Provided by: libnet-facebook-oauth2-perl_0.11-1_all bug

NAME

       Net::Facebook::Oauth2 - a simple Perl wrapper around Facebook OAuth 2.0 protocol

FACEBOOK GRAPH API VERSION

       This module complies to Facebook Graph API version 3.1, the latest at the time of
       publication, scheduled for deprecation not sooner than July 26th, 2020.

SYNOPSIS

       Somewhere in your application's login process:

           use Net::Facebook::Oauth2;

           my $fb = Net::Facebook::Oauth2->new(
               application_id     => 'your_application_id',
               application_secret => 'your_application_secret',
               callback           => 'http://yourdomain.com/facebook/callback'
           );

           # get the authorization URL for your application
           my $url = $fb->get_authorization_url(
               scope   => [ 'email' ],
               display => 'page'
           );

       Now redirect the user to this $url.

       Once the user authorizes your application, Facebook will send him/her back to your
       application, on the "callback" link provided above. PLEASE NOTE THAT YOU MUST PRE-
       AUTHORIZE YOUR CALLBACK URI ON FACEBOOK'S APP DASHBOARD.

       Inside that callback route, use the verifier code parameter that Facebook sends to get the
       access token:

           # param() below is a bogus function. Use whatever your web framework
           # provides (e.g. $c->req->param('code'), $cgi->param('code'), etc)
           my $code = param('code');

           use Try::Tiny;  # or eval {}, or whatever

           my ($unique_id, $access_token);
           try {
               $access_token = $fb->get_access_token(code => $code); # <-- could die!

               # Facebook tokens last ~2h, but you may upgrade them to ~60d if you want:
               $access_token = $fb->get_long_lived_token( access_token => $access_token );

               my $access_data = $fb->debug_token( input => $access_token );
               if ($access_data && $access_data->{is_valid}) {
                   $unique_id = $access_data->{user_id};
                   # you could also check here for what scopes were granted to you
                   # by inspecting $access_data->{scopes}->@*
               }
           } catch {
               # handle errors here!
           };

       If you got so far, your user is logged! Save the access token in your database or session.
       As shown in the example above, Facebook also provides a unique user_id for this token so
       you can associate it with a particular user of your app.

       Later on you can use that access token to communicate with Facebook on behalf of this
       user:

           my $fb = Net::Facebook::Oauth2->new(
               access_token => $access_token
           );

           my $info = $fb->get(
               'https://graph.facebook.com/v3.1/me'   # Facebook API URL
           );

           print $info->as_json;

       NOTE: if you skipped the call to "debug_token()" you can still find the unique user id
       value with a call to the 'me' endpoint shown above, under "$info->{id}"

DESCRIPTION

       Net::Facebook::Oauth2 gives you a way to simply access FaceBook Oauth 2.0 protocol.

       The example folder contains some snippets you can look at, or for more information just
       keep reading :)

SEE ALSO

       For more information about Facebook Oauth 2.0 API

       Please Check <http://developers.facebook.com/docs/>

       get/post Facebook Graph API <http://developers.facebook.com/docs/api>

USAGE

   "Net::Facebook::Oauth->new( %args )"
       Returns a new object to handle user authentication.  Pass arguments as a hash. The
       following arguments are REQUIRED unless you're passing an access_token (see optional
       arguments below):

       ·   "application_id"

           Your application id as you get from facebook developers platform when you register
           your application

       ·   "application_secret"

           Your application secret id as you get from facebook developers platform when you
           register your application

       The following arguments are OPTIONAL:

       ·   "access_token"

           If you want to instantiate an object to an existing access token, you may do so by
           passing it to this argument.

       ·   "browser"

           The user agent that will handle requests to Facebook's API. Defaults to
           LWP::UserAgent, but can be any method that implements the methods "get", "post" and
           "delete" and whose response to such methods implements "is_success" and "content".

       ·   "display"

           See "display" under the "get_authorization_url" method below.

