Provided by: libnet-proxy-perl_0.12-6_all bug

NAME

       Net::Proxy - Framework for proxying network connections in many ways

SYNOPSIS

           use Net::Proxy;

           # proxy connections from localhost:6789 to remotehost:9876
           # using standard TCP connections
           my $proxy = Net::Proxy->new(
               {   in  => { type => 'tcp', port => '6789' },
                   out => { type => 'tcp', host => 'remotehost', port => '9876' },
               }
           );

           # register the proxy object
           $proxy->register();

           # and you can setup multiple proxies

           # and now proxy connections indefinitely
           Net::Proxy->mainloop();

DESCRIPTION

       A "Net::Proxy" object represents a proxy that accepts connections and then relays the data
       transfered between the source and the destination.

       The goal of this module is to abstract the different methods used to connect from the
       proxy to the destination.

       A proxy is a program that transfer data across a network boundary between a client and a
       server. "Net::Proxy" introduces the concept of "connectors" (implemented as
       "Net::Proxy::Connector" subclasses), which abstract the server part (connected to the
       client) and the client part (connected to the server) of the proxy.

       This architecture makes it easy to implement specific techniques to cross a given network
       boundary, possibly by using a proxy on one side of the network fence, and a reverse-proxy
       on the other side of the fence.

       See "AVAILABLE CONNECTORS" for details about the existing connectors.

METHODS

       If you only intend to use "Net::Proxy" and not write new connectors, you only need to know
       about "new()", "register()" and "mainloop()".

   Class methods
       new( { in => { ... }, { out => { ... } } )
           Return a new "Net::Proxy" object, with two connectors configured as described in the
           hashref.

           The connector parameters are described in the table below, as well as in each
           connector documentation.

       mainloop( $max_connections )
           This method initialises all the registered "Net::Proxy" objects and then loops on all
           the sockets ready for reading, passing the data through the various
           "Net::Proxy::Connector" objets to handle the specifics of each connection.

           If $max_connections is given, the proxy will stop after having fully processed that
           many connections. Otherwise, this method does not return.

       add_listeners( @sockets )
           Add the given sockets to the list of listening sockets.

       watch_reader_sockets( @sockets )
           Add the given sockets to the readers watch list.

       watch_writer_sockets( @sockets )
           Add the given sockets to the writers watch list.

       remove_writer_sockets( @sockets )
           Remove the given sockets from the writers watch list.

       close_sockets( @sockets )
           Close the given sockets and cleanup the related internal structures.

       set_verbosity( $level )
           Set the logging level. 0 means not messages except warnings and errors.

       error( $message )
           Log $message to STDERR, always.

       notice( $message )
           Log $message to STDERR if verbosity level is equal to 1 or more.

       info( $message )
           Log $message to STDERR if verbosity level is equal to 2 or more.

       debug( $message )
           Log $message to STDERR if verbosity level is equal to 3 or more.

           (Note: throughout the "Net::Proxy" source code, calls to "debug()" are commented with
           "##".)

       Some of the class methods are related to the socket objects that handle the actual
       connections.

       get_peer( $socket )
       set_peer( $socket, $peer )
           Get or set the socket peer.

       get_connector( $socket )
       set_connector( $socket, $connector )
           Get or set the socket connector (a "Net::Proxy::Connector" object).

       get_state( $socket )
       set_state( $socket, $state )
           Get or set the socket state. Some "Net::Proxy::Connector" subclasses may wish to use
           this to store some internal information about the socket or the connection.

       get_nick( $socket )
       set_nick( $socket, $nickname )
           Get or set the socket nickname. Typically used by "Net::Proxy::Connector" to give
           informative names to socket (used in the log messages).

       get_buffer( $socket )
       set_buffer( $socket, $data )
           Get or set the content of the writing buffer for the socket.  Used by
           "Net::Proxy::Connector" in "raw_read_from()" and "ranw_write_to()".

       get_callback( $socket )
       set_callback( $socket, $coderef )
           Get or set the callback currently associated with the socket.

       add_to_buffer( $socket, $data )
           Add data to the writing buffer of the socket.

   Instance methods
       register()
           Register a "Net::Proxy" object so that it will be included in the "mainloop()"
           processing.

       unregister()
           Unregister the "Net::Proxy" object.

       in_connector()
           Return the "Net::Proxy::Connector" objet that handles the incoming connection and
           handles the data coming from the "client" side.

       out_connector()
           Return the "Net::Proxy::Connector" objet that creates the outgoing connection and
           handles the data coming from the "server" side.

   Statistical methods
       The following methods manage some statistical information about the individual proxies:

       stat_inc_opened()
       stat_inc_closed()
           Increment the "opened" or "closed" connection counter for this proxy.

       stat_opened()
       stat_closed()
           Return the count of "opened" or "closed" connections for this proxy.

       stat_total_opened()
       stat_total_closed()
           Return the total count of "opened" or "closed" connection across all proxy objects.

CONNECTORS

       All connection types are provided with the help of specialised classes.  The logic for
       protocol "xxx" is provided by the "Net::Proxy::Connector::xxx" class.

   Connector hooks
       There is a single parameter that all connectors accept: "hook".  Given a code reference,
       the code reference will be called when data is received on the corresponding socket.

       The code reference should have the following signature:

           sub callback {
               my ($dataref, $sock, $connector) = @_;
               ...
           }

       $dataref is a reference to the chunk of data received, $sock is a reference to the socket
       that received the data, and $connector is the "Net::Proxy::Connector" object that created
       the socket. This allows someone to eventually store data in a stash stored in the
       connector, so as to share data between sockets.

