Provided by: libguestfs0_1.40.2-2ubuntu6_amd64 bug

NAME

       guestfs-building - How to build libguestfs from source

DESCRIPTION

       This manual page describes how to build libguestfs from source.

       The main steps are:

       ·   Install the requirements.

       ·   Build, either from the git repository or from a tarball.

       ·   Run the tests.

       ·   Run the tools from the source directory, or install.

REQUIREMENTS

   Short cut for Fedora or Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) users
       On Fedora, use dnf(8) to install all the requirements:

        dnf builddep libguestfs
        dnf install autoconf automake libtool gettext-devel

       On systems still using yum(8), do:

        yum-builddep libguestfs
        yum install autoconf automake libtool gettext-devel

   Short cut for Debian or Ubuntu users
       Use APT to install all the requirements:

        apt-get build-dep libguestfs
        apt-get install autoconf automake libtool-bin gettext

       If that command doesn't work, take a look at the Debian source package
       http://packages.debian.org/source/libguestfs, at the list of "build-depends" and
       "build-depends-indep", and install everything listed there.

   Full list of requirements
       appliance/packagelist.in
           Install as many package names found in this file as possible.  (It is not strictly
           required to install all of them).

           Note: If you build libguestfs followed by installing appliance packages, the build
           will not pick them up automatically, even if you do "make clean".  You have to do this
           command to clean the old supermin appliance and force a new one to be prepared:

            make -C appliance clean-supermin-appliance

       qemu ≥ 1.3.0
           Required.

       qemu-img ≥ 1.3.0
           Required.  Virt-p2v and virt-v2v requires qemu-img ≥ 2.2.0.

       kernel ≥ 2.6.34
           Required.  The following features must be enabled: "virtio-pci", "virtio-serial",
           "virtio-block", "virtio-net".

       supermin ≥ 5.1.0
           Required.  For alternatives, see "USING A PREBUILT BINARY APPLIANCE" below.

       glibc
           Required.  We use the custom printf formatters extension of glibc (see "DAEMON CUSTOM
           PRINTF FORMATTERS" in guestfs-hacking(1)).

       XDR (tirpc, glibc or other)
           Required.  We use the XDR implementation from "<rpc/xdr.h>", which may come from
           glibc, tirpc or another library.

           The "rpcgen" tool is optional, except if you want to compile from git and/or patch
           libguestfs with new APIs.

       Gcc or Clang
           Required.  We use "__attribute__((cleanup))" which is a GCC extension also supported
           by Clang.

       Perl
           Required.  Various build steps and tests are written in Perl.  Perl is not needed at
           runtime except if you need to run a small number of virt tools which are still written
           in Perl.

       Perl "Pod::Man"
       Perl "Pod::Simple"
           Required.  Part of Perl core.

       OCaml ≥ 4.01
       OCaml findlib
           Required.

       autoconf
       automake
       gettext
           Required if compiling from git.  Optional if compiling from tarball.

       cpio
           Required.

       gperf
           Required.

       flex
       bison
           Required.

       Perl-compatible Regular Expressions (PCRE) library
           Required.

       genisoimage
           Required.

       libxml2
           Required.

       ncurses
           Required.

       augeas ≥ 1.0.0
           Required.

       xz  Required.

       Jansson ≥ 2.7
           Required.

       po4a
           Required if compiling from git.  Optional if compiling from tarball.

       hivex ≥ 1.2.7
       ocaml-hivex
           Required.  ocaml-hivex is the OCaml binding for hivex, which is required when building
           the daemon.

       libmagic
           Required.  This is the library used by the file(1) command.

       libvirt ≥ 0.10.2
           Optional.  Always use the latest possible version of libvirt.

       xmllint
           Optional.  Used only for tests.

       libconfig
           Optional.  Used to parse libguestfs’s own config files, eg.
           /etc/libguestfs-tools.conf.

       libselinux
           Optional.  Used by the libvirt backend to securely confine the appliance (sVirt).