       ·   "api_version"

           Use this to replace the API version on all endpoints. The default value is 'v3.1'.
           Note that defining an api_version parameter together with "authorize_url",
           "access_token_url" or "debug_token_url" is a fatal error.

       ·   "authorize_url"

           Overrides the default (3.1) API endpoint for Facebook's oauth.  Used mostly for
           testing new versions.

       ·   "access_token_url"

           Overrides the default (3.1) API endpoint for Facebook's access token.  Used mostly for
           testing new versions.

       ·   "debug_token_url"

           Overrides the default (3.1) API endpoint for Facebook's token information.  Used
           mostly for testing new versions.

   "$fb->get_authorization_url( %args )"
       Returns an authorization URL for your application. Once you receive this URL, redirect
       your user there in order to authorize your application.

       The following argument is REQUIRED:

       ·   "callback"

               callback => 'http://example.com/login/facebook/success'

           The callback URL, where Facebook will send users after they authorize your
           application. YOU MUST CONFIRM THIS URL ON FACEBOOK'S APP DASHBOARD.

           To do that, go to the App Dashboard, click Facebook Login in the right-hand menu, and
           check the Valid OAuth redirect URIs in the Client OAuth Settings section.

       This method also accepts the following OPTIONAL arguments:

       ·   "scope"

               scope => ['user_birthday','user_friends', ...]

           Array of Extended permissions as described by the Facebook Oauth API.  You can get
           more information about scope/Extended Permission from

           <https://developers.facebook.com/docs/facebook-login/permissions/>

           Please note that requesting information other than "name", "email" and
           "profile_picture" will require your app to be reviewed by Facebook!

       ·   "state"

               state => '123456abcde'

           An arbitrary unique string provided by you to guard against Cross-site Request
           Forgery. This value will be returned to you by Facebook, unchanged. Note that, as of
           Facebook API v3.0, this argument is mandatory, so if you don't provide a 'state'
           argument, we will default to "time()".

       ·   "auth_type"

           When a user declines a given permission, you must reauthorize them. But when you do
           so, any previously declined permissions will not be asked again by Facebook. Set this
           argument to 'rerequest' to explicitly tell the dialog you're re-asking for a declined
           permission.

       ·   "display"

               display => 'page'

           How to display Facebook Authorization page. Defaults to "page".  Can be any of the
           following:

           ·   "page"

               This will display facebook authorization page as full page

           ·   "popup"

               This option is useful if you want to popup authorization page as this option tell
               facebook to reduce the size of the authorization page

           ·   "wab"

               From the name, for wab and mobile applications this option is the best, as the
               facebook authorization page will fit there :)

       ·   "response_type"

               response_type => 'code'

           When the redirect back to the app occurs, determines whether the response data is in
           URL parameters or fragments. Defaults to "code", which is Facebook's default and
           useful for cases where the server handles the token (which is most likely why you are
           using this module), but can be also be "token", "code%20token", or "granted_scopes".
           Note that changing this to anything other than 'code' might change the login flow
           described in this documentation, rendering calls to "get_access_token()" pointless.
           Please see Facebook's login documentation
           <https://developers.facebook.com/docs/facebook-login/manually-build-a-login-flow> for
           more information.

   "$fb->get_access_token( %args )"
       This method issues a GET request to Facebook's API to retrieve the access token string for
       the specified code (passed as an argument).

       Returns the access token string or raises an exception in case of errors (make sure to
       trap calls with eval blocks or a try/catch module). Note that Facebook's access tokens are
       short-lived, around 2h of idle time before expiring. If you want to "upgrade" the token to
       a long lived one (with around 60 days of idle time), use this token to feed the
       "get_long_lived_token()" method.

       You should call this method inside the route for the callback URI defined in the
       "get_authorization_url" method. It receives the following arguments:

       ·   "code"

           This is the verifier code that Facebook sends back to your callback URL once user
           authorize your app, you need to capture this code and pass to this method in order to
           get the access token.

           Verifier code will be presented with your callback URL as code parameter as the
           following:

           http://your-call-back-url.com?code=234er7y6fdgjdssgfsd...

