Provided by: libpar-dist-perl_0.49-2_all bug


       PAR::Dist - Create and manipulate PAR distributions


       This document describes version 0.47 of PAR::Dist, released November 29, 2009.


       As a shell command:

           % perl -MPAR::Dist -eblib_to_par

       In programs:

           use PAR::Dist;

           my $dist = blib_to_par(); # make a PAR file using ./blib/
           install_par($dist);       # install it into the system
           uninstall_par($dist);     # uninstall it from the system
           sign_par($dist);          # sign it using Module::Signature
           verify_par($dist);        # verify it using Module::Signature

           install_par(""); # works too
           install_par(""); # auto-appends archname + perlver
           install_par("cpan://SMUELLER/PAR-Packer-0.975"); # uses CPAN author directory


       This module creates and manipulates PAR distributions.  They are architecture-specific PAR
       files, containing everything under blib/ of CPAN distributions after their "make" or
       "Build" stage, a META.yml describing metadata of the original CPAN distribution, and a
       MANIFEST detailing all files within it.  Digitally signed PAR distributions will also
       contain a SIGNATURE file.

       The naming convention for such distributions is:


       For example, "PAR-Dist-0.01-i386-freebsd-5.8.0.par" corresponds to the 0.01 release of
       "PAR-Dist" on CPAN, built for perl 5.8.0 running on "i386-freebsd".


       Several functions are exported by default.  Unless otherwise noted, they can take either a
       hash of named arguments, a single argument (taken as $path by "blib_to_par" and $dist by
       other functions), or no arguments (in which case the first PAR file in the current
       directory is used).

       Therefore, under a directory containing only a single test.par, all invocations below are

           % perl -MPAR::Dist -e"install_par( dist => 'test.par' )"
           % perl -MPAR::Dist -e"install_par( 'test.par' )"
           % perl -MPAR::Dist -einstall_par;

       If $dist resembles a URL, "LWP::Simple::mirror" is called to mirror it locally under
       $ENV{PAR_TEMP} (or "$TEMP/par/" if unspecified), and the function will act on the fetched
       local file instead.  If the URL begins with "cpan://AUTHOR/", it will be expanded
       automatically to the author's CPAN directory (e.g.

       If $dist does not have a file extension beginning with a letter or underscore, a dash and
       $suffix ($ARCH-$PERL_VERSION.par by default) will be appended to it.

       Takes key/value pairs as parameters or a single parameter indicating the path that
       contains the blib/ subdirectory.

       Builds a PAR distribution from the blib/ subdirectory under "path", or under the current
       directory if unspecified.  If blib/ does not exist, it automatically runs Build, make,
       Build.PL or Makefile.PL to create it.

       Returns the filename of the generated PAR distribution.

       Valid parameters are:

         Sets the path which contains the blib/ subdirectory from which the PAR distribution will
         be generated.

       name, version, suffix
         These attributes set the name, version and platform specific suffix of the distribution.
         Name and version can be automatically determined from the distributions META.yml or
         Makefile.PL files.

         The suffix is generated from your architecture name and your version of perl by default.

         The output filename for the PAR distribution.

         Set to true to suppress as much output as possible.

       Installs a PAR distribution into the system, using "ExtUtils::Install::install_default".

       If only a single parameter is given, it is treated as the value for the "dist" parameter.

       Valid named parameters are:

         The .par file to install. The heuristics outlined in the FUNCTIONS section above apply.

         This string will be prepended to all installation paths.  If it isn't specified, the
         environment variable "PERL_INSTALL_ROOT" is used as a prefix.

         This corresponds to the "uninstall_shadows" option of ExtUtils::Install. Quoting its
         manual: If "uninstall_shadows" is set to true, any differing versions throughout @INC
         will be uninstalled. This is "make install UNINST=1".

         This corresponds to the "verbose" option of ExtUtils::Install. According to its manual:
         If "verbose" is true, will print out each file removed. This is "make install
         VERBINST=1".  "verbose" values going up to 5 show increasingly more diagnostics output.

         Default verbosity for PAR::Dist is 1.

       If you're just going to install into the running perl like everything else, you can stop
       reading the rest of this section now.

       Additionally, you can use several parameters to change the default installation
       destinations. You don't usually have to worry about this unless you are installing into a
       user-local directory.  The following section outlines the parameter names and default

         Parameter         From          To
         inst_lib          blib/lib      $Config{installsitelib} (*)
         inst_archlib      blib/arch     $Config{installsitearch}
         inst_script       blib/script   $Config{installscript}
         inst_bin          blib/bin      $Config{installbin}
         inst_man1dir      blib/man1     $Config{installman1dir}
         inst_man3dir      blib/man3     $Config{installman3dir}
         packlist_read                   $Config{sitearchexp}/auto/$name/.packlist
         packlist_write                  $Config{installsitearch}/auto/$name/.packlist

       The "packlist_write" parameter is used to control where the .packlist file is written to.
       (Necessary for uninstallation.)  The "packlist_read" parameter specifies a .packlist file
       to merge in if it exists. By setting any of the above installation targets to "undef", you
       can remove that target altogether. For example, passing "inst_man1dir => undef,
       inst_man3dir => undef" means that the contained manual pages won't be installed. This is
       not available for the packlists.

