Provided by: hashdeep_4.4-5_amd64 bug


       hashdeep - Compute, compare, or audit multiple message digests


       hashdeep -V | -h
       hashdeep  [-c  <alg1>[,<alg2>]]  [-k  <file>]  [-i  <size>]  [-f  <file>]  [-o <fbcplsde>]
       [-amxwMXreEspblvv] [-F<bum>] [-j <num>] [FILES]


       Computes multiple hashes, or message digests, for any number  of  files  while  optionally
       recursively  digging through the directory structure.  By default the program computes MD5
       and SHA-256 hashes, equivalent to -c md5,sha256.  Can also take a list of known hashes and
       display  the  filenames  of  input files whose hashes either do or do not match any of the
       known hashes.  Can also use a list of known hashes to audit a set of  FILES.   Errors  are
       reported to standard error. If no FILES are specified, reads from standard input.

       -c <alg1>[,<alg2>...]
              Computation  mode.  Compute  hashes  of FILES using the algorithms specified. Legal
              values are md5, sha1, sha256, tiger, and whirlpool.

       -k     Load a file of known hashes.  This flag is required when using any of the  matching
              or audit modes (i.e. -m, -x, -M, -X, or -a) This flag may be used more than once to
              add multiple sets of known hashes.

              Loading sets with different hash algorithms can sometimes generate  spurrious  hash
              collisions.  For example, let's say we have two hash sets, A and B, which have some
              overlapping files. For example, the file /usr/bin/bad is in both sets. In  A  we've
              recorded  the  MD5  and  SHA-256.  In B we've recorded the MD5, SHA-1, and SHA-256.
              Because these two records are different, they will both be loaded. When the program
              computes  all  three  hashes and compares them to the set of knowns, we will get an
              exact match from the record in B and a collision from the record in A.

       -a     Audit mode. Each input file is compared against the set of  knowns.   An  audit  is
              said  to  pass  if  each  input  file is matched against exactly one file in set of
              knowns. Any collisions, new files, or missing files will make the audit fail. Using
              this  flag  alone  produces a message, either "Audit passed" or "Audit Failed". Use
              the verbose modes, -v, for more details. Using -v prints the  number  of  files  in
              each  category.  Using  -v a second time prints any discrepancies. Using -v a third
              time prints the results for every file examined and every known file.
              Due to limitations in the program,  any  filenames  with  Unicode  characters  will
              appear to have moved during an audit. See the section "UNICODE SUPPORT" below.

       -m     Positive  matching,  requires at least one use of the -k flag.  The input files are
              examined one at a time, and only those files that match the list  of  known  hashes
              are  output.  The only acceptable format for known hashes is the output of previous
              hashdeep runs.
               If standard input is used with the -m flag, displays "stdin" if the input  matches
              one  of  the  hashes  in  the list of known hashes. If the hash does not match, the
              program displays no output.
               This flag may not be used in conjunction with the -x, -X, or -a  flags.   See  the
              section "UNICODE SUPPORT" below.

       -x     Negative matching.  Same as the -m flag above, but does negative matching. That is,
              only those files NOT in the list of known hashes are displayed.
               This flag may not be used in conjunction with the -m, -M, or -a  flags.   See  the
              section "UNICODE SUPPORT" below.

       -f <file>
              Takes a list of files to be hashed from the specified file. Each line is assumed to
              be a filename. This flag can only be used once  per  invocation.  If  it's  used  a
              second time, the second instance will clobber the first.
              Note  that  you  can  still use other flags, such as the -m or -x modes, and submit
              additional FILES on the command line.

       -w     When used with positive matching modes (-m,-M) displays the filename of  the  known
              hash that matched the input file.  See the section "UNICODE SUPPORT" below.

       -M and -X
              Same  as  -m  and  -x above, but displays the hash for each file that does (or does
              not) match the list of known hashes.

       -r     Enables  recursive  mode.  All  subdirectories  are  traversed.  Please  note  that
              recursive  mode  cannot be used to examine all files of a given file extension. For
              example, calling hashdeep -r *.txt will examine all files in directories  that  end
              in .txt.

       -e     Displays  a  progress  indicator and estimate of time remaining for each file being
              processed. Time estimates for files larger than 4GB are not available  on  Windows.
              This mode may not be used with th -p mode.

       -E     When  in audit mode, performs case insensitive matching of filenames.  For example,
              \foo\bar will match to \Foo\BAR. This can be important on  Windows  systems,  where
              filenames are case insensitive.

       -i <size>
              Size  threshold  mode.  Only hash files smaller than the given the threshold. Sizes
              may be specified using IEC multipliers b,k,m,g,t,p, and e.

