Provided by: gmt-common_5.4.5+dfsg-2_all

**NAME**

psrose - Plot a polar histogram (rose, sector, windrose diagrams)

**SYNOPSIS**

psrose[table] [-A[r]sector_width] [-B[p|s]parameters] [-Cm|[+w]mode_file] [-D] [-F] [-Gfill] [-I] [-K] [-L[wlabel,elabel,slabel,nlabel] ] [-Mparameters] [-O] [-P] [-Qalpha] [-Rr0/r1/az_0/az_1] [-S[n]radial_scale] [-T] [-U[stamp] ] [-V[level] ] [-W[v]pen] [-Xx_offset] [-Yy_offset] [-Zu|scale] [-bibinary ] [-dinodata ] [-eregexp ] [-hheaders ] [-iflags ] [-pflags ] [-ttransp ] [-:[i|o] ]Note:No space is allowed between the option flag and the associated arguments.

**DESCRIPTION**

psrosereads (length,azimuth) pairs fromfile[or standard input] and generates PostScript code that will plot a windrose diagram. Add-i0 if your file only has azimuth values. Optionally (with-A), polar histograms may be drawn (sector diagram or rose diagram). Options include full circle and half circle plots. The PostScript code is written to standard output. The outline of the windrose is drawn with the same color asMAP_DEFAULT_PEN.

**REQUIRED** **ARGUMENTS**

None.

**OPTIONAL** **ARGUMENTS**

tableOne or more ASCII (or binary, see-bi[ncols][type]) data table file(s) holding a number of data columns. If no tables are given then we read from standard input. If a file with only azimuths are given, use-ito indicate the single column with azimuths; then all lengths are set to unity (see-Zuto set actual lengths to unity as well).-A[r]sector_widthGives the sector width in degrees for sector and rose diagram. [Default 0 means windrose diagram]. Use-Arto draw rose diagram instead of sector diagram.-B[p|s]parameters(more ...) Set map boundary frame and axes attributes. Remember that "x" here is radial distance and "y" is azimuth. The ylabel may be used to plot a figure caption. The scale bar length is determined by the radial gridline spacing.-Cm|[+w]mode_filePlot vectors showing the principal directions given in themode_filefile. Alternatively, specify-Cmto compute and plot mean direction. See-Mto control the vector attributes. Finally, to instead save the computed mean direction and other statistics, use [m]+wmode_file. The eight items saved to a single record are:mean_az,mean_r,mean_resultant,max_r,scaled_mean_r,length_sum,n,sign@alpha, where the last term is 0 or 1 depending on whether the mean resultant is significant at the level of confidence set via-Q.-DShift sectors so that they are centered on the bin interval (e.g., first sector is centered on 0 degrees).-FDo not draw the scale length bar [Default plots scale in lower right corner]-GfillSelects shade, color or pattern for filling the sectors [Default is no fill]K.-IInquire. Computes statistics needed to specify a useful-R. No plot is generated. The following statistics are written to stdout:n,meanaz,meanr,meanresultantlength,maxbinsum,scaledmean, andlinearlengthsum.-K(more ...) Do not finalize the PostScript plot.-L[wlabel,elabel,slabel,nlabel] Specify labels for the 0, 90, 180, and 270 degree marks. For full-circle plot the default is WEST,EAST,SOUTH,NORTH and for half-circle the default is 90W,90E,-,0. A - in any entry disables that label. Use-Lwith no argument to disable all four labels. Note that the GMT_LANGUAGE setting will affect the words used.-MparametersUsed with-Cto modify vector parameters. For vector heads, append vector headsize[Default is 0, i.e., a line]. See VECTOR ATTRIBUTES for specifying additional attributes. If-Cis not given and the current plot mode is to draw a windrose diagram then using-Mwill add vector heads to all individual directions using the supplied attributes.-O(more ...) Append to existing PostScript plot.-P(more ...) Select "Portrait" plot orientation.-Qalpha] Sets the confidence level used to determine if the mean resultant is significant (i.e., Lord Rayleigh test for uniformity) [0.05]. Note: The critical values are approximated [Berens, 2009] and requires at least 10 points; the critical resultants are accurate to at least 3 significant digits. For smaller data sets you should consult exact statistical tables.-Rr0/r1/az_0/az_1Specifies the 'region' of interest in (r,azimuth) space. r0 is 0, r1 is max length in units. For azimuth, specify either -90/90 or 0/180 for half circle plot or 0/360 for full circle.-S[n]plot_radiusSpecifies radius of plotted circle (append a unit fromc|i|p). Use-Snto normalize input radii (or bin counts if-Ais used) by the largest value so all radii (or bin counts) range from 0 to 1.-TSpecifies that the input data are orientation data (i.e., have a 180 degree ambiguity) instead of true 0-360 degree directions [Default]. We compensate by counting each record twice: First asazimuthand second asazimuth+180. Ignored if range is given as -90/90 or 0/180.-U[[just]/dx/dy/][c|label] (more ...) Draw GMT time stamp logo on plot.-V[level] (more ...) Select verbosity level [c].-WpenSet pen attributes for sector outline or rose plot. [Default is no outline]. Use-Wvpento change pen used to draw vector (requires-C) [Default is same as sector outline].-X[a|c|f|r][x-shift[u]]-Y[a|c|f|r][y-shift[u]] (more ...) Shift plot origin.-Zu|scaleMultiply the data radii byscale. E.g., use-Z0.001 to convert your data from m to km. To exclude the radii from consideration, set them all to unity with-Zu[Default is no scaling].-:Input file has (azimuth,radius) pairs rather than the expected (radius,azimuth).-bi[ncols][t] (more ...) Select native binary input. [Default is 2 input columns].-dinodata(more ...) Replace input columns that equalnodatawith NaN.-e[~]"pattern"|-e[~]/regexp/[i] (more ...) Only accept data records that match the given pattern.-h[i|o][n][+c][+d][+rremark][+rtitle] (more ...) Skip or produce header record(s).-icols[+l][+sscale][+ooffset][,...] (more ...) Select input columns and transformations (0 is first column).-p[x|y|z]azim[/elev[/zlevel]][+wlon0/lat0[/z0]][+vx0/y0] (more ...) Select perspective view.-t[transp] (more ...) Set PDF transparency level in percent.-^or just-Print a short message about the syntax of the command, then exits (NOTE: on Windows just use-).-+or just+Print an extensive usage (help) message, including the explanation of any module-specific option (but not the GMT common options), then exits.-?or no arguments Print a complete usage (help) message, including the explanation of all options, then exits.

