Provided by: ldnsutils_1.7.0-3ubuntu8_amd64 bug

NAME

       ldns-dane - verify or create TLS authentication with DANE (RFC6698)

SYNOPSIS

       ldns-dane [OPTIONS] verify name port
       ldns-dane [OPTIONS] -t tlsafile verify

       ldns-dane [OPTIONS] create name port
                 [ Certificate-usage [ Selector [ Matching-type ] ] ]

       ldns-dane -h
       ldns-dane -v

DESCRIPTION

       In  the  first  form:  A  TLS  connection  to name:port is established.  The TLSA resource
       record(s) for name are used to authenticate the connection.

       In the second form: The TLSA record(s) are read from tlsafile and used to authenticate the
       TLS service they reference.

       In  the  third  form:  A TLS connection to name:port is established and used to create the
       TLSA resource record(s) that would authenticate the connection.  The parameters  for  TLSA
       rr creation are:

       Certificate-usage:
              0 | PKIX-TA
                     CA constraint
              1 | PKIX-EE
                     Service certificate constraint
              2 | DANE-TA
                     Trust anchor assertion
              3 | DANE-EE
                     Domain-issued certificate (default)

       Selector:
              0 | Cert
                     Full certificate
              1 | SPKI
                     SubjectPublicKeyInfo (default)

       Matching-type:
              0 | Full
                     No hash used
              1 | SHA2-256
                     SHA-256 (default)
              2 | SHA2-512
                     SHA-512

OPTIONS

       -4     TLS connect IPv4 only

       -6     TLS connect IPv6 only

       -a address
              Don't try to resolve name, but connect to address instead.

              This option may be given more than once.

       -b     print "name. TYPE52 \# size hexdata" form instead of TLSA presentation format.

       -c certfile
              Do  not  TLS  connect to name:port, but authenticate (or make TLSA records) for the
              certificate (chain) in certfile instead.

       -d     Assume DNSSEC validity even when the TLSA records were acquired  insecure  or  were
              bogus.

       -f CAfile
              Use CAfile to validate.

       -h     Print short usage help

       -i     Interact after connecting.

       -k keyfile
              Specify  a  file  that  contains  a  trusted DNSKEY or DS rr.  Key(s) are used when
              chasing signatures (i.e. -S is given).

              This option may be given more than once.

              Alternatively,  if  -k   is   not   specified,   and   a   default   trust   anchor
              (/etc/unbound/root.key) exists and contains a valid DNSKEY or DS record, it will be
              used as the trust anchor.

       -n     Do not verify server name in certificate.

       -o offset
              When creating a "Trust anchor assertion" TLSA resource record, select the  offsetth
              certificate  offset  from  the  end  of  the  validation  chain.  0  means the last
              certificate, 1 the one but last, 2 the second but last, etc.

              When offset is -1 (the default), the last certificate is used (like  with  0)  that
              MUST  be  self-signed.  This  can help to make sure that the intended (self signed)
              trust anchor is actually present in the server certificate chain (which is  a  DANE
              requirement).

       -p CApath
              Use certificates in the CApath directory to validate.

       -s     When  creating  TLSA  resource  records  with  the "CA Constraint" and the "Service
              Certificate Constraint" certificate usage, do  not  validate  and  assume  PKIX  is
              valid.

              For  "CA  Constraint"  this  means  that verification should end with a self-signed
              certificate.

       -S     Chase signature(s) to a known key.

              Without this option, the local network is trusted  to  provide  a  DNSSEC  resolver
              (i.e. AD bit is checked).

       -t tlsafile
              Read  TLSA  record(s)  from  tlsafile. When name and port are also given, only TLSA
              records that match the name, port and transport are used. Otherwise the owner  name
              of the TLSA record(s) will be used to determine name, port and transport.

       -T     Return  exit  status  2  for  PKIX  validated  connections  without  (secure)  TLSA
              records(s)

       -u     Use UDP transport instead of TCP.

       -v     Show version and exit.

FILES

       /etc/unbound/root.key
              The file from which trusted keys are loaded  for  signature  chasing,  when  no  -k
              option is given.

SEE ALSO

       unbound-anchor(8)

AUTHOR

       Written by the ldns team as an example for ldns usage.

REPORTING BUGS

       Report bugs to ldns-team@nlnetlabs.nl.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright  (C)  2012 NLnet Labs. This is free software. There is NO warranty; not even for
       MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

                                        17 September 2012                            ldns-dane(1)