN       │   19 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │EBTABLES_NO_REJECT  │   20 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │NOT_OVERLOADABLE    │   21 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │NO_DEFAULTS         │   22 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │BUILTIN_ZONE        │   23 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │BUILTIN_SERVICE     │   24 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │BUILTIN_ICMPTYPE    │   25 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │NAME_CONFLICT       │   26 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │NAME_MISMATCH       │   27 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │PARSE_ERROR         │   28 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │ACCESS_DENIED       │   29 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │UNKNOWN_SOURCE      │   30 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │RT_TO_PERM_FAILED   │   31 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │IPSET_WITH_TIMEOUT  │   32 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │BUILTIN_IPSET       │   33 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │ALREADY_SET         │   34 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │MISSING_IMPORT      │   35 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │DBUS_ERROR          │   36 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │BUILTIN_HELPER      │   37 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │NOT_APPLIED         │   38 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_ACTION      │  100 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_SERVICE     │  101 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_PORT        │  102 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_PROTOCOL    │  103 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_INTERFACE   │  104 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_ADDR        │  105 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_FORWARD     │  106 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_ICMPTYPE    │  107 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_TABLE       │  108 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_CHAIN       │  109 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_TARGET      │  110 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_IPV         │  111 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_ZONE        │  112 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_PROPERTY    │  113 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_VALUE       │  114 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_OBJECT      │  115 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_NAME        │  116 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_FILENAME    │  117 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_DIRECTORY   │  118 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_TYPE        │  119 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_SETTING     │  120 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_DESTINATION │  121 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_RULE        │  122 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_LIMIT       │  123 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_FAMILY      │  124 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_LOG_LEVEL   │  125 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_AUDIT_TYPE  │  126 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_MARK        │  127 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_CONTEXT     │  128 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_COMMAND     │  129 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_USER        │  130 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_UID         │  131 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_MODULE      │  132 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_PASSTHROUGH │  133 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_MAC         │  134 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_IPSET       │  135 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_ENTRY       │  136 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_OPTION      │  137 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_HELPER      │  138 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │INVALID_PRIORITY    │  139 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │MISSING_TABLE       │  200 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │MISSING_CHAIN       │  201 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │MISSING_PORT        │  202 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │MISSING_PROTOCOL    │  203 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │MISSING_ADDR        │  204 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │MISSING_NAME        │  205 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │MISSING_SETTING     │  206 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │MISSING_FAMILY      │  207 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │RUNNING_BUT_FAILED  │  251 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │NOT_RUNNING         │  252 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │NOT_AUTHORIZED      │  253 │
       ├────────────────────┼──────┤
       │UNKNOWN_ERROR       │  254 │
       └────────────────────┴──────┘

       Note that return codes of --query-* options are special: Successful queries return 0,
       unsuccessful ones return 1 unless an error occurred in which case the table above applies.

SEE ALSO

       firewall-applet(1), firewalld(1), firewall-cmd(1), firewall-config(1), firewalld.conf(5),
       firewalld.direct(5), firewalld.dbus(5), firewalld.icmptype(5), firewalld.lockdown-
       whitelist(5), firewall-offline-cmd(1), firewalld.richlanguage(5), firewalld.service(5),
       firewalld.zone(5), firewalld.zones(5), firewalld.ipset(5), firewalld.helper(5)

NOTES

       firewalld home page:
           http://firewalld.org

       More documentation with examples:
           http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/FirewallD

AUTHORS

       Thomas Woerner <twoerner@redhat.com>
           Developer

       Jiri Popelka <jpopelka@redhat.com>
           Developer