Provided by: cil_0.07.00-12_all bug

NAME

       Getopt::Mixed - [OBSOLETE] getopt processing with both long and short options

VERSION

       This document describes version 1.12 of Getopt::Mixed, released February 8, 2014.

SYNOPSIS

           use Getopt::Mixed;
           Getopt::Mixed::getOptions(...option-descriptions...);
           ...examine $opt_* variables...

       or

           use Getopt::Mixed "nextOption";
           Getopt::Mixed::init(...option-descriptions...);
           while (($option, $value) = nextOption()) {
               ...process option...
           }
           Getopt::Mixed::cleanup();

DESCRIPTION

       This module is obsolete.

       This package was my response to the standard modules Getopt::Std and Getopt::Long.  Std
       doesn't support long options, and Long didn't support short options.  I wanted both, since
       long options are easier to remember and short options are faster to type.

       However, years ago Getopt::Long was changed to support short options as well, and it has
       the huge advantage of being part of the standard Perl distribution.  So, Getopt::Mixed is
       now effectively obsolete.  I don't intend to make any more changes, but I'm leaving it
       available for people who have code that already uses it.  For new modules, I recommend
       using Getopt::Long like this:

           use Getopt::Long 2.17; # Released with Perl 5.005
           Getopt::Long::Configure(qw(bundling no_getopt_compat));
           GetOptions(...option-descriptions...);

       This package was intended to be the "Getopt-to-end-all-Getop's".  It combines (I hope)
       flexibility and simplicity.  It supports both short options (introduced by "-") and long
       options (introduced by "--").  Short options which do not take an argument can be grouped
       together.  Short options which do take an argument must be the last option in their group,
       because everything following the option will be considered to be its argument.

       There are two methods for using Getopt::Mixed:  the simple method and the flexible method.
       Both methods use the same format for option descriptions.

   Option Descriptions
       The option-description arguments required by "init" and "getOptions" are strings composed
       of individual option descriptions.  Several option descriptions can appear in the same
       string if they are separated by whitespace.

       Each description consists of the option name and an optional trailing argument specifier.
       Option names may consist of any characters but whitespace, "=", ":", and ">".

       Values for argument specifiers are:

         <none>   option does not take an argument
         =s :s    option takes a mandatory (=) or optional (:) string argument
         =i :i    option takes a mandatory (=) or optional (:) integer argument
         =f :f    option takes a mandatory (=) or optional (:) real number argument
         >new     option is a synonym for option `new'

       The ">" specifier is not really an argument specifier.  It defines an option as being a
       synonym for another option.  For example, "a=i apples>a" would define -a as an option that
       requires an integer argument and --apples as a synonym for -a.  Only one level of synonyms
       is supported, and the root option must be listed first.  For example, "apples>a a=i" and
       "a=i apples>a oranges>apples" are illegal; use "a=i apples>a oranges>a" if that's what you
       want.

       For example, in the option description:
            "a b=i c:s apple baker>b charlie:s"
                -a and --apple do not take arguments
                -b takes a mandatory integer argument
                --baker is a synonym for -b
                -c and --charlie take an optional string argument

       If the first argument to "init" or "getOptions" is entirely non-alphanumeric characters
       with no whitespace, it represents the characters which can begin options.

   User Interface
       From the user's perspective, short options are introduced by a dash ("-") and long options
       are introduced by a double dash ("--").  Short options may be combined ("-a -b" can be
       written "-ab"), but an option that takes an argument must be the last one in its group,
       because anything following it is considered part of the argument.  A double dash by itself
       marks the end of the options; all arguments following it are treated as normal arguments,
       not options.  A single dash by itself is treated as a normal argument, not an option.

       Long options may be abbreviated.  An option --all-the-time could be abbreviated --all,
       --a--tim, or even --a.  Note that --time would not work; the abbreviation must start at
       the beginning of the option name.  If an abbreviation is ambiguous, an error message will
       be printed.

       In the following examples, -i and --int take integer arguments, -f and --float take
       floating point arguments, and -s and --string take string arguments.  All other options do
       not take an argument.