       Again, the defaults will be the normal site paths from %Config.

       (*) If the ".par"'s inst_archlib section (normally "blib/arch") isn't empty, the code in
       inst_lib (normally "blib/lib") is also installed into the inst_archlib path. This makes
       sense for XS modules.  If, however, you override "inst_lib", this automatic conversion is
       also overridden! You can use the named parameter "auto_inst_lib_conversion => 1" to re-
       enable the conversion for custom inst_lib's.

       Finally, you may specify a "custom_targets" parameter. Its value should be a reference to
       a hash of custom installation targets such as

         custom_targets => { 'blib/my_data' => '/some/path/my_data' }

       You can use this to install the .par archives contents to arbitrary locations.

       Uninstalls all previously installed contents of a PAR distribution, using

       Takes almost the same parameters as "install_par", but naturally, the installation target
       parameters do not apply. The only exception to this is the "packlist_read" parameter which
       specifies the .packlist file to read the list of installed files from.  It defaults to

       Additionally, the "uninstall_shadows" parameter of "install_par" isn't available.

       Digitally sign a PAR distribution using "gpg" or Crypt::OpenPGP, via Module::Signature.

       Verify the digital signature of a PAR distribution using "gpg" or Crypt::OpenPGP, via

       Returns a boolean value indicating whether verification passed; $!  is set to the return
       code of "Module::Signature::verify".

       Note: Since version 0.32 of PAR::Dist, this function requires a YAML reader. The order of
       precedence is:

         YAML:XS YAML YAML::Syck YAML::Tiny

       Merges two or more PAR distributions into one. First argument must be the name of the
       distribution you want to merge all others into.  Any following arguments will be
       interpreted as the file names of further PAR distributions to merge into the first one.

         merge_par('foo.par', 'bar.par', 'baz.par')

       This will merge the distributions "foo.par", "bar.par" and "baz.par" into the distribution
       "foo.par". "foo.par" will be overwritten!

       The original META.yml of "foo.par" is retained, but augmented with any "provides",
       "requires", "recommends", "build_requires", and "configure_requires" sections from the
       other ".par" files.

       Remove the man pages from a PAR distribution. Takes one named parameter: dist which should
       be the name (and path) of the PAR distribution file. The calling conventions outlined in
       the "FUNCTIONS" section above apply.

       The PAR archive will be extracted, stripped of all "man\d?" and "html" subdirectories and
       then repackaged into the original file.

       Opens a PAR archive and extracts the contained META.yml file.  Returns the META.yml file
       as a string.

       Takes one named parameter: dist. If only one parameter is passed, it is treated as the
       dist parameter. (Have a look at the description in the "FUNCTIONS" section above.)

       Returns undef if no PAR archive or no META.yml within the archive were found.

       First argument must be a distribution file name. The file name is parsed into distribution
       name, distribution version, architecture name, and perl version.

       Returns the results as a list in the above order.  If any or all of the above cannot be
       determined, returns undef instead of the undetermined elements.

       Supported formats are:



       The ".tar.gz" or ".par" extensions as well as any preceding paths are stripped before
       parsing. Starting with "PAR::Dist" 0.22, versions containing a preceding "v" are parsed

       This function is not exported by default.

       Creates a blib/lib subdirectory in the current directory and prepares a META.yml with meta
       information for a new PAR distribution. First argument should be the name of the PAR
       distribution in a format understood by "parse_dist_name()".  Alternatively, named
       arguments resembling those of "blib_to_par" are accepted.

       After running "generate_blib_stub" and injecting files into the blib directory, you can
       create a PAR distribution using "blib_to_par".  This function is useful for creating
       custom PAR distributions from scratch. (I.e. not from an unpacked CPAN distribution)

         use PAR::Dist;
         use File::Copy 'copy';

           name => 'MyApp', version => '1.00'
         copy('', 'blib/lib/');
         blib_to_par(); # generates the .par file!

       "generate_blib_stub" will not overwrite existing files.

       This function is not exported by default.

       Opens a PAR archive tries to determine whether that archive contains platform-specific
       binary code.

       Takes one named parameter: dist. If only one parameter is passed, it is treated as the
       dist parameter. (Have a look at the description in the "FUNCTIONS" section above.)

       Throws a fatal error if the PAR archive could not be found.

       Returns one if the PAR was found to contain binary code and zero otherwise.


       PAR, ExtUtils::Install, Module::Signature, LWP::Simple


       Audrey Tang <> 2003-2007

       Steffen Mueller <> 2005-2011

       PAR has a mailing list, <>, that you can write to; send an empty mail to
       <> to join the list and participate in the discussion.

       Please send bug reports to <>.


       Copyright 2003-2011 by Audrey Tang <>.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

       See <>