Provided by: frama-c-base_20171101+sulfur+dfsg-2build2_amd64 bug


       frama-c[.byte] - a static analyzer for C programs

       frama-c-gui[.byte] - the graphical interface of frama-c


       frama-c [ options ] files


       frama-c  is  a  suite  of tools dedicated to the analysis of source code written in C.  It
       gathers several static analysis techniques  in  a  single  collaborative  framework.  This
       framework  can  be  extended by additional plugins placed in the $FRAMAC_PLUGIN directory.
       The command

              frama-c --plugins

       will provide the full list of the plugins that are currently installed.

       frama-c-gui is the graphical user interface of frama-c.  It features the same  options  as
       the command-line version.

       frama-c.byte and frama-c-gui.byte are  the ocaml bytecode versions of the command-line and
       graphical user interface respectively.

       By default, Frama-C recognizes .c files as C files needing pre-processing and .i files  as
       C  files having been already pre-processed. Some plugins may extend the list of recognized
       files. Pre-processing can be  customized  through  the  -cpp-command  and  -cpp-extra-args



       Options taking an additional parameter can also be written under the form


       This form is mandatory when param starts with a dash ('-').

       Most options that take no parameter have a corresponding


       option which has the opposite effect.

       Help options

       -help  gives a short usage notice.

              prints the list of options recognized by Frama-C's kernel

       -verbose n
              Sets  verbosity  level  (default  is  1). Setting it to 0 will output less progress
              messages. This level can also be set on a per-plugin basis,  with  option  -plugin-
              verbose   n.   Verbosity  level  of  the  kernel  can  be  controlled  with  option
              -kernel-verbose n.

       -debug n
              Sets debugging level (default is 0, meaning no debugging  messages).   This  option
              has the same per-plugin (and kernel) specializations as -verbose.

       -quiet Sets verbosity and debugging level to 0.

       Options controlling Frama-C's kernel

       -absolute-valid-range <min-max>
              considers  that  all numerical addresses in the range min-max are valid. Bounds are
              parsed as  ocaml  integer  constants.  By  default,  all  numerical  addresses  are
              considered invalid.

       -add-path p1[,p2[...,pn]]
              adds  directories <p1> through <pn> to the list of directories in which plugins are

              merges function definitions modulo renaming. Defaults to no.

              allows duplication of  small  blocks  during  normalization  of  tests  and  loops.
              Otherwise,  normalization uses labels and gotos. Bigger blocks and blocks with non-
              trivial control flow are never duplicated. Defaults to yes.

              reads ACSL annotations. This is  the  default.  Annotations  are  pre-processed  by
              default. Use -no-pp-annot if you don't want to expand macros in annotations.

       -big-ints-hex max
              integers larger than max are displayed in hexadecimal (by default, all integers are
              displayed in decimal)

       -check performs integrity checks on the internal AST (for developers only).

              generates contracts for assembly code written according to gcc's  extended  syntax.
              Defaults to yes.

              automatically marks contracts generated from asm as valid. Defaults to no.

       -c11   enables (partial) C11 compatibility, e.g. typedef redefinitions.  Defaults to no.

              allows  implicit cast between the value returned by a function and the lvalue it is
              assigned to. Otherwise, a temporary variable is used and the cast is made explicit.
              Defaults to yes.

              folds  all syntactically constant expressions in the code before analyses. Defaults
              to no.

              variables with const qualifier must be actually  constant.  Defaults  to  yes.  The
              opposite option is -unsafe-writable.

              When analyzing an annotation, the default behavior (the -no version of this option)
              when a typechecking error occurs is to reject the source file as is  the  case  for
              typechecking  errors  within  the C code. With this option on, the typechecker will
              only output a warning and discard the annotation  but  typechecking  will  continue
              (errors in C code are still fatal, though).

       -cpp-command cmd
              Uses  cmd  as  the  command to pre-process C files. Defaults to the CPP environment
              variable or to

              gcc -C -E -I.

              if it is not set. In order to preserve ACSL annotations, the preprocessor must keep
              comments  (the  -C  option  for  gcc).   %1 and %2 can be used in cmd to denote the
              original source file and the pre-processed file respectively.