       Berkeley DB utils (db_dump, db_load, etc)
           Optional.  Usually found in a package called "db-utils", "db4-utils", "db4.X-utils"
           etc.

       systemtap
           Optional.  For userspace probes.

       readline
           Optional.  For nicer command line editing in guestfish(1).

       acl Optional.  Library and programs for handling POSIX ACLs.

       libcap
           Optional.  Library and programs for handling Linux capabilities.

       libldm
           Optional.  Library and ldmtool(1) for handling Windows Dynamic Disks.

       sd-journal
           Optional.  Library for accessing systemd journals.

       gdisk
           Optional.  GPT disk support.

       netpbm
           Optional.  Render icons from guests.

       icoutils
           Optional.  Render icons from Windows guests.

       Perl "Expect"
           Optional.  Perl module used to test virt-rescue(1).

       FUSE
           Optional.  fusermount(1), libfuse and kernel module are all needed if you want
           guestmount(1) and/or mount-local support.

       static glibc
           Optional.  Used only for testing.

       qemu-nbd
       nbdkit
           Optional.  qemu-nbd is used for testing.

           virt-p2v(1) requires either qemu-nbd or nbdkit, but these only need to be present on
           the virt-p2v ISO, they do not need to be installed at compile time.

       uml_mkcow
           Optional.  For the UML backend.

       curl
           Optional.  Used by virt-builder for downloads.

       GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG, gpg) v1 or v2
           Optional.  Used by virt-builder for checking digital signatures.

       liblzma
           Optional.  If available, virt-builder will use this library for fast, parallel
           uncompression of templates.

       Gtk ≥ 2.24, or 3
           Optional.

           Used by the virt-p2v graphical user interface.

           Either Gtk 2 or Gtk 3 can be used.  If you want to select a specific version of Gtk,
           use "./configure --with-gtk=2" or "./configure --with-gtk=3".

       D-Bus
           Optional.

           If the D-Bus low level C API is available, virt-p2v can send a D-Bus message to logind
           to inhibit power saving (sleep, suspend, etc) during P2V conversions.

           If this API is not available at build time, then very long conversions might be
           interrupted if the physical machine goes to sleep.

       zip
       unzip
           Optional.  Used by virt-v2v to handle OVA files.

       python-evtx
           Optional.  Used by virt-log(1) to parse Windows Event Log files.

       OCaml gettext
           Optional.  For localizing OCaml virt tools.

       ocaml-ounit ≥ 2.0.0
           Optional.  For testing the common OCaml modules.

       ocaml-libvirt ≥ 0.6.1.5
           Optional.  For building the optional virt-v2v test harness.

       Perl "Module::Build" ≥ 0.19
       Perl "Test::More"
           Optional.  Used to build and test the Perl bindings.

       Python ≥ 2.2
           Optional.  Used to build the Python bindings.  For building Python 2 or Python 3
           bindings, see "BUILDING PYTHON 2 AND PYTHON 3 BINDINGS" below.

       Python "unittest"
           Optional.  Used to run the Python testsuite.

       Ruby
       rake
       rubygem-minitest
       rubygem-rdoc
           Optional.  Used to build the Ruby bindings.

       Java ≥ 1.6
           Optional.  Java, JNI and jpackage-utils are needed for building Java bindings.

       GHC Optional.  Used to build the Haskell bindings.

       PHP
       phpize
           Optional.  Used to build the PHP bindings.

       glib2
       gobject-introspection
       gjs Optional.  Used to build and test the GObject bindings.

       LUA Optional.  Used to build the LUA bindings.

       Erlang
       erl_interface
           Optional.  Used to build the Erlang bindings.

       golang ≥ 1.1.1
           Optional.  Used to build the Go bindings.

       valgrind
           Optional.  For testing memory problems.

       Perl "Sys::Virt"
           Optional.

       libvirt-python
           Optional.  For testing Python libvirt/libguestfs interactions.

       Perl "Win::Hivex"
           Optional.  Used by the virt-win-reg(1) tool.

       Perl "Pod::Usage"
           Optional.  Used by some Perl virt tools.

       Perl "libintl"
           Optional.

       bash-completion
           Optional.  For tab-completion of commands in bash.

       libtsk
           Optional.  Library for filesystem forensics analysis.

       yara
           Optional.  Tool for categorizing files based on their content.

