Provided by: libpdl-io-matlab-perl_0.005-3build1_amd64

**NAME**

PDL::IO::Matlab -- Read and write Matlab format data files.

**DESCRIPTION**

This module provides routines to read and write pdls to and from data files in Matlab formats. The module uses the matio C library. Both functional and OO interface are provided. Only real, multi-dimensional arrays corresponding to PDL data types are supported. Compression is currently only supported when reading. See the section "CAVEATS" for important information on potential problems when using this module.

**SYNOPSIS**

use PDL; use PDL::IO::Matlab qw( matlab_read matlab_write matlab_print_info); # write two pdls in matlab 5 format matlab_write('file.dat', $x, $y); # read an array of piddles # from file in matlab 4, 5, or 7.3 format. my @pdls = matlab_read('file.dat'); # write pdl in matlab 7.3 format. matlab_write('file.dat', 'MAT73', $x); matlab_print_info('file.dat');

**FUNCTIONS**

The functional interface.matlab_readUsageReturn all arrays in $filename @pdls = matlab_read($filename); @pdls = matlab_read($filename, {OPTIONS}); Return first array in $filename $x = matlab_read($filename); Do not automatically convert "1xn" and "nx1" arrays to 1-d arrays. @pdls = matlab_read($filename, { onedr => 0 } ); Reads all data in the file $filename. Formats 4, 5, and 7.3 are supported. Options are passed to "new".matlab_writeUsagematlab_write($filename,$x1,$x2,...); matlab_write($filename,$format,$x1,$x2,...); Automatically convert "n" element, 1-d piddles to "1xn" matlab variables. matlab_write($filename,$x1,$x2,..., {onedw => 1} ); Automatically convert to "nx1" matlab variables. matlab_write($filename,$x1,$x2,..., {onedw => 2} ); Use zlib compression matlab_write($filename,$x1,$x2,..., {compress => 1} ); This method writes pdls $x1, $x2,.... If present, $format must be either 'MAT5' or 'MAT73'.matlab_print_infoUsage# print names and dimensions of variables. matlab_print_info($filename); # also print a small amount of the data. matlab_print_info($filename, { data => 1 }); # This does the same thing. matlab_print_info($filename, data => 1 ); Print information about the contents of the matlab file $filename, including the name, dimension and class type of the variables.

**METHODS**

newUsage# open for writing $mat = PDL::IO::Matlab->new('file.dat', '>', {format => 'MAT5'}); # default format is MAT5 $mat = PDL::IO::Matlab->new('file.dat', '>'); # may use 'w' or '>' $mat = PDL::IO::Matlab->new('file.dat', 'w'); # supply header $mat = PDL::IO::Matlab->new('file.dat', '>', { header => 'some text'} ); # read-write with rw or <> $mat = PDL::IO::Matlab->new('file.dat', 'rw'); # open for reading $mat = PDL::IO::Matlab->new('file.dat', '<');Optionsformat Either 'MAT5' or 'MAT73'. compress Either 1 for yes, or 0 for no. header A header (a string) to write into the file. namekey A hash key that will be used to store the matlab name for a variable read from a file in the header of a piddle. The default value is 'NAME'. Thus, the name can be accessed via "$pdl->hdr->{NAME}". varbasew The base of the default matlab variable name that will be written in the matlab file along with each piddle. An integer will be appended to the base name. This integer is initialized to zero and is incremented after writing each variable. The option "compress" enables zlib compression if the zlib library is available and if the data file format is 'MAT5'.closeUsage$mat->close; Close matlab file and free memory associated with $mat.read_nextUsagemy $x = $mat->read_next; print "End of file\n" unless ref($x); my ($err,$x) = $mat->read_next; print "End of file\n" if $err; Read one pdl from file associated with object $mat.read_allUsagemy @pdls = $mat->read_all; Read all remaining pdls from file associated with object $mat.writeUsage$x2->hdr->{NAME} = 'variablename'; $mat->write($x1,$x2,...); $mat->write($x1,$x2,...,{OPTIONS}); Append pdls to open file associated with $mat. If a piddle has a matlab name stored in the header it will be used as the matlab name written to the file with this piddle. The key is in "$pdl->{namekey}", with default value 'NAME'. If the name is not in the piddle's header, then a default value will be used.Optionsonedw If "onedw" is 1 then a 1-d pdl of length n is written as a as an "nx1" pdl (a "1xn" matlab variable). If "onedw" is 2 then the output piddle is "1xn" and the matlab variable "nx1". If "onedw" is zero (the default), then the 1-d pdl is written as a 1-d piddle. In the last case, Octave will print an error and fail to read the variable. compress If "compress" is 1 then zlib compression is used, if the library is available and if the format is 'MAT5'.rewindUsage$mat->rewind Reset pointer to the head of the file.get_filenameUsage$mat->get_filename Return name of file associated with $mat.get_formatUsage$mat->get_format Return matlab data file format for file associated with $mat. One of 'MAT4', 'MAT5', or 'MAT73'.print_all_var_infoUsage$mat->print_all_var_info; # also print a small amount of data from each variable. $mat->print_all_var_info( data => 1 ); Print a summary of all data in the file associated with $mat (starting from the next unread variable.)

**ACCESSOR** **METHODS**

The following are additional accessor methods for the matlab file objects PDL::IO::Matlab. get_handle set_handle get_mode set_mode get_filename set_filename get_format set_format get_header set_header get_varbasew set_varbasew get_onedw set_onedw get_onedr set_onedr get_namekey set_namekey get_wvarnum set_wvarnum get_compress set_compress

**CAVEATS**

complicatingfactorsThere are two complicating factors when using matlab files with PDL. First, matlab does not support one-dimensional vectors. Thus, a 1-d pdl must be represented as either a "1 x n" of a "n x 1" matlab variable. Second, matlab stores matrices in column-major order, while pdl stores them in row-major order.one-dimensionalpdlsYou can write 1-d pdls to a file with this module. This module can then read the file. But, Octave will fail to read the file and print an error message. See "write" for how this is handled.column-vs.rowmajorData written by Octave (PDL) will be read by PDL (Octave) with indices transposed. On the todo list is an option to physically or logically transpose the data on reading and writing.OctaverequiresdistinctmatlabvariablenamesWith this module, you may write more than one variable, each with the same name, (the matlab name; not the pdl identifier, or variable, name), to a file in MAT5 format. This module is then able to read all pdls from this file. But, Octave, when reading this file, will overwrite all but the last occurrence of the variable with the last occurrence. See the method "write". Trying to write two pdls with the same matlab variable name in MAT73 format will cause an error.othermissingfeatures,bugsWhen trying to read an unsupported matlab data type from a file, this module will throw an error. Supporting other data types or optionally skipping them is on the todo list. Random access of variables in a file is on the todo list. The underlyingmatiolibrary supports this. This module is currently built with some hardcoded data from a PDL installation, that may contain platform-specific (linux) features. It may fail to build or function correctly when used on other platforms.

**AUTHOR**

John Lapeyre, "<jlapeyre at cpan.org>" The matio library was written by Christopher C. Hulbert.

**LICENSE** **AND** **COPYRIGHT**

Copyright 2012 John Lapeyre. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License. See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/ for more information. The matio library included here is Copyright 2011 Christopher C. Hulbert. All rights reserved. See the file matio-1.5/COPYING in the source distribution of this module.