Provided by: grass-doc_7.6.1-3build1_all bug

NAME

       v.net.alloc  - Allocates subnets for nearest centers.
       Center node must be opened (costs >= 0). Costs of center node are used in calculation.

KEYWORDS

       vector, network, cost allocation

SYNOPSIS

       v.net.alloc
       v.net.alloc --help
       v.net.alloc    [-tgu]    input=name    output=name    [method=string]    center_cats=range
       arc_layer=string   arc_type=string[,string,...]    node_layer=string     [arc_column=name]
       [arc_backward_column=name]              [node_column=name]             [turn_layer=string]
       [turn_cat_layer=string]   [--overwrite]  [--help]  [--verbose]  [--quiet]  [--ui]

   Flags:
       -t
           Use turntable

       -g
           Use geodesic calculation for longitude-latitude locations

       -u
           Create unique categories and attribute table
           Default: same category like nearest center

       --overwrite
           Allow output files to overwrite existing files

       --help
           Print usage summary

       --verbose
           Verbose module output

       --quiet
           Quiet module output

       --ui
           Force launching GUI dialog

   Parameters:
       input=name [required]
           Name of input vector map
           Or data source for direct OGR access

       output=name [required]
           Name for output vector map

       method=string
           Use costs from centers or costs to centers
           Options: from, to
           Default: from

       center_cats=range [required]
           Category values
           Categories of centers (points on nodes) to which net will be allocated, layer for this
           categories is given by nlayer option

       arc_layer=string [required]
           Arc layer
           Vector  features  can have category values in different layers. This number determines
           which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
           Default: 1

       arc_type=string[,string,...] [required]
           Arc type
           Input feature type
           Options: line, boundary
           Default: line,boundary

       node_layer=string [required]
           Node layer
           Vector features can have category values in different layers. This  number  determines
           which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
           Default: 2

       arc_column=name
           Arc forward/both direction(s) cost column (number)

       arc_backward_column=name
           Arc backward direction cost column (number)

       node_column=name
           Node cost column (number)

       turn_layer=string
           Layer with turntable
           Relevant only with -t flag
           Default: 3

       turn_cat_layer=string
           Layer with unique categories used in turntable
           Relevant only with -t flag
           Default: 4

DESCRIPTION

       v.net.alloc  allocates  subnets for nearest centers. Center nodes must be opened (costs >=
       0). Costs of center nodes are used in the calculation.

       Costs may be either line lengths, or attributes saved in a database table. These attribute
       values  are taken as costs of whole segments, not as costs to traverse a length unit (e.g.
       meter) of the segment. For example, if the speed limit is 100 km / h, the cost to traverse
       a 10 km long road segment must be calculated as
       length / speed = 10 km / (100 km/h) = 0.1 h.
       Supported  are cost assignments for both arcs and nodes, and also different costs for both
       directions of a vector line.  For areas, costs will be calculated along boundary lines.

       The input vector needs to be prepared with v.net operation=connect  in  order  to  connect
       points representing center nodes to the network.

       The  nearest  center can be determined using either costs from the nearest center or costs
       to the nearest center with option method. See example below.

       By default, the category value of the nearest center is used as category value for  output
       lines.  With  the -u flag, output lines become unique categories and an attribute table is
       created with the fields cat, ocat, center. The ocat field holds the original line category
       in  arc_layer  and the center field holds the center category in node_layer. Additionally,
       original line categories are copied from the input arc_layer to layer  2  in  the  output,
       together with any attribute table.

       Application  of  flag  -t  enables  a  turntable  support.  This  flag requires additional
       parameters turn_layer and turn_cat_layer that are otherwise ignored. The turntable  allows
       to  model e.g. traffic code, where some turns may be prohibited. This means that the input
       layer is expanded by turntable with costs of every possible  turn  on  any  possible  node
       (intersection) in both directions.  Turntable can be created by the v.net module. For more
       information about turns in the vector network analyses see wiki page.

NOTES

       Nodes and arcs can be closed using cost = -1.

       Center nodes can also be assigned to vector nodes using wxGUI vector digitizer.

EXAMPLES

       1. Subnetwork allocation using distance:

       2. Subnetwork allocation using traveling time:

       Example 1: Calculating subnets for 3 center nodes using distances
       # Spearfish
       # center nodes:
       echo "591235.5|4926306.62|1
       596591.8|4917042.5|2
       602722.9|4923544.2|3" | v.in.ascii in=- out=centernodes
       g.copy vect=roads,myroads
       # connect points to network
       v.net myroads points=centernodes out=myroads_net op=connect thresh=200
       # allocate, specifying range of center cats (easier to catch all):
       v.net.alloc myroads_net out=myroads_net_alloc center_cats=1-100000 node_layer=2
       # report categories
       v.category myroads_net_alloc option=report
       To display the result, run for example:
       # show result
       g.region vector=myroads_net
       d.mon x0
       d.vect myroads_net layer=1
       # the result has to be selected by category number of the relevant node:
       d.vect myroads_net_alloc cat=1 col=red layer=1
       d.vect myroads_net_alloc cat=2 col=green layer=1
       d.vect myroads_net_alloc cat=3 col=yellow layer=1
       # center nodes
       d.vect myroads_net col=red icon=basic/triangle fcol=green size=12 layer=2

