Provided by: libscrappy-perl_0.94112090-2_all bug


       Scrappy - The All Powerful Web Spidering, Scraping, Creeping Crawling Framework


       version 0.94112090


           use Scrappy;

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

                   '/recent' => {
                       '#cpansearch li a' => sub {
                           print $_[1]->{href}, "\n";

       And now manually, ... without crawl, the above is similar to the following ...

           use Scrappy;

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               if ($scraper->get($url)->page_loaded) {
                   $scraper->select('#cpansearch li a')->each(sub{
                       print shift->{href}, "\n";


       Scrappy is an easy (and hopefully fun) way of scraping, spidering, and/or harvesting
       information from web pages, web services, and more. Scrappy is a feature rich, flexible,
       intelligent web automation tool.

       Scrappy (pronounced Scrap+Pee) == 'Scraper Happy' or 'Happy Scraper'; If you like you may
       call it Scrapy (pronounced Scrape+Pee) although Python has a web scraping framework by
       that name and this module is not a port of that one.

       Scrappy provides a framework containing all the tools necessary to create a simple yet
       powerful web scraper. At its core, Scrappy loads an array of features for access control,
       event logging, session handling, url matching, web request and response handling, proxy
       management, web scraping, and downloading.

       Furthermore, Scrappy provides a simple Moose-based plugin system that allows Scrappy to be
       easily extended.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               $scraper->control;      # Scrappy::Scraper::Control (access control)
               $scraper->parser;       # Scrappy::Scraper::Parser (web scraper)
               $scraper->user_agent;   # Scrappy::Scraper::UserAgent (user-agent tools)
               $scraper->logger;       # Scrappy::Logger (event logger)
               $scraper->queue;        # Scrappy::Queue (flow control for loops)
               $scraper->session;      # Scrappy::Session (session management)

       Please see the METHODS section for a more in-depth look at all Scrappy functionality.

       The following is a list of object attributes available with every Scrappy instance,
       attributes always return an instance of the class they represent.


       The content attribute holds the HTTP::Response object of the current request.  Returns
       undef if no page has been successfully fetched.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The control attribute holds the Scrappy::Scraper::Control object which is used the provide
       access conrtol to the scraper.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               ... $scraper->control->restrict('');
               ... $scraper->control->allow('');
               ... if $scraper->control->is_allowed($url);


       The debug attribute holds a boolean which controls whether event logs are captured.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The logger attribute holds the Scrappy::Logger object which is used to provide event
       logging capabilities to the scraper.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The parser attribute holds the Scrappy::Scraper::Parser object which is used to scrape
       html data from the specified source material.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The plugins attribute holds the Scrappy::Plugin object which is an interface used to load

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The queue attribute holds the Scrappy::Queue object which is used to provide flow-control
       for the standard loop approach to crawling.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The session attribute holds the Scrappy::Session object which is used to provide session
       support and persistent data across executions.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The user_agent attribute holds the Scrappy::Scraper::UserAgent object which is used to set
       and manipulate the user-agent header of the scraper.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The worker attribute holds the WWW::Mechanize object which is used navigate web pages and
       provide request and response header information.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The back method is the equivalent of hitting the "back" button in a browser, it returns
       the previous page (response) and returns that URL, it will not backtrack beyond the first

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               my $last_url = $scraper->back;

       The cookies method returns an HTTP::Cookie object. Note! Cookies can be made persistent by
       enabling session-support. Session-support is enable by simply specifying a file to be

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               $scraper->session->write('session.yml'); # enable session support
           my  $cookies = $scraper->cookies;

       The crawl method is very useful when it is desired to crawl an entire website or at-least
       partially, it automates the tasks of creating a queue, fetching and parsing html pages,
       and establishing simple flow-control. See the SYNOPSIS for a simplified example, ... the
       following is a more complex example.

           my  $scrappy = Scrappy->new;

                   '/recent' => {
                       '#cpansearch li a' => sub {
                           my ($self, $item) = @_;
                           # follow all recent modules from
                   '/~:author/:name-:version/' => {
                       'body' => sub {
                           my ($self, $item, $args) = @_;