BUILDING FROM GIT

       You will need to install additional dependencies "autoconf", "automake", "gettext", OCaml
       findlib and po4a when building from git.

        git clone https://github.com/libguestfs/libguestfs
        cd libguestfs
        ./autogen.sh
        make

BUILDING FROM TARBALLS

       Tarballs are downloaded from http://download.libguestfs.org/.  Stable tarballs are signed
       with the GnuPG key for "rich@annexia.org", see
       https://pgp.mit.edu/pks/lookup?op=vindex&search=0x91738F73E1B768A0.  The fingerprint is
       "F777 4FB1 AD07 4A7E 8C87 67EA 9173 8F73 E1B7 68A0".

       Download and unpack the tarball.

        cd libguestfs-1.xx.yy
        ./configure
        make

RUNNING THE TESTS

       DO NOT run the tests as root!  Libguestfs can be built and tested as non-root.  Running
       the tests as root could even be dangerous, don't do it.

       To sanity check that the build worked, do:

        make quickcheck

       To run the basic tests, do:

        make check

       There are many more tests you can run.  See guestfs-hacking(1) for details.

INSTALLING

       DO NOT use "make install"!  You'll end up with conflicting versions of libguestfs
       installed, and this causes constant headaches for users.  See the next section for how to
       use the ./run script instead.

       Distro packagers can use:

        make INSTALLDIRS=vendor DESTDIR=[temp-build-dir] install

THE ./run SCRIPT

       You can run guestfish(1), guestmount(1) and the virt tools without needing to install them
       by using the ./run script in the top directory.  This script works by setting several
       environment variables.

       For example:

        ./run guestfish [usual guestfish args ...]

        ./run virt-inspector [usual virt-inspector args ...]

       The ./run script adds every libguestfs binary to the $PATH, so the above examples run
       guestfish and virt-inspector from the build directory (not the globally installed
       guestfish if there is one).

       You can use the script from any directory.  If you wanted to run your own libguestfs-using
       program, then the following command will also work:

        /path/to/libguestfs/run ./my_program [...]

       You can also run the C programs under valgrind like this:

        ./run valgrind [valgrind opts...] virt-cat [virt-cat opts...]

       or under gdb:

        ./run gdb --args virt-cat [virt-cat opts...]

       This also works with sudo (eg. if you need root access for libvirt or to access a block
       device):

        sudo ./run virt-cat -d LinuxGuest /etc/passwd

       To set environment variables, you can either do:

        LIBGUESTFS_HV=/my/qemu ./run guestfish

       or:

        ./run env LIBGUESTFS_HV=/my/qemu guestfish

local* FILES
       Files in the top source directory that begin with the prefix local* are ignored by git.
       These files can contain local configuration or scripts that you need to build libguestfs.

       I have a file called localconfigure which is a simple wrapper around autogen.sh containing
       local configure customizations that I need.  It looks like this:

        . localenv
        ./autogen.sh \
            -C \
            --enable-werror \
            "$@"

       So I can use this to build libguestfs:

        ./localconfigure && make

       If there is a file in the top build directory called localenv, then it will be sourced by
       "make".  This file can contain any local environment variables needed, eg. for skipping
       tests:

        # Use an alternate python binary.
        export PYTHON=python3
        # Skip this test, it is broken.
        export SKIP_TEST_BTRFS_FSCK=1

       Note that localenv is included by the top Makefile (so it’s a Makefile fragment).  But if
       it is also sourced by your localconfigure script then it is used as a shell script.

SELECTED ./configure SETTINGS

       There are many "./configure" options.  Use:

        ./configure --help

       to list them all.  This section covers some of the more important ones.

       --disable-appliance --disable-daemon
           See "USING A PREBUILT BINARY APPLIANCE" below.

       --disable-erlang
       --disable-gobject
       --disable-golang
       --disable-haskell
       --disable-lua
       --disable-ocaml
       --disable-perl
       --disable-php
       --disable-python
       --disable-ruby
           Disable specific language bindings, even if "./configure" finds all the necessary
           libraries are installed so that they could be compiled.

           Note that disabling OCaml (bindings) or Perl will have the knock-on effect of
           disabling parts of the test suite and some tools.

           OCaml is required to build libguestfs and this requirement cannot be removed.  Using
           --disable-ocaml only disables the bindings and OCaml tools.

       --disable-fuse
           Disable FUSE support in the API and the guestmount(1) tool.

       --disable-gnulib-tests
           On some platforms the GNUlib test suite can be flaky.  This disables it, since errors
           in the GNUlib test suite are often not important.

