Provided by: libshell-config-generate-perl_0.33-1_all bug

NAME

       Shell::Config::Generate - Portably generate config for any shell

VERSION

       version 0.33

SYNOPSIS

       With this start up:

        use Shell::Guess;
        use Shell::Config::Generate;

        my $config = Shell::Config::Generate->new;
        $config->comment( 'this is my config file' );
        $config->set( FOO => 'bar' );
        $config->set_path(
          PERL5LIB => '/foo/bar/lib/perl5',
                      '/foo/bar/lib/perl5/perl5/site',
        );
        $config->append_path(
          PATH => '/foo/bar/bin',
                  '/bar/foo/bin',
        );

       This:

        $config->generate_file(Shell::Guess->bourne_shell, 'config.sh');

       will generate a config.sh file with this:

        # this is my config file
        FOO='bar';
        export FOO;
        PERL5LIB='/foo/bar/lib/perl5:/foo/bar/lib/perl5/perl5/site';
        export PERL5LIB;
        if [ -n "$PATH" ] ; then
          PATH=$PATH:'/foo/bar/bin:/bar/foo/bin';
          export PATH
        else
          PATH='/foo/bar/bin:/bar/foo/bin';
          export PATH;
        fi;

       and this:

        $config->generate_file(Shell::Guess->c_shell, 'config.csh');

       will generate a config.csh with this:

        # this is my config file
        setenv FOO 'bar';
        setenv PERL5LIB '/foo/bar/lib/perl5:/foo/bar/lib/perl5/perl5/site';
        test "$?PATH" = 0 && setenv PATH '/foo/bar/bin:/bar/foo/bin' || setenv PATH "$PATH":'/foo/bar/bin:/bar/foo/bin';

       and this:

        $config->generate_file(Shell::Guess->cmd_shell, 'config.cmd');

       will generate a "config.cmd" (Windows "cmd.exe" script) with this:

        rem this is my config file
        set FOO=bar
        set PERL5LIB=/foo/bar/lib/perl5;/foo/bar/lib/perl5/perl5/site
        if defined PATH (set PATH=%PATH%;/foo/bar/bin;/bar/foo/bin) else (set PATH=/foo/bar/bin;/bar/foo/bin)

DESCRIPTION

       This module provides an interface for specifying shell configurations for different shell
       environments without having to worry about the arcane differences between shells such as
       csh, sh, cmd.exe and command.com.

       It does not modify the current environment, but it can be used to create shell
       configurations which do modify the environment.

       This module uses Shell::Guess to represent the different types of shells that are
       supported.  In this way you can statically specify just one or more shells:

        #!/usr/bin/perl
        use Shell::Guess;
        use Shell::Config::Generate;
        my $config = Shell::Config::Generate->new;
        # ... config config ...
        $config->generate_file(Shell::Guess->bourne_shell,  'foo.sh' );
        $config->generate_file(Shell::Guess->c_shell,       'foo.csh');
        $config->generate_file(Shell::Guess->cmd_shell,     'foo.cmd');
        $config->generate_file(Shell::Guess->command_shell, 'foo.bat');

       This will create foo.sh and foo.csh versions of the configurations, which can be sourced
       like so:

        #!/bin/sh
        . ./foo.sh

       or

        #!/bin/csh
        source foo.csh

       It also creates ".cmd" and ".bat" files with the same configuration which can be used in
       Windows.  The configuration can be imported back into your shell by simply executing these
       files:

        C:\> foo.cmd

       or

        C:\> foo.bat

       Alternatively you can use the shell that called your Perl script using Shell::Guess's
       "running_shell" method, and write the output to standard out.

        #!/usr/bin/perl
        use Shell::Guess;
        use Shell::Config::Generate;
        my $config = Shell::Config::Generate->new;
        # ... config config ...
        print $config->generate(Shell::Guess->running_shell);

       If you use this pattern, you can eval the output of your script using your shell's back
       ticks to import the configuration into the shell.

        #!/bin/sh
        eval `script.pl`

       or

        #!/bin/csh
        eval `script.pl`

CONSTRUCTOR

   new
        my $config = Shell::Config::Generate->new;

       creates an instance of She::Config::Generate.

METHODS

       There are two types of instance methods for this class:

       ·   modifiers

           adjust the configuration in an internal portable format

       ·   generators

           generate shell configuration in a specific format given the internal portable format
           stored inside the instance.

       The idea is that you can create multiple modifications to the environment without worrying
       about specific shells, then when you are done you can create shell specific versions of
       those modifications using the generators.

       This may be useful for system administrators that must support users that use different
       shells, with a single configuration generation script written in Perl.

   set
        $config->set( $name => $value );

       Set an environment variable.

   set_path
        $config->set_path( $name => @values );

       Sets an environment variable which is stored in standard 'path' format (Like PATH or
       PERL5LIB).  In UNIX land this is a colon separated list stored as a string.  In Windows
       this is a semicolon separated list stored as a string.  You can do the same thing using
       the "set" method, but if you do so you have to determine the correct separator.

