Provided by: libperl-critic-perl_1.134-1_all bug


       Perl::Critic::Policy::RegularExpressions::ProhibitCaptureWithoutTest - Capture variable
       used outside conditional.


       This Policy is part of the core Perl::Critic distribution.


       If a regexp match fails, then any capture variables ($1, $2, ...) will be unaffected.
       They will retain whatever old values they may have had.  Therefore it's important to check
       the return value of a match before using those variables.

           '12312123' =~ /(2)/;
           print $1;    # Prints 2
           '123123123' =~ /(X)/;
           print $1;    # Prints 2, because $1 has not changed.

       Note that because the values of $1 etc will be unaffected, you cannot determine if a match
       succeeded by checking to see if the capture variables have values.

           # WRONG
           $str =~ /foo(.+)/;
           if ( $1 ) {
               print "I found $1 after 'foo'";

       This policy checks that the previous regexp for which the capture variable is in-scope is
       either in a conditional or causes an exception or other control transfer (i.e. "next",
       "last", "redo", "return", or sometimes "goto") if the match fails.

       A "goto" is only accepted by this policy if it is a co-routine call (i.e.  "goto &foo") or
       a "goto LABEL" where the label does not fall between the "goto" and the capture variable
       in the scope of the "goto". A computed "goto" (i.e. something like "goto (qw{foo bar
       baz})[$i]") is not accepted by this policy because its target can not be statically

       This policy does not check whether that conditional is actually testing a regexp result,
       nor does it check whether a regexp actually has a capture in it.  Those checks are too

       This policy also does not check arbitrarily complex conditionals guarding regexp results,
       for pretty much the same reason.  Simple things like

        m/(foo)/ or die "No foo!";
        die "No foo!" unless m/(foo)/;

       will be handled, but something like

        m/(foo)/ or do {
          ... lots of complicated calculations here ...
          die "No foo!";

       are beyond its scope.


       By default, this policy considers "die", "croak", and "confess" to throw exceptions. If
       you have additional subroutines or methods that may be used in lieu of one of these, you
       can configure them in your perlcriticrc as follows:

        exception_source = my_exception_generator


       This policy does not recognize named capture variables. Yet.


       Chris Dolan <>


       Copyright (c) 2006-2017 Chris Dolan.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

perl v5.28.1            Perl::Critic::Policy::RegularExpressions::ProhibitCaptureWithoutTest(3pm)