Provided by: libpoe-component-resolver-perl_0.921-1_all bug

NAME

       POE::Component::Resolver - A non-blocking getaddrinfo() resolver

VERSION

       version 0.921

SYNOPSIS

               #!/usr/bin/perl

               use warnings;
               use strict;

               use POE;
               use POE::Component::Resolver qw(AF_INET AF_INET6);

               my $r = POE::Component::Resolver->new(
                       max_resolvers => 8,
                       idle_timeout  => 5,
                       af_order      => [ AF_INET6, AF_INET ],
                       # sidecar_program => $path_to_program,
               );

               my @hosts = qw( ipv6-test.com );
               my $tcp   = getprotobyname("tcp");

               POE::Session->create(
                       inline_states => {
                               _start => sub {
                                       foreach my $host (@hosts) {
                                               $r->resolve(
                                                       host    => $host,
                                                       service => "http",
                                                       event   => "got_response",
                                                       hints   => { protocol => $tcp },
                                               ) or die $!;
                                       }
                               },

                               _stop => sub { print "client session stopped\n" },

                               got_response => sub {
                                       my ($error, $addresses, $request) = @_[ARG0..ARG2];
                                       use YAML; print YAML::Dump(
                                               {
                                                       error => $error,
                                                       addr => $addresses,
                                                       req => $request,
                                               }
                                       );
                               },
                       }
               );

               POE::Kernel->run();

DESCRIPTION

       POE::Component::Resolver performs Socket::getaddrinfo() calls in subprocesses where
       they're permitted to block as long as necessary.

       By default it will run eight subprocesses and prefer address families in whatever order
       getaddrinfo() returns them.  These defaults can be overridden with constructor parameters.
       getaddrinfo() delegates to the operating system's resolver, which may be reconfigured
       according to the usual conventions.

   PUBLIC METHODS
       new

       Create a new resolver.  Returns an object that must be held and used to make requests.
       See the synopsis.

       Accepts up to four optional named parameters.

       "af_order" may contain an arrayref with the address families to permit, in the order in
       which they're preferred.  Without "af_order", the component will prefer IPv4 addresses
       over IPv6 for legacy compatibility.  This may change in the future as IPv6 gains more
       widespread acceptance.  See "ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES" for a way to override the default
       without hacking modules.

               # Prefer IPv6 addresses, but also return IPv4 ones.
               my $r1 = POE::Component::Resolver->new(
                       af_order => [ AF_INET6, AF_INET ]
               );

               # Only return IPv6 addresses,
               # or nothing in cases where only IPv4 addresses exist.
               my $r2 = POE::Component::Resolver->new(
                       af_order => [ AF_INET6 ]
               );

       "idle_timeout" determines how long to keep idle resolver subprocesses before cleaning them
       up, in seconds.  It defaults to 15.0 seconds.

       "max_resolvers" controls the component's parallelism by defining the maximum number of
       sidecar processes to manage.  It defaults to 8, but fewer or more processes can be
       configured depending on the resources you have available and the amount of parallelism you
       require.

               # One at a time, but without the pesky blocking.
               my $r3 = POE::Component::Resolver->new( max_resolvers => 1 );

       "sidecar_program" contains the disk location of a program that will perform blocking
       lookups on standard input and print the results on standard output.  The sidecar program
       is needed only in special environments where the bundling and execution of extra utilities
       is tricky.  PAR is one such environment.

       The sidecar program needs to contain at least two statements:

               use POE::Component::Resolver::Sidecar;
               POE::Component::Resover::Sidecar->main();

       resolve

       resolve() begins a new request to resolve a domain.  The request will be enqueued in the
       component until a sidecar process can service it.  resolve() returns a request ID that may
       be used to cancel() a request before it has completed (or undef if the request couldn't
       begin, such as during shutdown).  Resolve requires two parameters and accepts some
       additional optional ones.

       "host" and "service" are required and contain the host (name or Internet address) and
       service (name or numeric port) that will be passed verbatim to getaddrinfo().  See Socket
       for details.

       "event" is optional; it contains the name of the event that will contain the resolver
       response.  If omitted, it will default to "resolver_response"; you may want to specify a
       shorter event name.

       "hints" is optional.  If specified, it must contain a hashref of hints exactly as
       getaddrinfo() expects them.  See Socket for details.