       --disable-static
           Don’t build a static linked version of the libguestfs library.

       --enable-install-daemon
           Normally guestfsd(8) is not installed by "make install", since that wouldn't be useful
           (instead it is "installed" inside the supermin appliance).  However if packagers are
           building "libguestfs live" then they should use this option.

       --enable-werror
           This turns compiler warnings into errors (ie. "-Werror").  Use this for development,
           especially when submitting patches.  It should generally not be used for production or
           distro builds.

       --with-default-backend=libvirt
           This controls the default method that libguestfs uses to run qemu (see "BACKEND" in
           guestfs(3)).  If not specified, the default backend is "direct", which means
           libguestfs runs qemu directly.

           Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) ≥ 7 use this flag to change the default
           backend to "libvirt", because (especially in RHEL) the policy is not to allow any
           program to run qemu except via libvirt.

           Note that despite this setting, all backends are built into libguestfs, and you can
           override the backend at runtime by setting the $LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND environment
           variable (or using API methods).

       --with-distro=REDHAT|DEBIAN|...
           Libguestfs needs to know which Linux distro is in use so it can choose package names
           for the appliance correctly (see for example appliance/packagelist.in).  It normally
           does this automatically.

           However if you can building or packaging libguestfs on a new distro then you can use
           --with-distro to specify that the distro is similar to an existing one (eg.
           --with-distro=REDHAT if the distro is a new Red Hat or CentOS derivative).

           Note that if your distro is completely new then it may still require upstream
           modifications.

       --with-extra="distroname=version,libvirt,..."
       --with-extra="local"
           This option controls the "extra" field returned by "guestfs_version" in guestfs(3) and
           also printed by virt tools' --version option.  It is a free text field, but a good
           idea is to encode a comma-separated list of facts such as the distro name and version,
           whether libvirt is the default backend, and anything else that may help with debugging
           problems raised by users.

           For custom and/or local builds, this can be set to "local" to indicate this is not a
           distro build.

       --without-libvirt
           Compile libguestfs without libvirt support, even if libvirt development libraries are
           installed.

       --with-gtk=2
           This option forces virt-p2v to be built against Gtk 2, which is currently the most
           widely tested configuration.

       --with-qemu="bin1 bin2 ..."
           Provide an alternate qemu binary (or list of binaries).  This can be overridden at
           runtime by setting the "LIBGUESTFS_HV" environment variable.

       --with-supermin-packager-config=yum.conf
           This passes the --packager-config option to supermin(1).

           The most common use for this is to build the appliance using an alternate repository
           (instead of using the installed yum/dnf/apt/etc configuration to find and download
           packages).  You might need to use this if you want to build libguestfs without having
           a network connection.  Examples of using this can be found in the Fedora
           "libguestfs.spec" file (see "BUILDING A PACKAGE FOR FEDORA" below for resources).

       --with-supermin-extra-options="--opt1 --opt2 ..."
           Pass additional options to supermin(1).  See appliance/make.sh.in to understand
           precisely what this does.

       PYTHON
           This environment variable may be set to point to a python binary (eg. "python3").
           When "./configure" runs, it inspects this python binary to find the version of Python,
           the location of Python libraries and so on.  See "BUILDING PYTHON 2 AND PYTHON 3
           BINDINGS" below.

       SUPERMIN
           This environment variable can be set to choose an alternative supermin(1) binary.
           This might be used, for example, if you want to use a newer upstream version of
           supermin than is packaged for your distro, or if supermin is not packaged at all.  On
           RHEL 7, you must set "SUPERMIN=/usr/bin/supermin5" when compiling libguestfs.

NOTES ABOUT QEMU AND KVM

       A common problem is with broken or incompatible qemu releases.

       Different versions of qemu have problems booting the appliance for different reasons.
       This varies between versions of qemu, and Linux distributions which add their own patches.

       If you find a problem, you could try using your own qemu built from source (qemu is very
       easy to build from source), with a "qemu wrapper".  See "QEMU WRAPPERS" in guestfs(3).

       By default the configure script will look for qemu-kvm (KVM support).  KVM is much faster
       than using plain qemu.