         -i24            -f24.5               -sHello
         -i=24 --int=-27 -f=24.5 --float=0.27 -s=Hello --string=Hello

       If the argument is required, it can also be separated by whitespace:

         -i 24 --int -27 -f 24.5 --float 0.27 -s Hello --string Hello

       Note that if the option is followed by "=", whatever follows the "=" is the argument, even
       if it's the null string.  In the example

         -i= 24 -f= 24.5 -s= Hello

       -i and -f will cause an error, because the null string is not a number, but -s is
       perfectly legal; its argument is the null string, not "Hello".

       Remember that optional arguments cannot be separated from the option by whitespace.

   The Simple Method
       The simple method is

           use Getopt::Mixed;
           Getopt::Mixed::getOptions(...option-descriptions...);

       You then examine the "$opt_*" variables to find out what options were specified and the
       @ARGV array to see what arguments are left.

       If -a is an option that doesn't take an argument, then $opt_a will be set to 1 if the
       option is present, or left undefined if the option is not present.

       If -b is an option that takes an argument, then $opt_b will be set to the value of the
       argument if the option is present, or left undefined if the option is not present.  If the
       argument is optional but not supplied, $opt_b will be set to the null string.

       Note that even if you specify that an option requires a string argument, you can still get
       the null string (if the user specifically enters it).  If the option requires a numeric
       argument, you will never get the null string (because it isn't a number).

       When converting the option name to a Perl identifier, any non-word characters in the name
       will be converted to underscores ("_").

       If the same option occurs more than once, only the last occurrence will be recorded.  If
       that's not acceptable, you'll have to use the flexible method instead.

   The Flexible Method
       The flexible method is

           use Getopt::Mixed "nextOption";
           Getopt::Mixed::init(...option-descriptions...);
           while (($option, $value, $pretty) = nextOption()) {
               ...process option...
           }
           Getopt::Mixed::cleanup();

       This lets you process arguments one at a time.  You can then handle repeated options any
       way you want to.  It also lets you see option names with non-alphanumeric characters
       without any translation.  This is also the only method that lets you find out what order
       the options and other arguments were in.

       First, you call Getopt::Mixed::init with the option descriptions.  Then, you keep calling
       nextOption until it returns an empty list.  Finally, you call Getopt::Mixed::cleanup when
       you're done.  The remaining (non-option) arguments will be found in @ARGV.

       Each call to nextOption returns a list of the next option, its value, and the option as
       the user typed it.  The value will be undefined if the option does not take an argument.
       The option is stripped of its starter (e.g., you get "a" and "foo", not "-a" or "--foo").
       If you want to print an error message, use the third element, which does include the
       option starter.

OTHER FUNCTIONS

       Getopt::Mixed provides one other function you can use.  "abortMsg" prints its arguments on
       STDERR, plus your program's name and a newline.  It then exits with status 1.  For
       example, if foo.pl calls "abortMsg" like this:

         Getopt::Mixed::abortMsg("Error");

       The output will be:

         foo.pl: Error

CUSTOMIZATION

       There are several customization variables you can set.  All of these variables should be
       set after calling Getopt::Mixed::init and before calling nextOption.

       If you set any of these variables, you must check the version number first.  The easiest
       way to do this is like this:

           use Getopt::Mixed 1.006;

       If you are using the simple method, and you want to set these variables, you'll need to
       call init before calling getOptions, like this:

           use Getopt::Mixed 1.006;
           Getopt::Mixed::init(...option-descriptions...);
           ...set configuration variables...
           Getopt::Mixed::getOptions();      # IMPORTANT: no parameters

       $order
           $order can be set to $REQUIRE_ORDER, $PERMUTE, or $RETURN_IN_ORDER.  The default is
           $REQUIRE_ORDER if the environment variable POSIXLY_CORRECT has been set, $PERMUTE
           otherwise.

           $REQUIRE_ORDER means that no options can follow the first argument which isn't an
           option.

           $PERMUTE means that all options are treated as if they preceded all other arguments.

           $RETURN_IN_ORDER means that all arguments maintain their ordering.  When nextOption is
           called, and the next argument is not an option, it returns the null string as the
           option and the argument as the value.  nextOption never returns the null list until
           all the arguments have been processed.

