Provided by: libx11-protocol-other-perl_31-1_all bug


       Encode::X11 -- character encodings for X11


        use Encode;
        use Encode::X11;
        my $chars = Encode::decode ('x11-compound-text', $bytes);


       This module encodes and decodes X11 ICCCM "compound text" strings.


       Compound text is found in window properties of type "COMPOUND_TEXT".  It's not usual to
       use it outside that context.  Compound text consists of ISO-2022 style escape sequences
       switching among various basic charsets, including the ISO-8859 series, JIS, KSC, and GB.

       The plain name "x11-compound-text" tries to encode in a sensible and compatible way.
       Perhaps in the future there'll be some options or variations for which charsets to use.
       For now encoding prefers the original ICCCM charsets latin-N, JIS, KSC and GB for the
       benefit of older X clients, then the newer utf-8 encoding when necessary.

       The decode is meant to recognise anything, but may be a bit limited yet.  Perhaps it could
       be just a full ISO-2022 decode, if/when that might exist, but for now it's done explicitly
       and might potentially cope with X11 specifics.

       Decoding cns11643 segments requires the "Encode::HanExtra" module.  Such segments are not
       normally generated by the Xlib conversions (as of libX11 1.4.0).  Have HanExtra
       available if you think you might encounter them.

       Emacs has some "private encoding" sequences for big5.  They're not supported currently.

       When working with compound text you might in fact not want to convert it to Perl wide
       chars.  If drawing with the core X requests then split it into segments of the various
       charsets and find a font for each encoding.  Some oopery could no doubt represent such a
       breakdown and have things like concatenate or compare.  That would work almost directly
       with the bytes without converting.


       Encode, Encode::HanExtra

       "Compound Text Encoding" specification, /usr/share/doc/xorg-docs/ctext/ctext.txt.gz,




       Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017 Kevin Ryde

       X11-Protocol-Other is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
       terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation;
       either version 3, or (at your option) any later version.

       X11-Protocol-Other is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
       WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
       PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
       X11-Protocol-Other.  If not, see <>.