Provided by: libsru-perl_1.01-2_all bug


       SRU - Search and Retrieval by URL


           ## a simple CGI example

           use SRU::Request;
           use SRU::Response;

           ## create CGI object
           my $cgi = CGI->new();

           ## create a SRU request object from the CGI object
           my $request = SRU::Request->newFromCGI( $cgi );

           ## create a SRU response based from the request
           my $response = SRU::Response->newFromRequest( $request );

           if ( $response->type() eq 'explain' ) {
           } elsif ( $response->type() eq 'scan' ) {
           } elsif ( $response->type() eq 'searchRetrieve' ) {

           ## print out the response
           print $cgi->header( -type => 'text/xml' );
           print $response->asXML();


       The SRU package provides a framework for working with the Search and Retrieval by URL
       (SRU) protocol developed by the Library of Congress. SRU defines a web service for
       searching databases containing metadata and objects. SRU often goes under the name SRW
       which is a SOAP version of the protocol. You can think of SRU as a RESTful version of SRW,
       since all the requests are simple URLs instead of XML documents being sent via some sort
       of transport layer.

       You might be interested in SRU if you want to provide a generic API for searching a data
       repository and a mechanism for returning metadata records.  SRU defines three verbs:
       explain, scan and searchRetrieve which define the requests and responses in a SRU

       This set of modules attempts to provide a framework for building an SRU service. The
       distribution is made up of two sets of Perl modules: modules in the SRU::Request::*
       namespace which represent the three types of requests; and modules in the SRU::Response::*
       namespace which represent the various responses.

       Typical usage is that a request object is created using a factory method in the
       SRU::Request module. The factory is given either a URI or a CGI object for the HTTP
       request. SRU::Request will look at the URI and build the appropriate request object:
       SRU::Request::Explain, SRU::Request::Scan or SRU::Request::SearchRetrieve.

       Once you've got a request object you can build a response object by using the factory
       method newFromRequest() in SRU::Request. This method will examine the request and build
       the corresponding result object which you can then populate with result data
       appropriately. When you are finished populating the response object with results you can
       call asXML() on it to get the full XML for your response.

       To understand the meaning of the various requests and their responses you'll want to read
       the docs at the Library of Congress. A good place to start is this simple introductory
       page: For more information about working with
       the various request and response objects in this distribution see the POD in the
       individual packages:

       ·   SRU::Request

       ·   SRU::Request::Explain

       ·   SRU::Request::Scan

       ·   SRU::Request::SearchRetrieve

       ·   SRU::Response

       ·   SRU::Response::Explain

       ·   SRU::Response::Scan

       ·   SRU::Response::SearchRetrieve

       ·   SRU::Server

       Questions and comments are more than welcome. This software was developed as part of a
       National Science Foundation grant for building distributed library systems in the Ockham
       Project. More about Ockham can be found at


       To use SRU::Server and Catalyst::Controller::SRU, one must install CGI::Application and
       Catalyst, respectively. In a future release Catalyst::Controller::SRU might be moved to an
       independent module.


       ·   create a client (SRU::Client)

       ·   allow searchRetrieve responses to be retrieved as RSS

       ·   make sure SRU::Server can function like real-world SRU interfaces

       ·   handle CQL parsing errors

       ·   better argument checking in response constructors


       Ed Summers <>


       This software is copyright (c) 2013 by Ed Summers.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.