   Available connectors
       ·   tcp ("Net::Proxy::Connector::tcp")

           This is the simplest possible proxy connector. On the "in" side, it sits waiting for
           incoming connections, and on the "out" side, it connects to the configured host/port.

       ·   connect ("Net::Proxy::Connector::connect")

           This proxy connector can connect to a TCP server though a web proxy that accepts HTTP
           CONNECT requests.

       ·   dual ("Net::Proxy::Connector::dual")

           This proxy connector is a Y-shaped connector: depending on the client behaviour right
           after the connection is established, it connects it to one of two services, handled by
           two distinct connectors.

       ·   dummy ("Net::Proxy::Connector::dummy")

           This proxy connector does nothing. You can use it as a template for writing new
           "Net::Proxy::Connector" classes.

   Summary
       This table summarises all the available "Net::Proxy::Connector" classes and the parameters
       their constructors recognise.

       "N/A" means that the given "Net::Proxy::Connector" cannot be used in that position (either
       "in" or "out").

            Connector  | in parameters   | out parameters
           ------------+-----------------+-----------------
            tcp        | host            | host
                       | port            | port
           ------------+-----------------+-----------------
            connect    | N/A             | host
                       |                 | port
                       |                 | proxy_host
                       |                 | proxy_port
                       |                 | proxy_user
                       |                 | proxy_pass
                       |                 | proxy_agent
           ------------+-----------------+-----------------
            dual       | host            | N/A
                       | port            |
                       | timeout         |
                       | server_first    |
                       | client_first    |
           ------------+-----------------+-----------------
            dummy      | N/A             | N/A
           ------------+-----------------+-----------------
            ssl        | host            | host
                       | port            | port
                       | start_cleartext | start_cleartext
           ------------+-----------------+-----------------
            connect_ssl| N/A             | host
                       |                 | port
                       |                 | proxy_host
                       |                 | proxy_port
                       |                 | proxy_user
                       |                 | proxy_pass
                       |                 | proxy_agent

       "Net::Proxy::Connector::dummy" is used as the "out" parameter for a
       "Net::Proxy::Connector::dual", since the later is linked to two different connector
       objects.

AUTHOR

       Philippe 'BooK' Bruhat, "<book@cpan.org>".

BUGS

       Please report any bugs or feature requests to "bug-net-proxy@rt.cpan.org", or through the
       web interface at <http://rt.cpan.org/>. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically
       be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.

TODO

       Here's my own wishlist:

       ·   Write a connector fully compatible with GNU httptunnel
           (<http://www.nocrew.org/software/httptunnel.html>).

           This one will probably be named "Net::Proxy::Connector::httptunnel".

       ·   Enhance the httptunnel protocol to support multiple connections.

       ·   Implement RFC 3093 - Firewall Enhancement Protocol (FEP), as
           "Net::Proxy::Connector::FEP". This RFC was published on April 1, 2001.

           This is probably impossible with "Net::Proxy", since the FEP driver is a rather low-
           level driver (at the IP level of the network stack).

       ·   Implement DNS tunnel connectors.

           See <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/nstx/>, OzymanDNS,
           <http://www.doxpara.com/slides/BH_EU_05-Kaminsky.pdf>.
           <http://thomer.com/howtos/nstx.html> for examples.

       ·   Implement an UDP connector. (Is it feasible?)

       ·   Implement a connector that can be plugged to the STDIN/STDOUT of an external process,
           like the "ProxyCommand" option of OpenSSH.

       ·   Implement "Net::Proxy::Connector::unix", for UNIX sockets.

       ·   Implement ICMP tunnel connectors.

           See <http://www.linuxexposed.com/Articles/Hacking/Case-of-a-wireless-hack.html>,
           <http://sourceforge.net/projects/itun>, <http://www.cs.uit.no/~daniels/PingTunnel/>,
           <http://thomer.com/icmptx/> for examples.

           Since ICMP implies low-level packet reading and writing, it may not be possible for
           "Net::Proxy" to handle it.

       ·   Look for inspiration in the Firewall-Piercing HOWTO, at
           <http://fare.tunes.org/files/fwprc/>.

           Look also here: <http://gray-world.net/tools/>

       ·   Implement a "Net::Proxy::Connector::starttls" connector that can upgrade upgrade a
           connection to SSL transparently, even if the client or server doesn't support
           STARTTLS.

           Martin Werthmoeller provided a full implementation of a connector that can handle IMAP
           connections and upgrade them to TLS if the client sends a "STARTTLS" command. My
           implementation will split this in two parts "Net::Proxy::Connector::ssl" and
           "Net::Proxy::Connector::starttls", that inherits from the former.

SUPPORT

       You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

           perldoc Net::Proxy

       You can also look for information at:

       ·   The Net::Proxy mailing-list

           <http://listes.mongueurs.net/mailman/listinfo/net-proxy/>

           This list receive an email for each commit

       ·   The public source repository

           svn://svn.mongueurs.net/Net-Proxy/trunk/

           Also available through a web interface at <http://svnweb.mongueurs.net/Net-Proxy>

       ·   AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation

           <http://annocpan.org/dist/Net-Proxy>

       ·   CPAN Ratings

           <http://cpanratings.perl.org/d/Net-Proxy>

       ·   RT: CPAN's request tracker

           <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/Bugs.html?Dist=Net-Proxy>

       ·   Search CPAN

           <http://search.cpan.org/dist/Net-Proxy>

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright 2006-2007 Philippe 'BooK' Bruhat, All Rights Reserved.

LICENSE

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

POD ERRORS

       Hey! The above document had some coding errors, which are explained below:

       Around line 719:
           Non-ASCII character seen before =encoding in 'Werthmoeller'. Assuming ISO8859-1