Provided by: libsearch-elasticsearch-client-2-0-perl_5.02-1_all bug

NAME

       Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Bulk - A helper module for the Bulk API and for
       reindexing

VERSION

       version 5.02

SYNOPSIS

           use Search::Elasticsearch;

           my $es   = Search::Elasticsearch->new;
           my $bulk = $es->bulk_helper(
               index   => 'my_index',
               type    => 'my_type'
           );

           # Index docs:
           $bulk->index({ id => 1, source => { foo => 'bar' }});
           $bulk->add_action( index => { id => 1, source => { foo=> 'bar' }});

           # Create docs:
           $bulk->create({ id => 1, source => { foo => 'bar' }});
           $bulk->add_action( create => { id => 1, source => { foo=> 'bar' }});
           $bulk->create_docs({ foo => 'bar' })

           # Delete docs:
           $bulk->delete({ id => 1});
           $bulk->add_action( delete => { id => 1 });
           $bulk->delete_ids(1,2,3)

           # Update docs:
           $bulk->update({ id => 1, script => '...' });
           $bulk->add_action( update => { id => 1, script => '...' });

           # Manual flush
           $bulk->flush;

           # Reindex docs:
           my $bulk = $es->bulk_helper(
               index   => 'new_index',
               verbose => 1
           );

           $bulk->reindex( source => { index => 'old_index' });

DESCRIPTION

       This module provides a wrapper for the "bulk()" in
       Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Direct method which makes it easier to run multiple
       create, index, update or delete actions in a single request. It also provides a simple
       interface for reindexing documents.

       The Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Bulk module acts as a queue, buffering up actions
       until it reaches a maximum count of actions, or a maximum size of JSON request body, at
       which point it issues a "bulk()" request.

       Once you have finished adding actions, call "flush()" to force the final "bulk()" request
       on the items left in the queue.

       This class does Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Role::Bulk and
       Search::Elasticsearch::Role::Is_Sync.

CREATING A NEW INSTANCE

   "new()"
           my $bulk = $es->bulk_helper(

               index       => 'default_index',     # optional
               type        => 'default_type',      # optional
               %other_bulk_params                  # optional

               max_count   => 1_000,               # optional
               max_size    => 1_000_000,           # optional
               max_time    => 5,                   # optional

               verbose     => 0 | 1,               # optional

               on_success  => sub {...},           # optional
               on_error    => sub {...},           # optional
               on_conflict => sub {...},           # optional

           );

       The "new()" method returns a new $bulk object.  You must pass your Search::Elasticsearch
       client as the "es" argument.

       The "index" and "type" parameters provide default values for "index" and "type", which can
       be overridden in each action.  You can also pass any other values which are accepted by
       the bulk() method.

       See "flush()" for more information about the other parameters.

FLUSHING THE BUFFER

   "flush()"
           $result = $bulk->flush;

       The "flush()" method sends all buffered actions to Elasticsearch using a bulk() request.

   Auto-flushing
       An automatic "flush()" is triggered whenever the "max_count", "max_size", or "max_time"
       threshold is breached.  This causes all actions in the buffer to be sent to Elasticsearch.

       ·   "max_count"

           The maximum number of actions to allow before triggering a "flush()".  This can be
           disabled by setting "max_count" to 0. Defaults to "1,000".

       ·   "max_size"

           The maximum size of JSON request body to allow before triggering a "flush()".  This
           can be disabled by setting "max_size" to 0.  Defaults to "1_000,000" bytes.

       ·   "max_time"

           The maximum number of seconds to wait before triggering a flush.  Defaults to 0
           seconds, which means that it is disabled.  Note: This timeout is only triggered when
           new items are added to the queue, not in the background.

   Errors when flushing
       There are two types of error which can be thrown when "flush()" is called, either manually
       or automatically.

       ·   Temporary Elasticsearch errors

           A "Cxn" error like a "NoNodes" error which indicates that your cluster is down.  These
           errors do not clear the buffer, as they can be retried later on.

       ·   Action errors

           Individual actions may fail. For instance, a "create" action will fail if a document
           with the same "index", "type" and "id" already exists.  These action errors are
           reported via callbacks.

   Using callbacks
       By default, any Action errors (see above) cause warnings to be written to "STDERR".
       However, you can use the "on_error", "on_conflict" and "on_success" callbacks for more
       fine-grained control.

       All callbacks receive the following arguments:

       $action
           The name of the action, ie "index", "create", "update" or "delete".

