Provided by: libpar-perl_1.015-1_all bug

NAME

       PAR - Perl Archive Toolkit

SYNOPSIS

       (If you want to make an executable that contains all module, scripts and data files,
       please consult the pp utility instead. pp used to be part of the PAR distribution but is
       now shipped as part of the PAR::Packer distribution instead.)

       Following examples assume a foo.par file in Zip format.

       To use Hello.pm from ./foo.par:

           % perl -MPAR=./foo.par -MHello
           % perl -MPAR=./foo -MHello          # the .par part is optional

       Same thing, but search foo.par in the @INC;

           % perl -MPAR -Ifoo.par -MHello
           % perl -MPAR -Ifoo -MHello          # ditto

       Following paths inside the PAR file are searched:

           /lib/
           /arch/
           /i386-freebsd/              # i.e. $Config{archname}
           /5.8.0/                     # i.e. $Config{version}
           /5.8.0/i386-freebsd/        # both of the above
           /

       PAR files may also (recursively) contain other PAR files.  All files under following paths
       will be considered as PAR files and searched as well:

           /par/i386-freebsd/          # i.e. $Config{archname}
           /par/5.8.0/                 # i.e. $Config{version}
           /par/5.8.0/i386-freebsd/    # both of the above
           /par/

       Run script/test.pl or test.pl from foo.par:

           % perl -MPAR foo.par test.pl        # only when $0 ends in '.par'

       However, if the .par archive contains either script/main.pl or main.pl, then it is used
       instead:

           % perl -MPAR foo.par test.pl        # runs main.pl; @ARGV is 'test.pl'

       Use in a program:

           use PAR 'foo.par';
           use Hello; # reads within foo.par

           # PAR::read_file() returns a file inside any loaded PARs
           my $conf = PAR::read_file('data/MyConfig.yaml');

           # PAR::par_handle() returns an Archive::Zip handle
           my $zip = PAR::par_handle('foo.par')
           my $src = $zip->memberNamed('lib/Hello.pm')->contents;

       You can also use wildcard characters:

           use PAR '/home/foo/*.par';  # loads all PAR files in that directory

       Since version 0.950, you can also use a different syntax for loading .par archives:

           use PAR { file => 'foo.par' }, { file => 'otherfile.par' };

       Why? Because you can also do this:

           use PAR { file => 'foo.par, fallback => 1 };
           use Foo::Bar;

       Foo::Bar will be searched in the system libs first and loaded from foo.par if it wasn't
       found!

           use PAR { file => 'foo.par', run => 'myscript' };

       This will load foo.par as usual and then execute the script/myscript file from the
       archive. Note that your program will not regain control. When script/myscript exits, so
       does your main program. To make this more useful, you can defer this to runtime:
       (otherwise equivalent)

           require PAR;
           PAR->import( { file => 'foo.par', run => 'myscript' } );

       If you have PAR::Repository::Client installed, you can do this:

           use PAR { repository => 'http://foo/bar/' };
           use Module; # not locally installed!

       And PAR will fetch any modules you don't have from the specified PAR repository. For
       details on how this works, have a look at the SEE ALSO section below. Instead of an URL or
       local path, you can construct an PAR::Repository::Client object manually and pass that to
       PAR.  If you specify the "install => 1" option in the "use PAR" line above, the
       distribution containing "Module" will be permanently installed on your system. ("use PAR {
       repository => 'http://foo/bar', install => 1 };")

       Furthermore, there is an "upgrade => 1" option that checks for upgrades in the repository
       in addition to installing. Please note that an upgraded version of a module is only loaded
       on the next run of your application.

       Adding the "dependencies => 1" option will enable PAR::Repository::Client's static
       dependency resolution (PAR::Repository::Client 0.23 and up).

       Finally, you can combine the "run" and "repository" options to run an application directly
       from a repository! (And you can add the "install" option, too.)

         use PAR { repository => 'http://foo/bar/', run => 'my_app' };
         # Will not reach this point as we executed my_app,

DESCRIPTION

       This module lets you use special zip files, called Perl Archives, as libraries from which
       Perl modules can be loaded.

       It supports loading XS modules by overriding DynaLoader bootstrapping methods; it writes
       shared object file to a temporary file at the time it is needed.

       A .par file is mostly a zip of the blib/ directory after the build process of a CPAN
       distribution. To generate a .par file yourself, all you have to do is compress the modules
       under arch/ and lib/, e.g.:

           % perl Makefile.PL
           % make
           % cd blib
           % zip -r mymodule.par arch/ lib/

       Afterward, you can just use mymodule.par anywhere in your @INC, use PAR, and it will Just
       Work. Support for generating .par files is going to be in the next (beyond 0.2805) release
       of Module::Build.

       For convenience, you can set the "PERL5OPT" environment variable to "-MPAR" to enable
       "PAR" processing globally (the overhead is small if not used); setting it to
       "-MPAR=/path/to/mylib.par" will load a specific PAR file.  Alternatively, consider using
       the par.pl utility bundled with the PAR::Packer distribution, or using the self-contained
       parl utility which is also distributed with PAR::Packer on machines without PAR.pm
       installed.

