Provided by: git-extras_5.0.0-1_all
git-ignore - Add .gitignore patterns
git-ignore [<context>] [<pattern> [<pattern>]...]
Adds the given _pattern_s to a .gitignore file if it doesn´t already exist.
<context> -l, --local Sets the context to the .gitignore file in the current working directory. (default) -g, --global Sets the context to the global gitignore file for the current user. -p, --private Sets the context to the private exclude file for the repository (.git/info/exclude). <pattern> A space delimited list of patterns to append to the file in context. PATTERN FORMAT Pattern format as described in the git manual ○ A blank line matches no files, so it can serve as a separator for readability. To append a blank line use empty quotes "". ○ A line starting with # serves as a comment. For example, "# This is a comment" ○ An optional prefix ! which negates the pattern; any matching file excluded by a previous pattern will become included again. If a negated pattern matches, this will override lower precedence patterns sources. To use an exclamation ! as command line argument it is best placed between single quotes ´´. For example, ´!src´ ○ If the pattern ends with a slash, it is removed for the purpose of the following description, but it would only find a match with a directory. In other words, foo/ will match a directory foo and paths underneath it, but will not match a regular file or a symbolic link foo (this is consistent with the way how pathspec works in general in git). ○ If the pattern does not contain a slash /, git treats it as a shell glob pattern and checks for a match against the pathname relative to the location of the .gitignore file (relative to the top level of the work tree if not from a .gitignore file). ○ Otherwise, git treats the pattern as a shell glob suitable for consumption by fnmatch(3) with the FNM_PATHNAME flag: wildcards in the pattern will not match a / in the pathname. For example, "Documentation/*.html" matches "Documentation/git.html" but not "Documentation/ppc/ppc.html" or "tools/perf/Documentation/perf.html". ○ A leading slash matches the beginning of the pathname. For example, "/*.c" matches "cat-file.c" but not "mozilla-sha1/sha1.c".
All arguments are optional so calling git-ignore alone will display first the global then the local gitignore files: $ git ignore Global gitignore: /home/alice/.gitignore # Numerous always-ignore extensions *.diff *.err *.orig *.rej *.swo *.swp *.vi *~ *.sass-cache # OS or Editor folders `.DS_Store` `.Trashes` `._*` Thumbs.db --------------------------------- Local gitignore: .gitignore `.cache` `.project` `.settings` `.tmproj` nbproject If you only want to see the global context use the --global argument (for local use --local): $ git ignore Global gitignore: /home/alice/.gitignore `.DS_Store` `.Trashes` `._*` Thumbs.db To quickly append a new pattern to the default/local context simply: $ git ignore *.log Adding pattern(s) to: .gitignore `... adding ´*.log´` You can now configure any patterns without ever using an editor, with a context and pattern arguments: The resulting configuration is also returned for your convenience. $ git ignore --local "" "# Temporary files" *.tmp "*.log" tmp/* "" "# Files I´d like to keep" ´!work´ "" Adding pattern(s) to: .gitignore `... adding ´´` `... adding ´# Temporary files´` `... adding ´index.tmp´` `... adding ´*.log´` `... adding ´tmp/*´` `... adding ´´` `... adding ´# Files I´d like to keep´` `... adding ´!work´` `... adding ´´` Local gitignore: .gitignore # Temporary files index.tmp *.log # Files I´d like to keep !work
Written by Tj Holowaychuk <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> and Tema Bolshakov <‐ mailto:email@example.com> and Nick Lombard <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org>
<https://github.com/tj/git-extras> August 2019 GIT-IGNORE(1)