       $response
           The response that Elasticsearch returned for this action.

       $i  The index of the action, ie the first action in the flush request will have $i set to
           0, the second will have $i set to 1 etc.

       "on_success"

           my $bulk = $es->bulk_helper(
               on_success  => sub {
                   my ($action,$response,$i) = @_;
                   # do something
               },
           );

       The "on_success" callback is called for every action that has a successful response.

       "on_conflict"

           my $bulk = $es->bulk_helper(
               on_conflict  => sub {
                   my ($action,$response,$i,$version) = @_;
                   # do something
               },
           );

       The "on_conflict" callback is called for actions that have triggered a "Conflict" error,
       eg trying to "create" a document which already exists.  The $version argument will contain
       the version number of the document currently stored in Elasticsearch (if found).

       "on_error"

           my $bulk = $es->bulk_helper(
               on_error  => sub {
                   my ($action,$response,$i) = @_;
                   # do something
               },
           );

       The "on_error" callback is called for any error (unless the "on_conflict") callback has
       already been called).

   Disabling callbacks and autoflush
       If you want to be in control of flushing, and you just want to receive the raw response
       that Elasticsearch sends instead of using callbacks, then you can do so as follows:

           my $bulk = $es->bulk_helper(
               max_count   => 0,
               max_size    => 0,
               on_error    => undef
           );

           $bulk->add_actions(....);
           $response = $bulk->flush;

CREATE, INDEX, UPDATE, DELETE

   "add_action()"
           $bulk->add_action(
               create => { ...params... },
               index  => { ...params... },
               update => { ...params... },
               delete => { ...params... }
           );

       The "add_action()" method allows you to add multiple "create", "index", "update" and
       "delete" actions to the queue. The first value is the action type, and the second value is
       the parameters that describe that action.  See the individual helper methods below for
       details.

       Note: Parameters like "index" or "type" can be specified as "index" or as "_index", so the
       following two lines are equivalent:

           index => { index  => 'index', type  => 'type', id  => 1, source  => {...}},
           index => { _index => 'index', _type => 'type', _id => 1, _source => {...}},

       Note: The "index" and "type" parameters can be specified in the params for any action, but
       if not specified, will default to the "index" and "type" values specified in "new()".
       These are required parameters: they must be specified either in "new()" or in every
       action.

   "create()"
           $bulk->create(
               { index => 'custom_index',         source => { doc body }},
               { type  => 'custom_type', id => 1, source => { doc body }},
               ...
           );

       The "create()" helper method allows you to add multiple "create" actions.  It accepts the
       same parameters as "create()" in Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Direct except that
       the document body should be passed as the "source" or "_source" parameter, instead of as
       "body".

   "create_docs()"
           $bulk->create_docs(
               { doc body },
               { doc body },
               ...
           );

       The "create_docs()" helper is a shorter form of "create()" which can be used when you are
       using the default "index" and "type" as set in "new()" and you are not specifying a custom
       "id" per document.  In this case, you can just pass the individual document bodies.

   "index()"
           $bulk->index(
               { index => 'custom_index',         source => { doc body }},
               { type  => 'custom_type', id => 1, source => { doc body }},
               ...
           );

       The "index()" helper method allows you to add multiple "index" actions.  It accepts the
       same parameters as "index()" in Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Direct except that the
       document body should be passed as the "source" or "_source" parameter, instead of as
       "body".

   "delete()"
           $bulk->delete(
               { index => 'custom_index', id => 1},
               { type  => 'custom_type',  id => 2},
               ...
           );

       The "delete()" helper method allows you to add multiple "delete" actions.  It accepts the
       same parameters as "delete()" in Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Direct.

   "delete_ids()"
           $bulk->delete_ids(1,2,3...)

       The "delete_ids()" helper method can be used when all of the documents you want to delete
       have the default "index" and "type" as set in "new()".  In this case, all you have to do
       is to pass in a list of IDs.

   "update()"
           $bulk->update(
               { id            => 1,
                 doc           => { partial doc },
                 doc_as_upsert => 1
               },
               { id            => 2,
                 lang          => 'mvel',
                 script        => { script }
                 upsert        => { upsert doc }
               },
               ...
           );

       The "update()" helper method allows you to add multiple "update" actions.  It accepts the
       same parameters as "update()" in Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Direct.  An update
       can either use a partial doc which gets merged with an existing doc (example 1 above), or
       can use a "script" to update an existing doc (example 2 above). More information on
       "script" can be found here: "update()" in Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Direct.

