Provided by: libsoap-lite-perl_1.27-1_all bug


       SOAP::SOM - provides access to the values contained in SOAP Response


       Objects from the SOAP::SOM class aren't generally instantiated directly by an application.
       Rather, they are handed back by the deserialization of a message. In other words,
       developers will almost never do this:

           $som = SOAP::SOM->new;

       SOAP::SOM objects are returned by a SOAP::Lite call in a client context. For example:

           my $client = SOAP::Lite
           $som = $client->someMethod();


               $som = SOAP::SOM->new($message_as_xml);

           As said, the need to actually create an object of this class should be very rare.
           However, if the need arises, the syntax must be followed. The single argument to new
           must be a valid XML document the parser will understand as a SOAP response.

       The following group of methods provide general data retrieval from the SOAP::SOM object.
       The model for this is an abbreviated form of XPath. Following this group are methods that
       are geared towards specific retrieval of commonly requested elements.


           This method sets the internal pointers within the data structure so that the retrieval
           methods that follow will have access to the desired data. In the example path, the
           match is being made against the method entity, which is the first child tag of the
           body in a SOAP response. The enumeration of container children starts at 1 in this
           syntax, not 0. The returned value is dependent on the context of the call. If the call
           is made in a boolean context (such as "if ($som->match($path))"), the return value is
           a boolean indicating whether the requested path matched at all. Otherwise, an object
           reference is returned. The returned object is also a SOAP::SOM instance but is
           smaller, containing the subset of the document tree matched by the expression.

               $res = $som->valueof('[1]');

           When the SOAP::SOM object has matched a path internally with the match method, this
           method allows retrieval of the data within any of the matched nodes. The data comes
           back as native Perl data, not a class instance (see dataof). In a scalar context, this
           method returns just the first element from a matched node set. In an array context,
           all elements are returned. Assuming that the earlier call happens after the earlier
           call to match, it retrieves the result entity from the method response that is
           contained in $som, as this is the first child element in a method-response tag.

               $resobj = $som->dataof('[1]');

           Performs the same operation as the earlier valueof method, except that the data is
           left in its SOAP::Data form, rather than being deserialized. This allows full access
           to all the attributes that were serialized along with the data, such as namespace and

               $resobj = $som->headerof('[1]');

           Acts much like dataof, except that it returns an object of the SOAP::Header class
           (covered later in this chapter), rather than SOAP::Data. This is the preferred
           interface for manipulating the header entities in a message.

               $ns = $som->namespaceof('[1]');

           Retrieves the namespace URI that governs the requested node. Note that namespaces are
           inherited, so this method will return the relevant value, even if it derives from a
           parent or other ancestor node.

       The following methods provide more direct access to the message envelope. All these
       methods return some form of a Perl value, most often a hash reference, when called.
       Context is also relevant: in a scalar context only the first matching node is returned,
       while in an array context, all matching nodes are. When called as a static method or as a
       regular function (such as "SOAP::SOM::envelope"), any of the following methods returns the
       XPath string that is used with the match method to retrieve the data.

               $root = $som->root;

           Returns the value of the root element as a hash reference. It behaves exactly as
           "$som-"valueof('/')> does.

               $envelope = $som->envelope;

           Retrieves the "Envelope" element of the message, returning it and its data as a hash
           reference. Keys in the hash will be Header and Body (plus any optional elements that
           may be present in a SOAP 1.1 envelope), whose values will be the serialized header and
           body, respectively.

               $header = $som->header;

           Retrieves the header portion of the envelope as a hash reference. All data within it
           will have been deserialized. If the attributes of the header are desired, the static
           form of the method can be combined with match to fetch the header as a SOAP::Data

               $header = $som->match(SOAP::SOM::header)->dataof;

               @hdrs = $som->headers;

           Retrieves the node set of values with deserialized headers from within the Header
           container. This is different from the earlier header method in that it returns the
           whole header as a single structure, and this returns the child elements as an array.
           In other words, the following expressions yield the same data structure:

               $header = ($som->headers)[0];
               $header = $som->valueof(SOAP::SOM::header.'/[1]');

               $body = $som->body;

           Retrieves the message body as a hash reference. The entity tags act as keys, with
           their deserialized content providing the values.

               if ($som->fault) { die $som->fault->faultstring }

           Acts both as a boolean test whether a fault occurred, and as a way to retrieve the
           Fault entity itself from the message body as a hash reference. If the message contains
           a fault, the next four methods (faultcode, faultstring, faultactor, and faultdetail)
           may be used to retrieve the respective parts of the fault (which are also available on
           the hash reference as keys). If fault in a boolean context is true, the "result",
           "paramsin", "paramsout", and "method" methods all return "undef".

