Provided by: libstring-tagged-perl_0.16-1_all bug

NAME

       "String::Tagged::Formatting" - an API specification for simple formatted strings

DESCRIPTION

       A primary use case of String::Tagged is to allow storage of a text string with associated
       formatting data. As there are a growing number of subclasses on CPAN that attempt to do
       this, a common specification is emerging to allow interoperability between them. This will
       allow interchange between formats from different sources, display or rendering, and so on.

       Primarily this specification consists of the names and meanings of a set of tags that a
       conforming string should supply, though it also suggests a pair of methods useful for
       converting between different types of object and the standard formatting. Specific
       implementations may not be able to represent all of the tags of course; this specification
       only gives the suggested way to represent those formatting styles that the implementation
       actually understands.

TAGS

   bold, under, italic, strike, blink, monospace
       Tags with boolean values indicating bold, underline, italic, strikethrough, blinking and
       monospaced font.

   reverse
       Tag with boolean value indicating reverse video; i.e. the effect of swapping foreground
       and background colours. This effect is common on terminal-based string systems, but is
       unlikely to be found elsewhere.

   fg, bg
       Tags with Convert::Color instances giving foreground and background colours. The use of a
       "Convert::Color" instance allows specific implementations to be able to represent their
       own colour space, while still supporting an easy conversion to the colour spaces used by
       others.

METHODS

       The following methods should be provided on conforming implementations, to indicate their
       support of this specification and to allow easy conversion from and to it.

   as_formatting
         $fmt = $st->as_formatting

       Called on an existing instance of the class, returns a "String::Tagged" instance (or some
       subclass thereof) containing only the tags and values defined by this specification. This
       method may simply return the original instance if the tags natively used by it already fit
       this specification, or it may return a newly-constructed instance by converting its own
       tag formats.

       Use of the "clone" method with "only_tags" and possibly a "convert_tags" map should be
       able to implement this in most cases.

   new_from_formatting
         $st = String::Tagged::Subclass->new_from_formatting( $fmt )

       Called as a class method on the target class type, returns a new instance of that class
       constructed to represent the formatting contained in the $fmt instance, which should
       contain only the tags given in this specification. If the class natively uses tags as per
       this specification, this can be a trivial clone, otherwise some conversion will need to be
       performed.

       Use of the "clone" method with "only_tags" and possibly a "convert_tags" map should be
       able to implement this in most cases.

KNOWN IMPLEMENTATIONS

       ·   Net::Async::Matrix::Utils - Contains a pair of functions to convert a formatted Matrix
           message body to and from this format.

       ·   String::Tagged::IRC - parse or build IRC formatted messages and convert
           bidirectionally to this format.

       ·   String::Tagged::Terminal - build terminal control sequences for message formatting and
           convert bidirectionally to this format.

AUTHOR

       Paul Evans <leonerd@leonerd.org.uk>