Provided by: libpqtypes-dev_1.5.1-5_amd64 bug


       PQspecPrepare - Prepares a libpqtypes specifier format string.


       #include <libpqtypes.h>

       int PQspecPrepare(PGconn *conn, const char *name,
                             const char *format, int is_stmt);
       void PQclearSpecs(PGconn *conn);


       PQspecPrepare  allows an application to prepare specifier format strings that will be used
       frequently.  By preparing a specifier format string,  one  avoids  the  parsing  and  type
       handler  lookup  costs.  This becomes a significant win when managing large result sets or
       arrays, where the specifier format, like "%int4 %text %bytea", must be prepared  for  each

       As  with  PQregisterXXX, only specifier format strings prepared prior to the creation of a
       PGresult or PGparam, will be available for use.  This is because the prepared type spec is
       cached within a PGconn object and copied to all subsequent PGparam and PGresult objects.

       Every  prepared type spec is given a name, which is used as its unique identifier.  To use
       a prepared type spec, the name is provided where ever a regular specifier format string is
       allowed,  like  PQputf  or PQgetf.  The name must be proceeded by a ´@´ AT sign.  For more
       information about the syntax, see the pqt-specs(3) man page.

       The format argument is the specifier format string being prepared.  When this is NULL, the
       name prepared type spec is removed from the PGconn´s internal array.

       The  is_stmt  argument indicates if a parementerized statement version of format should be
       cached along with the prepared type spec.  This means all type specifiers in format,  like
       "%int4",  will  be  converted  to "$1" syntax.  When is_stmt is non-zero, a statement will
       created and cached.  For more  information  on  specifer  format  string  to  paremterized
       statements,  see the PQputf(3) man page.  NOTE: to use a prepared type spec with execution
       functions like PQexecf, is_stmt must be set to non-zero.

       PQclearSpecs removes all prepared specifiers from the given PGconn, as opposed to removing
       them  one  by one by setting PQspecPrepare's format argument to NULL.  A good use for this
       is after a PQresetXXX call when it might be desired to re-prepare all type specifiers.

       Functions that support the use of a prepared  type  spec  are:  PQputf,  PQputvf,  PQgetf,
       PQgetvf, PQexecf, PQexecvf, PQsendf, PQsendvf, PQparamExec, PQparamSendQuery.

       HINT: A good rule of thumb for using prepared type specs, is when there are a large number
       of PQputf/PQgetf calls per statement execution.  This commonly occurs  when  dealing  with
       large result sets and arrays.


       PQspecPrepare  and  PQclearSpecs  return  a nonzero value on success and zero if it fails.
       Use PQgeterror() to get an error message.


       This example prepares a type spec and issues some PQputf calls.

              int i;
              PQparam *param;

              if(!PQspecPrepare(conn, "prepared_spec", "%int4 %text", 0))
                   fprintf(stderr, "PQspecPrepare: %s0, PQgeterror());

              /* create after preparing spec */
              param = PQparamCreate(conn);

              for(i=0; i < 100000; i++)
                   /* NOTE: nothing else can be in format string */
                   PQputf(param, "@prepared_spec", 4, "text");

              /* This elects to prepare a statement as well.  After this returns,
               * "SELECT myfunc($1, $2)" will be cached along with the prepared spec.
              PQspecPrepare(conn, "myfunc", "SELECT myfunc(%int4, %text)", 1);

              /* "myfunc" tells execf to execute "SELECT myfunc($1, $2)".  If is_stmt
               * was set to zero during the PQspecPrepare, the below would be invalid
               * because execf doesn't know what to execute.
              PQexecf(conn, "@myfunc", 123, "text");

              /* clear'm all */




       A contribution of eSilo, LLC. for the PostgreSQL Database Management System.   Written  by
       Andrew Chernow.


       Report bugs to <>.


       Copyright (c) 2011 eSilo, LLC. All rights reserved.
       This  is  free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO warranty; not


       pqt-specs(3), PQgetf(3), PQputf(3).