**VECTOR** **ATTRIBUTES**

Several modifiers may be appended to the vector-producing options to specify the placement of vector heads, their shapes, and the justification of the vector. Below, left and right refers to the side of the vector line when viewed from the start point to the end point of the segment:+aanglesets the angle of the vector head apex [30].+bplaces a vector head at the beginning of the vector path [none]. Optionally, appendtfor a terminal line,cfor a circle,afor arrow [Default],ifor tail,Afor plain arrow, andIfor plain tail. Further appendl|rto only draw the left or right side of this head [both sides].+eplaces a vector head at the end of the vector path [none]. Optionally, appendtfor a terminal line,cfor a circle,afor arrow [Default],ifor tail,Afor plain arrow, andIfor plain tail. Further appendl|rto only draw the left or right side of this head [both sides].+g-|fillturns off vector head fill (if -) or sets the vector head fill [Default fill is used, which may be no fill].+hshapesets the shape of the vector head (range -2/2). Default is controlled by MAP_VECTOR_SHAPE [0].+ldraws half-arrows, using only the left side of specified heads [both sides].+mplaces a vector head at the mid-point the vector path [none]. Appendforrfor forward or reverse direction of the vector [forward]. Optionally, appendtfor a terminal line,cfor a circle, orafor arrow head [Default]. Further appendl|rto only draw the left or right side of this head [both sides]. Cannot be combined with+bor+e.+nnormscales down vector attributes (pen thickness, head size) with decreasing length, where vectors shorter thannormwill have their attributes scaled by length/norm[arrow attributes remains invariant to length].+oplon/platspecifies the oblique pole for the great or small circles. Only needed for great circles if+qis given.+p[-][pen] sets the vector pen attributes. Ifpenhas a leading - then the head outline is not drawn. [Default pen is used, and head outline is drawn]+qmeans the inputangle,lengthdata instead represent thestartandstopopening angles of the arc segment relative to the given point.+rdraws half-arrows, using only the right side of specified heads [both sides].+t[b|e]trimwill shift the beginning or end point (or both) along the vector segment by the giventrim; append suitable unit. If the modifiersb|eare not used thentrimmay be two values separated by a slash, which is used to specify different trims for the two ends. Positive trims will shorted the vector while negative trims will lengthen it [no trim]. In addition, all but circular vectors may take these modifiers:+jjustdetermines how the inputx,ypoint relates to the vector. Choose frombeginning [default],end, orcenter.+smeans the inputangle,lengthare instead thex,ycoordinates of the vector end point. Finally, Cartesian vectors may take these modifiers:+zscale[unit] expects inputdx,dyvector components and uses thescaleto convert to polar coordinates with length in given unit.

**EXAMPLES**

To plot a half circle rose diagram of the data in the file fault_segments.az_r (containing pairs of (azimuth, length in meters), using a 10 degree bin sector width, on a circle of radius = 3 inch, grid going out to radius = 150 km in steps of 25 km with a 30 degree sector interval, radial direction annotated every 50 km, using a light blue shading outlined by a solid red pen (width = 0.75 points), draw the mean azimuth, and shown in Portrait orientation, use: gmt psrose fault_segments.az_r -R0/150/-90/90 -Bx50g25+l"Fault length" -Byg30 -B+t"Rose diagram"-S3i -Ar10 -Glightblue -W0.75p,red -Z0.001 -Cm -P -T -: > half_rose.ps To plot a full circle wind rose diagram of the data in the file lines.r_az, on a circle of radius = 5 cm, grid going out to radius = 500 units in steps of 100 with a 45 degree sector interval, using a solid pen (width = 0.5 point, and shown in landscape [Default] orientation with UNIX timestamp and command line plotted, use: gmt psrose lines.az_r -R0/500/0/360 -S5c -Bxg100 -Byg45 -B+t"Windrose diagram" -W0.5p -Uc | lpr Redo the same plot but this time add orange vector heads to each direction (with nominal head size 0.5 cm but this will be reduced linearly for lengths less than 1 cm) and save the plot, use: gmt psrose lines.az_r -R0/500/0/360 -S5c -Bxg100 -Byg45 -B+t"Windrose diagram" -M0.5c+e+gorange+n1c -W0.5p -Uc > rose.ps

**BUGS**

No default radial scale and grid settings for polar histograms. User must runpsrose-Ito find max length in binned data set.

**REFERENCES**

Berens, P., 2009, CircStat: A MATLAB Toolbox for Circular Statistics,J.Stat.Software,31(10), 1-21.

**SEE** **ALSO**

gmt, gmt.conf, gmtcolors, pshistogram

**COPYRIGHT**

2019, P. Wessel, W. H. F. Smith, R. Scharroo, J. Luis, and F. Wobbe