Provided by: libspecio-perl_0.44-1_all bug

NAME

       Specio::Library::Structured - Structured types for Specio (Dict, Map, Tuple)

VERSION

       version 0.44

SYNOPSIS

           use Specio::Library::Builtins;
           use Specio::Library::String;
           use Specio::Library::Structured;

           my $map = t(
               'Map',
               of => {
                   key   => t('NonEmptyStr'),
                   value => t('Int'),
               },
           );
           my $tuple = t(
               'Tuple',
               of => [ t('Str'), t('Num') ],
           );
           my $dict = t(
               'Dict',
               of => {
                   kv => {
                       name => t('Str'),
                       age  => t('Int'),
                   },
               },
           );

DESCRIPTION

       This particular library should be considered in an alpha state. The syntax for defining
       structured types may change, as well as some of the internals of its implementation.

       This library provides a set of structured types for Specio, "Dict", "Map", and "Tuple".
       This library also exports two helper subs used for some types, "optional" and "slurpy".

       All structured types are parameterized by calling "t( 'Type Name', of => ... )". The
       arguments passed after "of" vary for each type.

   Dict
       A "Dict" is a hashref with a well-defined set of keys and types for those key.

       The argument passed to "of" should be a single hashref. That hashref must contain a "kv"
       key defining the expected keys and the types for their values. This "kv" value is itself a
       hashref. If a key/value pair is optional, use "optional" around the type for that key:

           my $person = t(
               'Dict',
               of => {
                   kv => {
                       first  => t('NonEmptyStr'),
                       middle => optional( t('NonEmptyStr') ),
                       last   => t('NonEmptyStr'),
                   },
               },
           );

       If a key is optional, then it can be omitted entirely, but if it passed then it's type
       will be checked, so it cannot just be set to "undef".

       You can also pass a "slurpy" key. If this is passed, then the "Dict" will allow other,
       unknown keys, as long as they match the specified type:

           my $person = t(
               'Dict',
               of => {
                   kv => {
                       first  => t('NonEmptyStr'),
                       middle => optional( t('NonEmptyStr') ),
                       last   => t('NonEmptyStr'),
                   },
                   slurpy => t('Int'),
               },
           );

   Map
       A "Map" is a hashref with specified types for its keys and values, but no well-defined key
       names.

       The argument passed to "of" should be a single hashref with two keys, "key" and "value".
       The type for the "key" will typically be some sort of key, but if you're using a tied hash
       or an object with hash overloading it could conceivably be any sort of value.

   Tuple
       A "Tuple" is an arrayref with a fixed set of members in a specific order.

       The argument passed to "of" should be a single arrayref consisting of types. You can mark
       a slot in the "Tuple" as optional by wrapping the type in a call to "optional":

           my $record = t(
               'Tuple',
               of => [
                   t('PositiveInt'),
                   t('Str'),
                   optional( t('Num') ),
                   optional( t('Num') ),
               ],
           );

       You can have as many "optional" elements as you want, but they must always come in
       sequence at the end of the tuple definition. You cannot interleave required and optional
       elements.

       You can also make the Tuple accept an arbitrary number of values by wrapping the last type
       in a call to "slurpy":

           my $record = t(
               'Tuple',
               of => [
                   t('PositiveInt'),
                   t('Str'),
                   slurpy( t('Num') ),
               ],
           );

       In this case, the "Tuple" will require the first two elements and then allow any number
       (including zero) of "Num" elements.

       You cannot mix "optional" and "slurpy" in a "Tuple" definition.

LIMITATIONS

       Currently all structured types require that the types they are structured with can be
       inlined. This may change in the future, but inlining all your types is a really good idea,
       so you should do that anyway.

SUPPORT

       Bugs may be submitted at <https://github.com/houseabsolute/Specio/issues>.

       I am also usually active on IRC as 'autarch' on "irc://irc.perl.org".

SOURCE

       The source code repository for Specio can be found at
       <https://github.com/houseabsolute/Specio>.

AUTHOR

       Dave Rolsky <autarch@urth.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       This software is Copyright (c) 2012 - 2019 by Dave Rolsky.

       This is free software, licensed under:

         The Artistic License 2.0 (GPL Compatible)

       The full text of the license can be found in the LICENSE file included with this
       distribution.