       -o <bcpflsd>
              Enables expert mode. Allows the user specify which (and only which) types of  files
              are  processed.  Directory  processing  is  still  controlled with the -r flag. The
              expert mode options allowed are:
              f - Regular files
              b - Block Devices
              c - Character Devices
              p - Named Pipes
              l - Symbolic Links
              s - Sockets
              d - Solaris Doors
              e - Windows PE executables

       -s     Enables silent mode. All error messages are suppressed.

       -p     Piecewise mode. Breaks files into chunks before hashing. Chunks  may  be  specified
              using  IEC  multipliers  b,k,m,g,t,p,  and e. (Never let it be said that the author
              didn’t plan ahead.)

       -b     Enables  bare  mode.  Strips  any  leading  directory  information  from  displayed
              filenames.  This flag may not be used in conjunction with the -l flag.

       -l     Enables  relative  file paths. Instead of printing the absolute path for each file,
              displays the relative file path as indicated on the command line. This flag may not
              be used in conjunction with the -b flag.

       -v     Enables  verbose  mode.  Use  again  to make the program more verbose.  This mostly
              changes the behvaior of the audit mode, -a.

       -jnn   Controls multi-threading. By default the program will create one producer thread to
              scan  the  file  system and one hashing thread per CPU core. Multi-threading causes
              output filenames to be in non-deterministic order, as files  that  take  longer  to
              hash  will  be delayed while they are hashed. If a deterministic order is required,
              specify -j0 to disable multi-threading

       -d     Output in Digital Forensics XML (DFXML) format.

       -u     Quote Unicode output. For example, the snowman is shown as U+C426.

              Specifies the input mode that is used to read files. The default is  -Fb  (buffered
              I/O)  which  reads  files  with fopen(). Specifying -Fu will use unbuffered I/O and
              read the file with open(). Specifying -Fm will use memory-mapped I/O which will  be
              faster  on  some  platforms,  but  which  (currently) will not work with files that
              produce I/O errors.

       -h     Show a help screen and exit.

       -V     Show the version number and exit.


       As of version 3.0 the program  supports  Unicode  characters  in  filenames  on  Microsoft
       Windows  systems  for  filenames specified on the command line with globbing (e.g. *), for
       files specified with the -f of files to hash, and for files read  from  directories  using
       the -r option.

       By  default  all  program  input and output should be in UTF-8.  The program automatically
       converts this to UTF-16 for opening files).

       On Unix/Linux/MacOS, you should use a terminal emulator  that  supports  UTF-8  and  UTF-8
       characters in filenames will be properly displayed.

       On  Windows,  the  programs  do  not  display Unicode characters on the console.  You must
       either redirect output to a file and  open  the  file  with  Wordpad  (which  can  display
       Unicode),  or  you  must  specify  the  -u  option  to quote Unicode using standard U+XXXX

       Currently the file name of a file containing known  hashes  may  not  be  specified  as  a
       unicode  filename,  but you can specify the name using tab completion or an asterisk (e.g.
       md5deep -m *.txt where there is only one file with a .txt extension).


       Returns a bit-wise value based on the success of the  operation  and  the  status  of  any
       matching operations.

       0      Success.  Note that the program considers itself successful even when it encounters
              read errors, permission denied errors, or finds directories when not  in  recursive

       1      Unused  hashes.  Under any of the matching modes, returns this value if one or more
              of the known hashes was not matched by any of the input files.

       2      Unmatched inputs. Under any of the matching modes, returns this  value  if  one  or
              more of the input values did not match any of the known hashes.

       64     User  error,  such  as trying to do both positive and negative matching at the same

       128    Internal error, such as memory corruption or uncaught cycle.  All  internal  errors
              should be reported to the developer! See the section "Reporting Bugs" below.


       hashdeep was written by Jesse Kornblum,, and Simson Garfinkel.


       Using  the -r flag cannot be used to recursively process all files of a given extension in
       a directory. This is a feature, not a bug.  If you  need  to  do  this,  use  the  find(1)

       The  program will fail if you attempt to compare 2^64 or more input files against a set of
       known files.


       We take all bug reports very seriously. Any bug that jeopardizes the forensic integrity of
       this  program  could  have  serious  consequences on people's lives. When submitting a bug
       report, please include a description of the problem, how you found it,  and  your  contact

       Send bug reports to the author at the address above.


       This  program  is  a  work  of the US Government. In accordance with 17 USC 105, copyright
       protection is not available for any work of the US Government.   This  program  is  PUBLIC
       DOMAIN.  Portions  of  this  program  contain code that is licensed under the terms of the
       General Public License (GPL).  Those portions retain their original copyright and license.
       See the file COPYING for more details.

       There  is  NO  warranty  for  this  program; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A


       More information and installation instructions can be found in the  README  file.  Current
       versions    of    both    documents    can    be    found   on   the   project   homepage:

       The MD5 specification, RFC 1321, is available at

       The SHA-1 specification, RFC 3174, is available at

       The SHA-256 specification, FIPS 180-2, is available at

       The Tiger specification is available at

       The Whirlpool specification is available at