Provided by: inn_1.7.2q-46_amd64 bug

NAME

       rnews - receive news from a UUCP connection

SYNOPSIS

       rnews [ -h host ] [ -v ] [ -U ] [ -N ] [ -S master ] [ input ]

DESCRIPTION

       Rnews  reads  messages  typically  queued  by  a UUCP newsfeed and sends them to the local
       InterNetNews server.  The message is read from the specified input file, or standard input
       if no input is named.

       When  sent over UUCP, Usenet articles are typically joined in a single batch to reduce the
       UUCP overhead.  Batches can also be compressed, to reduce the communication  time.   If  a
       message  does  not  start  with  a  number sign (``#'') and an exclamation point, then the
       entire input is taken as a single news article.  If it does  start  with  with  those  two
       characters, then the first line is read and interpreted as a batch command.

       If  the  command  is  ``#!  rnews  nnn''  where  nnn  is a number, then the next nnn bytes
       (starting with the next line) are read as a news article.

       If the command is ``#! cunbatch'' then the rest of input is fed to the compress(1) program
       with  the  ``-d''  flag  to  uncompress it, and the output of this pipe is read as rnews's
       input.  This is for historical compatibility — there is  no  program  named  cunbatch.   A
       compressed batch will start with a ``#! cunbatch'' line, then contain a series of articles
       separated by ``#! rnews nnn'' lines.

       If the command is any other word, then rnews will try to execute a program with that  name
       in  the  directory /usr/lib/news/rnews.  The batch will be fed into the program's standard
       input, and the standard output will be read back as input into rnews.

       If rnews  detects  any  problems  with  an  article  such  as  a  missing  header,  or  an
       unintelligible  reply  from  the  server,  it  will  save  a  copy  of  the article in the
       /var/spool/news/in.coming/bad directory.

OPTIONS

       -S     If the ``-S'' flag is used, then rnews will connect to the specified host.  If  the
              flag  is  not  used,  it will try to connect to the server by opening a Unix-domain
              stream connection.  If that fails, it will try to open  a  TCP  connection  to  the
              default remote server.

       -U     If  the  server is not available, the message is spooled into a new file created in
              the /var/spool/news/in.coming directory.  The ``-U'' flag may be used to  send  all
              spooled  messages to the server once it becomes available again, and can be invoked
              regularly by cron(8).

       -N     Normally,   if   unpacking    the    input    fails    it    is    re-spooled    to
              /var/spool/news/in.coming  for  another  attempt later.  If the ``-N'' flag is used
              then no such re-spooling is done  and  rnews  exits  with  status  value  ``9''  to
              indicate this.

       -v     If  the  ``-v''  flag is used, it will print a notice of all errors on the standard
              error, naming the input file (if known) and printing the first  few  characters  of
              the input.  Errors are always logged through syslog(3).

       -h     If the ``-h'' flag is given, or failing that, the enviroment variable UU_MACHINE is
              set, then rnews will log the Message-ID, and host, for each article offered to  the
              server  via  syslog(3).   Logging  will  only  be done if the value is not an empty
              string.

BUGS

       Rnews cannot process articles that have embedded \0's in them.

HISTORY

       Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> for InterNetNews.  This is revision 1.23,  dated
       1996/11/08.

SEE ALSO

       innd(8).

                                                                                         RNEWS(1)