       $ignoreCase
           Ignore case when matching options.  Default is 1 unless the option descriptions
           contain an upper-case letter.

       $optionStart
           A string of characters that can start options.  Default is "-".

       $badOption
           A reference to a function that is called when an unrecognized option is encountered.
           The function receives three arguments.  $_[0] is the position in @ARGV where the
           option came from.  $_[1] is the option as the user typed it (including the option
           start character).  $_[2] is either undef or a string describing the reason the option
           was not recognized (Currently, the only possible value is 'ambiguous', for a long
           option with several possible matches).  The option has already been removed from
           @ARGV.  To put it back, you can say:

               splice(@ARGV,$_[0],0,$_[1]);

           The function can do anything you want to @ARGV.  It should return whatever you want
           nextOption to return.

           The default is a function that prints an error message and exits the program.

       $checkArg
           A reference to a function that is called to make sure the argument type is correct.
           The function receives four arguments.  $_[0] is the position in @ARGV where the option
           came from.  $_[1] is the text following the option, or undefined if there was no text
           following the option.  $_[2] is the name of the option as the user typed it (including
           the option start character), suitable for error messages.  $_[3] is the argument type
           specifier.

           The function can do anything you want to @ARGV.  It should return the value for this
           option.

           The default is a function that prints an error message and exits the program if the
           argument is not the right type for the option.  You can also adjust the behavior of
           the default function by changing $intRegexp or $floatRegexp.

       $intRegexp
           A regular expression that matches an integer.  Default is '^[-+]?\d+$', which matches
           a string of digits preceded by an optional sign.  Unlike the other configuration
           variables, this cannot be changed after nextOption is called, because the pattern is
           compiled only once.

       $floatRegexp
           A regular expression that matches a floating point number.  Default is
           '^[-+]?(\d*\.?\d+|\d+\.)$', which matches the following formats: "123", "123.",
           "123.45", and ".123" (plus an optional sign).  It does not match exponential notation.
           Unlike the other configuration variables, this cannot be changed after nextOption is
           called, because the pattern is compiled only once.

       $typeChars
           A string of the characters which are legal argument types.  The default is 'sif', for
           String, Integer, and Floating point arguments.  The string should consist only of
           letters.  Upper case letters are discouraged, since this will hamper the case-folding
           of options.  If you change this, you should set $checkType to a function that will
           check arguments of your new type.  Unlike the other configuration variables, this must
           be set before calling init(), and cannot be changed afterwards.

       $checkType
           If you add new types to $typeChars, you should set this to a function which will check
           arguments of the new types.

SEE ALSO

       Getopt::Long

CONFIGURATION AND ENVIRONMENT

       Getopt::Mixed requires no configuration files or environment variables.

INCOMPATIBILITIES

       None reported.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

       ·   This document should be expanded.

       ·   A long option must be at least two characters long.  Sorry.

       ·   The "!" argument specifier of Getopt::Long is not supported, but you could have
           options --foo and --nofoo and then do something like:

               $opt_foo = 0 if $opt_nofoo;

       ·   The "@" argument specifier of Getopt::Long is not supported.  If you want your values
           pushed into an array, you'll have to use nextOption and do it yourself.

AUTHOR

       Christopher J. Madsen  "<perl AT cjmweb.net>"

       Please report any bugs or feature requests to "<bug-Getopt-Mixed AT rt.cpan.org>" or
       through the web interface at
       <http://rt.cpan.org/Public/Bug/Report.html?Queue=Getopt-Mixed>.

       You can follow or contribute to Getopt::Mixed's development at
       <http://github.com/madsen/getopt-mixed>.

       Thanks are also due to Andreas Koenig for helping Getopt::Mixed conform to the standards
       for Perl modules and for answering a bunch of questions.  Any remaining deficiencies are
       my fault.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       This software is copyright (c) 1995 by Christopher J. Madsen.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY

       BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE SOFTWARE,
       TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE
       COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF
       ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
       WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO
       THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE
       DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.

       IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT
       HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY
       THE ABOVE LICENSE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL,
       INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE
       SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR
       LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY
       OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
       SUCH DAMAGES.