Provided by: libobject-forkaware-perl_0.005-1_all bug

NAME

       Object::ForkAware - Make an object aware of process forks and threads, recreating itself
       as needed

VERSION

       version 0.005

SYNOPSIS

           use Object::ForkAware;
           my $client = Object::ForkAware->new(
               create => sub { MyClient->new(server => 'foo.com', port => '1234') },
           );

           # do things with object as normal...
           $client->send(...);

           # later, we fork for some reason
           if (fork == 0) {
               # child process
               $client->send(...);
           }

           # no boom happens! fork is detected and client object is regenerated

DESCRIPTION

       If you've ever had an object representing a network connection to some server, or
       something else containing a socket, a filehandle, etc, and used it in a program that
       forks, and then forgot to close and reopen your socket/handle etc in the new process,
       you'll know what chaos can ensue. Depending on the type of connection, you can have
       multiple processes trying to write to the same resource at once, or simultaneous reads
       getting each other's data, dogs and cats living together... It's horrible, and it's an
       easy problem to run into.

       This module invisibly wraps your object and makes it fork-aware, automatically checking $$
       on every access and recreating the object if the process id changes.  (The object is also
       thread-aware; if the thread id changes, the object is recreated in the same manner.)

       The object can be safely used with type checks and various type constraint mechanisms, as
       "isa" and "can" respond as if they were being called against the contained object itself.

       You can also ensure that a fork never happens, by making use of the optional "on_fork"
       handler:

           my $client = Object::ForkAware->new(
               create => sub { MyClient->new(server => 'foo.com', port => '1234') },
               on_fork => sub { die 'fork detected!' },
           );

       Or, if regenerating the object needs to be done differently than the initial creation:

           my $client = Object::ForkAware->new(
               create => sub { MyClient->new(server => 'foo.com', port => '1234') },
               on_fork => sub { MyClient->new(server => 'other.foo.com' },
           );

METHODS

   "new(option => val, option => val...)"
       Provides an instance of this class.  Available options are:

       ·   "create" (mandatory) - a sub reference containing the code to be run when the object
           is initially created (as well as recreated, if there is no "on_fork" sub provided),
           returning the object instance.  If the object previously existed, it is passed as an
           argument to this method, allowing you to copy any state from the old object to the new
           one.

       ·   "on_fork" - a sub reference containing the code to be run when a fork is detected. It
           should either generate an exception or return the new object instance.  If the object
           previously existed, it is passed as an argument to this method, allowing you to copy
           any state from the old object to the new one.

       ·   "lazy" - a boolean (defaults to false) - when true, the "create" sub is not called
           immediately, but instead deferred until the first time the object is used. This
           prevents useless object creation if it is not likely to be used until after the first
           fork.

       There are no other public methods. All method calls on the object will be passed through
       to the containing object, after checking $$ (or "threads->tid") and possibly recreating
       the object via the provided "create" (or "on_fork") sub.

LIMITATIONS

       Using the Object::ForkAware object with an operator that the containing object has
       overloaded will not work; behaviour is as if there was no operator overloading.  Partial
       support is possible, but is not yet implemented.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

       The concept for this module came about through a conversation with Matt S.  Trout
       ("mst@shadowcat.co.uk") after experiencing the issue described in the synopsis on a
       prefork job-processing daemon.

       Some of the pid detection logic was inspired by the wonderful DBIx::Connector.

SEE ALSO

       ·   Object::Wrapper

       ·   Object::Wrapper::Fork

       ·   POSIX::AtFork

SUPPORT

       Bugs may be submitted through the RT bug tracker
       <https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=Object-ForkAware> (or
       bug-Object-ForkAware@rt.cpan.org <mailto:bug-Object-ForkAware@rt.cpan.org>).

       I am also usually active on irc, as 'ether' at "irc.perl.org".

AUTHOR

       Karen Etheridge <ether@cpan.org>

CONTRIBUTOR

       Graham Knop <haarg@haarg.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

       This software is copyright (c) 2013 by Karen Etheridge.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.