Provided by: libssl-doc_1.1.1c-1ubuntu4_all bug


       SSL_stateless, DTLSv1_listen - Statelessly listen for incoming connections


        #include <openssl/ssl.h>

        int SSL_stateless(SSL *s);
        int DTLSv1_listen(SSL *ssl, BIO_ADDR *peer);


       SSL_stateless() statelessly listens for new incoming TLSv1.3 connections.  DTLSv1_listen()
       statelessly listens for new incoming DTLS connections. If a ClientHello is received that
       does not contain a cookie, then they respond with a request for a new ClientHello that
       does contain a cookie. If a ClientHello is received with a cookie that is verified then
       the function returns in order to enable the handshake to be completed (for example by
       using SSL_accept()).


       Some transport protocols (such as UDP) can be susceptible to amplification attacks. Unlike
       TCP there is no initial connection setup in UDP that validates that the client can
       actually receive messages on its advertised source address. An attacker could forge its
       source IP address and then send handshake initiation messages to the server. The server
       would then send its response to the forged source IP. If the response messages are larger
       than the original message then the amplification attack has succeeded.

       If DTLS is used over UDP (or any datagram based protocol that does not validate the source
       IP) then it is susceptible to this type of attack. TLSv1.3 is designed to operate over a
       stream-based transport protocol (such as TCP).  If TCP is being used then there is no need
       to use SSL_stateless(). However some stream-based transport protocols (e.g. QUIC) may not
       validate the source address. In this case a TLSv1.3 application would be susceptible to
       this attack.

       As a countermeasure to this issue TLSv1.3 and DTLS include a stateless cookie mechanism.
       The idea is that when a client attempts to connect to a server it sends a ClientHello
       message. The server responds with a HelloRetryRequest (in TLSv1.3) or a HelloVerifyRequest
       (in DTLS) which contains a unique cookie. The client then resends the ClientHello, but
       this time includes the cookie in the message thus proving that the client is capable of
       receiving messages sent to that address. All of this can be done by the server without
       allocating any state, and thus without consuming expensive resources.

       OpenSSL implements this capability via the SSL_stateless() and DTLSv1_listen() functions.
       The ssl parameter should be a newly allocated SSL object with its read and write BIOs set,
       in the same way as might be done for a call to SSL_accept(). Typically, for DTLS, the read
       BIO will be in an "unconnected" state and thus capable of receiving messages from any

       When a ClientHello is received that contains a cookie that has been verified, then these
       functions will return with the ssl parameter updated into a state where the handshake can
       be continued by a call to (for example) SSL_accept().  Additionally, for DTLSv1_listen(),
       the BIO_ADDR pointed to by peer will be filled in with details of the peer that sent the
       ClientHello. If the underlying BIO is unable to obtain the BIO_ADDR of the peer (for
       example because the BIO does not support this), then *peer will be cleared and the family
       set to AF_UNSPEC. Typically user code is expected to "connect" the underlying socket to
       the peer and continue the handshake in a connected state.

       Prior to calling DTLSv1_listen() user code must ensure that cookie generation and
       verification callbacks have been set up using SSL_CTX_set_cookie_generate_cb() and
       SSL_CTX_set_cookie_verify_cb() respectively. For SSL_stateless(),
       SSL_CTX_set_stateless_cookie_generate_cb() and SSL_CTX_set_stateless_cookie_verify_cb()
       must be used instead.

       Since DTLSv1_listen() operates entirely statelessly whilst processing incoming
       ClientHellos it is unable to process fragmented messages (since this would require the
       allocation of state). An implication of this is that DTLSv1_listen() only supports
       ClientHellos that fit inside a single datagram.

       For SSL_stateless() if an entire ClientHello message cannot be read without the "read" BIO
       becoming empty then the SSL_stateless() call will fail. It is the application's
       responsibility to ensure that data read from the "read" BIO during a single
       SSL_stateless() call is all from the same peer.

       SSL_stateless() will fail (with a 0 return value) if some TLS version less than TLSv1.3 is

       Both SSL_stateless() and DTLSv1_listen() will clear the error queue when they start.


       For SSL_stateless() a return value of 1 indicates success and the ssl object will be set
       up ready to continue the handshake. A return value of 0 or -1 indicates failure. If the
       value is 0 then a HelloRetryRequest was sent. A value of -1 indicates any other error.
       User code may retry the SSL_stateless() call.

       For DTLSv1_listen() a return value of >= 1 indicates success. The ssl object will be set
       up ready to continue the handshake.  the peer value will also be filled in.

       A return value of 0 indicates a non-fatal error. This could (for example) be because of
       non-blocking IO, or some invalid message having been received from a peer. Errors may be
       placed on the OpenSSL error queue with further information if appropriate. Typically user
       code is expected to retry the call to DTLSv1_listen() in the event of a non-fatal error.

       A return value of <0 indicates a fatal error. This could (for example) be because of a
       failure to allocate sufficient memory for the operation.

       For DTLSv1_listen(), prior to OpenSSL 1.1.0, fatal and non-fatal errors both produce
       return codes <= 0 (in typical implementations user code treats all errors as non-fatal),
       whilst return codes >0 indicate success.


       SSL_get_error(3), SSL_accept(3), ssl(7), bio(7)


       The SSL_stateless() function was added in OpenSSL 1.1.1.

       The DTLSv1_listen() return codes were clarified in OpenSSL 1.1.0.  The type of "peer" also
       changed in OpenSSL 1.1.0.


       Copyright 2015-2018 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use this file except in
       compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source
       distribution or at <>.