       This will replace the existing path value if it already exists.

   append_path
        $config->append_path( $name => @values );

       Appends to an environment variable which is stored in standard 'path' format.  This will
       create a new environment variable if it doesn't already exist, or add to an existing
       value.

   prepend_path
        $config->prepend_path( $name => @values );

       Prepend to an environment variable which is stored in standard 'path' format.  This will
       create a new environment variable if it doesn't already exist, or add to an existing
       value.

   comment
        $config->comment( $comment );

       This will generate a comment in the appropriate format.

       note that including comments in your configuration may mean it will not work with the
       "eval" backticks method for importing configurations into your shell.

   shebang
        $config->shebang;
        $config->shebang($location);

       This will generate a shebang at the beginning of the configuration, making it appropriate
       for use as a script.  For non UNIX shells this will be ignored.  If specified, $location
       will be used as the interpreter location.  If it is not specified, then the default
       location for the shell will be used.

       note that the shebang in your configuration may mean it will not work with the "eval"
       backticks method for importing configurations into your shell.

   echo_off
        $config->echo_off;

       For DOS/Windows configurations ("command.com" or "cmd.exe"), issue this as the first line
       of the config:

        @echo off

   echo_on
        $config->echo_on;

       Turn off the echo off (that is do not put anything at the beginning of the config) for
       DOS/Windows configurations ("command.com" or "cmd.exe").

   set_alias
        $config->set_alias( $alias => $command )

       Sets the given alias to the given command.

       Caveat: some older shells do not support aliases, such as the original bourne shell.  This
       module will generate aliases for those shells anyway, since /bin/sh may actually be a more
       modern shell that DOES support aliases, so do not use this method unless you can be
       reasonable sure that the shell you are generating supports aliases.  On Windows, for
       PowerShell, a simple function is used instead of an alias so that arguments may be
       specified.

   set_path_sep
        $config->set_path_sep( $sep );

       Use $sep as the path separator instead of the shell default path separator (generally ":"
       for Unix shells and ";" for Windows shells).

       Not all characters are supported, it is usually best to stick with the shell default or to
       use ":" or ";".

   generate
        my $command_text = $config->generate;
        my $command_text = $config->generate( $shell );

       Generate shell configuration code for the given shell.  $shell is an instance of
       Shell::Guess.  If $shell is not provided, then this method will use Shell::Guess to guess
       the shell that called your perl script.

       You can also pass in the shell name as a string for $shell.  This should correspond to the
       appropriate name_shell from Shell::Guess.  So for csh you would pass in "c" and for tcsh
       you would pass in "tc", etc.

   generate_file
        $config->generate_file( $shell, $filename );

       Generate shell configuration code for the given shell and write it to the given file.
       $shell is an instance of Shell::Guess.  If there is an IO error it will throw an
       exception.

FUNCTIONS

   win32_space_be_gone
        my @new_path_list = win32_space_be_gone( @orig_path_list );

       On "MSWin32" and "cygwin":

       Given a list of directory paths (or filenames), this will return an equivalent list of
       paths pointing to the same file system objects without spaces.  To do this
       "Win32::GetShortPathName()" is used on to find alternative path names without spaces.

       NOTE that this breaks when Windows is told not to create short ("8+3") filenames; see
       <http://www.perlmonks.org/?node_id=333930> for a discussion of this behaviour.

       In addition, on just "Cygwin":

       The input paths are first converted from POSIX to Windows paths using
       "Cygwin::posix_to_win_path", and then converted back to POSIX paths using
       "Cygwin::win_to_posix_path".

       Elsewhere:

       Returns the same list passed into it

   cmd_escape_path
        my @new_path_list = cmd_escape_path( @orig_path_list )

       Given a list of directory paths (or filenames), this will return an equivalent list of
       paths escaped for cmd.exe and command.com.

   powershell_escape_path
        my @new_path_list = powershell_escape_path( @orig_path_list )

       Given a list of directory paths (or filenames), this will return an equivalent list of
       paths escaped for PowerShell.

CAVEATS

       The test suite tests this module's output against the actual shells that should understand
       them, if they can be found in the path.  You can generate configurations for shells which
       are not available (for example "cmd.exe" configurations from UNIX or bourne configurations
       under windows), but the test suite only tests them if they are found during the build of
       this module.

       The implementation for "csh" depends on the external command "test".  As far as I can tell
       "test" should be available on all modern flavors of UNIX which are using "csh".  If anyone
       can figure out how to prepend or append to path type environment variable without an
       external command in "csh", then a patch would be appreciated.

       The incantation for prepending and appending elements to a path on csh probably deserve a
       comment here.  It looks like this:

        test "$?PATH" = 0 && setenv PATH '/foo/bar/bin:/bar/foo/bin' || setenv PATH "$PATH":'/foo/bar/bin:/bar/foo/bin';

       ·   one line

           The command is all on one line, and doesn't use if, which is probably more clear and
           ideomatic.  This for example, might make more sense:

            if ( $?PATH == 0 ) then
              setenv PATH '/foo/bar/bin:/bar/foo/bin'
            else
              setenv PATH "$PATH":'/foo/bar/bin:/bar/foo/bin'
            endif

           However, this only works if the code interpreted using the csh "source" command or is
           included in a csh script inline.  If you try to invoke this code using csh "eval" then
           it will helpfully convert it to one line and if does not work under csh in one line.

       There are probably more clever or prettier ways to append/prepend path environment
       variables as I am not a shell programmer.  Patches welcome.

       Only UNIX (bourne, bash, csh, ksh, fish and their derivatives) and Windows (command.com,
       cmd.exe and PowerShell) are supported so far.

       Fish shell support should be considered a tech preview.  The Fish shell itself is somewhat
       in flux, and thus some tests are skipped for the Fish shell since behavior is different
       for different versions.  In particular, new lines in environment variables may not work on
       newer versions.

       Patches welcome for your favorite shell / operating system.

AUTHOR

       Author: Graham Ollis <plicease@cpan.org>

       Contributors:

       Brad Macpherson (BRAD, brad-mac)

       mohawk

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       This software is copyright (c) 2017 by Graham Ollis.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.