Provided by: libpetal-perl_2.25-1_all bug


       Petal::Deprecated - Documents Petal's deprecated syntax.


       This is an article, not a module.

       From version 2.00 onwards Petal *requires* that you use well-formed XML. This is because
       Petal now uses MKDoc::XML::TreeBuilder rather than HTML::TreeBuilder and XML::Parser.

       In particular, this version of Petal *CAN* break backwards compatibility if you were using
       Petal's HTML mode will non well formed XHTML.

       If you still want to use broken XHTML, you can Petal 2.00 in conjunction with
       Petal::Parser::HTB which has been created for this purpose.


           <!--? This is a template comment.
                 It will not appear in the output -->
           <html xmlns:tal="">
               This is the variable 'my_var' : ${my_var}.

       And if "my_var" contained Hello World, Petal would have outputted:

               This is the variable 'my_var' : Hello World.

       Now let's say that "my_var" is a hash reference as follows:

           $VAR1 = { hello_world => 'Hello, World' }

       To output the same result, you would write:

           This is the variable 'my_var' : ${my_var/hello_world}.


       If you want to use an option throughout your entire program and don't want to have to pass
       it to the constructor each time, you can set them globally. They will then act as defaults
       unless you override them in the constructor.

         $Petal::BASE_DIR           (use base_dir option)
         $Petal::INPUT              (use input option)
         $Petal::OUTPUT             (use output option)
         $Petal::TAINT              (use taint option)
         $Petal::ERROR_ON_UNDEF_VAR (use error_on_undef_var option)
         $Petal::DISK_CACHE         (use disk_cache option)
         $Petal::MEMORY_CACHE       (use memory_cache option)
         $Petal::MAX_INCLUDES       (use max_includes option)
         $Petal::LANGUAGE           (use default_language option)
         $Petal::DEBUG_DUMP         (use debug_dump option)
           # $Petal::ENCODE_CHARSET     (use encode_charset option) -- _DEPRECATED_
         $Petal::DECODE_CHARSET     (use decode_charset option)


       On top of all that, for people who are lazy at typing the following aliases are provided
       (although I would recommend sticking to the defaults):

         * tal:define     - tal:def, tal:set
         * tal:condition  - tal:if
         * tal:repeat     - tal:for, tal:loop, tal:foreach
         * tal:attributes - tal:att, tal:attr, tal:atts
         * tal:content    - tal:inner
         * tal:replace    - tal:outer


       Don't forget that the default prefix is "petal:" NOT "tal:", until you set the petal
       namespace in your HTML or XML document as follows:

           <html xmlns:tal="">


       Let's say that your base directory is "/templates", and you're editing

       From there you want to include "/templates/includes/header.html"

   general syntax
       You can use a subset of the XInclude syntax as follows:

         <body xmlns:xi="">
           <xi:include href="/includes/header.html" />

       For backwards compatibility reasons, you can omit the first slash, i.e.

         <xi:include href="includes/header.html" />

   relative paths
       If you'd rather use a path which is relative to the template itself rather than the base
       directory, you can do it but the path MUST start with a dot, i.e.

         <xi:include href="../includes/header.html" />

         <xi:include href="./subdirectory/foo.xml" />


       The "href" parameter does not support URIs, no other tag than "xi:include" is supported,
       and no other directive than the "href" parameter is supported at the moment.

       Also note that contrarily to the XInclude specification Petal DOES allow recursive
       includes up to $Petal::MAX_INCLUDES. This behavior is very useful when templating
       structures which fit well recursive processing such as trees, nested lists, etc.

       You can ONLY use the following Petal directives with Xinclude tags:

         * on-error
         * define
         * condition
         * repeat

       "replace", "content", "omit-tag" and "attributes" are NOT supported in conjunction with


       For certain things which are not doable using TAL you can use what I call the UGLY SYNTAX.
       The UGLY SYNTAX is UGLY, but it can be handy in some cases.

       For example consider that you have a list of strings:

           $my_var = [ 'Foo', 'Bar', 'Baz' ];
           $template->process (my_var => $my_var, buz => $buz);

       And you want to display:

         <title>Hello : Foo : Bar : Baz</title>

       Which is not doable with TAL without making the XHTML invalid.  With the UGLY SYNTAX you
       can do:

           <title>Hello<?for name="string my_var"?> : <?var name="string"?><?end?></title>

       Of course you can freely mix the UGLY SYNTAX with other Petal syntaxes. So:

           <title><?for name="string my_var"?> $string <?end?></title>

       Mind you, if you've managed to read the doc this far I must confess that writing:


       instead of:

           <h1 tal:replace="string">Dummy</h1>

       is UGLY too. I would recommend to stick with TAL wherever you can.  But let's not disgress
       too much.


         <?var name="EXPRESSION"?>


         <title><?var name="document/title"?></title>


       Because if you don't have things which are replaced by real values in your template, it's
       probably a static page, not a template... :)

   if / else constructs
       Usual stuff:

         <?if name="user/is_birthay"?>
           Happy Birthday, $user/real_name!
           What?! It's not your birthday?
           A very merry unbirthday to you!

       You can use "condition" instead of "if", and indeed you can use modifiers:

         <?condition name="false:user/is_birthay"?>
           What?! It's not your birthday?
           A very merry unbirthday to you!
           Happy Birthday, $user/real_name!

       Not much else to say!

       Use either "for", "foreach", "loop" or "repeat". They're all the same thing, which one you
       use is a matter of taste. Again no surprise:

         <h1>Listing of user logins</h1>
           <?repeat name="user system/list_users"?>
             <li><?var name="user/login"?> :
                 <?var name="user/real_name"?></li>

       Variables are scoped inside loops so you don't risk to erase an existing "user" variable
       which would be outside the loop. The template engine also provides the following variables
       for you inside the loop:

         <?repeat name="foo bar"?>
           <?var name="repeat/index"?>  - iteration number, starting at 0
           <?var name="repeat/number"?> - iteration number, starting at 1
           <?var name="repeat/start"?>  - is it the first iteration?
           <?var name="repeat/end"?>    - is it the last iteration?
           <?var name="repeat/inner"?>  - is it not the first and not the last iteration?
           <?var name="repeat/even"?>   - is the count even?
           <?var name="repeat/odd"?>    - is the count odd?

       Again these variables are scoped, you can safely nest loops, ifs etc...  as much as you
       like and everything should be fine.

         <?include file="include.xml"?>

       It will include the file 'include.xml', using the current @Petal::BASE_DIR directory list.

       If you want use XML::Parser to include files, you should make sure that the included files
       are valid XML themselves... FYI XML::Parser chokes on this:


       But this works:


       (Having only one top element is part of the XML spec).