       "misc" is optional continuation data that will be passed back in the response.  It may
       contain any type of data the application requires.

       cancel

       Cancel a request, given the request's ID.

               my $request_id = $resolver->resolve("poe.dyndns.org", "http");
               $resolver->cancel($request_id);

       shutdown

       Shut down the resolver.  POE::Component::Resolver retains resources including child
       processes for up to "idle_timeout" seconds.  This may keep programs running up to
       "idle_timeout" seconds longer than they should.

       POE::Component::Resolver will release its resources (including child processes) when its
       shutdown() method is called.

       unpack_addr

       In scalar context, unpack_addr($response_addr_hashref) returns the addr element of
       $response_addr_hashref in a numeric form appropriate for the address family of the
       address.

               sub handle_resolver_response {
                       my ($error, $addresses, $request) = @_[ARG0..ARG2];

                       foreach my $a (@$addresses) {
                               my $numeric_addr = $resolver->unpack_addr($a);
                               print "$request->{host} = $numeric_addr\n";
                       }
               }

       In list context, it returns the numeric port and address.

               sub handle_resolver_response {
                       my ($error, $addresses, $request) = @_[ARG0..ARG2];

                       foreach my $a (@$addresses) {
                               my ($$numeric_addr, $port) = $resolver->unpack_addr($a);
                               print "$request->{host} = $numeric_addr\n";
                       }
               }

       unpack_addr() is a convenience wrapper around getnameinfo() from Socket.  You're certainly
       welcome to use the discrete function instead.

       unpack_addr() returns bleak emptiness on failure, regardless of context.  You can check
       for undef return.

   PUBLIC EVENTS
       resolver_response

       The resolver response event includes three parameters.

       $_[ARG0] and $_[ARG1] contain the retrn values from Socket's getaddrinfo() call.  These
       are an error message (if the call failed), and an arrayref of address structures if the
       call succeeded.

       The component provides its own error message, 'component shut down'.  This response is
       given for every pending request at the time the user shuts down the component.

       $_[ARG2] contains a hashref of information provided to the resolve() method.
       Specifically, the values of resolve()'s "host", "service" and "misc" parameters.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

   POCO_RESOLVER_IPV
       The POCO_RESOLVER_IPV environment variable sets this component's default Internet Protocol
       Version search order.  If the variable exists, it should contain a string with the numbers
       4 and/or 6.  POE::Component::Resolver will treate these as Internet Protocol versions to
       consider, in the order they are preferred.

       POE::Component::Resolver's new() method accepts an "af_order" parameter that overrides
       this environment variable.

       Default to IPv4 addresses only:

               export POCO_RESOLVER_IPV=4

       Default to IPv6 addresses only:

               export POCO_RESOLVER_IPV=6

       Prefer IPv6, but accept IPv4 if needed:

               export POCO_RESOLVER_IPV=64

       Prefer IPv4, but accept IPv6 if needed:

               export POCO_RESOLVER_IPV=46

COMPATIBILITY ISSUES

   Microsoft Windows
       This module requires "Microsoft TCP/IP version 6" to be installed.  Steps for Windows XP
       Pro (the steps for your particular version of Windows may be subtly or drastically
       different):

       ·   Open your Control Panel

       ·   Open your Network Connections

       ·   Select your network connection from the available one(s)

       ·   In the Local Area Connection Status dialog, click the Properties button

       ·   If "Microsoft TCP/IP version 6" is listed as an item being used, you are done.

       ·   Otherwise click Install...

       ·   Choose to add a Protocol

       ·   And install "Microsoft TCP/IP version 6" from the list of network protocols.

BUGS

       There is no timeout on requests.

       There is no way to cancel a pending request.

TROUBLESHOOTING

   programs linger for several seconds before exiting
       Programs should shutdown() their POE::Component::Resolver objects when they are through
       needing asynchronous DNS resolution.  Programs should additionally destroy their resolvers
       if they intend to run awhile and want to reuse the memory they consume.

       In some cases, it may be necessary to shutdown components that perform asynchronous DNS
       using POE::Component::Resolver... such as POE::Component::IRC,
       POE::Component::Client::Keepalive and POE::Component::Client::HTTP.

       By default, the resolver subprocesses hang around for idle_timeout, which defaults to 15.0
       seconds.  Destroying the Resolver object will clean up the process pool.  Assuming only
       that is keeping the event loop active, the program will then exit cleanly.

       Alternatively, reduce idle_timeout to a more manageable number, such as 5.0 seconds.

       Otherwise something else may also be keeping the event loop active.

LICENSE

       Except where otherwise noted, this distribution is Copyright 2011 by Rocco Caputo.  All
       rights reserved.  This distribution is free software; you may redistribute it and/or
       modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.