REINDEXING DOCUMENTS

       A common use case for bulk indexing is to reindex a whole index when changing the type
       mappings or analysis chain. This typically combines bulk indexing with scrolled searches:
       the scrolled search pulls all of the data from the source index, and the bulk indexer
       indexes the data into the new index.

   "reindex()"
           $bulk->reindex(
               source       => $source,                # required
               transform    => \&transform,            # optional
               version_type => 'external|internal',    # optional
           );

       The "reindex()" method requires a $source parameter, which provides the source for the
       documents which are to be reindexed.

   Reindexing from another index
       If the "source" argument is a HASH ref, then the hash is passed to "new()" in
       Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Scroll to create a new scrolled search.

           my $bulk = $es->bulk_helper(
               index   => 'new_index',
               verbose => 1
           );

           $bulk->reindex(
               source  => {
                   index       => 'old_index',
                   size        => 500,         # default
                   search_type => 'scan'       # default
               }
           );

       If a default "index" or "type" has been specified in the call to "new()", then it will
       replace the "index" and "type" values for the docs returned from the scrolled search. In
       the example above, all docs will be retrieved from "old_index" and will be bulk indexed
       into "new_index".

   Reindexing from a generic source
       The "source" parameter also accepts a coderef or an anonymous sub, which should return one
       or more new documents every time it is executed.  This allows you to pass any iterator,
       wrapped in an anonymous sub:

           my $iter = get_iterator_from_somewhere();

           $bulk->reindex(
               source => sub { $iter->next }
           );

   Transforming docs on the fly
       The "transform" parameter allows you to change documents on the fly, using a callback.
       The callback receives the document as the only argument, and should return the updated
       document, or "undef" if the document should not be indexed:

           $bulk->reindex(
               source      => { index => 'old_index' },
               transform   => sub {
                   my $doc = shift;

                   # don't index doc marked as valid:false
                   return undef unless $doc->{_source}{valid};

                   # convert $tag to @tags
                   $doc->{_source}{tags} = [ delete $doc->{_source}{tag}];
                   return $doc
               }
           );

   Reindexing from another cluster
       By default, "reindex()" expects the source and destination indices to be in the same
       cluster. To pull data from one cluster and index it into another, you can use two separate
       $es objects:

           $es_target  = Search::Elasticsearch->new( nodes => 'localhost:9200' );
           $es_source  = Search::Elasticsearch->new( nodes => 'search1:9200' );

           my $bulk = $es_targert->bulk_helper(
               verbose => 1
           )
           -> reindex(
                 source => {
                     es    => $es_source,
                     index => 'my_index'
                 }
              );

   Parents and routing
       If you are using parent-child relationships or custom "routing" values, and you want to
       preserve these when you reindex your documents, then you will need to request these values
       specifically, as follows:

           $bulk->reindex(
               source => {
                   index   => 'old_index',
                   fields  => ['_source','_parent','_routing']
               }
           );

   Working with version numbers
       Every document in Elasticsearch has a current "version" number, which is used for
       optimistic concurrency control
       <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optimistic_concurrency_control>, that is, to ensure that you
       don't overwrite changes that have been made by another process.

       All CRUD operations accept a "version" parameter and a "version_type" parameter which
       tells Elasticsearch that the change should only be made if the current document
       corresponds to these parameters. The "version_type" parameter can have the following
       values:

       ·   "internal"

           Use Elasticsearch version numbers.  Documents are only changed if the document in
           Elasticsearch has the same "version" number that is specified in the CRUD operation.
           After the change, the new version number is "version+1".

       ·   "external"

           Use an external versioning system, such as timestamps or version numbers from an
           external database.  Documents are only changed if the document in Elasticsearch has a
           lower "version" number than the one specified in the CRUD operation. After the change,
           the new version number is "version".

       If you would like to reindex documents from one index to another, preserving the "version"
       numbers from the original index, then you need the following:

           $bulk->reindex(
               source => {
                   index   => 'old_index',
                   version => 1,               # retrieve version numbers in search
               },
               version_type => 'external'      # use these "external" version numbers
           );

AUTHOR

       Clinton Gormley <drtech@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       This software is Copyright (c) 2017 by Elasticsearch BV.

       This is free software, licensed under:

         The Apache License, Version 2.0, January 2004

perl v5.28.1                                2018-12-Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Bulk(3pm)