Provided by: libpdl-linearalgebra-perl_0.12-3build1_amd64 #### NAME

```       PDL::LinearAlgebra::Special - Special matrices for PDL

```

#### SYNOPSIS

```        use PDL::LinearAlgebra::Mtype;

\$a = mhilb(5,5);

```

#### DESCRIPTION

```       This module provides some constructors of well known matrices.

```

#### FUNCTIONS

```   mhilb
Construct Hilbert matrix from specifications list or template piddle

PDL(Hilbert)  = mpart(PDL(template) | ARRAY(specification))

my \$hilb   = mhilb(float,5,5);

mtri
Return zeroed matrix with upper or lower triangular part from another matrix.  Return
trapezoid matrix if entry matrix is not square.  Supports threading.  Uses tricpy or
tricpy.

PDL = mtri(PDL, SCALAR)
SCALAR : UPPER = 0 | LOWER = 1, default = 0

my \$a = random(10,10);
my \$b = mtri(\$a, 0);

mvander
Return (primal) Vandermonde matrix from vector.

mvander(M,P) is a rectangular version of mvander(P) with M Columns.

mpart
Return antisymmetric and symmetric part of a real or complex square matrix.

( PDL(antisymmetric), PDL(symmetric) )  = mpart(PDL, SCALAR(conj))
conj : if true Return AntiHermitian, Hermitian part.

my \$a = random(10,10);
my ( \$antisymmetric, \$symmetric )  = mpart(\$a);

mhankel
Return Hankel matrix also known as persymmetric matrix.  For complex, needs object of type
PDL::Complex.

mhankel(c,r), where c and r are vectors, returns matrix whose first column
is c and whose last row is r. The last element of c prevails.
mhankel(c) returns matrix with element below skew diagonal (anti-diagonal) equals
to zero. If c is a scalar number, make it from sequence beginning at one.

The elements are:

H (i,j) = c (i+j),  i+j+1 <= m;
H (i,j) = r (i+j-m+1),  otherwise
where m is the size of the vector.

If c is a scalar number, it's determinant can be computed by:

floor(n/2)    n
Det(H(n)) = (-1)      *      n

mtoeplitz

mtoeplitz(c,r), where c and r are vectors, returns matrix whose first column
is c and whose last row is r. The last element of c prevails.
mtoeplitz(c) returns symmetric matrix.

mpascal
Return Pascal matrix (from Pascal's triangle) of order N.

mpascal(N,uplo).
uplo:
0 => upper triangular (Cholesky factor),
1 => lower triangular (Cholesky factor),
2 => symmetric.

This matrix is obtained by writing Pascal's triangle (whose elements are binomial
coefficients from index and/or index sum) as a matrix and truncating appropriately.  The
symmetric Pascal is positive definite, it's inverse has integer entries.

Their determinants are all equal to one and:

S = L * U
where S, L, U are symmetric, lower and upper pascal matrix respectively.

mcompanion
Return a matrix with characteristic polynomial equal to p if p is monic.  If p is not
monic the characteristic polynomial of A is equal to p/c where c is the coefficient of
largest degree in p (here p is in descending order).

mcompanion(PDL(p),SCALAR(charpol)).
charpol:
0 => first row is -P(1:n-1)/P(0),
1 => last column is -P(1:n-1)/P(0),

```

#### AUTHOR

```       Copyright (C) Grégory Vanuxem 2005-2007.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
the artistic license as specified in the Artistic file.
```