       Example 2: Calculating subnets for 3 center nodes using traveling time
       # Spearfish
       # center nodes:
       echo "591235.5|4926306.62|1
       596591.8|4917042.5|2
       602722.9|4923544.2|3" | v.in.ascii in=- out=centernodes
       g.copy vect=roads,myroads
       # create lines map connecting points to network
       v.net myroads points=centernodes out=myroads_net op=connect thresh=500 arc_layer=1 node_layer=2
       # set up costs
       # create unique categories for each road in layer 3
       v.category in=myroads_net out=myroads_net_time opt=add cat=1 layer=3 type=line
       # add new table for layer 3
       v.db.addtable myroads_net_time layer=3 col="cat integer,label varchar(43),length double precision,speed double precision,cost double precision,bcost double precision"
       # copy road type to layer 3
       v.to.db myroads_net_time layer=3 qlayer=1 opt=query qcolumn=label columns=label
       # upload road length in miles
       v.to.db myroads_net_time layer=3 type=line option=length col=length unit=miles
       # set speed limits in miles / hour
       v.db.update myroads_net_time layer=3 col=speed val="5.0"
       v.db.update myroads_net_time layer=3 col=speed val="75.0" where="label=’interstate’"
       v.db.update myroads_net_time layer=3 col=speed val="75.0" where="label=’primary highway, hard surface’"
       v.db.update myroads_net_time layer=3 col=speed val="50.0" where="label=’secondary highway, hard surface’"
       v.db.update myroads_net_time layer=3 col=speed val="25.0" where="label=’light-duty road, improved surface’"
       v.db.update myroads_net_time layer=3 col=speed val="5.0" where="label=’unimproved road’"
       # define traveling costs as traveling time in minutes:
       # set forward costs
       v.db.update myroads_net_time layer=3 col=cost val="length / speed * 60"
       # set backward costs
       v.db.update myroads_net_time layer=3 col=bcost val="length / speed * 60"
       # subnetwork allocation with fastest paths
       v.net.alloc in=myroads_net_time arc_layer=3 node_layer=2 arc_column=cost arc_backward_column=bcost out=myroads_net_alloc_time center_cats=1-3
       To display the result, run for example:
       # show result
       g.region vector=myroads_net
       d.mon x0
       d.vect myroads_net type=line layer=1
       # the result has to be selected by category number of the relevant node:
       d.vect myroads_net_alloc_time cat=1 col=red layer=1
       d.vect myroads_net_alloc_time cat=2 col=green layer=1
       d.vect myroads_net_alloc_time cat=3 col=yellow layer=1
       # center nodes
       d.vect myroads_net_time col=red icon=basic/triangle fcol=green size=12 type=point layer=2

       Example 3: Differences between costs from centers and costs to centers
       Each lane of the two-lane road is a one-way road.

       1. Subnetwork allocation from centers:

       A center reaches any point following the one-way lanes.

       2. Subnetwork allocation to centers:

       Any node reaches reaches the nearest center following the one-way lanes.

       In case of an accident, the ambulance should come from the nearest ’from’ hospital and  go
       to the nearest ’to’ hospital.
       # North Carolina
       # center nodes are hospitals:
       # connect hospitals to streets as layer 2
       v.net input=streets_wake points=hospitals output=streets_hospitals operation=connect thresh=400 arc_layer=1 node_layer=2
       v.to.db map=streets_hospitals layer=1 type=line option=cat columns=cat
       # close oneway roads
       v.db.update map=streets_hospitals column=TF_COST value=-1 where="ONE_WAY = ’FT’"
       v.db.update map=streets_hospitals column=FT_COST value=-1 where="ONE_WAY = ’TF’"
       # add costs to newly created lines
       v.db.update map=streets_hospitals column=TF_COST value=0 where="cat > 49746"
       v.db.update map=streets_hospitals column=FT_COST value=0 where="cat > 49746"
       # from centers
       v.net.alloc in=streets_hospitals out=streets_hospitals_alloc_from center_cats=1-10000 arc_column=FT_COST arc_backward_column=TF_COST
       # to centers
       v.net.alloc in=streets_hospitals out=streets_hospitals_alloc_to method=to center_cats=1-10000 arc_column=FT_COST arc_backward_column=TF_COST

SEE ALSO

       d.path, v.net, v.net.iso, v.net.path, v.net.steiner, v.net.salesman

AUTHOR

       Radim Blazek, ITC-Irst, Trento, Italy
       Documentation: Markus Neteler, Markus Metz

   TURNS SUPPORT
       The  turns  support  was  implemnented  as  part  of GRASS GIS turns cost project at Czech
       Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic.  Eliska  Kyzlikova,  Stepan  Turek,  Lukas
       Bocan  and  Viera  Bejdova  participated  at  the  project.   Implementation: Stepan Turek
       Documentation: Lukas Bocan Mentor: Martin Landa

       Last changed: $Date: 2017-06-23 08:55:26 +0200 (Fri, 23 Jun 2017) $

SOURCE CODE

       Available at: v.net.alloc source code (history)

       Main index | Vector index | Topics index | Keywords index | Graphical index | Full index

       © 2003-2019 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.6.1 Reference Manual