Provided by: libpdl-ccs-perl_1.23.12-1build1_amd64 bug


       PDL::CCS::Functions - Useful perl-level functions for PDL::CCS


        use PDL;
        use PDL::CCS::Functions;

        ## ... stuff happens


         Signature: (indx ptr(N+1); indx [o]len(N))

       Get number of non-missing values for each axis value from a CCS-encoded offset pointer
       vector $ptr().

         Signature: (indx whichnd(Ndims,Nnz); nzvals(Nnz); missing(); \@Dims; [o]a(@Dims))

       Decode a CCS-encoded matrix (no dataflow).

Scalar Operations

       Scalar operations can be performed in parallel directly on $nzvals (and if applicable on
       $missing as well):

        $c = 42;

        $nzvals2 = $nzvals  + $c;        $missing2 = $missing  + $c;
        $nzvals2 = $nzvals  - $c;        $missing2 = $missing  - $c;
        $nzvals2 = $nzvals  * $c;        $missing2 = $missing  * $c;
        $nzvals2 = $nzvals  / $c;        $missing2 = $missing  / $c;

        $nzvals2 = $nzvals ** $c;        $missing2 = $missing ** $c;
        $nzvals2 = log($nzvals);         $missing2 = log($missing);
        $nzvals2 = exp($nzvals);         $missing2 = exp(missing);

        $nzvals2 = $nzvals->and2($c,0);  $missing2 = $missing->and($c,0);
        $nzvals2 = $nzvals->or2($c,0);   $missing2 = $missing->or2($c,0);
        $nzvals2 = $nzvals->not();       $missing2 = $missing->not();

       Nothing prevents scalar operations from producing new "missing" values (e.g. $nzvals*0),
       so you might want to re-encode your compressed data after applying the operation.

Vector Operations

         Signature: (indx whichDimV(Nnz); nzvals(Nnz); vec(V); [o]nzvals_out(Nnz))

       A number of row- and column-vector operations may be performed directly on encoded Nd-
       PDLs, without the need for decoding to a (potentially huge) dense temporary.  These
       operations assume that "missing" values are annihilators with respect to the operation in
       question, i.e.  that it holds for all $x in $vec that:

        ($missing __OP__ $x) == $missing

       This is in line with the usual PDL semantics if your $missing value is "BAD", but may
       produce unexpected results when e.g. adding a vector to a sparse PDL with $missing==0.  If
       you really need to do something like the latter, then you're probably better off decoding
       to a dense PDL anyway.

       Predefined function names for encoded-PDL vector operations are all of the form:
       "ccs_${OPNAME}_ma", where ${OPNAME} is the base name of the operation:

        plus       ##-- addition
        minus      ##-- subtraction
        mult       ##-- multiplication (NOT matrix-multiplication)
        divide     ##-- division
        modulo     ##-- modulo
        power      ##-- potentiation

        gt         ##-- greater-than
        ge         ##-- greater-than-or-equal
        lt         ##-- less-than
        le         ##-- less-than-or-equal
        eq         ##-- equality
        ne         ##-- inequality
        spaceship  ##-- 3-way comparison

        and2       ##-- binary AND
        or2        ##-- binary OR
        xor        ##-- binary XOR
        shiftleft  ##-- left-shift
        shiftright ##-- right-shift

   \&CODE = ccs_binop_vector_mia($opName, \&PDLCODE);
       Returns a generic vector-operation subroutine which reports errors as $opName and uses
       \&PDLCODE to perform underlying computation.


         Signature: (indx which(Ndims,Nnz); nzvals(Nnz); missing(); Dim0(); indx [o]nzix(Nnz); indx [o]nzenum(Nnz))

       Underlying guts for PDL::CCS::Nd::qsort() and PDL::CCS::Nd::qsorti().  Given a set of $Nnz
       items $i each associated with a vector-key "$which(:,$i)" and a value "$nzvals($i)",
       returns a vector of $Nnz item indices "$nzix()" such that "$which(:,$nzix)" is vector-
       sorted in ascending order and "$nzvals(:,$nzix)" are sorted in ascending order for each
       unique key-vector in "$which()", and an enumeration "$nzenum()" of items for each unique
       key-vector in terms of the sorted data: "$nzenum($j)" is the logical position of the item

       If $missing and $Dim0 are defined, items "$i=$nzix($j)" with values "$nzvals($i) >
       $missing" will be logically enumerated at the end of the range [0,$Dim0-1] and there will
       be a gap between "$nzenum()" values for a "$which()"-key with fewer than $Dim0 instances;
       otherwise $nzenum() values will be enumerated in ascending order starting from 0.

       For an unsorted index+value dataset "($which0,$nzvals0)" with

        ($nzix,$nzenum) = ccs_qsort($which0("1:-1,"),$nzvals0,$missing,$which0("0,")->max+1)

       qsort() can be implemented as:

        $which  = $nzenum("*1,")->glue(0,$which0("1:-1,")->dice_axis(1,$nzix));
        $nzvals = $nzvals0->index($nzix);

       and qsorti() as:

        $which  = $nzenum("*1,")->glue(0,$which0("1:-1,")->dice_axis(1,$nzix));
        $nzvals = $which0("(0),")->index($nzix);


       Perl by Larry Wall.

       PDL by Karl Glazebrook, Tuomas J. Lukka, Christian Soeller, and others.


       Bryan Jurish <>

   Copyright Policy
       Copyright (C) 2007-2018, Bryan Jurish. All rights reserved.

       This package is free software, and entirely without warranty.  You may redistribute it
       and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.


       perl(1), PDL(3perl), PDL::CCS::Nd(3perl),