           Note that if you have fiddled with the "response_type" argument, you might not get
           this parameter properly.

       When the access token is returned you need to save it in a secure place in order to use it
       later in your application. The token indicates that a user has authorized your site/app,
       meaning you can associate that token to that user and issue API requests to Facebook on
       their behalf.

       To know WHICH user has granted you the authorization (e.g. when building a login system to
       associate that token with a unique user on your database), you must make a request to
       fetch Facebook's own unique identifier for that user, and then associate your own user's
       unique id to Facebook's.

       This was usually done by making a GET request to the "me" API endpoint and looking for the
       'id' field. However, Facebook has introduced a new endpoint for that flow that returns the
       id (this time as 'user_id') and some extra validation data, like whether the token is
       valid, to which app it refers to, what scopes the user agreed to, etc, so now you are
       encouraged to call the "debug_token()" method as shown in the SYNOPSIS.

       IMPORTANT: Expect that the length of all access token types will change over time as
       Facebook makes changes to what is stored in them and how they are encoded. You can expect
       that they will grow and shrink over time.  Please use a variable length data type without
       a specific maximum size to store access tokens.

   "$fb->get_long_lived_token( access_token => $access_token )"
       Asks facebook to retrieve the long-lived (~60d) version of the provided short-lived (~2h)
       access token retrieved from "get_access_token()". If successful, this method will return
       the long-lived token, which you can use to replace the short-lived one. Otherwise, it
       croaks with an error message, in which case you can continue to use the short-lived
       version.

       See here <https://developers.facebook.com/docs/facebook-login/access-tokens/refreshing>
       for the gory details.

   "$fb->debug_token( input => $access_token )"
       This method should be called right after "get_access_token()". It will query Facebook for
       details about the given access token and validate that it was indeed granted to your app
       (and not someone else's).

       It requires a single argument, "input", containing the access code obtained from calling
       "get_access_token".

       It croaks on HTTP/connection/Facebook errors, returns nothing if for whatever reason the
       response is invalid without errors (e.g. no app_id and no user_id), and also if the
       returned app_id is not the same as your own application_id (pass a true value to
       "skip_check" to skip this validation).

       If all goes well, it returns a hashref with the JSON structure returned by Facebook.

   "$fb->get( $url, $args )"
       Sends a GET request to Facebook and stores the response in the given object.

       ·   "url"

           Facebook Graph API URL as string. You must provide the full URL.

       ·   $args

           hashref of parameters to be sent with graph API URL if required.

       You can access the response using the following methods:

       ·   "$response>as_json"

           Returns response as json object

       ·   "$response>as_hash"

           Returns response as perl hashref

       For more information about facebook graph API, please check
       http://developers.facebook.com/docs/api

   "$fb->post( $url, $args )"
       Send a POST request to Facebook and stores the response in the given object.  See the
       "as_hash" and "as_json" methods above for how to retrieve the response.

       ·   "url"

           Facebook Graph API URL as string

       ·   $args

           hashref of parameters to be sent with graph API URL

       For more information about facebook graph API, please check
       <http://developers.facebook.com/docs/api>

   "$fb->delete( $url, $args )"
       Send a DELETE request to Facebook and stores the response in the given object.  See the
       "as_hash" and "as_json" methods above for how to retrieve the response.

       ·   "url"

           Facebook Graph API URL as string

       ·   $args

           hashref of parameters to be sent with graph API URL

AUTHOR

       Mahmoud A. Mehyar, <mamod.mehyar@gmail.com>

CONTRIBUTORS

       Big Thanks To

       ·   Takatsugu Shigeta @comewalk <https://github.com/comewalk>

       ·   Breno G. de Oliveira @garu <https://github.com/garu>

       ·   squinker @squinker <https://github.com/squinker>

       ·   Valcho Nedelchev @valchonedelchev <https://github.com/valchonedelchev>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Copyright (C) 2012-2016 by Mahmoud A. Mehyar

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.10.1 or, at your option, any later version of
       Perl 5 you may have available.