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NAME

       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_free, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd,
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds,
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd - functions to manage waiting for asynchronous jobs to complete

SYNOPSIS

        #include <openssl/async.h>

        ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new(void);
        void ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_free(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx);
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, const void *key,
                                       OSSL_ASYNC_FD fd,
                                       void *custom_data,
                                       void (*cleanup)(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *, const void *,
                                                       OSSL_ASYNC_FD, void *));
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, const void *key,
                                  OSSL_ASYNC_FD *fd, void **custom_data);
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, OSSL_ASYNC_FD *fd,
                                       size_t *numfds);
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, OSSL_ASYNC_FD *addfd,
                                           size_t *numaddfds, OSSL_ASYNC_FD *delfd,
                                           size_t *numdelfds);
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, const void *key);

DESCRIPTION

       For an overview of how asynchronous operations are implemented in OpenSSL see
       ASYNC_start_job(3). An ASYNC_WAIT_CTX object represents an asynchronous "session", i.e. a
       related set of crypto operations. For example in SSL terms this would have a one-to-one
       correspondence with an SSL connection.

       Application code must create an ASYNC_WAIT_CTX using the ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new() function
       prior to calling ASYNC_start_job() (see ASYNC_start_job(3)). When the job is started it is
       associated with the ASYNC_WAIT_CTX for the duration of that job. An ASYNC_WAIT_CTX should
       only be used for one ASYNC_JOB at any one time, but can be reused after an ASYNC_JOB has
       finished for a subsequent ASYNC_JOB. When the session is complete (e.g. the SSL connection
       is closed), application code cleans up with ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_free().

       ASYNC_WAIT_CTXs can have "wait" file descriptors associated with them. Calling
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds() and passing in a pointer to an ASYNC_WAIT_CTX in the ctx
       parameter will return the wait file descriptors associated with that job in *fd. The
       number of file descriptors returned will be stored in *numfds. It is the caller's
       responsibility to ensure that sufficient memory has been allocated in *fd to receive all
       the file descriptors. Calling ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds() with a NULL fd value will
       return no file descriptors but will still populate *numfds. Therefore application code is
       typically expected to call this function twice: once to get the number of fds, and then
       again when sufficient memory has been allocated. If only one asynchronous engine is being
       used then normally this call will only ever return one fd. If multiple asynchronous
       engines are being used then more could be returned.

       The function ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds() can be used to detect if any fds have
       changed since the last call time ASYNC_start_job() returned an ASYNC_PAUSE result (or
       since the ASYNC_WAIT_CTX was created if no ASYNC_PAUSE result has been received). The
       numaddfds and numdelfds parameters will be populated with the number of fds added or
       deleted respectively. *addfd and *delfd will be populated with the list of added and
       deleted fds respectively. Similarly to ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds() either of these can be
       NULL, but if they are not NULL then the caller is responsible for ensuring sufficient
       memory is allocated.

       Implementors of async aware code (e.g. engines) are encouraged to return a stable fd for
       the lifetime of the ASYNC_WAIT_CTX in order to reduce the "churn" of regularly changing
       fds - although no guarantees of this are provided to applications.

       Applications can wait for the file descriptor to be ready for "read" using a system
       function call such as select or poll (being ready for "read" indicates that the job should
       be resumed). If no file descriptor is made available then an application will have to
       periodically "poll" the job by attempting to restart it to see if it is ready to continue.

       Async aware code (e.g. engines) can get the current ASYNC_WAIT_CTX from the job via
       ASYNC_get_wait_ctx(3) and provide a file descriptor to use for waiting on by calling
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd(). Typically this would be done by an engine immediately prior
       to calling ASYNC_pause_job() and not by end user code.  An existing association with a
       file descriptor can be obtained using ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd() and cleared using
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd(). Both of these functions requires a key value which is unique to
       the async aware code.  This could be any unique value but a good candidate might be the
       ENGINE * for the engine. The custom_data parameter can be any value, and will be returned
       in a subsequent call to ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd(). The ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd() function
       also expects a pointer to a "cleanup" routine. This can be NULL but if provided will
       automatically get called when the ASYNC_WAIT_CTX is freed, and gives the engine the
       opportunity to close the fd or any other resources. Note: The "cleanup" routine does not
       get called if the fd is cleared directly via a call to ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd().

       An example of typical usage might be an async capable engine. User code would initiate
       cryptographic operations. The engine would initiate those operations asynchronously and
       then call ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd() followed by ASYNC_pause_job() to return control to
       the user code. The user code can then perform other tasks or wait for the job to be ready
       by calling "select" or other similar function on the wait file descriptor. The engine can
       signal to the user code that the job should be resumed by making the wait file descriptor
       "readable". Once resumed the engine should clear the wake signal on the wait file
       descriptor.

RETURN VALUES

       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new() returns a pointer to the newly allocated ASYNC_WAIT_CTX or NULL on
       error.

       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds,
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds and ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd all return 1 on success or 0 on
       error.

NOTES

       On Windows platforms the openssl/async.h header is dependent on some of the types
       customarily made available by including windows.h. The application developer is likely to
       require control over when the latter is included, commonly as one of the first included
       headers. Therefore it is defined as an application developer's responsibility to include
       windows.h prior to async.h.

SEE ALSO

       crypto(7), ASYNC_start_job(3)

HISTORY

       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new(), ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_free(), ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd(),
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd(), ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds(), ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds()
       and ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd() were added in OpenSSL 1.1.0.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright 2016 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use this file except in
       compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source
       distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.