               $code = $som->faultcode;

           Returns the faultcode element of the fault if there is a fault; undef otherwise.

               $string = $som->faultstring;

           Returns the faultstring element of the fault if there is a fault; undef otherwise.

               $actor = $som->faultactor;

           Returns the faultactor element of the fault, if there is a fault and if the actor was
           specified within it. The faultactor element is optional in the serialization of a
           fault, so it may not always be present. This element is usually a string.

               $detail = $som->faultdetail;

           Returns the content of the detail element of the fault, if there is a fault and if the
           detail element was provided. Note that the name of the element isn't the same as the
           method, due to the possibility for confusion had the method been called simply,
           detail. As with the faultactor element, this isn't always a required component of a
           fault, so it isn't guaranteed to be present. The specification for the detail portion
           of a fault calls for it to contain a series of element tags, so the application may
           expect a hash reference as a return value when detail information is available (and
           undef otherwise).

               $method = $som->method

           Retrieves the "method" element of the message, as a hash reference. This includes all
           input parameters when called on a request message or all result/output parameters when
           called on a response message. If there is a fault present in the message, it returns

               $value = $som->result;

           Returns the value that is the result of a SOAP response. The value will be already
           deserialized into a native Perl datatype.

               @list = $som->paramsin;

           Retrieves the parameters being passed in on a SOAP request. If called in a scalar
           context, the first parameter is returned. When called in a list context, the full list
           of all parameters is returned. Each parameter is a hash reference, following the
           established structure for such return values.

               @list = $som->paramsout;

           Returns the output parameters from a SOAP response. These are the named parameters
           that are returned in addition to the explicit response entity itself. It shares the
           same scalar/list context behavior as the paramsin method.

               @list = $som->paramsall;

           Returns all parameters from a SOAP response, including the result entity itself, as
           one array.

           Return an array of "MIME::Entity"'s if the current payload contains attachments, or
           returns undefined if payload is not MIME multipart.

           Returns true if payload is MIME multipart, false otherwise.


       Suppose for the following SOAP Envelope:


       And suppose you wanted to access the value of the bar element, then use the following

           my $soap = SOAP::Lite
           my $som = $soap->foo();
           print $som->valueof('//fooResponse/bar');

       Suppose the following SOAP Envelope:

                 <convertedTemp test="foo">98.6</convertedTemp>

       Then to print the attribute 'test' use the following code:

           print "The attribute is: " .

       Suppose for the following SOAP Envelope:

                   <title>Programming Web Service with Perl</title>
                   <title>Perl Cookbook</title>

       If the SOAP Envelope returned contained an array, use the following code to iterate over
       the array:

           for my $t ($som->valueof('//catalog/product')) {
             print $t->{title} . " - " . $t->{price} . "\n";

       A SOAP::SOM object is returned by a SOAP::Lite client regardless of whether the call
       succeeded or not. Therefore, a SOAP Client is responsible for determining if the returned
       value is a fault or not. To do so, use the fault() method which returns 1 if the SOAP::SOM
       object is a fault and 0 otherwise.

           my $som = $client->someMethod(@parameters);

           if ($som->fault) {
             print $som->faultdetail;
           } else {
             # do something

       The most efficient way To parse and to extract data out of an array containing another
       array encoded in a SOAP::SOM object is the following:

           $xml = <<END_XML;

           my $som = SOAP::Deserializer->deserialize($xml);
           my $i = 0;
           foreach my $a ($som->dataof("//person/*")) {
               my $j = 0;
               foreach my $b ($som->dataof("//person/[$i]/*")) {
                   # do something


       SOAP::Data, SOAP::Serializer


       Special thanks to O'Reilly publishing which has graciously allowed SOAP::Lite to republish
       and redistribute large excerpts from Programming Web Services with Perl, mainly the
       SOAP::Lite reference found in Appendix B.


       Copyright (C) 2000-2004 Paul Kulchenko. All rights reserved.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.


       Paul Kulchenko (

       Randy J. Ray (

       Byrne Reese (