       You may also need to enable KVM support for non-root users, by following these
       instructions:
       http://www.linux-kvm.org/page/FAQ#How_can_I_use_kvm_with_a_non-privileged_user.3F

       On some systems, this will work too:

        chmod 0666 /dev/kvm

       On some systems, the chmod will not survive a reboot, and you will need to make edits to
       the udev configuration.

USING CLANG (LLVM) INSTEAD OF GCC

        export CC=clang
        ./configure
        make

USING A PREBUILT BINARY APPLIANCE

       To understand what the libguestfs appliance means, see guestfs-internals(1).

       If you are using non-Linux, or a Linux distribution that does not have supermin(1)
       support, or simply if you don't want to build your own libguestfs appliance, then you can
       use one of the prebuilt binary appliances that we supply:
       http://libguestfs.org/download/binaries/appliance

       Build libguestfs like this:

        ./configure --disable-appliance --disable-daemon
        make

       Set $LIBGUESTFS_PATH to the path where you unpacked the appliance tarball, eg:

        export LIBGUESTFS_PATH=/usr/local/lib/guestfs/appliance

       and run the libguestfs programs and virt tools in the normal way, eg. using the ./run
       script (see above).

BUILDING PYTHON 2 AND PYTHON 3 BINDINGS

       The ./configure script detects the currently installed version of Python using whatever
       program is called "python" in the current $PATH.  Libguestfs will build Python 2 or Python
       3 bindings as appropriate.

       You can override this behaviour by specifying an alternate Python binary, eg:

        PYTHON=/usr/bin/python3 ./configure

       To build parallel Python 2 and Python 3 bindings, you will need to build libguestfs twice.
       The second time, you can disable all the other bindings and tools and just build the
       Python bindings.  See the Fedora spec file (see below) for a complete example of how to do
       this.

BUILDING A PACKAGE FOR FEDORA

       The Fedora spec file is stored under:
       http://pkgs.fedoraproject.org/cgit/rpms/libguestfs.git/

       Libguestfs is built in Fedora using the ordinary Fedora build system (Koji).

BUILDING A PACKAGE FOR RED HAT ENTERPRISE LINUX

       Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) builds of libguestfs are heavily patched.  There are
       broadly two types of patches we apply:

       ·   We disable many features that we do not wish to support for RHEL customers.  For
           example, the "libguestfs live" feature is disabled.

       ·   We backport upstream features.

       The patches we apply to RHEL releases are available publically in the upstream git
       repository, in a branch called "rhel-x.y"

       For example, the RHEL 7.3 patches are available here:
       https://github.com/libguestfs/libguestfs/commits/rhel-7.3

       The sources and spec files for RHEL versions of libguestfs are available on
       https://git.centos.org/project/rpms, and see also https://wiki.centos.org/Sources.

BUILDING i686 32 BIT VIRT-P2V

       (This section only applies on the x86-64 architecture.)

       Building a 32 bit virt-p2v (i686) binary improves compatibility with older hardware.  See
       virt-p2v-make-disk(1) for details.  Although virt-p2v is a simple Gtk application, it is
       not especially easy to build just virt-p2v as a 32 bit application on a 64 bit host.
       Usually the simplest way is to use a 32 bit chroot or even a 32 bit virtual machine to
       build libguestfs.

       On Fedora you can use the mock(1) tool.  For example:

        fedpkg mockbuild --root fedora-23-i386

       This will result in a virt-v2v-*.i686.rpm file which can be unpacked to extract the 32 bit
       virt-p2v binary.

       The binary may be compressed to either p2v/virt-p2v.i686.xz, or
       $libdir/virt-p2v/virt-p2v.i686.xz or $VIRT_P2V_DATA_DIR/virt-p2v.i686.xz as appropriate.
       This enables the virt-p2v-make-disk(1) --arch option.

SEE ALSO

       guestfs(3), guestfs-examples(3), guestfs-hacking(1), guestfs-internals(1),
       guestfs-performance(1), guestfs-release-notes(1), guestfs-testing(1),
       libguestfs-test-tool(1), libguestfs-make-fixed-appliance(1), http://libguestfs.org/.

AUTHORS

       Richard W.M. Jones ("rjones at redhat dot com")

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (C) 2009-2019 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this
       library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth
       Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

BUGS

       To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       When reporting a bug, please supply:

       ·   The version of libguestfs.

       ·   Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)

       ·   Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.

       ·   Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug
           report.