Provided by: libnet-sip-perl_0.820-1_all bug

NAME

       Net::SIP::NATHelper::Base - rewrite SDP and transport RTP for NAT

DESCRIPTION

       This module helps with doing NAT. It is implicitly used in do_nat from
       Net::SIP::StatelessProxy.

       It cares about the rewriting the SDP bodies, forwarding RTP data for active sessions and
       expiring sessions.

CONSTRUCTOR

       new ( %ARGS )
           Creates a new object.  %ARGS can be of:

           max_sockets N
                   Restricts the maximum number of sockets allocated inside the object to N.

           max_sockets_in_group N
                   Restricts the maximum number of sockets allocated for a single socket group
                   (e.g. a single call to get_rtp_sockets) to N.

METHODS

       allocate_sockets ( CALLID,CSEQ,IDFROM,IDTO,SIDE,ADDR,MEDIA )
           This is called to allocate new local sockets for MEDIA. MEDIA is a \@list of
           specifications like you get from get_media in Net::SIP::SDP. ADDR is the local
           address, where the sockets should be allocated.

           IDFROM and IDTO represent the sides of the session, while SIDE helps to pick the right
           side for allocation, e.g. if SIDE is 0 the sockets will be allocated on the IDFROM
           side, if it is 1 it will be on the IDTO side. Thus for Requests SIDE will be 0, while
           for responses it will be 1.

           CALLID and CSEQ are used to identify the SIP transaction, for which the NAT will be
           done, while IDSIDE is either IDFROM or IDTO (see below) depending on the side, where
           the packet came in.

           The methode will return  the \@list of new media in the format needed by
           replace_media_listen in Net::SIP::SDP, e.g tuples of "[ip,base_port]".

           If the allocation of sockets failed (because of resource constraints) it will return
           undef. This will usually cause the caller do simply not forward the packet and wait
           for the reetransmit (at least for UDP).

       activate_session ( CALLID,CSEQ,IDFROM,IDTO,[\%PARAM] )
           Activates a session in the transaction defined by CALLID,CSEQ. This will cause all
           sessions for older transactions in the same call (identified by CALLID) to shut down.

           IDFROM and IDTO represent the sides of the session, e.g. for the activation to succeed
           there had to be an allocate_sockets call for each of these sides.

           PARAM is an optional hash reference. If given it will be added as user information to
           the new session and given back in the information hash returned by close_session etc.

           The method returns two items: The first is information about the session like returned
           in close_session, the second is a flag, which is true, if the activation was for an
           already astablished session.

           The method is usually called whenever a SDP body is given and on ACK requests.

       close_session ( CALLID,CSEQ,IDFROM,IDTO )
           This will cause the close of the session described by the arguments (which have the
           same meaning like in activate_session). Usually called for BYE or CANCEL requests. For
           CANCEL it will be called with CSEQ (because it should cancel a specific transaction)
           while for BYE it will called with CSEQ undef, because it should end all sessions in
           this call.

           It will return a list with infos about all closed sessions. Each of these infos is a
           reference to a hash with the following items:

           callid
           cseq
           idfrom
           idto
           bytes_from - number of bytes received on the 'from' side
           bytes_to - number of bytes received on the 'to' side
           from - space delimited list of "ip:port/range" for the media on the 'from' side
           to - same for the 'to' side
           created - "time_t" when the session was created

           Stateless proxies should forward the packet even if the session did not exist, because
           the packet might be a retransmit referring to an already closed session.

       expire ( [ %ARGS ] )
           This causes the sessions and sockets to expire.  It will return a list with a hash for
           each expired session.  See close_session for details on the returned information.

           With %ARGS the behavior can be customized:

           time    Current time, can be given to save system call for getting current time.

           unused  Expire time for unused sockets. Default ist 180, e.g. 3 minutes.

           active  Expire time for active sessions. Default to 30 seconds. If no data gets
                   transferred through the session for "active" seconds the session will be
                   closed.

       callbacks
           This will return a list (not a reference) of "[cbid,fd,callback]" pairs, where fd is
           the file descriptor of the socket and callback is a callback for invoke_callback in
           Net::SIP::Util. cbid is a uniq id for each callback so that one get compare the result
           from different calls to callbacks and see, what changed.

           Each of these callbacks should be invoked once the file descriptor gets readable and
           the callback will then forward the received packet to the other side of the session.

       sessions ( [ CALLBACK ] )
           This will call CALLBACK on all sessions and return an array containing the results of
           the callbacks together. If no CALLBACK is given it will return all session objects.

           To use this function you might need to know the interna of the session objects (see
           source code), but in most cases it is enough to know, that session objects have a
           method info_as_hash which will return infos about the session as hash like described
           in close_session.

       get_rtp_sockets ( NEW_ADDR, @MEDIA )
           Allocates sockets for on address NEW_ADDR for @MEDIA. @MEDIA is in the format given by
           get_media in Net::SIP::SDP.

           Returns reference to array of allocated media, each item in the array is "[
           ADDR,BASE_PORT,\@SOCKS,\@TARGETS ]", where ADDR is NEW_ADDR, BASE_PORT the base port
           for the allocated sockets, @SOCKS the allocated sockets and @TARGETS the "sockaddr" of
           the original targets, e.g. where it needs to forward the data received on the sockets.

           If not all necssary sockets could be allocated it will allocate none and return "()".

           This method might be redefined to better control resource allocation or to cache
           temporally unused resources together with unget_rtp_sockets.

       unget_rtp_sockets ( NEW_MEDIA )
           Will take resources back. NEW_MEDIA is the result from get_rtp_sockets.  Returns
           nothing.

           Together with get_rtp_sockets it could be redefined to not destroy resources but to
           cache them for future use.

       dump
           This method is used for debugging only. It will return a string with information about
           all calls within this nathelper and all sessions and allocated sockets within the
           calls.

       number_of_calls
           Returns the number of calls within the nathelper. This vaalue has not much association
           with the result of callbacks because there might be inactive sockets (not yet or no
           longer in active session) which don't affect the result of callbacks.

           This value can be used to determine if expire needs to be called at all.