       -cpp-extra-args args
              Gives  additional  arguments  to  the  pre-processor.  This  is  only  useful  when
              -preprocess-annot  is  set. Pre-processing annotations is done in two separate pre-
              processing stages. The first one is a normal pass on the C code which retains macro
              definitions.  These  are  then used in the second pass during which annotations are
              pre-processed.  args are used only for the  first  pass,  so  that  arguments  that
              should  not  be  used  twice  (such  as  additional  include  directives  or  macro
              definitions) must thus go there instead of -cpp-command.

              indicates that the chosen preprocessor complies to some Frama-C requirements,  such
              as  accepting  the  same  set  of  options  as GNU cpp, and accepting architecture-
              specific options  such  as  -m32/-m64.  Default  values  depend  on  the  installed
              preprocessor at configure time.  See also -pp-annot.

       -custom-annot-char c
              uses character c for starting ACSL annotations.

              When  on, load all the dynamic plugins found in the search path (see -print-plugin-
              path for more information on the default  search  path).  Otherwise,  only  plugins
              requested by -load-module will be loaded. Default behavior is on.

       -enums repr
              Choose  the  way  the  representation  of  enumerated types is determined.  frama-c
              -enums help gives the list of available options. Default is gcc-enums

       -float-digits n
              When outputting floating-point numbers, display n digits. Defaults to 12.

              Floating point operations flush to zero.

              display floats as hexadecimal.

              display floats with the standard OCaml routine.

              display float intervals as [ lower_bound++width ].

              adds -I$FRAMAC_SHARE/libc to the options given to the cpp command.   If -cpp-frama-
              c-compliant  is  not  false,  also adds -nostdinc to prevent an inconsistent mix of
              system and Frama-C header files.  Defaults to yes.

       -implicit-function-declaration <action>
              warns or aborts when a function is called before it has  been  declared.   <action>
              can be one of ignore, warn, or error. Defaults to warn.

              Implicit  initialization  of  locals sets padding bits to 0. If false, padding bits
              are left uninitialized (defaults to yes).

              Do not output a journal of the current session. See -journal-enable.

              On by default, dumps a journal of all the  actions  performed  during  the  current
              Frama-C  session  in  the  form of an ocaml script that can be replayed with -load-
              script.  The name of the script can be set with the -journal-name option.

       -journal-name name
              Set the name  of  the  journal  file  (without  the  .ml  extension).  Defaults  to

              Tries to preserve comments when pretty-printing the source code (defaults to no).

              When -simplify-cfg is set, keeps switch statements. Defaults to no.

              See -remove-unused-specified-functions

       -kernel-log kind:file
              copies  log  messages from the Frama-C's kernel to file. kind specifies which kinds
              of messages to be copied (e.g. w for warnings, e for errors,  etc.).  See  -kernel-
              help  for  more  details.   Can  also  be  set  on  a per-plugin basis, with option

              Indicates that the entry point is called during program execution. This implies  in
              particular  that  global  variables cannot be assumed to have their initial values.
              The default is -no-lib-entry: the entry point is also the  starting  point  of  the
              program and globals have their initial value.

       -load file
              loads the (previously saved) state contained in file.

       -load-module m1[,m2[...,mn]]
              loads  the  ocaml modules <m1> through <mn>.  These modules must be .cmxs files for
              the native code version of Frama-c and .cmo or.cma files for the  bytecode  version
              (see  the  Dynlink  section  of the OCaml manual for more information). All modules
              which are present in the plugin search paths are automatically loaded.

       -load-script s1[,s2,[...,sn]]
              loads the ocaml scripts <s1> through <sn>.  The scripts must  be  .ml files.   They
              must be compilable relying only on the OCaml standard library and Frama-C's API. If
              some custom compilation step is needed, compile them outside  of  Frama-C  and  use
              -load-module instead.

       -machdep machine
              uses  machine  as  the current machine-dependent configuration (size of the various
              integer types, endiandness, ...). The  list  of  currently  supported  machines  is
              available through -machdep help option. Default is x86_32

       -main f
              Sets  f  as  the entry point of the analysis. Defaults to 'main'. By default, it is
              considered as the starting point of the program under analysis. Use -lib-entry if f
              is supposed to be called in the middle of an execution.

              prints  an  obfuscated version of the code (where original identifiers are replaced
              by meaningless ones) and exits. The correspondence table between original  and  new
              symbols is kept at the beginning of the result.

       -ocode file
              redirects pretty-printed code to file instead of standard output.