                           my $reviews = $self
                           ->select('.box table tr')->focus(3)->select('td.cell small a')

                           $reviews = $reviews =~ /\d+ Reviews/ ?
                               $reviews : '0 reviews';

                           print "found $args->{name} version $args->{version} ".
                               "[$reviews] by $args->{author}\n";

       The domain method returns the domain host of the current page. Local pages, e.g.
       file:///this/that/the_other will return undef.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               print $scraper->domain; # print

       The download method is passed a URL, a Download Directory Path and a optionally a File
       Path, then it will follow the link and store the response contents into the specified file
       without leaving the current page. Basically it downloads the contents of the request
       (especially when the request pushes a file download). If a File Path is not specified,
       Scrappy will attempt to name the file automatically resorting to a random 6-charater
       string only if all else fails, then returns to the originating page.

           my  $scaper = Scrappy->new;
           my  $requested_url = '...';

               $scraper->download($requested_url, '/tmp');

               # supply your own file name
               $scraper->download($requested_url, '/tmp', 'somefile.txt');

       The dumper method is a convenience feature that passes the passed-in objects to
       Data::Dumper which in turn returns a stringified representation of that

           my  $scaper = Scrappy->new;
           my  $requested_url = '...';


           my  $data = $scraper->select('//a[@href]')->data;

           # print out the scraped data
           print $scraper->dumper($data);

       The form method is used to submit a form on the current page.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               $scraper->form(fields => {
                   username => 'mrmagoo',
                   password => 'foobarbaz'

               # or more specifically, for pages with multiple forms

               $scraper->form(form_name => 'login_form', fields => {
                   username => 'mrmagoo',
                   password => 'foobarbaz'

               $scraper->form(form_number => 1, fields => {
                   username => 'mrmagoo',
                   password => 'foobarbaz'

       The get method takes a URL or URI object, fetches a web page and returns the Scrappy

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

           if ($scraper->get($new_url)->page_loaded) {

           # $self->content has the HTTP::Response object

       The log method logs an event with the event logger.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               $scraper->debug(1); # unnecessary, on by default
               $scraper->logger->verbose(1); # more detailed log

               $scraper->log('error', 'Somthing bad happened');


               $scraper->log('info', 'Somthing happened');
               $scraper->log('warn', 'Somthing strange happened');
               $scraper->log('coolness', 'Somthing cool happened');

       Note! Event logs are always recorded but never automatically written to a file unless
       explicitly told to do so using the following:


       The page_content_type method returns the content_type of the current page.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;
               print $scraper->page_content_type; # prints text/html

       The page_data method returns the HTML content of the current page, additionally this
       method when passed a string with HTML markup, updates the content of the current page with
       that data and returns the modified content.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;
           my  $html = $scraper->page_data;

       The page_ishtml method returns true/false based on whether our content is HTML, according
       to the HTTP headers.

           my $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               if ($scraper->is_html) {

       The page_loaded method returns true/false based on whether the last request was

           my $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               if ($scraper->page_loaded) {

       The page_match method checks the passed-in URL (or URL of the current page if left empty)
       against the URL pattern (route) defined. If URL is a match, it will return the parameters
       of that match much in the same way a modern web application framework processes URL

           my $url = '';


           my $scraper = Scrappy->new;

           # match against the current page
           my $this = $scraper->page_match('/tags/:tag');
           if ($this) {
               print $this->{'tag'};
               # ... prints awesomeness

           .. or ..

           # match against a passed url
           my $this = $scraper->page_match('/tags/:tag', $url, {
               host => ''

           if ($this) {
               print "This is the ", $this->{tag}, " page";
               # ... prints this is the awesomeness page

       The page_reload method acts like the refresh button in a browser, it simply repeats the
       current request.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The page_status method returns the 3-digit HTTP status code of the response.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

               if ($scraper->page_status == 200) {

       The page_text method returns a text representation of the last page having all HTML markup

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

           my  $text = $scraper->page_text;

       The page_title method returns the content of the title tag if the current page is HTML,
       otherwise returns undef.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;

           my  $title = $scraper->page_title;
               print $title; # print Google

       This method sets breaks between your requests in an attempt to simulate human interaction.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       Given the above example, there will be a 20 sencond break between each request made, get,
       post, request, etc., You can also specify a range to have the pause method select from at



               # reset/turn it off

               print "I slept for ", ($scraper->pause), " seconds";

       Note! The download method is exempt from any automatic pausing.

