Provided by: libppix-regexp-perl_0.067-1_all bug

NAME

       PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier - Represent modifiers.

SYNOPSIS

        use PPIx::Regexp::Dumper;
        PPIx::Regexp::Dumper->new( 'qr{foo}smx' )
            ->print();

       The trailing "smx" will be represented by this class.

       This class also represents the whole of things like "(?ismx)". But the modifiers in
       something like "(?i:foo)" are represented by a PPIx::Regexp::Token::GroupType::Modifier.

INHERITANCE

       "PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier" is a PPIx::Regexp::Token.

       "PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier" is the parent of PPIx::Regexp::Token::GroupType::Modifier.

DESCRIPTION

       This class represents modifier characters at the end of the regular expression.  For
       example, in "qr{foo}smx" this class would represent the terminal "smx".

   The "a", "aa", "d", "l", and "u" modifiers
       The "a", "aa", "d", "l", and "u" modifiers, introduced starting in Perl 5.13.6, are used
       to force either Unicode pattern semantics ("u"), locale semantics ("l") default semantics
       ("d" the traditional Perl semantics, which can also mean 'dual' since it means Unicode if
       the string's UTF-8 bit is on, and locale if the UTF-8 bit is off), or restricted default
       semantics ("a"). These are mutually exclusive, and only one can be asserted at a time.
       Asserting any of these overrides the inherited value of any of the others. The
       "asserted()" method reports as asserted the last one it sees, or none of them if it has
       seen none.

       For example, given "PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier" $elem representing the invalid regular
       expression fragment "(?dul)", "$elem->asserted( 'l' )" would return true, but
       "$elem->asserted( 'u' )" would return false. Note that "$elem->negated( 'u' )" would also
       return false, since "u" is not explicitly negated.

       If $elem represented regular expression fragment "(?i)", "$elem->asserted( 'd' )" would
       return false, since even though "d" represents the default behavior it is not explicitly
       asserted.

   The caret ("^") modifier
       Calling "^" a modifier is a bit of a misnomer. The "(?^...)"  construction was introduced
       in Perl 5.13.6, to prevent the inheritance of modifiers. The documentation calls the caret
       a shorthand equivalent for "d-imsx", and that it the way this class handles it.

       For example, given "PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier" $elem representing regular expression
       fragment "(?^i)", "$elem->asserts( 'd' )" would return true, since in the absence of an
       explicit "l" or "u" this class considers the "^" to explicitly assert "d".

       The caret handling is complicated by the fact that the 'n' modifier was introduced in
       5.21.8, at which point the caret became equivalent to "d-imnsx". I did not feel I could
       unconditionally add the "-n" to the expansion of the caret, because that would produce
       confusing output from methods like explain(). Nor could I make it conditional on the
       minimum perl version, because that information is not available early enough in the parse.
       What I did was to expand the caret into "d-imnsx" if and only if 'n' was in effect at some
       point in the scope in which the modifier was parsed.

       Continuing the above example, "$elem->asserts( 'n' )" and "$elem->modifier_asserted( 'n'
       )" would both return false, but "$elem->negates( 'n' )" would return true if and only if
       the "/m" modifier has been asserted somewhere before and in-scope from this token. The
       modifier_asserted( 'n' ) method is inherited from PPIx::Regexp::Element.

METHODS

       This class provides the following public methods. Methods not documented here are private,
       and unsupported in the sense that the author reserves the right to change or remove them
       without notice.

   asserts
        $token->asserts( 'i' ) and print "token asserts i";
        foreach ( $token->asserts() ) { print "token asserts $_\n" }

       This method returns true if the token explicitly asserts the given modifier. The example
       would return true for the modifier in "(?i:foo)", but false for "(?-i:foo)".

       Starting with version 0.036_01, if the argument is a single-character modifier followed by
       an asterisk (intended as a wild card character), the return is the number of times that
       modifier appears. In this case an exception will be thrown if you specify a multi-
       character modifier (e.g.  'ee*').

       If called without an argument, or with an undef argument, all modifiers explicitly
       asserted by this token are returned.

   match_semantics
        my $sem = $token->match_semantics();
        defined $sem or $sem = 'undefined';
        print "This token has $sem match semantics\n";

       This method returns the match semantics asserted by the token, as one of the strings 'a',
       'aa', 'd', 'l', or 'u'. If no explicit match semantics are asserted, this method returns
       "undef".

   modifiers
        my %mods = $token->modifiers();

       Returns all modifiers asserted or negated by this token, and the values set (true for
       asserted, false for negated). If called in scalar context, returns a reference to a hash
       containing the values.

   negates
        $token->negates( 'i' ) and print "token negates i\n";
        foreach ( $token->negates() ) { print "token negates $_\n" }

       This method returns true if the token explicitly negates the given modifier. The example
       would return true for the modifier in "(?-i:foo)", but false for "(?i:foo)".

       If called without an argument, or with an undef argument, all modifiers explicitly negated
       by this token are returned.

SUPPORT

       Support is by the author. Please file bug reports at <http://rt.cpan.org>, or in
       electronic mail to the author.

AUTHOR

       Thomas R. Wyant, III wyant at cpan dot org

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Copyright (C) 2009-2019 by Thomas R. Wyant, III

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl 5.10.0. For more details, see the full text of the licenses in the directory
       LICENSES.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty;
       without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.