Provided by: manpages-dev_5.02-1_all bug

NAME

       sendmmsg - send multiple messages on a socket

SYNOPSIS

       #define _GNU_SOURCE         /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int sendmmsg(int sockfd, struct mmsghdr *msgvec, unsigned int vlen,
                    int flags);

DESCRIPTION

       The  sendmmsg()  system  call  is  an  extension  of  sendmsg(2) that allows the caller to
       transmit multiple messages on a socket using a single system call.  (This has  performance
       benefits for some applications.)

       The  sockfd  argument  is  the  file  descriptor  of  the  socket  on  which data is to be
       transmitted.

       The msgvec argument is a pointer to an array of mmsghdr  structures.   The  size  of  this
       array is specified in vlen.

       The mmsghdr structure is defined in <sys/socket.h> as:

           struct mmsghdr {
               struct msghdr msg_hdr;  /* Message header */
               unsigned int  msg_len;  /* Number of bytes transmitted */
           };

       The msg_hdr field is a msghdr structure, as described in sendmsg(2).  The msg_len field is
       used to return the number of bytes sent from the message in msg_hdr (i.e., the same as the
       return value from a single sendmsg(2) call).

       The  flags  argument  contains  flags  ORed  together.   The  flags  are  the  same as for
       sendmsg(2).

       A blocking sendmmsg() call blocks until vlen messages have been sent.  A nonblocking  call
       sends  as  many  messages  as  possible  (up  to  the limit specified by vlen) and returns
       immediately.

       On return from sendmmsg(), the msg_len fields of successive elements of msgvec are updated
       to  contain  the  number  of bytes transmitted from the corresponding msg_hdr.  The return
       value of the call indicates the number of elements of msgvec that have been updated.

RETURN VALUE

       On success, sendmmsg() returns the number of messages sent from msgvec; if  this  is  less
       than  vlen,  the  caller  can  retry  with a further sendmmsg() call to send the remaining
       messages.

       On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS

       Errors are as for sendmsg(2).  An error is returned only if no datagrams  could  be  sent.
       See also BUGS.

VERSIONS

       The  sendmmsg() system call was added in Linux 3.0.  Support in glibc was added in version
       2.14.

CONFORMING TO

       sendmmsg() is Linux-specific.

NOTES

       The value specified in vlen is capped to UIO_MAXIOV (1024).

BUGS

       If an error occurs after at least one message  has  been  sent,  the  call  succeeds,  and
       returns  the  number  of messages sent.  The error code is lost.  The caller can retry the
       transmission, starting at the first failed message, but there is no guarantee that, if  an
       error is returned, it will be the same as the one that was lost on the previous call.

EXAMPLE

       The  example  below uses sendmmsg() to send onetwo and three in two distinct UDP datagrams
       using one system call.  The contents of the first  datagram  originates  from  a  pair  of
       buffers.

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <netinet/ip.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <string.h>
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int
       main(void)
       {
           int sockfd;
           struct sockaddr_in addr;
           struct mmsghdr msg[2];
           struct iovec msg1[2], msg2;
           int retval;

           sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
           if (sockfd == -1) {
               perror("socket()");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
           addr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK);
           addr.sin_port = htons(1234);
           if (connect(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &addr, sizeof(addr)) == -1) {
               perror("connect()");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           memset(msg1, 0, sizeof(msg1));
           msg1[0].iov_base = "one";
           msg1[0].iov_len = 3;
           msg1[1].iov_base = "two";
           msg1[1].iov_len = 3;

           memset(&msg2, 0, sizeof(msg2));
           msg2.iov_base = "three";
           msg2.iov_len = 5;

           memset(msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
           msg[0].msg_hdr.msg_iov = msg1;
           msg[0].msg_hdr.msg_iovlen = 2;

           msg[1].msg_hdr.msg_iov = &msg2;
           msg[1].msg_hdr.msg_iovlen = 1;

           retval = sendmmsg(sockfd, msg, 2, 0);
           if (retval == -1)
               perror("sendmmsg()");
           else
               printf("%d messages sent\n", retval);

           exit(0);
       }

SEE ALSO

       recvmmsg(2), sendmsg(2), socket(2), socket(7)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 5.02 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of  this  page,  can  be
       found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.