       Note that self-containing scripts and executables created with par.pl and pp may also be
       used as .par archives:

           % pp -o packed.exe source.pl        # generate packed.exe (see PAR::Packer)
           % perl -MPAR=packed.exe other.pl    # this also works
           % perl -MPAR -Ipacked.exe other.pl  # ditto

       Please see "SYNOPSIS" for most typical use cases.

NOTES

       Settings in META.yml packed inside the PAR file may affect PAR's operation.  For example,
       pp provides the "-C" ("--clean") option to control the default behavior of temporary file
       creation.

       Currently, pp-generated PAR files may attach four PAR-specific attributes in META.yml:

           par:
             clean: 0          # default value of PAR_CLEAN
             signature: ''     # key ID of the SIGNATURE file
             verbatim: 0       # was packed prerequisite's PODs preserved?
             version: x.xx     # PAR.pm version that generated this PAR

       User-defined environment variables, like PAR_GLOBAL_CLEAN, always overrides the ones set
       in META.yml.  The algorithm for generating caching/temporary directory is as follows:

       ·   If PAR_GLOBAL_TEMP is specified, use it as the cache directory for extracted
           libraries, and do not clean it up after execution.

       ·   If PAR_GLOBAL_TEMP is not set, but PAR_CLEAN is specified, set PAR_GLOBAL_TEMP to
           "TEMP/par-USER/temp-PID/", cleaning it after execution.

       ·   If both are not set,  use "TEMP/par-USER/cache-HASH/" as the PAR_GLOBAL_TEMP, reusing
           any existing files inside.

       Here is a description of the variables the previous paths.

       ·   TEMP is a temporary directory, which can be set via $ENV{PAR_GLOBAL_TMPDIR},
           $ENV{TMPDIR}, $ENV{TEMPDIR}, $ENV{TEMP} or $ENV{TMP}, in that order of priority.  If
           none of those are set, C:\TEMP, /tmp are checked.  If neither of them exists, . is
           used.

       ·   USER is the user name, or SYSTEM if none can be found.  On Win32, this is
           $Win32::LoginName.  On Unix, this is $ENV{USERNAME} or $ENV{USER}.

       ·   PID is the process ID.  Forked children use the parent's PID.

       ·   HASH is a crypto-hash of the entire par file or executable, calculated at creation
           time.  This value can be overloaded with "pp"'s --tempdir parameter.

       By default, PAR strips POD sections from bundled modules. In case that causes trouble, you
       can turn this off by setting the environment variable "PAR_VERBATIM" to 1.

   import options
       When you "use PAR {...}" or call PAR->import({...}), the following options are available.

         PAR->import({ file => 'foo.par' });
         # or
         PAR->import({ repository => 'http://foo/bar/' });

       file
           The par filename.

           You must pass one option of either 'file' or 'repository'.

       repository
           A par repository (exclusive of file)

       fallback
           Search the system @INC before the par.

           Off by default for loading .par files via "file =" ...>.  On by default for PAR
           repositories.

           To prefer loading modules from a repository over the locally installed modules, you
           can load the repository as follows:

             use PAR { repository => 'http://foo/bar/', fallback => 0 };

       run The name of a script to run in the par.  Exits when done.

       no_shlib_unpack
           Skip unpacking bundled dynamic libraries from shlib/$archname.  The client may have
           them installed, or you may wish to cache them yourself.  In either case, they must end
           up in the standard install location (such as /usr/local/lib/) or in $ENV{PAR_TEMP}
           before you require the module which needs them.  If they are not accessible before you
           require the dependent module, perl will die with a message such as "cannot open shared
           object file..."

SEE ALSO

       PAR::Tutorial, PAR::FAQ

       The PAR::Packer distribution which contains the packaging utilities: par.pl, parl, pp.

       PAR::Dist for details on PAR distributions.

       PAR::Repository::Client for details on accessing PAR repositories.  PAR::Repository for
       details on how to set up such a repository.

       Archive::Zip, "require" in perlfunc

       ex::lib::zip, Acme::use::strict::with::pride

       Steffen Mueller has detailed slides on using PAR for application deployment at
       <http://steffen-mueller.net/talks/appdeployment/>.

       PAR supports the prefork module. It declares various run-time dependencies so you can use
       the prefork module to get streamlined processes in a forking environment.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

       Nicholas Clark for pointing out the mad source filter hook within the (also mad) coderef
       @INC hook, as well as (even madder) tricks one can play with PerlIO to avoid source
       filtering.

       Ton Hospel for convincing me to ditch the "Filter::Simple" implementation.

       Uri Guttman for suggesting "read_file" and "par_handle" interfaces.

       Antti Lankila for making me implement the self-contained executable options via "par.pl
       -O".

       See the AUTHORS file in the distribution for a list of people who have sent helpful
       patches, ideas or comments.

AUTHORS

       Audrey Tang <cpan@audreyt.org>

       Steffen Mueller <smueller@cpan.org>

       You can write to the mailing list at <par@perl.org>, or send an empty mail to
       <par-subscribe@perl.org> to participate in the discussion.

       Please submit bug reports to <bug-par@rt.cpan.org>. If you need support, however, joining
       the <par@perl.org> mailing list is preferred.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright 2002-2010 by Audrey Tang <cpan@audreyt.org>.  Copyright 2005-2010 by Steffen
       Mueller <smueller@cpan.org>

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

       See LICENSE.