Provided by: globus-gsi-cert-utils-progs_10.2-2_all bug

NAME

       grid-cert-request - Generate a X.509 certificate request and corresponding private key

SYNOPSIS

       grid-cert-request -help | -h | -? | -usage | -version | -versions

       grid-cert-request [OPTIONS]

DESCRIPTION

       The grid-cert-request program generates an X.509 Certificate Request and corresponding
       private key for the specified name, host, or service. It is intended to be used with a CA
       implemented using the globus_simple_ca package.

       The default behavior of grid-cert-request is to generate a certificate request and private
       key for the user running the command. The subject name is derived from the gecos
       information in the local system’s password database, unless the -commonname, -cn, or -host
       command-line options are used.

       By default, grid-cert-request writes user certificate requests and keys to the
       $HOME/.globus directory, and host and service certificate requests and keys to
       /etc/grid-security. This can be overridden by using the -dir command-line option.

OPTIONS

       The full set of command-line options to grid-cert-request are:

       -help, -h, -?, -usage
           Display the command-line options to grid-cert-request and exit.

       -version, -versions
           Display the version number of the grid-cert-request command. The second form includes
           more details.

       -cn NAME, -commonname NAME
           Create a certificate request with the common name component of the subject set to
           NAME. This is used to create user identity certificates.

       -dir DIRECTORY
           Write the certificate request and key to files in the directory specified by
           DIRECTORY.

       -prefix PREFIX
           Use the string PREFIX as the base name of the certificate, certificate_request, and
           key files instead of the default. For a user certificate request, this would mean
           creating files $HOME/.globus/'PREFIX’cert_request.pem, $HOME/.globus/'PREFIX’cert.pem,
           and $HOME/.globus/'PREFIX’key.pem.

       -ca CA-HASH
           Use the certificate request configuration for the CA with the name hash CA-HASH
           instead of the default CA chosen by running grid-default-ca.

       -verbose
           Keep the output from the OpenSSL certificate request command visible after it
           completes, instead of clearing the screen.

       -interactive, -int
           Prompt for each component of the subject name of the request, instead of generating
           the common name from other command-line options. Note that CAs may not sign
           certificates for subject names that don’t match their signing policies.

       -force
           Overwrite any existing certificate request and private key with a new one.

       -nopw, -nodes, -nopassphrase
           Create an unencrypted private key for the certificate instead of prompting for a
           passphrase. This is the default behavior for host or service certificates, but not
           recommended for user certificates.

       -host FQDN
           Create a certificate request for use on a particular host. This option also causes the
           private key associated with the certificate request to be unencrypted. The FQDN
           argument to this option should be the fully qualified domain name of the host that
           will use this certificate. The subject name of the certificate will be derived from
           the FQDN and the service option if specified by the -service command-line option. If
           the host for the certificate has multiple names, then use either the -dns or -ip
           command-line options to add alternate names or addresses to the certificates.

       -service SERVICE
           Create a certificate request for a particular service on a host. The subject name of
           the certificate will be derived from the FQDN passed as the argument to the -host
           command-line option and the SERVICE string.

       -dns FQDN,...
           Create a certificate request containing a subjectAltName extension containing one or
           more host names. This is used when a certificate may be used by multiple virtual
           servers or if a host has different names when contacted within or outside a private
           network. Multiple DNS names can be included in the extension by separating then with a
           comma.

       -ip IP-ADDRESS,...
           Create a certificate request containing a subjectAltName extension containing the IP
           addresses named by the IP-ADDRESS strings. This is used when a certificate may be used
           by services listening on multiple networks. Multiple IP addresses can be included in
           the extension by separating then with a comma.

EXAMPLES

       Create a user certificate request: % grid-cert-request A certificate request and private
       key is being created. You will be asked to enter a PEM pass phrase. This pass phrase is
       akin to your account password, and is used to protect your key file. If you forget your
       pass phrase, you will need to obtain a new certificate. A private key and a certificate
       request has been generated with the subject:

           /O=org/OU=example/OU=grid/CN=Joe User

           If the CN=Joe User is not appropriate, rerun this
           script with the -force -cn "Common Name" options.

           Your private key is stored in /home/juser/.globus/userkey.pem
           Your request is stored in /home/juser/.globus/usercert_request.pem

           Please e-mail the request to the Example CA ca@grid.example.org
           You may use a command similar to the following:

           cat /home/juser/.globus/usercert_request.pem | mail ca@grid.example.org

           Only use the above if this machine can send AND receive e-mail. if not, please
           mail using some other method.

               Your certificate will be mailed to you within two working days.
           If you receive no response, contact Example CA at ca@grid.example.org

       Create a host certificate for a host with two names.

           % *grid-cert-request -host grid.example.org -dns grid.example.org,grid-internal.example.org*
           A private host key and a certificate request has been generated
           with the subject:

           /O=org/OU=example/OU=grid/CN=host/grid.example.org

           ----------------------------------------------------------

           The private key is stored in /etc/grid-security/hostkey.pem
           The request is stored in /etc/grid-security/hostcert_request.pem

           Please e-mail the request to the Example CA ca@grid.example.org
           You may use a command similar to the following:

           cat /etc/grid-security/hostcert_request.pem | mail ca@grid.example.org

           Only use the above if this machine can send AND receive e-mail. if not, please
           mail using some other method.

           Your certificate will be mailed to you within two working days.
           If you receive no response, contact Example CA at
           ca@grid.example.org

ENVIRONMENT

       The following environment variables affect the execution of grid-cert-request:

       X509_CERT_DIR
           Path to the directory containing SSL configuration files for generating certificate
           requests.

       GRID_SECURITY_DIR
           Path to the directory containing SSL configuration files for generating certificate
           requests. This value is used if X509_CERT_DIR is not set.

       GLOBUS_LOCATION
           Path to the directory containing the Grid Community Toolkit. This is searched if
           neither the X509_CERT_DIR nor the GRID_SECURITY_DIR environment variables are set.

FILES

       $HOME/.globus/usercert_request.pem
           Default path to write a user certificate request.

       $HOME/.globus/usercert.pem
           Default path to write a user certificate.

       $HOME/.globus/userkey.pem
           Default path to write a user private key.

       /etc/grid-security/hostcert_request.pem
           Default path to write a host certificate request.

       /etc/grid-security/hostcert.pem
           Default path to write a host certificate.

       /etc/grid-security/hostkey.pem
           Default path to write a host private key.

       TRUSTED-CERT-DIR/globus-user-ssl.conf, TRUSTED-CERT-DIR/globus-user-ssl.conf.CA-HASH
           SSL configuration file for requesting a user certificate. The first form is the
           default location, the second form is used when the -ca command-line option is
           specified.

       TRUSTED-CERT-DIR/globus-host-ssl.conf, TRUSTED-CERT-DIR/globus-host-ssl.conf.CA-HASH
           SSL configuration file for requesting a host or service certificate. The first form is
           the default location, the second form is used when the -ca command-line option is
           specified.

AUTHOR

       Copyright © 1999-2014 University of Chicago