Provided by: knot-dnsutils_2.7.4-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       knsupdate - Dynamic DNS update utility

SYNOPSIS

       knsupdate [options] [filename]

DESCRIPTION

       This  utility  sends  Dynamic  DNS update messages to a DNS server. Update content is read
       from a file (if the parameter filename is given) or from the standard input.

       The format of updates is textual and is made up of commands. Every command  is  placed  on
       the  separate  line of the input. Lines starting with a semicolon are comments and are not
       processed.

   Options
       -d     Enable debug messages.

       -h, --help
              Print the program help.

       -k keyfile
              Use the TSIG key stored in a file keyfile to authenticate  the  request.  The  file
              should contain the key in the same format, which is accepted by the -y option.

       -p port
              Set  the  port to use for connections to the server (if not explicitly specified in
              the update). The default is 53.

       -r retries
              The number of retries for UDP requests. The default is 3.

       -t timeout
              The total timeout (for all UDP update tries) of the update request in seconds.  The
              default is 12. If set to zero, the timeout is infinite.

       -v     Use a TCP connection.

       -V, --version
              Print the program version.

       -y [alg:]name:key
              Use  the  TSIG  key  with  a  name  name  to authenticate the request. The alg part
              specifies the algorithm (the default is hmac-sha256) and key specifies  the  shared
              secret encoded in Base64.

   Commands
       server name [port]
              Specifies  a receiving server of the dynamic update message. The name parameter can
              be either a host name or an IP address. If the port is not specified,  the  default
              port is used. The default port value can be controlled using the -p program option.

       local address [port]
              Specifies outgoing address and port. If no local is specified, the address and port
              are set by the system automatically. The default port number is 0.

       zone name
              Specifies that all updates are done within a zone name. If not  used,  the  default
              zone is the root zone.

       origin name
              Specifies fully qualified domain name suffix which is appended to non-fqd owners in
              update commands. The default origin is the root zone.

       class name
              Sets name as the default class for all updates. If not used, the default  class  is
              IN.

       ttl value
              Sets value as the default TTL (in seconds). If not used, the default value is 0.

       key [alg:]name key
              Specifies  the  TSIG  key  named  name to authenticate the request. An optional alg
              algorithm can be specified. This command has the same effect as the program  option
              -y.

       [prereq] nxdomain name
              Adds a prerequisite for a non-existing record owned by name.

       [prereq] yxdomain name
              Adds a prerequisite for an existing record owned by name.

       [prereq] nxrrset name [class] type
              Adds  a prerequisite for a non-existing record of the type owned by name.  Internet
              class is expected.

       [prereq] yxrrset name [class] type [data]
              Adds a prerequisite for an existing record of the type owned by name with  optional
              data. Internet class is expected.

       [update] add name [ttl] [class] type data
              Adds a request to add a new resource record into the zone.  Please note that if the
              name is not fully qualified domain name, the current origin name is appended to it.

       [update] del[ete] name [ttl] [class] [type] [data]
              Adds a request to remove all (or matching class, type  or  data)  resource  records
              from  the  zone.  There is the same requirement for the name parameter as in update
              add command. The ttl item is ignored.

       show   Displays current content of the update message.

       send   Sends the current update message and cleans the list of updates.

       answer Displays the last answer from the server.

       debug  Enable debugging. This command has the same meaning as the -d program option.

       quit   Quit the program.

NOTES

       Options -k and -y can not be used simultaneously.

       Dnssec-keygen keyfile format is not supported. Use keymgr(8) instead.

       Zone name/server guessing is not supported if the zone name/server is not specified.

       Empty line doesn't send the update.

EXAMPLES

       1. Send one update of the zone example.com to the server 192.168.1.1. The update  contains
          two new records:

             $ knsupdate
             > server 192.168.1.1
             > zone example.com.
             > origin example.com.
             > ttl 3600
             > add test1.example.com. 7200 A 192.168.2.2
             > add test2 TXT "hello"
             > show
             > send
             > answer
             > quit

SEE ALSO

       kdig(1), khost(1), keymgr(8).

AUTHOR

       CZ.NIC Labs <http://www.knot-dns.cz>

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright 2010–2018, CZ.NIC, z.s.p.o.