              During  the  normalization  phase,  some  variables  may get renamed when different
              variables with the same name can co-exist (e.g. a  global  variable  and  a  formal
              parameter).  When  this  option  is on, a message is printed each time this occurs.
              Defaults to no.

              pre-processes annotations. This is currently only possible when using gcc  (or  GNU
              cpp) pre-processor. The default is to pre-process annotations when the default pre-
              processor is identified as GNU or GNU-like. See also -cpp-frama-c-compliant

              pretty-prints the source code as normalized by CIL (defaults to no).

              expands #include directives in the pretty-printed CIL code for files in the Frama-C
              standard library (defaults to no).

              outputs the directory where the Frama-C kernel library is installed.

              alias of -print-share-path

              outputs  the directory where Frama-C searches its plugins (can be overridden by the
              FRAMAC_PLUGIN variable and the -add-path option)

              outputs the directory where Frama-C stores its  data  (can  be  overridden  by  the
              FRAMAC_SHARE variable)

              transforms throw and try/catch statements  into normal C functions. Defaults to no,
              unless the input source language has an exception mechanism.

       -remove-projects p1,...,pn
              removes            the            given             projects             p1,...,pn.
              @all_but_current removes all projects but the current one.

              keeps  function  prototypes that have an ACSL specification but are not used in the
              code. This is the default. Functions having the attribute FRAMAC_BUILTIN are always

              For  multidimensional arrays or arrays that are fields inside structs, assumes that
              all accesses must be in bound (set by default). The  opposite  option  is  -unsafe-

       -save file
              Saves Frama-C's state into file after analyses have taken place.

       -session s
              sets s as the directory in which session files are searched.

              the  current  project  becomes  the  default one (and so future -then sequences are
              applied on it). Defaults to no.

              removes break, continue and switch statements before analyses. Defaults to no.

              simplifies trivial loops such as do ... while (0) loops. Defaults to yes.

       -then  allows one to compose analyzes: a first run of Frama-C will occur with the  options
              before  -then  and  a  second  run will be done with the options after -then on the
              current project from the first run.

              like -then, but the second group of actions is executed on the last project created
              by a program transformer.

       -then-on prj
              Similar  to  -then  except  that the second run is performed in project prj.  If no
              such project exists, Frama-C exits with an error.

              like -then-last, but also removes the previous current project.

       -time file
              appends user time and date in the given file when Frama-C exits.

              forces typechecking of the source files. This option is only relevant if no further
              analysis is requested (as typechecking will implicitly occur before the analysis is

       -ulevel n
              syntactically unroll loops n times before the analysis. This can  be  quite  costly
              and  some plugins (e.g.  the value analysis) provide more efficient ways to perform
              the same thing.  See their respective manuals for more information. This  can  also
              be  activated  on  a  per-loop  basis  via  the loop pragma unroll <m> directive. A
              negative value for n will inhibit such pragmas.

              ignores UNROLL loop pragmas disabling unrolling.

              outputs ACSL formulas with utf8 characters. This is the  default.  When  given  the
              -no-unicode option, Frama-C will use the ASCII version instead. See the ACSL manual
              for the correspondence.

              see -safe-arrays

              checks that read/write accesses occurring in an unspecified order (according to the
              C  standard's notion of sequence points) are performed on separate locations.  With
              -no-unspecified-access, assumes that it is always the case (this is the default).

              outputs the version string of Frama-C.

       -warn-decimal-float <freq>
              warns when a floating-point constant cannot  be  exactly  represented  (e.g.  0.1).
              <freq> can be one of none, once, or all

              generates  alarms  when signed downcasts may exceed the destination range (defaults
              to no).

              generates alarms for signed operations that overflow (defaults to yes).

              generates alarms when unsigned downcasts may exceed the destination range (defaults
              to no).

              generates alarms for unsigned operations that overflow (defaults to no).

       Plugin-specific options

       For each plugin, the command

              frama-c -plugin-help

       will give the list of options that are specific to the plugin.


       0      Successful execution

       1      Invalid user input

       2      User interruption (kill or equivalent)

       3      Unimplemented feature

       4 5 6  Internal error

       125    Unknown error

       Exit  status  greater than 2 can be considered as a bug (or a feature request for the case
       of exit status 3) and may be reported on Frama-C's BTS (see below).


       It is possible to control the places  where  Frama-C  looks  for  its  files  through  the
       following variables.

              The directory where kernel's compiled interfaces are installed.

              The  directory where Frama-C can find standard plugins. If you wish to have plugins
              in several places, use -add-path instead.

              The directory where Frama-C data (e.g. its version  of  the  standard  library)  is


       Frama-C user manual: $FRAMAC_SHARE/manuals/user-manual.pdf

       Frama-C homepage:

       Frama-C BTS:

                                            2016-12-02                                 FRAMA-C(1)