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**NAME**

RSA_check_key_ex, RSA_check_key - validate private RSA keys

**SYNOPSIS**

#include <openssl/rsa.h> int RSA_check_key_ex(RSA *rsa, BN_GENCB *cb); int RSA_check_key(RSA *rsa);

**DESCRIPTION**

RSA_check_key_ex()function validates RSA keys. It checks thatpandqare in fact prime, and thatn=p*q. It does not work on RSA public keys that have only the modulus and public exponent elements populated. It also checks thatd*e=1mod(p-1*q-1), and thatdmp1,dmq1andiqmpare set correctly or areNULL. It performs integrity checks on all the RSA key material, so the RSA key structure must contain all the private key data too. Therefore, it cannot be used with any arbitrary RSA key object, even if it is otherwise fit for regular RSA operation. Thecbparameter is a callback that will be invoked in the same manner asBN_is_prime_ex(3).RSA_check_key()is equivalent toRSA_check_key_ex()with a NULLcb.

**RETURN** **VALUES**

RSA_check_key_ex()andRSA_check_key()return 1 ifrsais a valid RSA key, and 0 otherwise. They return -1 if an error occurs while checking the key. If the key is invalid or an error occurred, the reason code can be obtained usingERR_get_error(3).

**NOTES**

Unlike most other RSA functions, this function doesnotwork transparently with any underlying ENGINE implementation because it uses the key data in the RSA structure directly. An ENGINE implementation can override the way key data is stored and handled, and can even provide support for HSM keys - in which case the RSA structure may containnokey data at all! If the ENGINE in question is only being used for acceleration or analysis purposes, then in all likelihood the RSA key data is complete and untouched, but this can't be assumed in the general case.

**BUGS**

A method of verifying the RSA key using opaque RSA API functions might need to be considered. Right nowRSA_check_key()simply uses the RSA structure elements directly, bypassing the RSA_METHOD table altogether (and completely violating encapsulation and object-orientation in the process). The best fix will probably be to introduce a "check_key()" handler to the RSA_METHOD function table so that alternative implementations can also provide their own verifiers.

**SEE** **ALSO**

BN_is_prime_ex(3),ERR_get_error(3)

**HISTORY**

RSA_check_key_ex()appeared after OpenSSL 1.0.2.

**COPYRIGHT**

Copyright 2000-2018 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved. Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.