       The plugin method allow you to load a plugin. Using the appropriate case is recommended
       but not necessary. See Scrappy::Plugin for more information.

           my $scraper = Scrappy->new;

           $scraper->plugin('foo_bar');    # will load Scrappy::Plugin::FooBar
           $scraper->plugin('foo-bar');    # will load Scrappy::Plugin::Foo::Bar
           $scraper->plugin('Foo::Bar');   # will load Scrappy::Plugin::Foo::Bar

           # more pratically
           $scraper->plugin('whois', 'spammer_check');

           ... somewhere in code

           my $var = $scraper->plugin_method();

           # example using core plugin Scrappy::Plugin::RandomProxy

           my  $s = Scrappy->new;



       The post method takes a URL, a hashref of key/value pairs, and optionally an array of
       key/value pairs, and posts that data to the specified URL, then returns an HTTP::Response

           my $scraper = Scrappy->new;

           $scraper->post($requested_url, {
               input_a => 'value_a',
               input_b => 'value_b'

           # w/additional headers
           my %headers = ('Content-Type' => 'multipart/form-data');
           $scraper->post($requested_url, {
               input_a => 'value_a',
               input_b => 'value_b'
           },  %headers);

       Note! The most common post headers for content-type are application/x-www-form-urlencoded
       and multipart/form-data.

       The proxy method will set the proxy for the next request to be tunneled through.

           my $scraper = Scrappy->new;

           $scraper->proxy('http', '');

           $scraper->proxy('http', 'ftp', '');

           # best practice when using proxies

           use Tiny::Try;

           my $proxie = Scrappy->new;

           $proxie->proxy('http', '');

           try {
           } catch {
               die "Proxy failed\n";

       Note! When using a proxy to perform requests, be aware that if they fail your program will
       die unless you wrap your code in an eval statement or use a try/catch mechanism. In the
       example above we use Tiny::Try to trap any errors that might occur when using proxy.

       The request_denied method is a simple shortcut to determine if the page you requested got
       loaded or redirected. This method is very useful on systems that require authentication
       and redirect if not authorized. This function return boolean, 1 if the current page
       doesn't match the requested page.

           my $scraper = Scrappy->new;

           if ($scraper->request_denied) {
               # do login, again
           else {
               # resume ...

       The response method returns the HTTP::Repsonse object of the current page.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;
           my  $res = $scraper->response;

       The select method takes XPATH or CSS selectors and returns a Scrappy::Scraper::Parser
       object which contains the matching elements.

           my $scraper = Scrappy->new;

           # return a list of links
           my $list = $scraper->select('#profile li a')->data; # see Scrappy::Scraper::Parser

           foreach my $link (@{$list}) {
               print $link->{href}, "\n";

           # Zoom in on specific chunks of html code using the following ...
           my $list = $scraper
           ->select('#container table tr') # select all rows
           ->focus(4) # focus on the 5th row
           ->select('div div')->data;

           # The code above selects the div > div inside of the 5th tr in #container table
           # Access attributes html, text and other attributes as follows...

           $element = $scraper->select('table')->data->[0];
           $element->{html}; # HTML representation of the table
           $element->{text}; # Table stripped of all HTML
           $element->{cellpadding}; # cellpadding
           $element->{height}; # ...

       The stash method sets a stash (shared) variable or returns a reference to the entire stash

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;
               $scraper->stash(age => 31);

               print 'stash access works'
                   if $scraper->stash('age') == $scraper->stash->{age};

           my  @array = (1..20);
               $scraper->stash(integers => [@array]);

       The store method stores the contents of the current page into the specified file.  If the
       content-type does not begin with 'text', the content is saved as binary data.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;


       The url method returns the complete URL for the current page.

           my  $scraper = Scrappy->new;
               print $scraper->url; # prints


       Al Newkirk <>


       This software is copyright (c) 2010 by awncorp.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.